An Account of a Voyage to Establish a Colony at Port Philip in Bass's Strait, on the South Coast of New South Wales

In His Majesty's Ship Calcutta, in the Years 1802–3–4

An Account of a Voyage to Establish a Colony at Port Philip in Bass's Strait, on the South Coast of New South Wales

James Tuckey (1776–1816) was a naval officer who was appointed first lieutenant on H.M.S. Calcutta. In 1802 the ship was given orders to sail to New South Wales, Australia, to survey the harbour at Port Phillip, and to establish a colony. The Calcutta departed from Portsmouth in April 1803 and arrived in New South Wales in October. After Tuckey returned from the assignment, he published this account in 1805. He begins the work by explaining the motives behind establishing the colony – it was to be used for convicts, some of whom he was transporting on the ship. The first four chapters discuss the journey but the final chapter focuses on the attempts to establish a colony and encounters with the indigenous population, and gives a survey of the coastline. Port Phillip became the city Melbourne, and this work is a valuable source about its early years of settlement.

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