Interactions across Englishes

Linguistic Choices in Local and International Contact Situations

Interactions across Englishes

English is a language at the centre of research into language contact, because its global spread has resulted in contact with an enormous variety of different languages worldwide, leading to the creation of many new varieties of English, including second language varieties, and also pidgins and creoles. This book takes an original look at what happens when speakers of these different varieties interact with one another. Using her own rich fieldwork data from diverse international and South African contexts, Meierkord proposes an innovative approach to how Englishes merge and blend in such interactions, creating further new forms of English and further changes to the language. Through skilful analyses and descriptions, the book provides fascinating insights into where and who the users of English as a lingua franca are and what English then looks like at the levels of phonetics, morphosyntax, the lexicon and discourse.

Abdulaziz, MohammedOsinde, Ken1997Sheng and Engsh: the development of mixed codes among the urban youth in KenyaInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language12543
Adelaar, Willem F. H.2006Brown, KeithEncyclopedia of Language and LinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Adendorff, Ralph2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Afendras, Evangelos A.1998Pennington, Martha C.Language in Hong Kong at Century’s EndHong Kong University Press
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.Dixon, Robert M. W.2006Grammars in Contact. A Cross-Linguistic TypologyOxford University Press
Aitken, Adam Jack1984Trudgill, PeterLanguage in the British IslesCambridge University Press
Akar, Didar2002The macro contextual factors shaping business discourse: the Turkish caseInternational Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching40305
Algeo, John2001Algeo, JohnThe Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Alo, Moses A.Mesthrie, Rajend2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Ammon, Ulrich2001The Dominance of English as a Language of Science. Effects on Other Languages and Language CommunitiesBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Ammon, Ulrich2006Language planning for international scientific communication: an overview of questions and potential solutionsCurrent Issues in Language Planning71
Anchimbe, Eric2006Cameroon English: Authenticity Ecology and EvolutionFrankfurtLang
Anderson, Bridget L.2002Dialect leveling and /ai/ monophthongization among African American DetroitersJournal of Sociolinguistics686
Ansaldo, Umberto2007Lim, LisaSingapore English. A Grammatical DescriptionAmsterdamBenjamins
Auer, Peter1999From codeswitching via language mixing to fused lects: toward a dynamic typology of bilingual speechInternational Journal of Bilingualism3309
Auer, PeterHinskens, FransKerswill, Paul2005Dialect Change. Convergence and Divergence in European LanguagesCambridge University Press
Awonusi, Victor1986Regional accents and international variability in Nigerian English: a historical analysisEnglish Studies6555
Ayafor, Miriam2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Babu, Prabhakar1974A Phonological Study of English Spoken by Telugu Speakers in Andhra PradeshHyderabadOsmania University
Bacon-Shone, JohnBolton, Kingsley1998Pennington, Martha C.Language in Hong Kong at Century’s EndHong Kong University Press
Baker, ColinPrys Jones, Sylvia1998Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual EducationClevedon, Pa.Multilingual Matters
Bamgbose, Ayo1982Kachru, BrajThe Other Tongue. English across CulturesUrbanaUniversity of Illinois Press
Bamgbose, Ayo1994Alatis, James E.Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics, 1994. Educational Linguistics, Crosscultural Communicatin and Global InterdependenceWashington, DC: Georgetown University Press
Bamgbose, Ayo2006Kachru, Braj B.Kachru, YamunaNelson, Cecil L.The Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Banjo, Ayo2000English in West AfricaInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language14127
Bansal, Ram Krishna1969The Intelligibility of Indian EnglishHyderabad, IndiaCentral Institute of English and Foreign Languages
Bansal, Ram Krishna1990Ramsaran, SusanStudies in the Pronunciation of English. A Commemorative Volume in Honour of A.C. GimsonLondonRoutledge
Barnes, Lawrie A.2003Language in South AfricaBarnes, Lawrie A.Language Matters: Studies in the Languages of Africa3491
Baron, Naomi S.2010Always on: Language in an Online and Mobile WorldOxford University Press
Battenburg, John1997English versus French: language rivalry in TunisiaWorld Englishes16281
Bauer, Laurie2000Bell, AllanKuiper, KoenraadNew Zealand EnglishAmsterdamBenjamins
Baugh, Albert C.Cable, Thomas1993A History of the English LanguageLondonRoutledge
Baumgardner, Robert J.1993The English Language in PakistanOxford University Press
Baumgardner, Robert J.1998The English Language in PakistanOxford University Press
Baumgarten, NicoleHouse, Juliane2010 and in English as lingua franca and native English discourseJournal of Pragmatics421183
Bautista, Maria Lourdes S.Gonzalez, Andrew B.2006Kachru, Braj B.Kachru, YamunaNelson, CecilThe Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Bekker, IanEley, Georgina2007An acoustic analysis of White South African English (WSAfE) monophthongsSouthern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies25107
Belich, James1996Making Peoples. A History of the New Zealanders; from Polynesian Settlement to the End of the Nineteenth CenturyAucklandLane
Bell, AllanHolmes, Janet1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Bell, AllanKuiper, Koenraad2000New Zealand EnglishAmsterdamBenjamins
Beneke, Jürgen1991Grebing, RenateGrenzenloses Sprachenlernen. Festschrift für Reinhold FreudensteinBerlinCornelsen and Oxford University Press
Beneke, Jürgen1995Ahrend, RüdigerBald, Wolf-DietrichHüllen, WernerHandbuch Englisch als Fremdsprache (HFE)BerlinErich Schmidt Verlag
Benson, Phillip1990A language in decline?English Today619
Berg, E. CatherineHult, Francis M.King, Kendall A.2001Shaping the climate for language shift? English in Sweden’s elite domainsWorld Englishes20305
Berns, Margie2005Expanding on the Expanding Circle: where do WE go from here?World Englishes2485
Berns, Margie2008World Englishes, English as a lingua franca, and intelligibilityWorld Englishes27327
Bhabha, Homi K.1994The Location of CultureLondonRoutledge
Bhatt, Rakesh M.2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Biber, DouglasJohansson, StigLeech, GeoffreyConrad, SusanFinegan, Edward1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written EnglishLondonLongman
Bilbow, Grahame T.2002Commissive speech act use in intercultural business meetingsInternational Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching40287
Björkman, Beyza2008‘So where we are?’ Spoken lingua franca English at a technical university in SwedenEnglish Today2435
Björkman, Beyza2008English as the lingua franca of engineering: the morphosyntax of academic speech eventsNordic Journal of English Studies7103
Bjørge, Anne K.2007Power distance in English lingua franca email communicationInternational Journal of Applied Linguistics1760
Black, Rebecca W.2005Access and affiliation: the literacy and composition practices of English-language learners in an online fanfiction communityJournal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy49118
Blair, DavidCollins, Peter C.2001English in AustraliaAmsterdamBenjamins
Blake, Norman1992Blake, NormanThe Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Blanke, Detlev1985Internationale Plansprachen. Eine EinführungBerlinAkademie-Verlag
Blommaert, Jan2009The Sociolinguistics of GlobalizationCambridge University Press
Bokamba, Eyamba G.1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Bolton, Kingsley2000IntroductionWorld Englishes19263
Bolton, Kingsley2000The sociolinguistics of Hong Kong and the space for Hong Kong EnglishWorld Englishes19265
Bolton, Kingsley2003Chinese Englishes. A Sociolinguistic HistoryCambridge University Press
Bolton, KingsleyBautista, Maria Lourdes2004Philippine English: tensions and transitionsWorld Englishes231
Bolton, KingsleyBautista, Maria Lourdes2008Bautista, Maria LourdesBolton, KingsleyPhilippine English. Linguistic and Literary PerspectivesHong Kong University Press
Bourdieu, Pierre1991Language and Symbolic PowerCambridgePolity Press
Bowerman, Sean2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Branford, WilliamClaughton, John S.1995Mesthrie, RajendLanguage and Social HistoryCape TownPhilip
Brenner, ChrisLewis, CharleyOmar, Rahmat2007
Britain, David1997Dialect contact and phonological reallocation: ‘Canadian Raising’ in the English FensLanguage in Society2615
Britain, David2002Chambers, JackTrudgill, PeterSchilling-Estes, NatalieThe Handbook of Variation and ChangeOxfordBlackwell
Britain, David2002Diffusion, levelling, simplification and reallocation in past tense BE in the English FensJournal of Sociolinguistics616
Britain, David2009One foot in the grave? Dialect death, dialect contact, and dialect birth in EnglandInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language196/197121
Britain, DavidFox, Sue2008Vernacular universals and the regularisation of hiatus resolutionEssex Research Reports in Linguistics57
Britain, DavidFox, Sue2009Filppula, MarkkuKlemola, JuhaniPaulasto, HeliVernacular Universals and Language Contacts: Evidence from Varieties of English and BeyondLondonRoutledge
British Council2010Working for the UK Where It Matters. Annual Report 2009–10British Council
Bruthiaux, Paul2003Squaring the circles: issues in modeling English worldwideInternational Journal of Applied Linguistics13159
Bruyèl-Olmedo, AntonioJuan-Garau, Maria2009English as a lingua franca in the linguistic landscape of the multilingual resort of S’Arenal in MallorcaInternational Journal of Multilingualism6386
Burchfield, Robert1994The Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Burger, Günter2000Englisch als globale lingua franca: Überlegungen zu einer notwendigen Neuorientierung des EnglischunterrichtsDer Fremdsprachliche Unterricht44/539
Campbell, George L.2000Compendium of the World’s LanguagesLondonRoutledge
Cenoz, JasoneJessner, Ulrike2000English in Europe: The Acquisition of a Third LanguageClevedonMultilingual Matters
Chambers, Jack K.1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Chambers, Jack K.1998Bauer, LaurieTrudgill, PeterLanguage MythsNew YorkPenguin
Chambers, Jack K.2004Hickey, RaymondLegacies of Colonial English: Studies in Transported DialectsCambridge University Press
Chambers, Jack K.Trudgill, Peter1980DialectologyCambridge University Press
Charles, MirjalisaMarschan-PiekkariRebecca2002Language training for enhanced horizontal communication: a challenge for MNCsBusiness Communication Quarterly659
Cheshire, Jenny1991English around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Cheshire, JennyFox, SueKerswill, PaulTorgersen, Eivind Nessa2008Ethnicity, friendship network and social practices as the motor of dialect change: linguistic innovation in LondonLenz, Alexandra N.Sociodialectology. Special Issue of Sociolinguistica221
Cheshire, JennyMilroy, James1993Milroy, JamesMilroy, LesleyReal English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British IslesLondonLongman 3–33
Chick, J. Keith1985The interactional accomplishment of discrimination in South AfricaLanguage and Society14299
Chick, J. Keith1996McKay, SandraHornberger, Nancy H.Sociolinguistics and Language TeachingCambridge University Press
Chick, J. KeithWade, Roderik1997Restandardization in the direction of a new English: implications for access and equityJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development18271
Chomsky, Noam1965Aspects of the Theory of SyntaxCambridge, Mass.MIT Press
Chumbow, Sammy B.Simo Bobda, Augustin2000Bamgbose, AyoSociolinguistic Study of the Language Situation in West AfricaBerlinMouton de Gruyter. 39–60
Clarke, Sandra1993Focus on CanadaAmsterdamBenjamins
Clyne, Michael1996Inter-Cultural Communication at Work. Cultural Values in DiscourseCambridge University Press
Coetzee-van RooySusanvan Rooy, Bertus2005South African English: labels, comprehensibility and statusWorld Englishes241
Cogo, Alessia2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Collins, PeterBlair, David2001Blair, DavidCollins, PeterEnglish in AustraliaAmsterdamBenjamins
Corder, Saskia P.1967The significance of learners’ errorsInternational Review of Applied Linguisitcs5161
Corder, SaskiaMeyerhoff, Miriam2007Kotthoff, HelgaSpencer-Oatey, HelenHandbook of Intercultural CommunicationBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Croft, William2000Explaining Language Change. An Evolutionary ApproachLondonLongman
Crystal, David1994What is Standard English?Concorde24www.davidcrystal.com/DC_articles/English52.pdf
Crystal, David1997English as a Global LanguageCambridge University Press
Crystal, David2003The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Crystal, David2005www.davidcrystal.com/DC_articles/English5.pdf
Crystal, David2006Language and the InternetCambridge University Press
Cumming, John D.1995The internet and the English languageEnglish Today11(13
Cuvelier, Pol2002Intercultural Communication in the Classroom. Educator’s GuideAntwerpUniversity of Antwerp, UFSIA
Dörnyei, ZoltánSkehan, Peter2003Doughty, Catherine J.Long, Michael H.The Handbook of Second Language AcquisitionOxfordBlackwell
D’AngeloJames F. (2005). Educated Japanese English: expanding oral/aural core vocabularyWorld Englishes24329
De Kadt, Elizabeth1992Kachru, YamunaBouton, LawrencePragmatics and Language LearningUrbanaUniversity of Illinois Press
De Kadt, Elizabeth1993Attitudes towards English in South AfricaWorld Englishes12311
De Klerk, Vivian1996Focus on South AfricaAmsterdamBenjamins
De Klerk, Vivian1999Black South African English: where to from here?World Englishes18311
De Klerk, Vivian2000Language shift in Grahamstown: a case study of selected Xhosa speakersInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language14687
De Klerk, Vivian2006Corpus Linguistics and World EnglishesLondonContinuum
De Klerk, VivianBarkhuizen, Gary P.1998English in the South African Defence Force: a case study of 6SA1English World-Wide1933
De Klerk, VivianBarkhuizen, Gary P.2001Language use and attitudes in a South African prison: who calls the shots?International Journal of the Sociology of Language15297
De Klerk, VivianGough, David2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Dennis, Tracey2008
Deterding, David2007Singapore EnglishEdinburgh University Press
Deterding, DavidKirkpatrick, Andy2006Emerging South-East Asian Englishes and intelligibilityWorld Englishes25391
Deumert, Ana2004Language Standardization and Language Change. The Dynamics of Cape DutchAmsterdamBenjamins
Dewey, Martin2010Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Dhamija, Pushya Vibhooti1976A Phonological Analysis of Rajasthani EnglishHyderabadCentral Institute of English and Foreign Languages
Dimova, Slobodanka2005English in MacedoniaWorld Englishes24187
Dimova, Slobodanka2007English, the Internet and computer terminology in MacedoniaWorld Englishes26373
Dimova, Slobodanka2008English in Macedonian commercial nomenclatureWorld Englishes2783
Directorate-General for Translation of the European Commission2005
Djité, Paulin G.2008The Sociolinguistics of Development in AfricaClevedonMultilingual Matters
Doğançay-Aktuna, SeranKiziltepe, Zeynep2005English in TurkeyWorld Englishes24253
Dollinger, Stefan2008New-Dialect Formation in Canada. Evidence from the English Modal AuxiliariesAmsterdamBenjamins
Drechsel, PaulSchmidt, Bettina1995Südafrika: Chancen für eine pluralistische Gesellschaftsordnung – Geschichte und PerspektivenOpladenWestdeutscher Verlag
Dulay, Heidi C.Burt, Marina K.Krashen, Stephen D.1982Language TwoNew YorkOxford University Press
Durham, Mercedes2003Language choice on a Swiss mailing listJournal of Computer-Mediated Communication9
Duszak, Anna1997Duszak, AnnaCulture and Styles of Academic DiscourseBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Dyer, Judy2002‘We all speak the same round here’: dialect levelling in a Scottish-English communityJournal of Sociolinguistics699
Edmondson, WillisHouse, Juliane1981Let’s Talk and Talk about itMunichUrban und Schwarzenberg
Ehrenreich, Susanne2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Ehrenreich, Susanne2010English as a business lingua franca in a German multinational corporation. Meeting the challengeJournal of Business Communication47408
Ellis, Rod1994The Study of Second Language AcquisitionOxford University Press
Ellis, Rod2008The Study of Second Language AcquisitionOxford University Press
Eurobarometer2006Special Eurobarometer 243: Europeans and their languagesBrusselsCommission of the European Communities
Fennell, Barbara A.2001A History of English. A Sociolinguistic ApproachOxfordBlackwell
Ferguson, Charles1975Towards a characterization of English foreigner talkAnthropological Linguistics171
Fiedler, Sabine2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Fiedler, Sabine2006Standardization and self-regulation in an international speech community: the case of EsperantoInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language17767
Finlayson, RosalieCalteaux, KarenMyers-Scotton, Carol1998Orderly mixing and accommodation in South African codeswitchingJournal of Sociolinguistics2395
Finn, Peter2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Finn, Stephen M.1986The abuse of English by Vista studentsEnglish Usage in South Africa171
Firth, Alan1990‘Lingua franca’ negotiations: toward an interactional approachWorld Englishes9269
Firth, Alan1996The discursive accomplishment of normality: on ‘lingua franca’ English and conversation analysisJournal of Pragmatics26237
Firth, Alan2009The lingua franca factorIntercultural Pragmatics6147
Firth, AlanWagner, Johannes1997On discourse, communication, and (some) fundamental concepts in SLA researchModern Language Journal81285
Fischer, Glen1980International Negotiation. A Cross-Cultural PerspectiveYarmouth, MEIntercultural Press
Fishman, Joshua A.1977Fishman, Joshua A.Cooper, Robert L.Conrad, Andrew W.The Spread of English: The Sociology of English as an Additional LanguageRowley, Mass.Newbury House
Fishman, Joshua A.1996Fishman, Joshua A.Conrad, Andrew W.Rubal-Lopez, AlmaPower-Imperial English: Status Change in Former British and American Colonies, 1940–1990BerlinMouton de Gruyter
Fox, Susan2007
Fritz, Clemens W. A.2007From English in Australia to Australian English. 1788–1900FrankfurtLang
Görlach, Manfred1988Sprachliche Standardisierungsprozesse im englischsprachigen BereichSociolinguistica2131
Görlach, Manfred2002Einführung in die englische SprachgeschichteHeidelbergWinter
Gargesh, Ravinder2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Gargesh, Ravinder2006Kachru, Braj B.Kachru YamunaNelson, CecilThe Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Gass, Susan M.Varonis, Carolyn Madden1989Eisenstein, Miriam R.The Dynamic Interlanguage: Empirical Studies in Second Language VariationNew YorkPlenum
Gerritsen, MarinelNickerson, CatherineVan Hooft, AndreuVan Meurs, FrankNederstigt, UlrikeStarren, MarianneCrijns, Rogier2007English in product advertisements in Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands and SpainWorld Englishes26291
Giles, HowardCoupland, JustineCoupland, Nikolas1991Giles, HowardCoupland, JustineCoupland, NikolasContexts of Accommodation. Developments in Applied SociolinguisticsCambridge University Press
Gnutzmann, Claus1999Teaching and Learning English as a Global Language: Native and Non-Native PerspectivesTübingenStauffenburg
Gogolin, Ingrid2001Mesthrie, RajendConcise Encyclopedia of SociolinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Gonzalez, Andrew B.1972Review of Teodoro A. Llamzon’s Standard Filipino EnglishPhilippine Journal for Language Teaching793
Gonzalez, Andrew B.1985
Gordon, ElizabethCampbell, LyleHay, JenMaclagan, MargaretTrudgill, Peter2004New Zealand English: Its Origins and EvolutionCambridge University Press
Gordon, ElizabethSudburry, Andrea2002Watts, RichardTrudgill, PeterAlternative Histories of EnglishLondonRoutledge
Gordon, ElizabethTrudgill, Peter2004Hickey, RaymondLegacies of Colonial EnglishCambridge University Press
Gough, David1996De Klerk, VivianFocus on South AfricaAmsterdamBenjamins
Graddol, David1997The Future of English?LondonBritish Council
Graddol, David2006English NextLondonBritish Council
Gramkow Andersen, Karsten1993
Gramley, StephanPätzold, Kurt-Michael1992A Survey of Modern EnglishLondonRoutledge
Granger, SylvianneDagneaux, EstelleMeunier, FannyPaquot, Magali2009International Corpus of Learner English. Version 2Louvain-la-NeuvePresses Universitaires de Louvain
Grau, Maike2009Worlds apart? English in German youth cultures and in educational settingsWorld Englishes28160
Greenbaum, Sidney1996Greenbaum, SidneyComparing English Worldwide. The International Corpus of EnglishOxfordClarendon Press
Guido, Maria G.2008English as a Lingua Franca in Cross-Cultural Immigration-DomainsBernLang
Gumperz, John J.1982Discourse StrategiesCambridge University Press
Gumperz, John J.1997Guy, Gregory R.Feagin, CrawfordSchiffrin, DeborahBaugh, JohnTowards a Social Science of Language. Vol. i. Variation and Change in Language and SocietyAmsterdamBenjamins
Gut, Ulrike B.2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton der Gruyter
Guzzo, Siria2007Fairclough, NormanCortese, GiuseppinaArdizzone, PatriziaDiscourse Analysis and Contemporary Social ChangeFrankfurtLang
Hüllen, Werner1982Teaching a foreign language as ‘lingua franca’Grazer Linguistische Studien1683
Hülmbauer, Cornelia2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Haegeman, Patricia2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Hamdan, Jihad M.Abu Hatab, Wafa A.2009English in the Jordanian contextWorld Englishes28394
Hamel, Rainer Enrique2007The dominance of English in the international scientific periodical literature and the future of language use in scienceAILA Review2053
Hancock, Ian F.1971Some aspects of English in LiberiaLiberian Studies Journal3207
Hasanova, Dilbarhon2007Broadening the boundaries of the Expanding Circle: English in UzbekistanWorld Englishes26276
Haugen, Einar1972The Ecology of LanguageStanford, Calif.Stanford University Press
Heine, BerndKuteva, Tania2005Language Contact and Grammatical ChangeCambridge University Press
Heuler, Martina1989Prinzipien sprachlicher Vereinfachung in der technischen Dokumentation am Beispiel des EnglischenUniversity of Hildesheim Press
Hickey, Raymond2003Hickey, RaymondMotives for Language ChangeCambridge University Press
Hickey, Raymond2003Motives for Language ChangeCambridge University Press
Hickey, Raymond2004Legacies of Colonial English: Studies in Transported DialectsCambridge University Press
Hill, Patvan Zyl, Susan2002English and multilingualism in the South African engineering work placeWorld Englishes2123
Horvath, Barbara1985Variation in Australian English: The Sociolects of SydneyCambridge University Press
House, Juliane1999Gnutzmann, ClausTeaching and Learning English as a Global Language: Native and Non-Native PerspectivesTübingenStauffenburg
House, Juliane2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
House, Juliane2003English as a lingua franca: a threat to multilingualism?Journal of Socioinguistics7556
Hudson, Richard A.1996SociolinguisticsCambridge University Press
Hymes, Dell H.1972Pride, John B.Holmes, JanetSociolinguisticsHarmondsworthPenguin
Idowu, O.A.1999Regional variations in English in Nigeria and the implications for its teaching as a second languageIlorin Journal of Education19
Intemann, Frauke2005Gnutzmann, ClausIntemann, FraukeThe Globalisation of English and the English Language ClassroomTübingenNarr
Inwood, Stephen1998A History of LondonLondonMacmillan
Jacob, JuneDix Grimes, Barbara2006www.sil.org/asia/philippines/ical/
Jama, Virginia1983The English language in SomaliaLe Lingue del Mondo4849
James, Allan2000Cenoz, JasoneJessner, UlrikeEnglish in Europe. The Acquisition of a Third LanguageClevedonMultilingual Matters
Jenkins, Jennifer2003World Englishes. A Resource Book for StudentsLondonRoutledge
Jenkins, JenniferModiano, MarkoSeidlhofer, Barbara2001Euro-EnglishEnglish Today1713
Jenks, Christopher J.2009Getting acquainted in Skypecasts: aspects of social organization in online chat roomsInternational Journal of Applied Linguistics1926
Jibril, Munzali1986Sociological variation in Nigerian EnglishEnglish World-Wide747
Johnson, EdwardGarner, MarkHick, SteveMatthews, David1993PoliceSpeak – Police Communications and Language – Speech and Text RecommendationsCambridgePoliceSpeak Publications
Jowitt, David1991Nigerian English Usage. An IntroductionLagosLongman
Künstler, ViktoriaMendis, DushyanthiMukherjee, Joybrato2009English in Sri Lanka: language functions and speaker attitudesAnglistik2057
Kachru, Braj B.1982Kachru, BrajThe Other Tongue. English Across CulturesUrbanaUniversity of Illinois Press
Kachru, Braj B.1983The Indianization of English: The English Language in IndiaDelhiOxford University Press
Kachru, Braj B.1985Quirk, RandolphWiddowson, Henry G.English in the WorldCambridge University Press
Kachru, Braj B.1986The Alchemy of English: The Spread, Functions and Models of Non-Native EnglishesOxfordPergamon
Kachru, Braj B.1992World Englishes: approaches, issues and resourcesLanguage Teaching251
Kachru, Braj B.1994Burchfield, RobertThe Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Kachru, Braj B.1996Goebl, HansNelde, PeterStarý, ZdenekWölck, WolfgangContact LinguisticsBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Kachru, Braj B.1997Bautista, Lourdes M. S.English as an Asian Language: The Philippine ContextManilaMacquarie Library
Kachru, Braj B.2005Asian Englishes. Beyond the CanonHong Kong University Press
Kachru, Braj B.Kachru, YamunaNelson, Cecil L.2006The Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Kachru, Yamuna1985Discourse analysis, non-native Englishes and second language acquisition researchWorld Englishes4223
Kachru, Yamuna2009Murata, KumikoJenkins, JenniferGlobal Englishes in Asian Contexts. Current and Future DebatesBasingstokePalgrave Macmillan
Kaldor, SusanMalcolm, Ian G.1991Romaine, SuzanneLanguage in AustraliaCambridge University Press
Kamwangamalu, Nkoko M.2003Globalization of English, and language maintenance and shift in South AfricaInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language16465
Kamwangamalu, Nkoko M.2006Kachru, Braj B.Kachru, YamunuaNelson, Cecil L.The Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Kamwangamalu, Nkoko M.2007One language, multi-layered identities: English in a society in transition, South AfricaWorld Englishes26263
Kandiah, Thiru1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Kasanga, Luanga A.2003Jaszczolt, Katarzyna M.Turner, KenMeaning Through Language ContrastAmsterdamBenjamins
Kasanga, Luanga A.2006Requests in a South African variety of EnglishWorld Englishes2565
Kasanga, Luanga A.Lwanga-LumuJoy-Christine2007Cross-cultural linguistic realization of politeness: a study of apologies in English and SetswanaJournal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture365
Kasper, Gabriele1981Pragmatische Aspekte in der InterimspracheTübingenNarr
Kaufman, Terrence1990Payne, Doris L.Amazonian Linguistics: Studies in Lowland South American LanguagesAustin, Tex.University of Texas Press
Kaur, Jagdish2010Achieving mutual understanding in World EnglishesWorld Englishes29192
Kay, Gillian1995English loanwords in JapaneseWorld Englishes1467
Kerswill, Peter2002Chambers, Jack K.Trudgill, PeterSchilling-Estes, N.Handbook of Language Variation and ChangeOxfordBlackwell
Kerswill, PeterWilliams, Ann2000Creating a new town koiné: children and language change in Milton KeynesLanguage in Society2965
Kiesling, Scott F.2004Hickey, RaymondLegacies of Colonial English. Studies in Transported DialectsCambridge University Press
King, Kendall A.Hornberger, Nancy H.2006Quechua as a lingua francaAnnual Review of Applied Linguistics26177
Kioko, Angelina NdukuMuthwii, Margaret Jepkurui2004Kioko, Angelina NdukuMuthwii, Margaret JepkuruiNew Language Bearings in Africa: A Fresh QuestClevedonMultilingual Matters
Kirkpatrick, Andy2002Englishes in Asia: Community, Identity, Power and EducationMelbourneLanguage Australia
Kirkpatrick, Andy2007World Englishes. Implications for International Communication and English Language TeachingCambridge University Press
Kirkpatrick, Andy2009Ward, ChristopherLanguage Teaching in a Multilingual World: Challenges and OpportunitiesRegional Language CentreSingapore. 215–32
Klimpfinger, Theresa2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Knapp, AnnelieSchumann, Adelheid2008Mehrsprachigkeit und Multikulturalität im StudiumFrankfurt Lang
Knapp, Karlfried1985Bausch, Karl-RichardChrist, HerbertHüllen, WernerKrumm, Hans-JürgenForschungsgegenstand RichtlinienTübingenNarr
Knapp, Karlfried1987Lörscher, WolfgangSchulze, RainerPerspectives on Language in Performance. Studies in Linguistics, Literary Criticism, and Foreign Language Teaching to Honour Werner Hüllen on the Occasion of His Sixtieth BirthdayTübingenNarr
Knapp, Karlfried1991
Knapp, Karlfried1995Bolten, JürgenCross Culture – Interkulturelles Handeln in der WirtschaftBerlinVerlag Wissenschaft und Praxis
Knapp, Karlfried2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, Christiane2002Lingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Kniffka, Hannes1977Proverbs and proverbial behaviour across cultures (part 1)Zeitschrift für Angewandte Linguistik2771
Knowles, CarolineHarper, Douglas2009Hong Kong: Migrant Lives, Landscapes, and JourneysUniversity of Chicago Press
Koike, Dale April1989Requests and the role of deixis in politenessJournal of Pragmatics13187
Koole, Tomten Thije, Jan1994The Construction of Intercultural DiscourseTeam Discussions of Educational Advisers
Koole, Tomten Thije, Jan2001The reconstruction of intercultural discourse: methodological considerationsJournal of Pragmatics33571
Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.2004A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.2004A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Kortmann, BerndSzmrecsanyi, Bededikt2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Kotthoff, Helga1993Unterbrechungen, Überlappungen und andere Interventionen. Vorschläge zur Kategorienunterscheidung und kontextorientierten InterpretationDeutsche Sprache21162
Kouega, Jean-Paul2003Camfranglais: a novel slang in Cameroon schoolsEnglish Today23
Kouega, Jean-Paul2003Word formative processes in CamfranglaisWorld Englishes22511
Kouega, Jean-Paul2006Aspects of Cameroon English Usage: A Lexical AppraisalMunichLincom
Krashen, Stephen D.1981Second Language Acquisition and Second Language LearningOxfordPergamon
Kuiper, KoenraadBell, Allan2000Bell, AllanKuiper, KoenraadNew Zealand EnglishAmsterdamBenjamins
Kurath, Hans1970English sources of some American regional words and verb formsAmerican Speech4560
Labov, William1972Sociolinguistic PatternsPhiladelphia, Pa.University of Pennsylvania Press
Labov, William2001Principles of Linguistic ChangeOxfordBlackwell
Langford, David1994Analysing Talk. Investigating Verbal Interaction in EnglishLondonMacmillan
Lanham, Leonhard1967The Pronunciation of South African English: A Phonetic-Phonemic IntroductionCape TownBalkema
Lanham, Leonhard1982Bailey, RichardGörlach, ManfredEnglish as a World LanguageAnn ArborUniversity of Michigan Press
Lanham, Leonhard1995Lanham, LeonhardLangham, D.Blacquiere, A.Wright, L.Getting the Message in South Africa. Intelligibility, Readability, ComprehensibilityHowickBrevitas
Lanham, Leonhard1996De Klerk, VivianFocus on South AfricaAmsterdamBenjamins
Lanham, LeonhardMacDonald, Callum A.1979The Standard in South African English and its Social HistoryHeidelbergGroos
Lass, Roger1992Blake, NormanThe Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Lass, Roger2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Lave, JeanWenger, Etienne1991Situated Learning. Legitimate Peripheral ParticipationCambridge University Press
Le Page, Robert B.Tabouret-Keller, André1985Acts of Identity. Creole-Based Approaches to Language and EthnicityCambridge University Press
Lee, Margaret1999Out of the hood and into the news: borrowed black verbal expressions in a mainstream newspaperAmerican Speech77369
Leitner, Gerhard2004Australia’s Many VoicesBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Leitner, Gerhard2004Australia’s Many VoicesBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Leppänen, Sirpa2007Youth language in media contexts: some insights into the spread of English in FinlandWorld Englishes26149
Leppänen, Sirpa2009Hotz-Davies, IngridKirchhofer, AntonLeppänen, SirpaInternet FictionsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Lesznyák, Ágnes2004Communication in English as an International Lingua Franca: An Exploratory Case StudyNorderstedtBooks on Demand
Lewis, M. Paul2009Ethnologue: Languages of the WorldDallas, Tex.SIL Internationalwww.ethnologue.com
Lim, Lisa2007Lim, LisaSingapore English. A Grammatical DescriptionAmsterdam: Benjamins
Lim, LisaFoley, Joseph2004Lim, LisaSingapore English. A Grammatical DescriptionAmsterdam: Benjamins
Lim, LisaGisborne, Nikolas2009The typology of Asian Englishes. Setting the agendaEnglish World-Wide30123
Ljosland, Ragnhild2007English in Norwegian academia: a step towards diglossia?World Englishes26395
Llamzon, Teodoro A.1969Standard Filipino EnglishQuezon CityAteneo de Manila University Press
Llamzon, Teodoro A.1984Gonzalez, Andrew B.PANAGANI: Essays in Honor of Bonifacio P. Sibayan on His Sixty-Seventh BirthdayManilaLinguistic Society of the Philippines
Longman2003Longman Dictionary of Contemporary EnglishLondonLongman
Louhiala-SalminenLeenaCharlesMirjaliisaKankaanranta, Anne2005Catherine Nickerson
Lowenberg, Peter H.1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the WorldCambridge University Press
Mühlhäusler, Peter1979Growth and Structure of the Lexicon of New Guinea PidginCanberraPacific Linguistics
Mühlhäusler, Peter1991Romaine, SuzanneLanguage in AustraliaCambridge University Press
Mühlhäusler, Peter1996Linguistic Ecology: Language Change and Linguistic Imperialism in the Pacific RegionLondonRoutledge
Mahboob, AhmarAhmar, Nadra Huma2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Mair, Christian2003Mair, ChristianThe Politics of English as a World Language. New Horizons in Postcolonial Cultural StudiesAmsterdamRodopi
Makalela, J. Leketi2004Making sense of BSAE for linguistic democracy in South AfricaWorld Englishes23355
Makhudu, Khekheti D. P.2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Makubalo, George2007‘I don’t know … it contradicts’: identity construction and the use of English by high school learners in a desegregated school spaceEnglish Academy Review2425
Malan, Karen1996De Klerk, VivianFocus on South AfricaAmsterdamBenjamins
Malcolm, Ian G.2001Blair, DavidCollins, PeterEnglish in AustraliaAmsterdamBenjamins
Malpass, Michael A.1996Daily Life in The Inca EmpireWestport, Conn.Greenwood Press
Marshall, Oliver2000English-speaking Communities in Latin America Since IndependenceBasingstokeMacmillan
Marten, Lutz2006Brown, KeithEncyclopedia of Language and LinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Martin, Elizabeth2007‘Frenglish’ for sale: multilingual discourses for addressing today’s global consumerWorld Englishes26170
Matlwa, Kopano2007Coconut. A NovelAuckland Park, SAJacana
Mauranen, Anna2006A rich domain of ELF: the ELFA corpus of academic discourseNordic Journal of English Studies5145
Mauranen, AnnaRanta, Elina2008English as an academic lingua franca – the ELFA projectNordic Journal of English Studies7199
Mauranen, AnnaRanta, Elina2009English as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Mazrui, Alamin M.1995Slang and code-switching: the case of Sheng in KenyaAfrikanistische Arbeitspapiere42168
McArthur, Tom1987The English languages?English Today39
McArthur, Tom1994Organized Babel. English as a global lingua francaGeorgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics, 1994233
McArthur, Tom2003Oxford Guide to World EnglishOxford University Press
McCarthy, Michael1991Discourse Analysis for Language TeachersCambridge University Pres
McCormick, Kay2001Mesthrie, RajendConcise Encyclopedia of SociolinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
McCormick, Kay2002Language in Cape Town’s District SixOxford University Press
McCormick, Kay2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
McCormick, Kay2006Afrikaans as a lingua franca in South Africa: The politics of changInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language17791
McFarland, Curtis D.2004The Philippine language situationWorld Englishes2359
McKinnon, Malcolm1997New Zealand Historical AtlasAucklandBateman
Meeuwis, Michael1994Nonnative-nonnative intercultural communication: an analysis of instruction sessions for foreign engineers in a Belgian companyMultilingua1359
Meierkord, Christiane1996Englisch als Medium der interkulturellen KommunikationFrankfurtLang
Meierkord, Christiane1998
Meierkord, Christiane2000Pittner, KarinFetzer, Anita
Meierkord, Christiane2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Meierkord, Christiane2004Syntax in interactions across international EnglishesEnglish World-Wide25109
Meierkord, Christiane2005Gnutzmann, ClausIntemann, FraukeThe Globalisation of English and the English Language ClassroomTübingenNarr
Meierkord, Christiane2005Moessner, LiloAnglistentag 2004 Aachen. ProceedingsTrierWissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier
Meierkord, Christiane2006
Meierkord, Christiane2006International Journal of the Sociology of Language1771
Meierkord, Christiane2006Lingua franca communication past and presentInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language1779
Meierkord, Christiane2007Kotthoff, HelgaSpencer-Oatey, HelenHandbook of Intercultural CommunicationBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Meierkord, Christiane2007Volk-Birke, SabineAnglistentag 2006 Halle. ProceedingsTrierWissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier
Meierkord, Christiane2009‘It’s kuloo tu’. Recent developments in Kenya’s EnglishesEnglish Today253
Meierkord, Christiane2011Anchimbe, Eric A.Mforteh, Stephen A.Postcolonial Linguistic Voices. Identity Choices and RepresentationsBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Meierkord, ChristianeDresemann, Bettina2009Lingua-Franca-Kommunikation in der EntwicklungszusammenarbeitBad HonnefInWEnt
Meierkord, ChristianeKnapp, Karlfried2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Melchers, GunnelShaw, Philip2003World Englishes: An IntroductionLondonArnold
Menang, Thaddeus2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Mesthrie, Rajend1992English in Language Shift: The History, Structure and Sociolinguistics of South African Indian EnglishCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, Rajend1995Mesthrie, RajendLanguage and Social History. Studies in South African SociolinguisticsCape TownDavid Philip
Mesthrie, Rajend2001Mesthrie, RajendConcise Encyclopedia of SociolinguisticsAmsterdam: Elsevier
Mesthrie, Rajend2002Language in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, Rajend2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, Rajend2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, Rajend2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, Rajend2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Mesthrie, Rajend2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Mesthrie, Rajend2009Hoffmann, ThomasSiebers, LuciaWorld Englishes – Problems, Properties and ProspectsAmsterdamBenjamins
Mesthrie, RajendBhatt, Rakesh M.2008World Englishes. The Study of New Linguistic VarietiesCambridge University Press
Mesthrie, RajendSwann, JoanDeumertLeap, William L.2000Introducing SociolinguisticsEdinburgh University Press
Meyerhoff, Miriam2002Chambers, Jack K.Schilling-Estes, NatalieTrudgill, PeterHandbook of Language Variation and ChangeOxfordBasil Blackwell
Mfusi, Mmemezi J. H.1992Soweto Zulu Slang: a sociolinguistic study of an urban vernacular in SowetoLanguage Matters2339
Mhlongo, Niq2004Dog Eat DogCape TownKwela Books
Michieka, Martha M.2005A Sociolinguistic profile of English in KenyaWorld Englishes24176
Michieka, Martha M.2009Expanding Circles within the Outer Circle: the rural Kisii in KenyaWorld Englishes28352
Milroy, Lesley1980Language and Social NetworksOxfordBlackwell
Milroy, Lesley1987Observing and Analysing Natural LanguageOxfordBlackwell
Milroy, Lesley1999Bex, TonyWatts, Richard J.Standard English. The Widening DebateLondonRoutledge
Milroy, Lesley2001Mesthrie, RajendConcise Encyclopedia of SociolinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Milroy, LesleyGordon, Matthew2003Sociolinguistics: Method and InterpretationOxfordBlackwell
Mithun, Marianne1999The Languages of Native North AmericaCambridge University Press
Moag, Rodney F.1992Kachru, Braj B.The Other Tongue: English Across CulturesUrbana, Ill.University of Illinois Press
Modiano, Marko1999Standard English(es) and educational practices for the world’s lingua francaEnglish Today153
Modisha, Geoffrey2008Bentley, Kristina A.Habib, AdamRacial Redress and Citizenship in South AfricaCape TownHuman Science Research Council Press
Mollin, Sandra2006English as a lingua franca: a new variety in the new Expanding Circle?Nordic Journal of English Studies541
Mollin, Sandra2006Euro-English. Assessing Variety StatusTübingenNarr
Mollin, Sandra2007New variety or learner English. Criteria for variety status and the case of Euro-EnglishEnglish World-Wide28167
Moore, Stephen H.Bounchan, Suksiri2010English in Cambodia: changes and challengesWorld Englishes29114
Morris, Mervyn1993Is English we speakingEnglish Today918
Moyo, Themba2000Language use in the neighbourhood of Empangeni and Richards BaySouth African Journal of African Languages20123
Mufwene, Salikoko1993Glowka, WayneLance, DonaldLanguage Variation in North American English: Research and TeachingNew YorkModern Language Association of America
Mufwene, Salikoko1996The founder principle in creole genesisDiachronica1383
Mufwene, Salikoko2001The Ecology of Language EvolutionCambridge University Press
Mufwene, Salikoko2002Competition and selection in language evolutionSelection345
Mufwene, Salikoko2003Nurse, DerekPhilippson, GérardThe Bantu LanguagesLondonRoutledge
Mufwene, Salikoko2008Language Evolution: Contact, Competition and ChangeNew YorkContinuum Press
Mufwene, Salikoko2009Hoffmann, ThomasSiebers, LuciaWorld Englishes: Problems, Properties, ProspectsAmsterdamBenjamins
Mufwene, Salikoko2010Globalization and the spread of English: what does it mean to be Anglophone?English Today2657
Mugler, France2007Siegel, JeffLynch, JohnEades, DianaLanguage Description, History and Development: Linguistic Indulgence in Memory of Terry CrowleyAmsterdamBenjamins
Mugler, FranceTent, Jan2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Murray, Thomas E.Simon, Beth Lee2006Language Variation and Change in the American Midland. A New Look at ‘Heartland’ EnglishAmsterdamBenjamins
Muysken, Pieter1997ThomasonSarah, G.Contact Languages. A Wider PerspectiveAmsterdamBenjamins
Muysken, Pieter1997ThomasonSarah, G.Contact Languages. A Wider PerspectiveAmsterdamBenjamins
Myers-Scotton, Carol1993Social Motivations for Codeswitching: Evidence from AfricaOxfordClarendon
Nair-Venugopal, Shanta2000Language Choice and Communication in Malaysian BusinessBangiMalaysia: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Neil, Deborah M.1996Collaboration in Intercultural Discourse: Examples from a Multicultural Australian WorkplaceFranfurtLang
Nelson, Cecil1996Greenbaum, SidneyComparing English Worldwide. The International Corpus of EnglishOxfordClarendon
Nevalainen, Terttu2000Mobility, social networks, and language change in Early Modern EnglandEuropean Journal of English Studies4253
Nevalainen, TerttuRaumolin-Brunberg, Helena2003Historical Sociolinguistics: Language Change in Tudor and Stuart EnglandLondonLongman
Ngefac, Aloysius2008The social stratification of English in CameroonWorld Englishes27407
Ngom, Fallou2003The social status of Arabic, French, and English in the Senegalese speech communityLanguage Variation and Change15351
Ngome, Blasius1985
Nickerson, Catherine2005English as lingua franca in international business contextEnglish for Specific Purposes24367
Nielsen, Paul Maersk2003English in Argentina: a sociolinguistic profileWorld Englishes22199
Noll, Volker2001Das amerikanische Spanisch. Ein regionaler und historischer ÜberblickTübingenNiemeyer
Nothofer, Bernd2006Brown, KeithEncyclopedia of Language and LinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Ntshangase Dumisani K.2002Mesthrie, RajendLanguage in South AfricaCambridge University Press
Nurse, DerekSpear, Thomas1985The Swahili. Reconstructing the History and Language of an African Society, 800–1500Philadelphia, PAUniversity of Pennsylvania Press
Nwoye, Onuigbo G.1989Linguistic politeness in IgboMultilingua8259
Nydell, Margaret K.1987Understanding Arabs. A Guide for WestenersYarmouth, MEIntercultural Press
Oakes, Leigh2005From internationalization to globalization: language and the nationalist revival in SwedenLanguage Problems and Language Planning29151
Ogden, Charles K.1930Basic English. A General Introduction with Rules and GrammarLondonKegan Paul
Oreström, Bengt1983Turn-Taking in English ConversationLundLiber
Pölzl, Ulrike2003Signalling cultural identity: the use of L1/Ln in ELFVienna Working Papers in English12http://anglistik.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/dep_anglist/weitere_Uploads/Views/VIEWS122.PDF
Pölzl, Ulrike2005
Pölzl, UlrikeSeidlhofer, Barbara2006Meierkord, Christiane
Pakir, Anne2009English as a lingua franca: analyzing research frameworks in international English, World Englishes and ELFWorld Englishes28224
Pakir, Anne2010Current research on Englishes in Southeast AsiaWorld Englishes29329
Patterson, Thomas C.1991The Inca Empire: The Formation and Disintegration of a Pre-Capitalist StateNew YorkBerg
Pauw, Kalie2005A Profile of Gauteng: Demographics, Poverty, Inequality and UnemploymentElsenburg, SAThe Provincial Decision-Making Enabling Project
Pendley, Charles1983Language policy and social transformation in contemporary SingaporeSoutheast Asian Journal of Social Science1146
Pennycook, Alastair1994The Cultural Politics of English as an International LanguageLondonLongman
Penz, Hermine2010Helbig, JörgSchallegger, RenéAnglistentag 2009 Klagenfurt: ProceedingsTrierWVT
Petersen, MargretheShaw, Philip2002Language and disciplinary differences in a biliterate contextWorld Englishes21257
Phillipson, Robert1992Linguistic ImperialismOxford University Press
Phillipson, RobertSkutnabb-Kangas, Tove1996English only worldwide, or language ecologyTESOL Quarterly30429
Piller, Ingrid2002Bilingual Couples Talk. The Discursive Construction of HybridityAmsterdamBenjamins
Pitzl, Marie-Luise2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Pitzl, Marie-LuiseBreiteneder, AngelikaKlimpfinger, Theresa2008A world of words: processes of lexical innovation in VOICEVienna Working Papers1721
Platt, John1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the WorldCambridge University Press. 376–87
Platt, JohnWeber, Heidi1980English in Singapore and MalaysiaKuala LumpurOxford University Press
Platt, JohnWeber, HeidiHo, Mian Lian1984The New EnglishesLondonRoutledge and Kegan Paul
Poncini, Gina2003Multicultural businees meetings and the role of languages other than EnglishJournal of Intercultural Studies2417
Prentice, David John1987Comrie, BernardThe World’s Major LanguagesLondonCroom Helm
Prodromou, Luke2008English as a Lingua-Franca. A Corpus-based AnalysisLondonContinuum
Proshina, Zoya G.2005Intermediary translation from English as a lingua francaWorld Englishes24517
Proshina, Zoya G.2006Russian Englishes. IntroductionWorld Englishes24437
Quirk, RandolphGreenbaum, SydneyLeech, GeoffreySvartvik, Jan1985A Comprehensive Grammar of the English LanguageLondonLongman
Radio Romania International2010www.rri.ro/art.shtml?lang=1&sec=170&art=28248
Rajagopalan, Kanavillil2003The ambivalent role of English in Brazilian politicsWorld Englishes2291
Rampton, Ben1995Crossing. Language and Ethnicity among AdolescentsLondonLongman
Rampton, Ben2001Duranti, AlessandroKey Terms in Language and CultureOxfordBlackwell
Randall, MickSamimi, Mohammad Amir2010The status of English in DubaiEnglish Today26(1)43
Ranta, Elina2006The ‘attractive’ progressive – Why use the-ing595
Ranta, Elina2009Mauranen, AnnaRanta, ElinaEnglish as a Lingua Franca: Studies and FindingsNewcastleCambridge Scholars Publishing
Rao, ChandraHarrington, Michael1997The relationship between vernacular language study and academic English proficiency in FijiRELC Journal28161
Reagan, Timothy2001The promotion of linguistic diversity in multilingual settings: policy and reality in post-apartheid South AfricaLanguage Problems and Language Planning2551
Regala-Flores, Eden2009
Reisman, Karl1974Bauman, RichardSherzer, JoelExplorations in the Ethnography of SpeakingCambridge University Press
Rintell, Ellen M.Mitchell, Candace J.1989Blum-Kulka, ShoshanaCross-Cultural Pragmatics: Requests and ApologiesNorwoodAblex
Rogerson-Revell, Pamela2008Participation and performance in international business meetingsEnglish for Specific Purposes27338
Romaine, Suzanne1992The evolution of complexity in a creole language. The acquisition of relative clauses in Tok PisinStudies in Language16139
Romaine, Suzanne2000Language in Society. An Introduction to SociolinguisticsOxford University Press
Romaine, Suzanne2001Mesthrie, RajendConcise Encyclopedia of SociolinguisticsAmsterdamElsevier
Rosendal, Tove2009Linguistic markets in Rwanda: language use in advertisements and on signsJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development3019
Rowe, John H.1946Stewart, Julian H.Handbook of South American IndiansWashington, DCSmithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
Sacks, HarveySchegloff, EmanuelJefferson, Gail1974A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversationLanguage50696
Sailaja, Pingali2009Indian EnglishEdinburgh University Press
Samarin, William J.1987Ammon, UlrichDittmar, NorbertMattheier, Klaus J.Sociolinguistics. An International Handbook of the Science of Languages and SocietyBerlinWalter de Gruyter
Sampson, HelenZhao, Mingua2003Multilingual crews: communication and the operation of shipsWorld Englishes2231
Sand, Andrea2004Shared morpho-syntactic features of contact varieties: article useWorld Englishes23281
Sanyal, Jyoti2006Indlish. The Book for Every English-Speaking IndianNew DelhiViva Books Private Limited
Sarangi, Srikant1995Verschueren, JeffÖstman, Jan-OlaBlommaert, JanHandbook of Pragmatics 1995AmsterdamBenjamins
Sarangi, Srikantvan Leeuwen, T.2003Applied Linguistics and Communities of PracticeLondonContinuum
Schachter, Paul1962Teaching English Pronunciation to the Twi-Speaking StudentLegonGhana University Press
Schegloff, Emanuel A.1968Gumperz, JohnHymes, DellDirections in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of CommunicationNew YorkHolt, Rinehart and Winston
Schegloff, Emanuel A.Sacks, Harvey1973Opening up closingsSemiotica8289
Schmidt, Richard1990The role of consciousness in second language learningApplied Linguistics11129
Schmidt, Richard1993Awareness and second language acquisitionAnnual Review of Applied Linguistics13206
Schmied, Josef1985Englisch in Tanzania. Sozio- und interlinguistische ProblemeHeidelbergGroos
Schmied, Josef1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish Around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Schmied, Josef1991English in Africa: An IntroductionLondonLongman
Schmied, Josef2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Schmied, Josef2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Schmied, Josef2006Kachru, BrajKachru, YamunaNelson, Cecil LThe Handbook of World EnglishesOxfordBlackwell
Schneider, Edgar W.1996Focus on the USAAmsterdamBenjamins
Schneider, Edgar W.2000Feature diffusion vs. contact effects in the evolution of new Englishes: a typological case study of negation patternsEnglish World-Wide21201
Schneider, Edgar W.2007Postcolonial EnglishesCambridge University Press
Schneider, Edgar2003The dynamics of New Englishes: from identity construction to dialect birthLanguage79233
Schneider, Edgar2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishMoutonde Gruyter
Schröder, Anne2003Status, Functions, and Prospects of Pidgin English. An Empirical Approach to Language Dynamics in CameroonTübingenNarr
Schwartz, Joan1980Larsen-Freeman, DianeDiscourse Analysis in Second Language ResearchRowley, MANewbury House
Sebba, Mark1993London Jamaican: Language Systems in InteractionLondonLongman
Sebba, Mark2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Seidlhofer, Barbara2001Closing a conceptual gap: the case for a description of English as a lingua francaInternational Journal of Applied Linguistics11133
Seiler, Walter2009English as a lingua franca in aviationEnglish Today43
Selinker, Larry1972InterlanguageInternational Review of Applied Linguistics1031
Seong, Teo Kok1999The Peranakan Chinese of Kelantan – Culture, Language and Identity of a Chinese Sub-Community in MalaysiaLondonAsean Academic Press
Shim, Rosa Jinyoung1994Englishized Korean: structure, status, and attitudesWorld Englishes13225
Shnukal, Anna2001Blair, DavidCollins, PeterEnglish in AustraliaAmsterdamBenjamins
Siegel, Jeff1985Koinés and koinéisationLanguage in Society14357
Siegel, Jeff1989English in FijiWorld Englishes847
Siegel, Jeff1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Siegel, Jeff1993
Siegel, Jeff2003Doughty, Catherine J.Long, Michael H.The Handbook of Second Language AcquisitionOxfordBlackwell
Silva, Penny M.Dore, WendyMantzel, DorotheaMuller, ColinMurphy, Lynne M.Wright, Madeleine1996A Dictionary of South African English on Historical PrinciplesOxford University Press
Simo Bobda, Augustin1994Aspects of Cameroon English PhonologyBernPeter Lang
Simo Bobda, Augustin2000Comparing some phonological features across African accents of EnglishEnglish Studies81249
Simo Bobda, Augustin2000The uniqueness of Ghanaian English pronunciation in West AfricaStudies in the Linguistic Sciences30185
Simo Bobda, Augustin2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Simpson, Andrew2008Simpson, AndrewLanguage and National Identity in AfricaOxford University Press
Simpson, Rita C.Briggs, Sarah L.Ovens, JanineSwales, John M.1999The Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken EnglishAnn Arbor, MichThe Regents of the University of Michigan
Singler, John Victor2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Slabbert, SarahFinlayson, Rosalie2000‘I’m a cleva!’: the linguistic makeup of identity in a South-African urban environmentInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language144119
Slackman, Michael2007Libya gingerly begins seeking economic but not political reformThe New York Times
Smit, Ute2010English as a Lingua France in Higher Education. A Longitudinal Study of Classroom DiscourseBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Smith, Larry1983Smith, Larry E.Readings in English as an International LanguageOxfordPergamon
Smith, Larry1984Teaching English as an international languageStudium Linguistik1552
Smyth, David1987Swan, MichaelSmith, BernardLearner English: A Teacher’s Guide to Interference and Other ProblemsCambridge University Press
Steinhauer Hein1991Steinhauer, Hein
Strevens, Peter1977New Orientations in the Teaching of EnglishOxford University Press
Sutherland, Janet1994Ad-hoc English and creolized corporate culture: translingual and intercultural communication in a Japanese computer-assembly plant in GermanyTESL-EJ1www.tesl-ej.org/wordpress/issues/volume1/ej02/ej02a2/
Swales, John M.1988Discourse communities, genres, and English as an international languageWorld Englishes2221
Swales, John M.1990Genre Analysis. English in Academic and Research SettingsCambridge University Press
Swan, MichaelSmith, Bernard1987Learner English: A Teacher’s Guide to Interference and Other ProblemsCambridge University Press
Tajima, Atsushi2004Fatal miscommunication: English in aviation safetyWorld Englishes23451
Takahashi, Tomoko1989Gass, Susan M.Madden, CarolynPreston, DennisSelinker, LarryVariation in Second Language AcquisitionClevedon, PaMultilingual Matters
Tannen, DeborahÖztek, Piyale Cömert1981Coulmas, FlorianConversational Routines: Explorations in Standardized Communication Situations and Pre-Patterned SpeechThe HagueMouton
Tannen, Deborah1984The pragmatics of cross-cultural communicationApplied Linguistics5189
Tarone, Elaine1977Brown, Douglas H.Yorio, CarlosCrymes, RuthTeaching and Learning English as a Second Language. On TESOL ’77Washington, DCTESOL
Tay, Mary W. J.1991Cheshire, JennyEnglish around the World: Sociolinguistic PerspectivesCambridge University Press
Tayao, Ma. Lourdes G.2004The evolving study of Philippine English phonologyWorld Englishes2377
Taylor, Travis K.2006Sunset of the Empire in Malaya: a New Zealander’s Life in the Colonial Education ServiceLondonThe Radcliffe Press
Teeuw, Andries1961A Critical Survey of Studies on Malay and Bahasa IndonesiaThe HagueMartinus Nijhoff
Tent, Jan2001A profile of the Fiji English lexisEnglish World Wide22209
Tent, Jan2001Yod deletion in Fiji English: phonological shibboleth or L2 English?Language Variation and Change13161
Tent, JanMugler, France2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
The Open University/BBC1997English, English EverywhereMilton KeynesThe Open University
Thomas, Jenny A.1983Cross-cultural pragmatic failureApplied Linguistics491
Thomason, Sarah G.2001Language Contact: An IntroductionEdinburgh University Press
Thompson, Roger M.2003Filipino English and Taglish: Language Switching from Multiple PerspectivesAmsterdamBenjamins
Thorne, Steven L.2008Magnan, Sally S.Mediating Discourse OnlineAmsterdamBenjamins
Troy, Jakelin1990Australian Aboriginal Contact with the English Language in New South Wales: 1788–1845CanberraDepartment of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University
Trudgill, Peter1986Dialects in ContactOxfordBlackwell
Trudgill, Peter2004New-Dialect Formation. The Inevitability of Colonial EnglishesEdinburgh University Press
Trudgill, Peter2008Colonial dialect contact in the history of European languages: on the irrelevance of identity to new-dialect formationLanguage in Society37241
Tryon, Darrell T.Charpentier, Jean-Michel2004Pacific Pidgins and Creoles: Origins, Growth and DevelopmentBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Turner, George W.1994Burchfield, RobertThe Cambridge History of the English LanguageCambridge University Press
Ulijn, Jan M.Gorter, Tjerk R.1989Coleman, HywelWorking with Language: A Multidisciplinary Consideration of Language Use in Work ContextsBerlinMouton de Gruyter
UNESCO1948The Colony of North BorneoUnesco Post-War Education SurveyParis
Upton, Clive2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Vélez-Rendón, Gloria2003English in Colombia: a sociolinguistic profileWorld Englishes22185
Van der Walt, Johann L.van Rooy, Bertus2002Towards a norm in South African EnglishesWorld Englishes21113
Van Rheeden, Hadewych A.1999
Van Rooy, Bertus2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Van Rooy, Bertus2006The extension of the progressive aspect in Black South African EnglishWorld Englishes2537
Van Rooy, Bertusvan Rooyen, Sanetvan Wyk, Herman2000An assessment of high school pupils’ attitudes towards the pronunciation of Black South African EnglishSouth African Journal of Linguistics38187
Varonis, Evangeline MarlosGass, Susan1985Nonnative/ nonnative conversations: a model for negotiation of meaningApplied Linguistics671
Verhoef, Marlene1998In pursuit of multilingualism in South AfricaMultilingua17181
Vollstedt, Marina2002Knapp, KarlfriedMeierkord, ChristianeLingua Franca CommunicationFrankfurtLang
Wächter, BerndMaiworm, Friedhelm2008English-Taught Programmes in European Higher EducationBonnLemmens
Wade, Rodrik1997
Wald, Benji1987Comrie, BernardThe World’s Major LanguagesLondonCroom Helm
Warren, PaulBauer, Laurie2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Watermeyer, Susan1996De Klerk, VivianFocus on South AfricaAmsterdamBenjamins
Watts, RichardTrudgill, Peter2002Alternative Histories of EnglishLondonRoutledge
Webb, Vic2002Language in South Africa. The Role of Language in National Transformation, Reconstruction and DevelopmentAmsterdamBenjamins
Webb, VicKembo-Sure2000Webb, VicKembo-SureAfrican Voices. An Introduction to the Languages and Linguistics of AfricaOxford University Press
Wee, LionelAnsaldo, Umberto2004Lim, LisaSingapore English. A Grammatical DescriptionAmsterdamBenjamins
Weeks, FredGlover, AlanJohnson, EdwardStrevens, Peter1988Seaspeak Training Manual: Essential English for International Maritime UseOxfordPergamon
Weinreich, Uriel1953Languages in ContactThe HagueMouton
Weldon, Tracey2004Kortmann, BerndSchneider, Edgar W.A Handbook of Varieties of EnglishBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Widdowson, Henry G.1997EIL, ESL, EFL: global issues and local interestsWorld Englishes16146
Wierzbicka, Anna1991Cross-Cultural Pragmatics. The Semantics of Human InteractionBerlinMouton de Gruyter
Wiese, Heike2009Grammatical innovation in multiethnic urban Europe: new linguistic practices among adolescentsLingua119782
Williams, Jessica1987Non-native varieties of English: a special case of language acquisitionEnglish World-Wide35229
Wilson, LiliWilson, Martin1987Swan, MichaelSmith, BernardLearner English: A Teacher’s Guide to Interference and Other ProblemsCambridge University Press
Wiltshire, Caroline R.Harnsberger, James D.2006The influence of Gujarati and Tamil L1s on Indian English: a preliminary studyWorld Englishes2591
Wissing, Daan2002Black South African English: a new English? Observations from a phonetic viewpointWorld Englishes21129
Yano, Yasukata2001World Englishes in 2000 and beyondWorld Englishes20119
Yano, Yasukata2006Cross-cultural communication and English as an international languageIntercultural Communication Studies15171
Yule, George1990Interactive conflict resolution in EnglishWorld Englishes953
Yule, George1996PragmaticsOxford University Press
Zimmermann, Rainer1984Pragmalinguistik und kommunikativer Fremdsprachen-unterrichtHeidelbergGroos