Feminist Constitutionalism

Global Perspectives

Feminist Constitutionalism
  • Edited by Beverley Baines


    Edited by Daphne Barak-Erez


    Edited by Tsvi Kahana

  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

    Online Publication Date:June 2012

    Online ISBN:9780511980442

    Hardback ISBN:9780521761574

    Paperback ISBN:9780521137799

  • Book DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511980442

    Subjects: Jurisprudence

Constitutionalism affirms the idea that democracy should not lead to the violation of human rights or the oppression of minorities. This book aims to explore the relationship between constitutional law and feminism. The contributors offer a spectrum of approaches and the analysis is set across a wide range of topics, including both familiar ones like reproductive rights and marital status, and emerging issues such as a new societal approach to household labor and participation of women in constitutional discussions online. The book is divided into six parts: I) feminism as a challenge to constitutional theory; II) feminism and judging; III) feminism, democracy, and political participation; IV) the constitutionalism of reproductive rights; V) women's rights, multiculturalism, and diversity; and VI) women between secularism and religion.


 Reviews:

"Should a feminist constitutionalism exist, or a dialogue on constitutionalism that took feminist insights seriously, this book would be part of it. As things are, it calmly challenges limits and unsettles complacency by exceeding its own envelope, putting more solid ground under women’s feet as it expands law’s horizons."
- Catharine A. MacKinnon
From the foreword of Feminist Constitutionalism



"Feminist Constitutionalism offers a radically new perspective on the very foundations of our legal systems, going beyond ‘feminism and the law’ to assess the texts and traditions of the world’s constitutions through the lens of gender justice. This latest contribution to a burgeoning new field draws together leading legal scholars from around the world, lifting us out of our legal parochialism, and confronting the masculine practices and assumptions of constitutional law. It is sweeping in scope, and eclectic in the best sense of the word. How, the authors ask, can constitutionalism be reconfigured to serve the interests of gender equality? In answering this question, this volume opens a window on a landscape that has long been overlooked. Every reader – whether feminist or not – will learn much from this book’s engagement with the radical idea that constitutions are not gender-neutral."
Helen Irving
Professor of Law, The University of Sydney



"If dignity, liberty and equality shall make sense in our complicated worlds, and if democracy shall work in multilevel constellations of constitutional law, then this book is an important contribution towards it. A feminist intervention that deserves the name, diverse, transnational, and with a grip on the hard cases, this work proves to be a very inspiring read."


- Susanne Baer
Richterin des Bundesverfassungsgerichts, Professorin für Öffentliches Recht und Geschlechterstudien an der, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin & James W Cook Professor, University of Michigan Law School



www.legco.gov.hk/yr06-07/english/bc/bc52/papers/bc52cb2-2232-1-e.pdf 2009
www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-503-x/89-503-x2005001-eng.pdf 2004
A. E. Dick Howard 1993
A. E. Dick Howard The Bridge at Jamestown: The Virginia Charter of 1606 and Constitutionalism in the Modern World 42 2007
A. H. Eagly Gender and the Effectiveness of Leaders: A Meta-analysis 117 1995
A. J. Kerr 1999
A. Shachar Religion, State, and the Problem of Gender: Reimagining Citizenship and Governance in Diverse Societies 50 49 2005
A. Wayne MacKay 1985
Abdullahi An-Na'im Cultural Transformation and Normative Consensus on the Best Interests of the Child 8 64 1994
Abraham Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence Against South Asian Immigrant Women in the United States 5 215 1998
Adam Winkler 2001
Adrian Morse Jr. Leila Sayeh Tunisia: Marriage, Divorce, and Foreign Recognition 29 1995
Adrien Katherine Wing Constitutionalism, Legal Reform, and the Economic Development of Palestinian Women 15 2006
Alev Cinar Subversion and Subjugation in the Public Sphere: Secularism and the Islamic Headscarf 33 2008
Alexander DeConde 2002
Ali Bulac AIHM ve Basortusu 129 2005
Alice Armstrong Rethinking Culture and Tradition in Southern Africa: Research from WLSA London Blackstone Press 2000
Alicia L. Bannon Designing a Constitution-Drafting Process: Lessons from Kenya 116 2007
Allison Weir The Global Universal Caregiver: Imagining Women's Liberation in the New Millennium 12 2005
Amira Mashhour Islamic Law and Gender Equality – Could There be a Common Ground?: A Study of Divorce and Polygamy in Sharia Law and Contemporary Legislation in Tunisia and Egypt 27 2005
Amnesty International 2004
Anahid Dervartanian Kulwicki June Miller Domestic Violence in the Arab American Population: Transforming Environmental Conditions Through Community Education 20 199 1999
Andrea Barron www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=6306 2009
Andrei Marmor Should We Value Legislative Integrity? 125 132 2006
Andrew Byrnes 1999
Angela Campbell Bountiful Voices 47 183 2009
Angela Campbell How Have Policy Approaches to Polygamy Responded to Women's Experiences and Rights? An International, Comparative Analysis Polygamy in Canada: Legal and Social Implications for Women and Children 2005
Angela Campbell In the Name of the Mothers 10 2009 17
Angela Campbell Wives’ Tales: Reflecting on Research in Bountiful 23 2008
Angela M. Banks Challenging Political Boundaries in Post-Conflict States 29 2007
Anita Harris Young Women, Late Modern Politics, and the Participatory Possibilities of Online Cultures 11 2008
Anita Raj Jay Silverman Violence Against Immigrant Women: The Role of Culture, Context, and Legal Immigrant Status on Intimate Partner Violence 8 2002
Anita Raj Jay Silverman Violence Against Women: The Roles of Culture, Context, and Legal Immigrant Status on Intimate Partner Violence 8 2002
Anne Peters Stefan Suter Representation, Discrimination, and Democracy: A Legal Assessment of Gender Quotas in Politics Cambridge University Press 2009
Anne Revillard 2007
Anthony Mason The Place of Comparative Law in Developing the Jurisprudence on the Rule of Law and Human Rights in Hong Kong 37 2007
Ariane Hegeswich Flexible Working Policies: A Comparative Review Equality and Human Rights Commission (U.K.), Institute for Women's Policy Research 2009 6
Athena D. Mutua Gender Equality and Women's Solidarity Across Religious, Ethnic, and Class Differences in the Kenyan Constitutional Review Process 13 2006
Audrey Haroz South Africa's 1996 Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act: Expanding Choice and International Human Rights to Black South African Women 30 1997
Austin Sarat The Law is All Over: Power, Resistance, and the Legal Consciousness of the Welfare Poor 2 1990
Austin Sarat Thomas R. Kearns 1991
Aysan Sev'er A Feminist Analysis of Flight of Abused Women, Plight of Canadian Shelters: Another Road to Homelessness 11 2002
Azizah Al-Hibri The Nature of Islamic Marriage: Sacramental, Covenantal, or Contractual? 201 2005
B. Bekink M. Bekink Aspects of Rape, Statutory Rape, and the Choice on the Termination of Pregnancy Act 92 of 1996: Do We Protect Our Minor Women? 69 2006
Banwari Meel Ram P. Kaswa The Impact on the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1996 36 2009
Barbara Bennett Woodhouse Talking About Children's Rights in Judicial Custody and Visitation Decision-Making 36 2002
Barbara Brown Facing the Black Peril: The Politics of Population Control in South Africa 12 1987
Barbara Klugman Sanjani Jane Varkey 2001
Barbara Page Women Writers and the Restive Text: Feminism, Experimental Writing, and Hypertext 6 1996
Barry Wellman Milena Gulia 1999
Benjamin D. Bleiberg Unveiling the Real Issue: Evaluating the European Court of Human Rights Decision to Enforce the Turkish Headscarf Ban in Leyla Sahin v. Turkey 91 129 2005
Bernadine P. Healy Listening to America's Women 4 1995
Bernard Dickens Rebecca Cook Development of Commonwealth Abortion Laws 28 1979
Berta Esperanza Hernádez-Truyol Women's Rights as Human Rights – Rules, Realities and the Role of Culture: A Formula for Reform 21 1996
Bertha Wilson Will Women Judges Really Make a Difference? 28 521 1990
Beth A. Burkstrand-Reid The Invisible Woman: Availability and Culpability in Reproductive Health Jurisprudence 81 2010
Beverley Baines Equality's Nemesis? 5 2006
Beverly A. Lewin Yonatan Donner Communication in Internet Message Boards 18 2002
Bharathi Anandhi Venkatraman Islamic States and the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: Are the Shari'a and the Convention Compatible? 44 1995
Blanca Rodríguez-Ruiz Ruth Rubio-Marín The Gender of Representation: On Democracy, Equality, and Parity 6 2008
Brenda Oppermann Impact of Legal Pluralism on Women's Status: An Examination of Marriage Laws in Egypt, South Africa, and the United States 17 65 2006
C. C. Guthrie J. J. Rachlinski A. J. Wistrich Blinking on the Bench: How Judges Decide Cases 93 2007
Caetano Agreement on Reporting of Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Violence Among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States 20 2008
Caetano Intimate Partner Violence, Acculturation, and Alcohol Consumption Among Hispanic Couples in the United States 15 30 2000
Carol Sanger Curriculum Vitae (Feminae): Biography and Early American Women Lawyers 46 1994
Carol Sanger Regulating Teenage Abortion in the United States: Politics and Policy 18 2004
Carole J. Petersen 2001
Carole J. Petersen 2003
Carole J. Petersen 2004
Carole J. Petersen 2007
Carolee GiaoUyen Tran Kunya Des Jardins Domestic Violence in Vietnamese Refugee and Korean Immigrant Communities 71 American Psychological Association 2000
Caroline Sweetman 2008
Carolyn Evans The “Islamic Scarf” in the European Court of Human Rights 7 2006
Cass R. Sunstein Beyond the Republican Revival 97 1988
Cass R. Sunstein Hazardous Heuristics 70 2003
Cass R. Sunstein Neutrality in Constitutional Law (with Special References to Pornography, Abortion, and Surrogacy) 92 1992
Cass R. Sunstein Why the Unconstitutional Conditions Doctrine Is an Anachronism (With Particular Reference to Religion, Speech, and Abortion) 70 B.U. L. Rev 597 1990
Catharine A. MacKinnon 1987
Catharine A. MacKinnon 2006
Catharine MacKinnon Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State: Toward Feminist Jurisprudence 8 1983
Catherine Albertyn 1999
Catherine Albertyn Sandra Fredman Judy Fudge Special Issue: Substantive Equality, Social Rights, and Women 23 2007
Celestine I. Nyamu How Should Human Rights and Development Respond to Cultural Legitimization of Gender Hierarchy in Developing Countries? 41 2004
Celia Milne Catching Up With…Dr. Henry Morgentaler: A Tale of Nine Lives 43 2007
Charles Ngwena Accessing Abortion Services under the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act 25 2000
Charles Ngwena The History and Transformation of Abortion Law in South Africa 30 35 1998
Chris Nolan 2004
Christina Murray A Constitutional Beginning: Making South Africa's Final Constitution 23 2001
Christine Bateup The Dialogic Promise: Assessing the Normative Potential of Theories of Constitutional Dialogue 71 2006
Christine Chinkin Shelley Wright Hilary Charlesworth 2005
Christine Loh Kung-wai 2007
Chuma Himonga 2005 170
Chuma Himonga Law and Gender in Southern Africa Indiana Press 2000
Chuma Himonga Rashida Manjoo The Challenges of Formalisation, Regulation, and Reform of Traditional Courts in South Africa 3 157 2009
Cindy Royal Framing the Internet: A Comparison of Gendered Spaces 26 2008
Clark Benner Lombardi Islamic Law as a Source of Constitutional Law in Egypt: The Constitutionalization of the Sharia in a Modern Arab State 37 1998
Corporación Casa de la Mujer 2008
Dan M. Kahan Commentary: The Theory of Value Dilemma: A Critique of the Economic Analysis of Criminal Law 1 2004
Daniel A. Farber Another View of the Quagmire: Unconstitutional Conditions and Contract Theory 33 913 2007
Daniel Pollack Susan Mason Mandatory Visitation: In the Best Interest of the Child 42 2004
Daphne Barak-Erez 2007
Daphne Barak-Erez Aeyal M. Gross Social Citizenship: The Neglected Aspect of Israeli Constitutional Law 243 2007
Daphne Barak-Erez Can Equality Survive Exceptions? 107 2009
Daphne Barak-Erez Ron Shapira The Delusion of Symmetric Rights 19 1998
Darren Rosenblum Parity/Disparity: Electoral Gender Inequality on the Tightrope of Liberal Constitutional Traditions 39 2006
David Kennedy 15 2002
David Kennedy The Mystery of Global Governance 34 2008
David Marr 2009
Debora Diniz Selective Abortion in Brazil: The Anencephaly Case 7 2007
Debora Halbert Feminist Interpretations of Intellectual Property 14 2006
Deborah King Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology 14 1988
Deborah Weissman The Personal is Political – and Economic: Rethinking Domestic Violence 387 407 2007
Deniz Kandiyoti Between the Hammer and the Anvil: Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Islam and Women's Rights 28 2007
Department of Justice 2005
Diana Majury The Charter, Equality Rights, and Women: Equivocation and Celebration 40 2002
Diana McIntyre Barbara Klugman The Human Face of Decentralisation and Integration of Health Services: Experience from South Africa 11 2003
Diane Cooper Ten Years of Democracy in South Africa: Documenting Transformation in Reproductive Health Policy and Status 12 2004
Diane Otto 2005
Diane Pearce The Feminization of Poverty: Women, Work, and Welfare 11 1978
Diane S. Young Ednita Wright Mothers Making Tenure 37 2001
Don MacPherson 2009
Donna Greschner Can Constitutions Be for Women Too? 20 1986
Donna Sullivan Gender Equality and Religious Freedom: Toward a Framework for Conflict Resolution 24 1992
Drude Dahlerup 2002
E. Gary Spitko The Constitutional Function of Biological Paternity: Evidence of the Biological Mother's Consent to the Biological Father's Co-Parenting of Her Child 48 2006
Eileen McDonagh It Takes a State: A Policy Feedback Model of Women's Political Representation 8 2010
Elaine Tyler Max “Family Values”: The Uses and Abuses of American Family History 97 2005
Elizabeth Chamblee Rhetoric or Rights? When Culture and Religion Bar Girls’ Right to Education 44 2004
Emily M. Northrop The Feminization of Poverty: The Demographic Factor and the Composition of Economic Growth 24 1990
Erika Rackley Detailing Judicial Difference 17 2009
Erika Rackley Judicial Diversity, The Woman Judge, and Fairy Tale Endings 27 2007
Ernest A. Young Constitutive and Entrenchment Functions of Constitutions: A Research Agenda 10 2007
Erwin Chemerinsky Turning Sharply to the Right 10 423 2007
Ethan J. Leib A Man's Right to Choose: Men Deserve a Voice in the Abortion Decision 28 2005
Eugene Volokh Cheap Speech and What It Will Do 104 1995
F. F. W. Van Oosten The Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act: Some Comments 116 1999
F. L. Morton Avril Allen Feminists and the Courts: Measuring Success in Interest Group Litigation in Canada 34 2001
Farah Ahmad Patriarchal Beliefs and Perceptions of Abuse among South Asian Immigrant Women 10 262 2004
Fareda Banda Global Standards: Local Values 17 2003
Fatma Benli 2007
Federico Guzmán Duque 2008
Fereshteh Nouraie-Simone 2005
Fiona Kay Joan Brockman Barriers to Gender Equality in the Canadian Legal Establishment 8 2000
Fionnuala Ni Aolain The Fractured Soul of the Dayton Peace Agreement: A Legal Analysis 19 1998
Floretta Boonzaier Cheryl de la Rey ‘He's a Man and I’m a Woman.’ Cultural Constructions of Masculinity and Femininity in South African Women's Narratives of Violence 9 1003 2003
François du Bois Sources of Law: Overview and Constitution 37 Juta & Co 2007
Frances E. Olsen The Family and the Market 96 1983
Frank Michelman 1996
G. A. Buga Attitudes of Medical Students to Induced Abortion 79 2002
Gail Heriot Way Beyond Candor 89 1991
Gary L. Bowen 2000
Gerald L. Neuman Casey in the Mirror: Abortion, Abuse and the Right to Protection in the United States and Germany 43 1995
Glen S. Coulthard Subjects of Empire: Indigenous Peoples and the “Politics of Recognition” in Canada 6 2007
Glen S. Coulthard Subjects of Empire: Indigenous Peoples and the “Politics of Recognition” in Canada 6 2007
Gregory M. Herek Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in the United States: A Social Science Perspective 61 2006
Guttmacher Institute 2010
Gwen Brodsky Shelagh Day Beyond the Social and Economic Rights Debate: Substantive Equality Speaks to Poverty 14 2002
Hallie Ludsin Putting the Cart Before the Horse: The Palestinian Constitutional Drafting Process 10 2005
Heather D. Boonstra The Heart of the Matter: Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women in the United States 10 2007
Helen Aitkin Bridging the Mountainous Divide: A Case for ICTs for Mountain Women 22 2002
Henry Jenkins 1999
Hilary Charlesworth Christine Chinkin Shelley Wright Feminist Approaches to International Law 85 1991
Hilary Charlesworth Christine Chinkin Shelley Wright Feminist Approaches to International Law 85 1991
Hoan Bui Merry Morash Domestic Violence in the Vietnamese American Community 5 1999
Holly Taylor The Constitutions of Afghanistan and Iraq: The Advancement of Women's Rights 13 2006
Holning Lau Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: American Law in Light of East Asian Developments 31 2008
Home Affairs Department and Immigration Department Statistics on New Arrivals from the Mainland 7 2009
Homi Bhabha Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse Blackwell Publishing 2002
Homi K. Bhabha 1997
Human Rights 1998
Iris Marion Young 2005
Iris Marion Young Together in Difference: Transforming the Logic of Group Political Conflict Oxford University Press 1995
J. E. Mosher 2000
J. Trempe Subordinate Satisfaction with Male and Female Managers: Role of Perceived Supervisory Influence 70 1985
Jack M. Balkin Abortion and Original Meaning 24 2007
Jacques Chevallier 2007
Jae Yop Kim Clifton Emery Marital Power, Conflict, Norm Consensus, and Marital Violence in a Nationally Representative Sample of Korean Couples 18 197 2003
Jae Yop Kim Kyu-taik Sung Conjugal Violence in Korean Families: A Residue of the Cultural Tradition 15 331 2000
James Gathii Exporting Culture Wars 13 2006
James Keller Blackmore Says Polygamy Lawyer Should Step Down over Political Donations The Canadian Press 2010
James Keller Polygamy Court Case Will Proceed without Bountiful Leader, Says Lawyer The Canadian Press 2010
James Thuo Gathii Popular Authorship and Constitution Making: Comparing and Contrasting the DRC and Kenya 49 2008
Jane French Peter French Gender Imbalances in the Primary Classroom: An Interactional Account 26 1984
Jane Mansbridge Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent ‘Yes’ 61 1999
Jane S. Jaquette Women in Power: From Tokenism to Critical Mass 108 1997
Jane Schacter Digitally Democratizing Congress? Technology and Political Accountability 89 2009
Janet Fast The time of our lives…, in 22 2001
Janet Halley From the International to the Local in Feminist Legal Responses to Rape, Prostitution/Sex Work, and Sex Trafficking: Four Studies in Contemporary Governance Feminism 29 2006
Janet Mosher 2007
Jayna Kothari Social Rights in India – Developments of the Last Decade 171 2007
Jean-Jacques Rousseau 2002
Jeannie Suk The True Woman: Scenes from the Law of Self-Defense 31 2008
Jeffrey Michael Hayes Polygamy Comes Out of the Closet: The New Strategy of Polygamy Activists 3 109 2007
Jelili Omotola Promogeniture and Illegitimacy in African Customary Law: The Battle for Survival of Culture 15 2004
Jennifer Batrouney 2004
Jennifer L. Lawless Women, War, and Winning Elections: Gender Stereotyping in the Post-September 11th Era 57 2004
Jennifer M. Westerfield Behind the Veil: An American Legal Perspective on the European Headscarf Debate 54 2006
Jennifer Nedelsky Dilemmas of Passion, Privilege, and Isolation, in 304 1999
Jennifer Nedelsky Embodied Diversity and the Challenges to Law 42 1997
Jennifer Nedelsky Law's Relations: A Relational Theory of Self, Autonomy, and Law Oxford University Press 2011
Jennifer Nedelsky Reconceiving Rights and Constitutionalism 7 J. Hum. Rts 2008
Jennifer S. Hendricks Body and Soul: Pregnancy, Equality, and the Unitary Right to Abortion 45 2010
Jennifer S. Hendricks Contingent Equal Protection: Reaching for Equality after 16 2010
Jennifer S. Hendricks Essentially a Mother 13 2007
Jeremy Gunn Religious Freedom and Laicite 422 2004
Jeremy Sarkin Suggestions for a New Abortion Law 9 1996
Jeremy Sarkin-Hughes A Perspective on Abortion Legislation in South Africa's Bill of Rights Era 56 1993
Jerome Singh South Africa a Decade after Apartheid: Realizing Health through Human Rights 12 2005
Jessica Vitak Paul Zube Andrew Smock Caleb T. Carr Nicole Ellison Cliff Lampe 2011
Jewel Amoah 313 2008
Jewel Amoah 95 2007
Jewel Amoah The World on Her Shoulders: The Rights of the Girl-Child in the Context of Culture and Identity 4 2007
Joan Tronto Care as the Work of Citizens. A Modest Proposal Oxford University Press 2003
Joan W. Scott Multiculturalism and the Politics of Identity 3 1995
Joan Williams 1999
Joanna Erdman 2009
Joel Bakan Constitutional Interpretation and Social Change: You Can't Always Get What You Want (Nor What You Need) 70 1991
Johanna E. Bond Constitutional Exclusion and Gender in Commonwealth Africa 31 336 2008
Johannes Brug Environmental Determinants of Healthy Eating: In Need of Theory and Evidence 67 2008
Johannes M. M. Chan Hong Kong's Bill of Rights: Its Reception of and Contribution to International and Comparative Jurisprudence 47 1998
John McLaren Protecting Confessions of Faith and Securing Equality of Treatment for Religious Minorities in Education Canada 2006 153
Jonathan J. Koehler Daniel N. Shaviro Veridical Verdicts: Increasing Verdict Accuracy Through the Use of Overtly Probabilistic Evidence and Methods 75 1990
Joseph P. Ornato 2009
Judith Jarvis Thomson A Defense of Abortion 1 56 1971
Judith Jarvitz Thomson A Defense of Abortion 1 1971
Judith Squires Culture, Equality, and Diversity Polity Press 2005
Jules Lobel The Meaning of Democracy: Representative and Participatory Democracy in the New Nicaraguan Constitution 49 1988
Julia L. Ernst The Global Pattern of U.S. Initiatives Curtailing Women's Reproductive Rights: A Perspective on the Increasingly Anti-Choice Mosaic 6 2004
Julia L. Perilla Domestic Violence as a Human Rights Issue: The Case of Immigrant Latinos 21 107 1999
Julia Perilla Culture and Domestic Violence: The Ecology of Abused Latinas 9 325 1994
Julie Coiro Reading Comprehension on the Internet: Expanding Our Understanding of Reading Comprehension to Encompass New Literacies 56 2003
Julius O. Ihonvbere How to Make an Undemocratic Constitution: The Nigerian Example 21 2000
Jurgen Habermas The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article (1964) New German Critique MIT Press 1989
Kaiser Family Foundation Abortion in the U.S.: Utilization, Financing, and Access 1 2008
Karen O’Connor Lee Epstein 1983
Katharine K. Baker Property Rules Meet Feminist Needs: Respecting Autonomy by Valuing Connection 59 1998
Katharine T. Bartlett Feminist Legal Methods 103 1990
Katherine M. Franke The Central Mistake of Sex Discrimination Law: The Disaggregation of Sex from Gender 144 1995
Katherine Marshall 2008
Katherine O’Donovan 1989
Katherine Pratt Ewing Legislating Religious Freedom: Muslim Challenges to the Relationship Between Church and State in Germany and France 70 Russell Sage Foundation 2002
Katherine T. Bartlett Feminist Legal Methods 103 1990
Kathleen M. Sullivan's Constitutionalizing Women's Equality 90 2002
Keith E. Sealing Blood Will Tell: Scientific Racism and the Legal Prohibitions Against Miscegenation 5 2000
Kelly Blanchard Abortion Law in South Africa: Passage of a Progressive Law and Challenges for Implementation 139 2003
Kenneth Agran When Government Must Pay: Compensating Rights and the Constitution 22 2005
Kenneth L. Karst Supreme Court Foreword: Equal Citizenship Under the Fourteenth Amendment 91 1977
Kevin Dougherty Polygamy ‘Contrary to the Equality of the Sexes’: Retired Justice 26 2009
Kieran McEvoy Rachel Rebouché 2007
Kim Lane Scheppele Aspirational and Aversive Constitutionalism: The Case for Studying Cross-Constitutional Influence Through Negative Models 1 2003
Kim Lane Scheppele Aspirational and Aversive Constitutionalism: The Case for Studying Cross-Constitutional Influence through Negative Models 1 2003
Kimberlé Crenshaw Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory, and Antiracist Politics 139 1989
Kimberlé Crenshaw Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory, and Antiracist Politics 139 1991
Kimberle Crenshaw 1989
Kimberle Crenshaw Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color 43 1991
Kimberle Crenshaw Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Colour 43 1241 1991
Kimberle Williams Crenshaw Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Antidiscrimination Law 101 1989
Kimberly A. Huisman Wife Battering in Asian American Communities: Identifying the Service Needs of an Overlooked Segment of the U.S. Population 2 260 1996
Ko-Li Chin Out of Town Brides: International Marriage and Wife Abuse Among Chinese Immigrants 25 53 1994
Kumaralingam Amirthalingam Women's Rights, International Norms, and Domestic Violence: Asian Perspectives 27 2005
L. A. Kurdek Are Gay and Lesbian Cohabiting Couples Really Different from Heterosexual Married Couples? 66 2004
Laboni Amena Hoq The Women's Convention and Its Optional Protocol: Empowering Women to Claim Their Internationally Protected Rights 32 2001
Lama Abu-Odeh Modernizing Muslim Family Law: The Case of Egypt 37 1045 2004
Larry D. Kramer 2004
Larry D. Kramer Forward: We the Court 115 2001
Laura Grenfell The Participation of Afghan Women in the Reconstruction Process 12 2004
Laura Nader 2005
Laura T. Kessler Transgressive Caregiving 33 2005
Laurence H. Tribe The Abortion Funding Conundrum: Inalienable Rights, Affirmative Duties, and the Dilemma of Dependence 99 333 1985
Lawrence B. Finer Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives 37 2005
Leslie Bender 2003
Leslie Bender An Overview of Feminist Torts Scholarship 78 1993
Leslie Green Internal Minorities and Their Rights Oxford University Press 1995
Leti Volp The Citizen and the Terrorist 49 2002
Leti Volpp Feminism Versus Multiculturalism 101 1181 2001
Leti Volpp Feminism versus Multiculturalism 101 2001
Lilia Labidi From Sexual Submission to Voluntary Commitment: The Transformation of Family Ties in Contemporary Tunisia, in The New Arab Family 122 2003
Linda Haas C. Philip Hwang The Impact of Taking Parental Leave on Fathers’ Participation in Childcare and Relationships with Children: Lessons from Sweden 11 2008
Linda Wharton Sue Frietsche 2006
Lisa A. Crooms Indivisible Rights and Intersectional Identities or “What Do Women's Human Rights Have to Do with the Race Convention 40 1997
Lisa Hajjar Religion, State Power, and Domestic Violence in Muslim Societies: A Framework for Comparative Analysis 29 2004
Lisa M. Kelly Bringing International Human Rights Law Home: An Evaluation of Canada's Family Law Treatment of Polygamy University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review 2007
Lisa Pruitt 421 2007
Lois G. MacDonald Promoting Social Equality through the Legislative Override 4 1994
Lori G. Beaman 2007 393
Lori G. Beaman Church, State, and the Legal Interpretation of Polygamy in Canada 8 20 2004
Lori G. Beaman Doit-on criminaliser la polygamie au nom de la protection des droits des femmes?, in Repenser Le Droit 2008 149
Lori G. Beaman Who Decides? Harm, Polygamy and Limits on Freedom 10 43 2006
Lorraine E. Weinrib Shooting Down Polygamy Law not Necessarily a Slam Dunk University of Toronto 2009
Lorraine Weinrib Permissibility of Polygamy Put in New Light Law Times 2007
Lynn A. Baker The Prices of Rights: Toward a Positive Theory of Unconstitutional Conditions 75 1190 1990
Lynn Berat Customary Law in a New South Africa: A Proposal 15 1992
Lynn D. Wardle Considering the Impact on Children and Society of “Lesbigay” Parenting 23 2004
Lynn D. Wardle The Potential Impact of Homosexual Parenting on Children 1997 833
Madvahi Sunder Piercing the Veil 112 2003
Makau Mutua The Iraq Paradox: Minority and Group Rights in a Viable Constitution 54 2006
Margaret Somerville If Same-Sex Marriage, Why Not Polygamy? Globe and Mail 2007
Margaret Thornton Otherness” on the Bench: How Merit is Gendered 29 2007
Marianne LaFrance The Schemas and Schemes in Sex Discrimination 65 1999
Marion Young Structural Injustice and the Politics of Difference Cambridge University Press 2007
Martha Ackelsberg Remembering the ‘Life’ in Academic Life: Finding a Balance between Work and Personal Responsibilities in the Academy: Report of the Committee on the Status of Women to the Profession, 2004 37 2004
Martha C. Nussbaum 2011
Martha C. Nussbaum 351 2008
Martha C. Nussbaum Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements: Sen and Social Justice 9 33 2003
Martha C. Nussbaum Constitutions and Capabilities: Supreme Court Foreword: “Perception” Against Lofty Formalism 121 2007
Martha I. Morgan Founding Mothers: Women's Voices and Stories in the 1987 Nicaraguan Constitution 70 1990
Martha I. Morgan Monica Maria Alzate Buitrago Constitution-Making in a Time of Cholera: Women and the 1991 Colombian Constitution 4 1992
Martha Jackman 1988
Martha Jackman What's Wrong With Social and Economic Rights? 11 2000
Martha L. Minow Foreword: The Supreme Court, 1986 Term – Justice Engendered 110 10 1987
Martha McSally Women in Combat: Is the Current Policy Obsolete? 14 2007
Martha Nussbaum India, Sex Equality, and Constitutional Law Cambridge University Press 2005
Mary Ann Dutton National Evaluation of the Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Grant Program 59 2002
Mary Ann Mason Marc Goulden Do Babies Matter: The Effect of Family Formation on the Life-Long Careers of Academic Men and Women 88 2002
Mary Anne Case 2009
Mary Anne Case Couples and Coupling in the Public Sphere: A Comment on the Legal History of Litigating for Lesbian and Gay Rights 79 1993
Mary Anne Case Disaggregating Gender from Sex and Sexual Orientation: The Effeminate Man in the Law and Feminist Jurisprudence 105 1 1995
Mary Anne Case Feminist Fundamentalism on the Frontier between Government and Family Responsibility for Children 2009 381
Mary Anne Case Marriage Licenses 89 2005
Mary Anne Case Marriage Licenses 89 2005
Mary Anne Case Perfectionism and Fundamentalism in the Application of the German Abortion Laws Susan Williams 2009
Mary Anne Case Pets or Meat 80 1132 2005
Mary Anne Case The Very Stereotype the Law Condemns’: Constitutional Sex Discrimination Law as a Quest for Perfect Proxies 85 2000
Mary Anne Case What Feminists Have to Lose in Same-Sex Marriage Litigation 57 2010
Mary L. Shanley Unwed Fathers’ Rights, Adoption, and Sex Equality: Gender Neutrality and the Perpetuation of Patriarchy 95 1995
Mary Maboreke Understanding Law in Zimbabwe London Blackstone Press 2000
Mary Pat Byrn 2010
Matt Labash 2002
Max Weber 1946
Mehmer Agar 2004
Melanie A. Gold Children of Gay or Lesbian Parents 15 1994
Merle Weiner From Dollars to Sense: A Critique of Government Funding for the Battered Women's Shelter Movement 9 186 1991
Merry Morash Getting Out of Harm's Way: One-Year Outcomes for Abused Women in a Vietnamese Immigrant Enclave 14 2008
Merry Morash Hoan Bui Anna M. Santiago Gender Specific Ideology of Domestic Violence in Mexican Origin Families 1 67 2000
Michael J. Perry Why the Supreme Court Was Plainly Wrong in the Hyde Amendment Case: A Brief Comment on 1113 1980
Michael L. Benson Neighborhood Disadvantage, Individual Economic Distress, and Violence Against Women in Intimate Relationships 19 2003
Michael Pelly 2008
Michael Pelly 2009
Michael S. Wald Adults’ Sexual Orientation and State Determinations Regarding Placement of Children 40 2006
Michael Schoiswohl Linking the International Legal Framework to Building the Formal Foundations of a “State at Risk”: Constitution-Making and International Law in Post-Conflict Afghanistan 39 2006
Michel Foucault Sexual Choice, Sexual Act: An Interview 58 1982
Mindy Jane Roseman Laura Reichenbach 2009
Mitchell N. Berman Getting off the Dole: Why the Court Should Abandon Its Spending Doctrine, and How a Too-Clever Congress Could Provoke It to Do So 459 464 2001
Mona Lena Krook Reforming Representation: The Diffusion of Candidate Gender Quotas Worldwide 2 2006
Myra Sadker David Sadker Sexism in the Classroom: From Grade School to Graduate School 67 1986
Nan Seuffert Critique and Comment: Domestic Violence, Discourses of Romantic Love and Complex Personhood in the Law 23 211 1999
Nancy Fraser After the Family Wage: Gender Equity and the Welfare State 22 1994
Nancy Fraser Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy 25 1990
Nancy Fraser Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy MIT Press 1992
Nancy Kim Toward a Feminist Theory of Human Rights: Straddling the Fence Between Western Imperialism and Uncritical Absolutism 25 1993
Nancy Luke Exploring Couple Attributes and Attitudes and Marital Violence in Vietnam 13 5 2007
Natasha Kim Tina Piper 2003
Neda Vanovac 2009
Nelson Tebbe 2008
Ngan-Ling Chow The Feminist Movement: Where are All the Asian American Women? 362 Beacon 1989
Nicola Berkovic Michael Pelly 2009
Nicole Huberfeld Bizarre Love Triangle: The Spending Clause, Section 1983, and Medicaid Entitlements 42 428 2008
Nicole Huberfeld Clear Notice for Conditions on Spending, Unclear Implications for States in Federal Healthcare Programs 86 488 2008
Nik Noriani Nik Badli Shah 2009
Nilda Rimonte Domestic Violence Among Pacific Asians Beacon 1989
Nira Yuval-Davis Identity Politics and Women's Ethnicity Westview Press 1994
Noor Javed GTA's Secret World of Polygamy 2008 10
Noraida Endut Malaysia's Plural Legal System and Its Impact on Women 20 2000
Norma Alarcon 1990
Nusrat Choudhury, Commentary Constrained Spaces for Islamic Feminism: Women's Rights and the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan 19 2007
Of Husband and Wife Wayne Morrison Cavendish Publishing Ltd 2001
Oliver Wendell Holmes The Path of the Law 1897 Oxford University Press
Orloff L. E. Access to Public Benefits for Battered Immigrant Women and Children 33 1999
Pär Zetterberg 2008
Pascale Fournier In the (Canadian) Shadow of Islamic Law: Translating Mahr as a Bargaining Endowment 44 2006
Pascale Fournier Transit and Translation: Islamic Legal Transplants in North America and Western Europe 4 2009
Pat Mainardi 1970
Patricia A. Caine Feminism and the Limits of Equality 24 1990
Patricia Daenzer An Affair between Nations: International Relations and the Movement of Household Service Workers University of Toronto Press 1997
Paul Freund Storms over the Supreme Court 69 1983
Paula A. Monopoli Gender and Constitutional Design 115 2006
Paulette M. Caldwell A Hair Piece: Perspectives on the Intersection of Race and Gender 40 1991
Penelope Andrews 2001
Penelope E. Andrews From Gender Apartheid to Non-Sexism: The Pursuit of Women's Rights in South Africa 26 2001
Pete Cashmore http://mashable.com/2009/07/04/sarah-palin-facebook/ 2011
Peter H. Russell Standing Up for Notwithstanding 29 1991
Peter W. Hogg 2007 35
Philip Ruddock 2007
Puja Kapai The Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission: Calling for a New Avatar 39 2009
Quinton Chan 1994
R. G. Wright The Role of Intuition in Judicial Decisionmaking 42 2006
Rachael Lorna Johnstone Feminist Influences on the United Nations Human Rights Treaty Bodies 28 2006
Rachel E. Latta Lisa A Goodman Haitian Immigrant Women 11 1447 2005
Rachel Jewkes Prevalence of Morbidity Associated with Abortion before and after Legalization in South Africa 324 2002
Rashmi Goel Sita's Trousseau: Restorative Justice, Domestic Violence, and South Asian Culture 11 2005
Rebecca Cook 1995
Rebecca Cook Susannah Howard Accommodating Women's Differences under the Women's Anti-discrimination Convention 56 2007
Rebecca Firestone Laura Reichenbach Mindy Jane Roseman 2009
Rebecca Foley Muslim Women's Challenges to Islamic Law: The Case of Malaysia 6 2004
Rebecca J. Cook Lisa M. Kelly 2006
Rebecca Ray Who Cares? Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality in Parental Leave Policy Designs in 21 2010
Reed Boland Laura Katzive Developments in Laws on Induced Abortion: 1998–2007 34 2008
Regina Vidaver Women Subjects in NIH-Funded Clinical Research Literature: Lack of Progress inBoth Representation and Analysis by Sex 9 2009
Reva B. Siegel Dignity and the Politics of Protection: Abortion Restrictions Under Casey/Carhart 117 2008
Reva B. Siegel The New Politics of Abortion: An Equality Analysis of Woman-Protective Abortion Restrictions 2007 991
Reva B. Siegel The Right's Reasons: Constitutional Conflict and the Spread of the Woman-Protective Antiabortion Argument 57 2008
Reva Siegel Dignity and the Politics of Protection: Abortion Restrictions Under Casey/Carhart 117 2008
Reva Siegel Reasoning from the Body: A Historical Perspective on Abortion Regulation and Questions of Equal Protection 44 1992
Reva Siegel Reasoning from the Body: A Historical Perspective on Abortion Regulation and Questions of Equal Protection 44 1992
Reva Siegel Sex Equality Arguments for Reproductive Rights: Their Critical Basis and Evolving Constitutional Expression 56 2007
Richard A. Posner The Role of the Judge in the Twenty-First Century 86 2006
Richard E. Matland Women's Representation in National Legislatures: Developed and Developing Countries 23 1998
Robert A. Goldwin Art Kaufman 1988
Robert C. Post Reva B. Siegel Legislative Constitutionalism and Section Five Power: Policentric Interpretation of the Family and Medical Leave Act 112 2003
Robert C. Post The Supreme Court, 2002 Term – Forward: Fashioning the Legal Constitution: Culture, Courts, and Law 117 2003
Robert Drago Final Report to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation for the Faculty and Families Project 3 The Pennsylvania State University Work-Family Working Paper 2001
Roberta Lee Intimate Partner Violence and Women of Colour: A Call for Innovations 92 530 2002
Robin Fretwell Wilson The Limits of Conscience: Moral Clashes over Deeply Divisive Healthcare Procedures 34 49 2008
Robin West 2005
Robyn Beaman Kevin Wheldall Coral Kemp Differential Teacher Attention to Boys and Girls in the Classroom 58 2006
Robyn I. Stone 1997
Ronald Burke Women on Corporate Boards of Directors: A Needed Resource 16 909 1997
Rosalind Dixon Creating Dialogue about Socioeconomic Rights: Strong Form versus Weak Form Judicial Review Revisited 5 400 2007
Rosalind Dixon Eric A. Posner The Limits of Constitutional Convergence 2010
Rosemary Hunter 2003
Rosemary Hunter 2003
Rosemary Hunter Talking Up Equality: Women Barristers and the Denial of Discrimination 10 2002
Rubya Mehdi Facing the Enigma: Talaq-e-tafweez a Need of Muslim Women in Nordic Perspective 33 2005
Ruth Bader Ginsburg Some Thoughts on Equality and Autonomy in Relation to Roe v. Wade 63 1985
Ruth Gavison Feminism and the Public/Private Distinction 45 1992
Ruth Ginsburg 1985
Ruth Rubio-Marín Martha I. Morgan 2004
Ruthann Robson 2008
S. B. Yim 171 1978
Saïd Amir Arjomand Constitutional Developments in Afghanistan: A Comparative and Historical Perspective 53 2005
Sally Engle Merry New Realism and the Ethnography of Transnational Law 31 2006
Sally Guttmacher Abortion Reform in South Africa: A Case Study of the 1996 Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act 24 1998
Samuel R. Bagenstos Spending Clause Litigation in the Roberts Court 58 345 2008
Sanford Levinson 2006
Sanjani Jane Varkey Abortion Services in South Africa: Available Yet Not Accessible to All 26 2000
Sapana Malla Violence Against Women and Girls in Nepal 139 Elite Business Service 1999
Sara Rosenbaum Medicaid at Forty: Revisiting Structure and Meaning in a Post-Deficit Reduction Act Era 9 J. Health Care L. & Pol'y 2006
Saras Jagwanth Christina Murray 2004
Satya P. Krishnan Lifting the Veil of Secrecy – Domestic Violence Against South Asian Women 145 Rutgers University Press 1998
Savitri Saharso Female Autonomy and Cultural Imperative: Two Hearts Beating Together Oxford University Press 2000
Sawitri Saharso Female Autonomy and Cultural Imperative: Two Hearts Beating Together Oxford University Press 2000
Schafer Rates of Intimate Partner Violence in the United States 88 1998
Seth F. Kreimer Allocational Sanctions: The Problem of Negative Rights in a Positive State 132 U. Pa. L. Rev 1984
Seyla Benhabib Beyond Interventionism, and Indifference: Culture, Deliberation, and Pluralism 31 2005
Seyla Benhabib Toward a Deliberative Model of Democratic Legitimacy 67 1996
Shamita Dasgupta Sujata Warrier In the Footstep of ‘Arundhati’: Asian Indian Women's Experience of Domestic Violence in the United States 2 238 1999
Sheilah L. Martin Some Constitutional Considerations on Sexual Violence Against Women 32 1994
Sherene Razack The ‘Sharia Law Debate’ in Ontario: The Modernity/Premodernity Distinction in Legal Efforts to Protect Women from Culture 15 2007
Silvia Gherardi Gendered Organizational Cultures: Narratives of Women Travellers in a Male World, 3 Gender, Work & Organization 187 1996
South Africa President of the Republic of South Africa and Another v. Hugo 1 1997
Stacy R. Sandusky Women's Political Participation in Developing and Democratizing Countries: Focus on Zimbabwe 5 1999
Statistics Canada 2001
Statistics Canada Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 4 2009
Stephen Gardbaum 2001
Stephen Skowronek The Conservative Insurgency and Presidential Power: A Developmental Perspective on the Unitary Executive 122 2009
Stockholm, Sweden www.quotaproject.org 2009
Sudan. Human Rights Council Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Situation of Human Rights in Colombia 54 2008
Susan Drummond Polygamy's Inscrutable Criminal Mischief 47 317 2009
Susan Frelich Appleton Beyond the Limits of Reproductive Choice: The Contributions of the Abortion-Funding Cases to Fundamental-Rights Analysis and to the Welfare-Rights Thesis 81 Colum. L. Rev 721 1981
Susan H. Williams Equality, Representation, and Challenge to Hierarchy: Justifying Electoral Quotas for Women Cambridge University Press 2009
Susan J. Stabile 2009
Susan Kolker Finkel Steven G. Olswang Child Rearing as a Career Impediment to Women Assistant Professors 19 1996
Susan Moller Okin Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? Princeton University Press 1999
Suzanne B. Goldberg Constitutional Tipping Points: Civil Rights, Social Change, and Fact-Based Adjudication 106 2006
Suzanne B. Goldberg On Making Anti-Essentialist and Social Constructionist Arguments in Court 81 2002
Swati Shirwadkar Canadian Domestic Violence Policy and Indian Immigrant Women 10 2004
Sylvia Law 1988
Sylvia Law Rethinking Sex and the Constitution 132 1984
Sylvia Walby 2004
T. Eckes Explorations in Gender Cognition: Content and Structure of Female and Male Subtypes 12 1994
Tami Friesen The Live-in Caregiver Program: Inequality under Canada's Immigration System 22 2003
Thoko Kaime 2009
Thomas Concannon 2009
Tracy E. Higgins Jeanmarie Fenrich Ziona Tanzer Gender Equality and Customary Marriage: Bargaining in the Shadow of Post-Apartheid Legal Pluralism 30 2007
Tracy Higgins Gender Equality and Customary Marriage: Bargaining in the Shadow of Post-Apartheid Legal Pluralism 30 2007
Transcript of Proceedings 1993
Transcript of Proceedings 1999
Transcript of Proceedings 2009
Trina Grillo Anti-Essentialism and Intersectionality: Tools to Dismantle the Master's House 10 1995
Tsvi Kahana What Makes for a Good Use of the Notwithstanding Mechanism? 23 2004
U.N. Security Council 2000
Veronica de Klerk Women's Action for Development: 15 Years of Experience with Customary Practice in Rural Namibia Macmillan Education Press 2008
Vicki C. Jackson Constitutional Dialogue and Human Dignity: States and Transnational Constitutional Discourse 65 2004
Vijayashri Sripati Constitutionalism in India and South Africa: A Comparative Study from a Human Rights Perspective 16 2007
Virginia Valian 1998
Wayne MacKay 2001
Wendy K. Kolmar Frances Bartkowski 2005
Wendy Stueck Legal Experts Split over Constitutionality of Oppal's Move against Polygamy 9 2009
Wesley Hohfeld Some Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning 23 1913
Will Kymlicka 1995
Will Kymlicka The New Debate on Minority Rights Cambridge University Press 2007
Wilson, J. 1988
Y. I. Song Domestic Violence Against Women in Korean Immigrant Families 134 Academia Koreana 1997
Y. Mizumachi 2006
Yoshiyuki Takano Coping with Domestic Violence by Japanese Canadian Women 319 2006
Yuko Narushima 2008
Zahra, M. A. 1955
Zakia Pathak Rajeswari Sunder Rajan Shah Bano 14 1989