Science, Colonialism, and Indigenous Peoples

The Cultural Politics of Law and Knowledge

At the intersection of indigenous studies, science studies, and legal studies lies a tense web of political issues of vital concern for the survival of indigenous nations. Numerous historians of science have documented the vital role of late-eighteenth- and nineteenth-century science as a part of statecraft, a means of extending empire. This book follows imperialism into the present, demonstrating how pursuit of knowledge of the natural world impacts, and is impacted by, indigenous peoples rather than nation-states. In extractive biocolonialism, the valued genetic resources, and associated agricultural and medicinal knowledge, of indigenous peoples are sought, legally converted into private intellectual property, transformed into commodities, and then placed for sale in genetic marketplaces. Science, Colonialism, and Indigenous Peoples critically examines these developments, demonstrating how contemporary relations between indigenous and Western knowledge systems continue to be shaped by the dynamics of power, the politics of property, and the apologetics of law.

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Reference Type: notes

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Reference Type: notes

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Reference Type: notes

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Reference Type: notes

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Gerald Dworkin, “Commentary: Legal and Ethical Issues,” Science, Technology, & Human Values, 12:1 (1987)
Pamela Samuelson, “Innovation and Competition: Conflicts over Intellectual Property Rights in New Technologies,” Science, Technology & Human Values, 12:1 (1987)
Roger Wallis and Krister Malm, Big Sounds From Small Peoples (New York: Pendragon Press, 1984): 193
R. Patterson and S. Lindberg, The Nature of Copyright (Atlanta, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1991)
Shamans, Software & Spleens: Law and the Construction of the Information Society (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1996): xiii
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Beth Burrows, “How Do You Spell Patent? P-I-R-A-C-Y?,” The Boycott Quarterly, 1:3 (1994), 6, 5
Gerald Dworkin, “Commentary: Legal and Ethical Issues,” Science, Technology, & Human Values, 12:1 (1987)
Karen Warren, “A Philosophical Perspective on the Ethics and Resolution of Cultural Properties Issues,” in Phyllis Messenger (ed.), The Ethics of Collecting Cultural Property (Albuquerque, New Mexico: The University of New Mexico Press, 1989)
Jack Kloppenburg, First The Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology, 1492–2000 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988): 11
Christopher Lind, “The Idea of Capitalism or the Capitalism of Ideas? A Moral Critique of the Copyright Act,” Intellectual Property Journal, 7 (1991): 70
Jack Kloppenburg, Jr., “No Hunting! Scientific Poaching and Global Biodiversity,” Z Magazine (September 1990): 106
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Beth Burrows, “How Do You Spell Patent? P-I-R-A-C-Y?,” Boycott Quarterly, 1 (1994): 4, 5
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Michael R. Fowler and Julie M. Bunck, Law, Power and the Sovereign State (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995): 1–3.
Louis Henkin, “Human Rights and State ‘Sovereignty,’” Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law, 25 (1995): 31.
Louis Henkin, “That ‘S’ Word: Sovereignty, Globalization and Human Rights, et cetera,” Fordham Law Review, 68:1 (1999): 1.
Wallace Coffey and Rebecca Tsosie, “Rethinking the Tribal Sovereignty Doctrine: Cultural Sovereignty and the Collective Future of Indian Nations,” Stanford Law and Policy Review, 12 (2001): 191, 196.
Anthony Anghie, “Finding the Peripheries: Sovereignty and Colonialism in Nineteenth Century International Law,” Harvard International Law Journal, 40 (1999): 5.
Taiake Alfred, Peace, Power, Righteousness: An Indigenous Manifesto (Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press, 1999): 57.
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Robert Porter, “The Meaning of Indigenous Nation Sovereignty,” Arizona State Law Journal, 34:75 (2002): 82.
Okwui Enwezor, cited in Gayatri Sinha, “Diatribe or Art?, The Hindu (1 September 2002)
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Ladonna Harris et al., “Returning to Harmony: A Comanche Effort to Reactivate the Wisdom of the People,” Native Americas (Fall/Winter 1996).
Robert A. Williams, “Linking Arms Together: Multicultural Constitutionalism in a North American Indigenous Vision of Law and Peace,” California Law Review, 82 (1994): 981, 995.
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Naomi Roht-Arriaza, “Of Seeds and Shamans: The Appropriation of the Scientific and Technical Knowledge of Indigenous Local Communities,” Michigan Journal of International Law, 17 (1996): 919, 949.
Ronald Niezin, The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity (Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2003): 196.
Jeremy Firestone, Jonathan Lilley, and Isabel Torres de Noronha, “Cultural Diversity, Human Rights, and the Emergence of Indigenous Peoples in International and Comparative Environmental Law,” American University International Law Review, 20 (2005): 291.
Howard J. Vogel, “Reframing Rights From the Ground Up: The Contribution of the New U.N. Law of Self-Determination to Recovering the Principle of Sociability on the Way To a Relational Theory of International Human Rights,” Temple International and Comparative Law Journal, 20 (2006): 446.
Darren C. Zook, “Decolonizing Law: Identity Politics, Human Rights, and the United Nations,” Harvard Human Rights Journal, 19 (2006): 95.
David Kennedy, “Sovereignty: Responding to Anghie and Aravadum,” Texas International Law Journal, 41 (2006): 468.

Reference Type: notes

Winona LaDuke, “Voices from White Earth: Gaa-waabaabiganikaag,”in Hildegarde Hannum (ed.), Peace, Land and Community (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1997): 35.
Leanne R. Simpson, “Anticolonial Strategies for the Recovery and Maintenance of Indigenous Knowledge,” American Indian Quarterly, 28:3 and 4 (Summer & Fall 2004): 374–5.
Debbie McGregor, “Coming Full Circle: Indigenous Knowledge, Environment, and Our Future,” American Indian Quarterly, 28:3 and 4 (Summer & Fall 2004): 402.
James (Sa'ke'j) Youngblood Henderson, Indigenous Diplomacy and the Rights of Peoples: Achieving UN Recognition (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Purich Publishing, 2008): 10
Eli Taylor, Towards Rebirth of First Nations Languages (Assembly of First Nations, Ottawa, Ontario: Assembly of First Nations Education Secretariat, 1992): 14
Rosemary J. Coombe, “Works in Progress: Traditional Knowledge, Biological Diversity and Intellectual Property in a Neoliberal Era,” in Richard W. Perry and Bill Maurer (eds.), Globalization under Construction: Governmentality, Law and Identity (Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2003): 279.
Marie Battiste and Sa'ke'j Youngblood Henderson, Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Purich Publications, 2000): 9.
Vandana Shiva, Monocultures of the Mind (Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Zed Books, 1993): 9.
Angela Waziyatawin Wilson, “Indigenous Knowledge Recovery is Indigenous Empowerment,” American Indian Quarterly, 28:3 and 4 (Summer & Fall 2004): 361.

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