On Nature and Language


On Nature and Language

In On Nature and Language Noam Chomsky develops his thinking on the relation between language, mind, and brain, integrating current research in linguistics into the burgeoning field of neuroscience. Following a lucid introduction is a penetrating interview with Chomsky, in which he provides the clearest and most elegant introduction to current theory available. It makes his Minimalist Program accessible to all. The volume concludes with an essay on the role of intellectuals in society and government. A significant landmark in the development of linguistic theory, On Nature and Language will be welcomed by students and researchers in theoretical linguistics, neurolinguistics, cognitive science and politics, as well as anyone interested in the development of Chomsky's thought. Noam Chomsky is Professor of Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Chomsky has written and lectured extensively on philosophy, intellectual history, and international affairs. His works include The Architecture of Language, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax; Cartesian Linguistics; Language and Mind; American Power and the New Mandarins; At War with Asia; For Reasons of State; Peace in the Middle East? Reflections on Language; Rules and Representations; The Culture of Terrorism; Rethinking Camelot; JFKm the Vietnam War and US Political Culture; World Orders, Old and New and The Common Good.


 Reviews:

"...important...fascinating..." Geolinguistics

"Chomsky's writing is more powerful than Orwell's, and his documentation more compelling and up-to-date. This book is important for those interested in Chomsky's linguistic and political writings and, especially, the link between them. Graduate students, researchers, and faculty." Choice

"...an interesting read for those who like to keep up to date on the current positions of one of today's most important public intellectuals." Metapsychology

Abney, S. (1987) “The English Noun Phrase in its Sentential Aspect.” PhD dissertation, MIT
Aissen, J. and D. Perlmutter (1976) “Clause reduction in Spanish.” Proceedings of the Second Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society 2:1–30
Bach, E. (1971) “Questions.” Linguistic Inquiry 2: 153–167
Baker, M. (1988). Incorporation: A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing. Chicago: Chicago University Press
Barss, A. (1986) “Chains and Anaphoric Dependence.” PhD dissertation, MIT
Belletti, A. (1988) “The case of unaccusatives.” Linguistic Inquiry 19:1–34
Belletti, A. (1990) Generalized Verb Movement. Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier
Belletti, A. (1999) “Italian/Romance clitics: structure and derivation.” In H. van Riemsdijk, ed., Clitics in the Languages of Europe. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter. 543–579
Belletti, A. (2001) “Inversion as focalization.” In A. Hulke and J. Y. Pollock, eds., Subject Inversion in Romance and the Theory of Universal Grammar. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 60–90
Belletti, A. and L. Rizzi (1988) “Psych-verbs and theta theory.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 6: 291–352
Belletti, A. and L. Rizzi (1996) Parameters and Functional Heads. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Belletti, A. ed. (in prep) Structures and Beyond: Current Issues in the Theory of Language. University of Siena
Bloch, N. (1990) “The computer model of the mind.” In D. N. Osherson and E. E. Smith, eds., An Invitation to Cognitive Science vol. 3, Thinking. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Bobaljik, J. (1995) “Morphosyntax: The Syntax of Verbal Inflection.” PhD dissertation, MIT
Bobaljik, J. D. and D. Jonas (1996) “Subject position and the roles of TP.” Linguistic Inquiry 27.2: 195–236
Borer, H. (1995) “The ups and downs of Hebrew verb movement.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 13: 527–606
Burzio, L. (1986) Italian Syntax: A Government-Binding Approach.Dordrecht: Reidel
Cardinaletti, A. and M. Starke (1999) “The typology of structural deficiency: a case study of the three classes of pronouns.” In H. van Riemsdijk, ed., Clitics in the Languages of Europe. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter. 145–233
Chomsky, N. (1955) “The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. Excerpts published by Plenum Press: New York, 1975
Chomsky, N. (1957) Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton
Chomsky, N. (1959) “A review of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior 1957.” Language 35: 26–58
Chomsky, N. (1964) “Current issues in linguistic theory.” In J. Fodor and J. Katz, eds., The Structure of Language. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. 50–118
Chomsky, N. (1965) Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (1970) “Remarks on nominalization.” In R. A. Jacobs and P. S. Rosenbaum, eds., Readings in English Transformational Grammar.Waltham, MA: Ginn. 184–221
Chomsky, N. (1973) “Conditions on transformations.” In S. Anderson and P. Kiparsky, eds., A Festschrift for Morris Halle. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. 232–286
Chomsky, N. (1975) Reflections on Language. New York: Pantheon
Chomsky, N. (1977) Essays on Form and Interpretation. New York, Amsterdam, and London: North Holland
Chomsky, N. (1981) Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht: Foris Publications
Chomsky, N. (1982) Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (1986a) Knowledge of Language. New York: Praeger
Chomsky, N. (1986b) Barriers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (1990) “Language and cognition.” Welcoming address for the Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, MIT, July. In D. Johnson and C. Emeling, eds., The Future of the Cognitive Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997
Chomsky, N. (1993) “A minimalist program for linguistic theory.” In K. Hale and S. J. Keyser, eds., The View from Building 20. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1–52
Chomsky, N. (1995a) The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (1995b) “Language and nature.” Mind 104. 413: 1–61. In Chomsky(2000b)
Chomsky, N. (2000a) “Minimalist inquiries: the framework.” In R. Martin, D. Michaels, and J. Uriagereka, eds., Step by Step – Essays in Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (2001a) “Derivation by phase.” In M. Kenstowicz, ed., Ken Hale: A Life in Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chomsky, N. (2001b) “Beyond Explanatory Adequacy.” To appear in Belletti (in prep.)
Chomsky, N.(2000b) New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Cinque, G. (1990) Types of A' Dependencies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Cinque, G. (1996) “On the evidence for partial N-movement in the Romance DP.” In G. Cinque, Italian Syntax and Universal Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Cinque, G. (1999) Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Cinque, G. ed. (2001) Mapping Functional Structure. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Collins, C. (1997) Local Economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Déprez, V. (1998) “Semantic effects of agreement: the case of French past participle agreement.” Probus. 1–65
D'Arcy Thompson, W. (1917) On Growth and Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Deacon, T. (1998) The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York: Norton
Degraff, M., ed. (1999) Language Creation and Language Change.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Dobrovie-Sorin, C. (1988) “A propos de la structure du groupe nominal en Roumain.” Rivista di grammatica generativa 12: 126–151
Emonds, J. (1978) “The verbal complex V'-V in French.” Linguistic Inquiry 9: 151–175
Emonds, J. (1980) “Word order in generative grammar.” Journal of Linguistic Research 1: 33–54
Fodor, J. (2000) The Mind Doesn't Work that Way: Scope and Limits of Computational Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Fodor, J. and J. Katz, eds. (1964) The Structure of Language. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall
Fodor, J., T. Bever, and M. Garrett (1974) The Psychology of Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics and Generative Grammar. New York: McGraw-Hill
Fox, D. (2000) Economy and Semantic Interpretation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Fox, D. and J. Nissenbaum (1999) “Extraposition and the nature of covert movement.” MS, Harvard University
Frank, A. (1997) Discover 80
Freidin, R. (1988) “Comments on Lightfoot (1988).” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12
Friedemann, M. A. and T. Siloni (1997) “Agrobj is not Agrparticiple.” The Linguistic Review 14: 69–96
Friedemann, M.-A. and L. Rizzi, eds. (2000) The Acquisition of Syntax.London: Longman
Gallistel, C. R. (1997) “Neurons and memory.” In M. S. Gazzaniga, ed., Conversations in the Cognitive Neurosciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Gallistel, C. R. (1999) “The replacement of general-purpose learning models with adaptively specialized learning modules.” In M. S. Gazzaniga, ed., The Cognitive Neurosciences, 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Gallistel, C. R., ed. (1990) Animal Cognition, Cognition, special issue, 37: 1–2
Gehring, W. J. and I. Kazuko (1999) Trends in Genetics. Sept
Giorgi, A. and F. Pianesi (1997) Tense and Aspect: From Semantics to Morphosyntax. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Giorgi, A. and G. Longobardi (1991) The Syntax of Noun Phrases: Configuration, Parameters and Empty Categories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Giusti, G. (1993) La sintassi dei determinanti. Padua: Unipress
Graffi, G. (1991) La sintassi tra ottocento e novecento. Bologna: Il Mulino
Grewendorf, G. (2001) “Multiple Wh fronting.” Linguistic Inquiry 32:87–122
Grimshaw, J. (1986) “Subjacency and the S/S' parameter.” Linguistic Inquiry 17: 364–369
Hale, K. (1978) “On the position of Walbiri in the typology of the base.”MS, MIT
Hale, K. and S. J. Keyser (1993). “On argument structure and the lexical expression of syntactic relations.” In Hale and Keyser, eds., The View from Building 20. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Halle, M. (1995). “Feature geometry and feature spreading.” Linguistic Inquiry 26: 1–46
Halle, M. and K. N. Stevens (1991) “Knowledge of language and the sounds of speech.” In J. Sundberg, L. Nord, and R. Carlson, eds., Music, Language, Speech and Brain. London: Macmillan. 1–19
Hanser, M. (1996) The Evolution of Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Hawkins, R. D. and E. R. Kandel (1984) “Is there a cell-biological alphabet for simple forms of learning?” Psychological Review 91: 376–391
Holton, G. (1996) “On the art of scientific imagination.” Daedalus. 183–208
Hornstein, N. (1984) Logic as Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Huang, J. (1982) “Logical Relations in Chinese and the Theory of Grammar.” PhD dissertation, MIT
Hyams, N. (1986) Language Acquisition and the Theory of Parameters.Dordrecht: Reidel
Jackendoff, R. (1977) X' Syntax: A Study of Phrase Structure. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press
Jacob, F. (1981) Le jeu des possibles. Paris: Fayard
Jakobson, R. (1936) “Beitrag zur allgemeinen Kasuslehre: Gesamtbedeutung der russischen Kasus, TCLP, ⅵ.” English translation, Russian and Slavic Grammar. Berlin: Mouton, 1984
Johnson, K. (1991) “Object positions.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 9: 577–636
Jonas, D. (1996) “Clause Structure and Verb Syntax in Scandinavian and English.” PhD dissertation, Harvard University
Joos, M. (1957) Readings in Linguistics. Washington: American Council of Learner Societies
Katz, J. and P. Postal (1964) An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Kayne, R. (1975) French Syntax: The Transformational Cycle. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Kayne, R. (1984) Connectedness and Binary Branching. Dordrecht: Foris Publications
Kayne, R. (1989) “Facets of Romance past participle agreement.” In P. Benincà, ed., Dialect Variation and the Theory of Grammar.Dordrecht: Foris Publications. 85–103
Kayne, R. (1994) The Antisymmetry of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Kayne, R. (2001) Parameters and Universals. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Kiss, K., ed. (1995) Discourse-Configurational Languages. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Koopman, H. (1983) The Syntax of Verbs. Dordrecht: Foris Publications
Koopman, H. and D. Sportiche (1991) “The position of subjects.” Lingua 85: 211–258
Koyré, A. (1957) From the Closed World to the Infinite Universe.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
Kuroda, S. Y. (1988) “Whether we agree or not: a comparative syntax of English and Japanese.” In W. J. Poser, ed., Papers from the Second International Workshop on Japanese Syntax. Stanford: CSLI. 103–143 (also in Linguisticae Investigationes 12: 1–47)
Lasnik, H. (1976) “Remarks on coreference.” Linguistic Analysis 2:1–22
Lasnik, H. (1989) Essays on Anaphora. Dordrecht: Kluwer
Lasnik, H. (1992) “Case and expletives: notes toward a parametric account.” Linguistic Inquiry 23: 381–405
Lasnik, H. and M. Saito (1992) Move Alpha: Conditions on its Application and Output. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Lebeaux, D. (1988) “Language Acquisition and the Form of Grammar.” PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Lees, R. B (1960) The Grammar of English Nominalization. The Hague: Mouton
Lewontin, R. (1990) “The evolution of cognition.” In D. N. Osherson and E. E. Smith, eds., An Invitation to Cognitive Science vol. 3, Thinking. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 229–246
Lieberman, P. (1984) The Biology and Evolution of Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Lightfoot, D. (1989) “The child's triggering experience: degree-0 learnability.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12: 321–375
Longobardi, G. (1994) “Reference and proper names: a theory of N-movement in syntax and Logical Form.” Linguistic Inquiry 25: 609–665
Manzini, M. R. (1992) Locality: A Theory and Some of Its Empirical Consequences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Marcus, G. (1998) “Can connectionism save constructivism?” Cognition 66: 153–182
May, R. (1985) Logical Form: Its Structure and Derivation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
McCloskey, J. (1996) “On the scope of verb movement in Irish.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 14: 47–104
Mehler, J. and E. Dupoux (1992) Naître humain. Paris: Odile Jacob
Moro, A. (1990) The Raising of Predicates: Predicative Noun Phrases and the Theory of Clause Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Obenauer, H. G. (1994) “Aspects de la Syntaxe A'.” Thèse d'Etat, Université de Paris VII
Perlmutter, D. (1978) “Impersonal passives and the unaccusative hypothesis.” In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society. 157–189
Pollock, J. Y. and C. Poletto (2001) “On the left periphery of some Romance wh-questions.” MS, to appear in Rizzi (in prep.)
Pollock, J.-Y. (1989) “Verb movement, Universal Grammar, and the structure of IP.” Linguistic Inquiry 20: 365–424
Postal, P. (1999) The Investigations of Extraction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Quine, W. V. O. (1972) “Methodological reflections on current linguistic theory.” In D. Davidson and G. Harman, eds., Semantics of Natural Language. New York: Humanities Press
Quine, W. V. O. (1986) “Reply to Gilbert H. Harman.” In E. Hahn and P. A. Schilpp, eds., The Philosophy of W. V. Quine. La Salle: Open Court
Radford, A. (1997) Syntax – A Minimalist Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ramachandran, V. S. and S. Blakeslee (1998) Phantoms in the Brain. London: Fourth Estate
Reinhart, T. (1976) “The Syntactic Domain of Anaphora.” PhD dissertation, MIT
Reinhart, T. (1983) Anaphora and Semantic Interpretation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Reinhart, T. (1995) “Interface strategies.” OTS Working Papers, University of Utrecht
Ritter, E. (1991) “Two functional categories in Noun Phrases: evidence from Modern Hebrew.” In S. Rothstein, ed., Perspectives on Phrase Structure: Heads and Licensing, Syntax and Semantics 26. New York: Academic Press. 37–62
Rizzi, L. (1976) “Ristrutturazione.” Rivista di grammatica generativa 1: 1–54
Rizzi, L. (1978) “Violations of the Wh Island Constraint in Italian and the Subjacency Condition.” Montreal Working Papers in Linguistics 11
Rizzi, L. (1982) Issues in Italian Syntax. Dordrecht: Foris Publications
Rizzi, L. (1990) Relativized Minimality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Rizzi, L. (1997a) “A parametric approach to comparative syntax: properties of the pronominal system.” In L. Haegeman, ed., The New Comparative Syntax.London and New York: Longman. 268–285
Rizzi, L. (1997b) “The fine structure of the left periphery.” In L. Haegeman, ed., Elements of Grammar. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 281–337
Rizzi, L. (2000) Comparative Syntax and Language Acquisition. London: Routledge
Rizzi, L. (2001a) “Relativized minimality effects.” In M. Baltin and C. Collins, eds., Handbook of Syntactic Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. 89–110
Rizzi, L. (2001b) “Extraction from Weak Islands, Reconstruction and Agreement.” MS, University of Siena
Rizzi, L. ed. (in prep.) The Structure of CP and IP. Universityof Siena
Roberts, I. (1993) Verbs and Diachronic Syntax. Dordrecht: Kluwer
Roberts, I. (2000) “The fine structure of the C-system in some Celtic languages.”MS, Cambridge University, to appear in Rizzi (in prep.)
Rosenbaum, P. S. (1967) The Grammar of English Predicate Complement Constructions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Ross, J. R. (1967) “Constraints on Variables in Syntax.” PhD Dissertation, MIT
Ross, J. R. (1986) Infinite Syntax! Norwood, NJ: Ablex
Russell, B. (1929) The Analysis of Matter. Leipzig: Teubner
Sapir, E. (1921) Language. New York: Harcourt Brace
Saussure, F. de (1916/1972) Cours de linguistique générale.Paris: Payot
Shlonsky, U. (1997) Clause Structure and Word Order in Hebrew and Arabic: An Essay in Comparative Semitic Syntax. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
Sigurdsson, H. (2000) “To be and oblique subject: Russian vs. Icelandic.” Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 66: 1–32
Siloni, T. (1997) Noun Phrases and Nominalizations. Dordrecht: Kluwer
Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal Behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts
Sportiche, D. (1981) “Bounding nodes in French.” The Linguistic Review 1: 219–246
Sportiche, D. (1998) Partitions and Atoms of Clause Structure: Subjects, Agreement, Case and Clitics. London and New York: Routledge
Starke, M. (2001) “Move Dissolves into Merge.” Doctoral Dissertation, University of Geneva
Stewart, I. (1998) Life's Other Secret. New York: John Wiley
Szabolcsi, A. (1994) “The Noun Phrase.” In F. Kiefer and K. E. Kiss, eds., The Structure of Hungarian, Syntax and Semantics 27. New York: Academic Press. 179–274
Szabolcsi, A. (1999) Weak Islands. Syn Com Case Studies, M. Everaert and H. van Riemsdijk eds., University of Utrecht, University of Tilburg
Thackray, A. (1970). Atoms and Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Torrego, E. (1995) “On the nature of clitic doubling.” In H. Campos and P. Kempchinsky, eds., Evolution and Revolution in Linguistic Theory, Georgetown University Press
Turing, A. (1952) “The chemical basis of morphogenesis.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 37–72
Uriagereka, J. (1995) “Aspects of the syntax of clitic placement in Western Romance.” Linguistic Inquiry 26: 79–123
Uriagereka, J. (1998) Rhyme and Reason – An Introduction to Minimalist Syntax.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Vergnaud, J.-R. (1982) “Dépendances et niveaux de représentation en syntaxe.” Thèse de doctorat d'état, Université de Paris VII
Vikner, S. (1997) “V to I and inflection for person in all tenses.” In L. Haegeman, ed., The New Comparative Syntax. Harlow: Longman. 189–213
Watanabe, A. (1992) “Subjacency and S-structure movement of wh in situ.” Journal of East Asian Linguistics 1: 255–291
Weinberg, S. (1976) “The forces of nature.” Bulletin of the American Society of Arts and Sciences 29.4: 28–29
Wexler, K. (1994) “Optional infinitives, head movement and the economy of derivation.” In D. Lightfoot and N. Hornstein, eds., Verb Movement.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 305–350
Wexler, K. (1998) “Very early parameter setting and the Unique Checking Constraint: a new explanation of the optional infinitive stage.” Lingua 106: 23–79
Williams, E. (1981) “Argument structure and morphology.” The Linguistic Review 1: 81–114
Williams, E. (1984) “There insertion.” Linguistic Inquiry 15: 131–153
Williams, E. (1997) “Blocking and anaphora.” Linguistic Inquiry 28: 577–628
Wilson, E. O. (1998) “The brain.” Daedalus. Spring
Zaenen, A., J. Maling, and H. Thrainsson (1985) “Case and grammatical functions: the Icelandic passive.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 3: 441–483