Judaisms and their Messiahs at the Turn of the Christian Era

Judaisms and their Messiahs at the Turn of the Christian Era
  • Edited by Jacob Neusner

    Edited by William Scott Green

    Edited by Ernest S. Frerichs

  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

    Online Publication Date:January 2010

    Online ISBN:9780511598159

    Hardback ISBN:9780521341462

    Paperback ISBN:9780521349406

  • Book DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511598159

    Subjects: Judaism , Theology

While Jews in ancient Israel had much in common, in fact there existed no such thing as an orthodox Judaism. Diverse Judaisms, each with its own way of life, world view, and definition of the social entity (or Israel) to whom it spoke, flourished. Since there was no single Judaism, there was no single Messiah-idea or Messianic doctrine. Various readings of the Messiah theme reached definition in the various unrelated religious systems or Judaisms produced by those Jews--hence "Judaisms" and "their Messiahs." In this book, distinguished specialists in late antiquity Judaisms, including Christian scholars, take up the differing place and role of the Messiah-idea. Dealing with the best-documented Judaic systems--the Essene community at Qumran, Christian Judaisms represented by Matthew and Mark, the nascent rabbinic Judaism portrayed in the Mishnah, the Judaic system implicit in the writings of Philo--each author works out how a given system treats the Messiah theme.