Patriarchal Religion, Sexuality, and Gender

A Critique of New Natural Law

Patriarchal Religion, Sexuality, and Gender

Fundamentalist forms of religion today claim authority everywhere, including the debates over the politics and constitutional law of liberal democracies. This book examines this general question through its critical evaluation of a recent school of thought: that of the new natural lawyers. The new natural lawyers are the lawyers of the current Vatical hierarchy, polemically concerned to defend its retrograde views on matters of sexuality and gender in terms of arguments that, in fact, notably lack the philosophical rigor of the historical Thomism they claim to honor. The book critiques forms of fundamentalism and offers an original argument both for how they arose and why they are unreasonable in contemporary circumstances.


 Reviews:

'Nicholas Bamforth and David A. J. Richards make a full frontal attack on the philosophical consistency, social relevance, and political desirability of new natural law … will be welcomed … this text presents challenging philosophical insights as well as informative commentary on the role of doctrinal religion in the construction of seemingly secular law. … constructive mode … meticulously argued, well-written, and thoroughly annotated … provides a detailed map of the philosophical, personal, and political affiliations between Grisez, Finnis, George and, most importantly, it closely traces their arguments to 'illiberal prescriptions' concerning sexuality and gender. … This is the gap in the philosophical investigation of new natural law that the text wishes to fill.' Politics and Religion

Baker v. State of Vermont (Vt. 1999) 170 Vt. 194, 744 A.2d 864.
Bob Jones Universities v. United States (1983) 461 U.S. 574.
Bowers v. Hardwick ((1986) 478 U.S. 186.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 347 U.S. 483.
Campbell v. Mirror Group Newspapers [2004] UKHL.22
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997) 521 US 507.
Craig v. Boren (1976) 429 U.S. 190.
Dekker v. Stichting VJV [1990] ECR Ⅰ-394.
Douglas and Zeta-Jones v. Hello! Ltd. [2001] QB 897.
Dudgeon v. United Kingdom (1981) 4 EHRR 149
Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972) 405 U.S. 438.
Frontiero v. Richardson (1973) 411 U.S. 677.
Ghaidan v. Godin-Mendoza [2004] UKHL 30.
Glassroth v. Moore (2003) F. 3d 1282
Goodridge v. Department of Public Health (Mass, 2003) 440 Mass. 309, 798 N.E.2d 941.
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) 381 U.S. 479.
Hayes v. Malleable Working Men's Club and Institute [1985] ICR 703.
Karner v. Austria (2003) 2 FLR 623
Lawrence v. Texas. (2003) 123 S Ct 2472; 539 U.S. 558.
Loving v. Virginia (1967) 87 S Ct 1817, 388 U.S. 1.
McCreary County, Kentucky v. American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky (2005) 125 S Ct 2722
McLaughlin v. Florida (1964).379 U.S. 184.
Michael M. v. Superior Court (1981) 450 U.S. 464.
Minister of Home Affairs v. Fourie (2006) 1 SA 524
National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality v. Minister of Justice (1999) 1 SA 6.
Norris v. Ireland (1989) EHRR 187.
Palmer v. Thompson (1971) 403 U.S. 217.
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1982) 505 U.S. 833.
R. (on the application of Begum) v. Head teacher and Governors of Denbigh High School [2006] UKHL 15
R. v. Secretary of State for Education and Employment, ex p. Williamson [2005] UKHL 15
R. v. Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, ex p. Carson [2005] UKHL 37
Reed v. Reed (1971) 404 U.S. 71.
Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide (Dept. of Health and Human Services, 1989).
Roe v. Wade (1973) 410 U.S. 113.
Romer v. Evans (1993) 854 P 2d 1270 (Supreme Court of Colorado); (1996) 517 US 620 (U.S. Supreme Court).
Rostker v. Goldberg (1981) 453 U.S. 57.
Smith v. United Kingdom (2000) 29 EHRR 493.
Stanton v. Stanton (1975) 421 U.S. 7.
The Bible authorized King James Version (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998). Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
The Report of the Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (1957) Cmnd. 247 (the ‘Wolfenden Report’).
Turley v. Allders [1980] IRLR 4.
United States v. Virginia 1996 WL 345786.
Van Orden v. Perry (2005) 125 S Ct 2854.
Webb v. EMO Air Cargo (UK) Ltd. [1994] ECR Ⅰ-3567.
Wengler v. Druggists Mutual Ins. Co. (1980) 446 U.S. 142.
[McCord, Louisa]. Uncle Tom's Cabin (January 1853) 7 Southern Quarterly Review, n.s., no. 14, 81–120.
Abbott, Elizabeth, A History of Celibacy (Scribner: New York, 2000).
Abelove, Henry, Aina Barale, Michele and Halperin, David M., eds., The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader (New York: Routledge, 1993).
Adams, Henry, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres, in Samuels, Earnest and Samuels, Jayne N. (eds.), Henry Adams (New York: The Library of America, 1983).
Adams, Robert, ‘Divine Command Metaethics Modified Again’, in Stump, Eleanore, and Murray, Michael J. (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1999).
Ahdar, Rex and Leigh, Ian, Religious Freedom in the Liberal State (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Albright, W. E., and Mann, C. S., The Anchor Bible: Matthew (New York: Doubleday, 1971).
Alliance for Marriage, http://www.allianceformarriage.org
Alston, Richard, ‘Arms and the Man: Soldiers, Masculinity, and Power in Republican and Imperial Rome’, in Foxhall, Lin, and Salmon, John (eds.), When Men Were Men: Masculinity, Power and Identity in Classical Antiquity (London: Routledge, 1998).
Altman, Dennis, et al (eds.), Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality? International Conference on Gay and Lesbian Studies (London: GMP Publishers, 1989).
Amnesty International, It's In Our Hands: Stop Violence Against Women (London; Amnesty International, 2004).
Amnesty International, Breaking the Silence: Human Rights Violations Based on Sexual Orientation (London: Amnesty International, 1996).
Amnesty International, Broken Bodies, Shattered Minds: Torture and Ill-treatment of Women (London: Amnesty International, 2001).
Amnesty International, Crimes of Hate, Conspiracy of Silence: Torture and Ill-treatment Based on Sexual Identity (London: Amnesty International, 2001).
Anscombe, G. E. M., and Geach, P. T., Three Philosophers (Oxford: Basil Blackwell 1961).
Aquinas, Thomas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, Book Four: Salvation, Charles J. O'Neil trans. (Garden City, NY: Image, 1957).
Aquinas, Thomas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, Book One: God, Anton C. Pegis trans. (Garden City, NY: Image Books, 1955).
Aquinas, Thomas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, Book Three: Providence Part Ⅰ, Vernon J. Bourke trans. (Garden City, NY: Image, 1956).
Aquinas, Thomas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, Book Two: Creation, James F. Anderson trans. (Garden City, NY: Image, 1956).
Aquinas, Thomas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith; Book Three: Providence Part 2, Vernon J. Bourke trans. (Garden City, NY: Image, 1956).
Aquinas, Thomas, Summa Theologiae IIa IIae 96, Dyson, R. W. ed., Aquinas: Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Aquinas, Thomas, Summa Theologica Volume Ⅰ, translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province (Allen, TX: Christian Classics, 1948).
Aristotle, Metaphysics, W. D. Ross trans., in Barnes, Jonathan (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume Two (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Aristotle, Physics, R. P. Hardie and P. K. Gaye trans., in Barnes, Jonathan (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume One (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Martin Ostwald trans. (New York: The Library of Liberal Arts, 1962).
Aristotle, Politics, Ernest Barker trans. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1962).
Arkes, Hadley. Natural Rights and the Right to Choose (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Ashcraft, Richard, Locke's Two Treatises of Government (London: Allen and Unwin, 1987).
Atkins, E. M., Book review (2002) ⅩⅬⅢ Heythrop Journal 533.
Audi, Robert, ‘The Place of Religious Argument in a Free and Democratic’ Society (1993) 30 San Diego L Rev 677.
Augustine, City of God, Henry Bettenson trans. (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1972).
Augustine, Confessions, Henry Chadwick trans. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).
Balint, Michael, Primary Love and Psycho-Analytic Technique (New York: Liveright, 1965).
Ball, Carlos A., The Morality of Gay Rights: An Exploration in Political Philosophy (New York: Routledge, 2003).
Bamforth, Nicholas (ed.), Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2002 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘“The Benefits of Marriage in all but Name?” Same-sex couples and the Civil Partnership Act 2004’ (2007) 19 Child and Family Law Quarterly, forthcoming.
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘Introduction’, in Bamforth, Nicholas. (ed.), Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2002 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘Sado-Masochism and Consent’ [1994] Criminal Law Review. 661.
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘Same-sex Partnerships: Arguments of Justice’, in Wintemute, Robert and Andenaes, Mads (eds.), Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2001).
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘Same-sex Partnerships: Some Comparative Constitutional Lessons’ [2007] European Human Rights Law Review 47.
Bamforth, Nicholas, ‘The Role of Philosophical and Constitutional Arguments in the Same-Sex Marriage Debate: A Response to John Murphy’ (2005) 17 Child and Family Law Quarterly 165.
Bamforth, Nicholas, Sexuality, Morals and Justice (London: Cassell, 1997).
Banner, Michael, Christian Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Barnes, Jonathan (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume One (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Barnes, Jonathan (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume Two (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Becker, Lawrence C., and Becker, Charlotte B. (eds.), A History of Western Ethics (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, vol. 1540, 1992).
Bedingfield, David, ‘Privacy or Publicity? The Enduring Confusion Surrounding the American Tort of Invasion of Privacy’ (1992) 55 Modern Law Review 111. Beecher, Catharine E., Woman Suffrage and Woman's Profession (Hartford: Brown and Gross, 1871).
Bell, Alan P, Weinberg, Martin S., and Hammersmith, Sue Kiefer, Sexual Preference: Its Development in Men and Women (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981).
Bell, Alan P. and Weinberg, Martin S., Homosexualities (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978).
Benedict ⅩⅥ ‘Address of His Holiness Benedict ⅩⅥ to H. E. Mr. Geoffrey Kenyon War, Ambassador of New Zealand to the Holy See’, 16th June 2005. http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2005/june/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20050616_ambassador-new-zealand_en.html
Benedict ⅩⅥ, ‘Address of His Holiness Benedict ⅩⅥ to the Participants in the Ecclesial Diocesan Convention of Rome’, Basilica of St. John Lateran, Monday, 6 June 2005. http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2005/june/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20050616_ambassador-new-zealand_en.html
Bennett, William J., The Broken Hearth (New York: Broadway Books, 2001).
Berger, Raoul, Death Penalties (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982).
Berger, Raoul, Government by Judiciary (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977).
Berry, Jason, and Renner, Gerald, Vows of Silence: The Abuse of Power in the Papacy of John Paul Ⅱ (New York: The Free Press, 2004).
Berry, Jason, Lead Us Not into Temptation: Catholic Priests and the Sexual Abuse of Children (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2000).
Bexell, Goran, ‘Is Grisez's Moral Theology Rationalistic? Free Choice, the Human Condition, and Christian Ethics’, ch.5 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus, ‘Preface’, in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Bix, Brian, Jurisprudence: Theory and Context (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 4th ed., 2006).
Black, Rufus, ‘Introduction: The New Natural Law Theory’, in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Black, Rufus, ‘Is the New Natural Law Theory Christian?’, ch.6 in Biggar, Nigeland Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Blackstone, William, Commentaries on the Laws of England, vol. 4 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979).
Bloom, Harold, The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992).
Blumenthal, Max, ‘Princeton Tilts Right’, The Nation, March 13th 2006, p. 11.
Blumstein, Philip and Schwartz, Pepper, American Couples: Money Work Sex (New York: William Morrow, 1983).
Bork, Robert H, ‘Neutral Principles and Some First Amendment Problems’ (1971) 47 Indiana Law Journal. 9.
Bork, Robert H., Tradition and Morality in Constitutional Law (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1984).
Borresen, Kari Elisabeth, Subordination and Equivalence: The Nature and Role of woman in Augustine and Thomas Aquinas, Charles H. Talbot trans. (Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981).
Boswell, John, Same-Sex Unions in Premodern Europe (New York: Villard Books, 1994).
Boswell, John, The Kindness of Strangers: The Abandonment of Children in Western Europe from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988).
Boyarin, Daniel, Carnal Israel: Reading Sex in Talmudic Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).
Boyer, Peter J., ‘A Hard Faith: How the new Pope and his predecessor redefined Vatican II’, The New Yorker, May 16, 2005.
Boyle, Joseph M., ‘Aquinas and Prescriptive Ethics’, (1975) 49 Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 82.
Boyle, Joseph M., Grisez, Germain, and Tollefsen, Olaf, Free Choice: a Self-Referential Argument (Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976).
Bradley, Denis J. M., ‘John Finnis on Aquinas “The Philosopher”’ (2000) 41 Heythrop Journal 1.
Bradley, Gerard, Duncan, William, Finnis, John, George, Robert and Kmiec, Douglas, brief filed by, in Baker v. State, Chittenden, Vermont Superior Court S1009–97Cnc (1997).
Bradley, Gerard. ‘President's Page’, Fellowship of Catholic Scholars Quarterly, winter 2004 p. 2.
Bradshaw, Timothy (ed.). The Way Forward? Christian Voices on Homosexuality and the Church (London: SCM Press, 2003).
Branch, Taylor, Parting the Waters: Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement 1954–63 (London: Papermac, 1988).
Branch, Taylor, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963–65 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998).
Brecher, Edward M., The Sex Researchers (London: Andre Deutsch, 1970).
Breidenthal, Thomas E., Christian Households: The Sanctification of Nearness (Cambridge: Cowley Publications, 1997).
Brown, Peter, The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988).
Brown, Raymond E., The Anchor Bible: The Gospel According to John Ⅰ–Ⅻ (New York: Doubleday, 1966).
Buber, Martin, I and Thou, Walter Kaufmann trans. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970).
Budd, Susan, Sociologists and Religion (London: Collier-Macmillan, 1973).
Burks, Mary Fair, ‘Trailblazers: Women in the Montgomery Bus Boycott’, in Crawford, Vivki L., Rouse, Jacqueline Anne, and Woods, Barbara (eds.), Women in the Civil Rights Movement (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993).
Buss, Doris E., Robes, Relics and Rights: The Vatican and the Beijing Conference on Women 7 Social and Legal Studies 339.
Butler, Sandra, Conspiracy of Silence: The Trauma of Incest (Volcano, Calif.: Volcano Press, 1985).
Cahill, Lisa Sowell, ‘Grisez on Sex and Gender: A Feminist Theological Perspective’, ch.11 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Callahan, Daniel, The Catholic Case for Contraception (London: Arlington Books, 1969).
Cameron, Edwin, ‘Sexual Orientation and the Constitution: A Test Case for Human Rights’ (1993) 110 South African Law Journal 450.
Cantarella, Eva, Bisexuality in the Ancient World, Cormac O Cuilleanain trans. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992).
Cardinal Ratzinger Fan Club, http://www.ratzingerfanclub.com
Carroll, James, Constantine's Sword: The Church and the Jews (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001).
Carter, Stephen, God's Name in Vain: The Wrongs and Rights of Religion in Politics (New York: Basic Books, 2000).
Carter, Stephen, The Culture of Disbelief: How American Law and Politics Trivialize Religious Devotion (New York: Basic Books, 1993).
Case, Mary Ann C., ‘Disaggregating Gender from Sex and Sexual Orientation: The Effeminate Man in the Law and Feminist Jurisprudence’ (1995) 105 Yale Law Journal 90.
Casey, Gerard, Book review, (2000) 41 Philosophical Books 104.
Catechism of the Catholic Church (New York: Image, 1995).
Catholic Encyclopedia, http://www.newadvent.org
Catholic Pontifical Institute for Medieval Studies, http://www.pims.ca
Ceplair, Larry, The Public Years of Sarah and Angelina Grimke: Selected Writings 1835–1839 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1989).
Chafe, William H., Women and Equality: Changing Patterns in American Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977).
Chappell, David L., A Stone of Hope: Prophetic Religion and the Death of Jim Crow (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004).
Chappell, Timothy, ‘Natural Law Revived: Natural Law Theory and Contemporary Moral Philosophy’, ch.1 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Chesler, Ellen, Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement (New York: Anchor, 1992).
Child, L. Maria, An Appeal in Favor of Americans Called Africans (New York: Arno Press and New York Times, 1968) (originally published, 1833).
Clark, Randall B., ‘Platonic Love in a Colorado Courtroom: Martha Nussbaum, John Finnis, and Plato's Laws in Evans v. Romer’ (2000) 12 Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 1.
Cohen, Marshall, Nagel, Thomas, and Scanlon, Thomas (eds.), The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1974).
Collier-Thomas, Bettye and Franklin, V.P. (eds.), Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement (New York: New York University Press, 2001).
Colson, Charles, et al., ‘Evangelicals and Catholics Together: the Christian Mission in the Third Millennium’ First Things, May 1994 pp. 15–22.
Congregation for Catholic Education, ‘Instruction: Concerning the Criteria for the Discernment of Vocations with Regards to Persons with Homosexual Tendencies in View of Their Admission to the Seminary and to Holy Orders’, November 4th 2005, available at http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/ccathedindex.htm.
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, ‘Considerations Regarding Proposals to Give Legal Recognition to Unions Between Homosexual Persons’, 3rd June 2003 http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20030731_homosexual-unions_en.html
Cooke, Jacob E., The Federalist (Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1961).
Copleston, F. C., Aquinas (London: Penguin, 1991).
Cornell, Drucilla, Between Women and Generations: Legacies of Dignity (New York: Palgrave, 2002).
Cornwell, John, The Pontiff in Winter: Triumph and Conflict in the Reign of John Paul Ⅱ (New York: Doubleday, 2004).
Crawford, Vicki L., Rouse, Jacqueline Anne, and Woods, Barbara (eds.), Women in the Civil Rights Movement (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993).
Curran, Charles and McCormick, Richard (eds.), Dissent in the Church (New York: Paulist Press, 1988).
Curran, Charles E. and McCormick, Richard A., S. J., Readings in Moral Theology No. 7: Natural Law and Theology (New York: Paulist Press, 1991).
Curran, Charles E., ‘Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in American Religious Discourse: A Roman Catholic Perspective’, in Olyan, Saul M. and Nussbaum, Martha C. (eds.), Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in American Religious Discourse (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Curran, Charles E., History and Contemporary Issues: Studies in Moral Theology (New York: Continuum, 1996).
Curran, Charles E., Transition and Tradition in Moral Theology (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979).
D'Emilio, John and Freedman, Estelle B., Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (New York: Harper and Row, 1988).
D'Emilio, John, Making Trouble (New York: Routledge, 1992).
Damasio, Antonio, The Feelings of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness (San Diego: Harvest, 1999).
Daube, David, The New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1998).
Davies, Brian, The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
Davies, W. D., The Setting of the Sermon on the Mount (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964).
Davis, Angela, An Autobiography (New York: International Publishers, 1988) (originally published, 1974).
Degler, Carl N., At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Devlin, Patrick, ‘Judges and Law-makers’ (1976) 39 Modern Law Review 1.
Devlin, Patrick, The Enforcement of Morals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965).
Donaghan, Alan, ‘Twentieth Cwntury Anglo-American Ethics’, in Becker, Lawrence C. and Becker, Charlotte B. (eds.), A History of Western Ethics (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, vol. 1540, 1992).
Douglas, Ann, The Feminization of American Culture (New York: Knopf, 1977).
Douglass, R. Bruce and Hollenbach, David (eds.), Catholicism and Liberalism: Contributions to American Public Philosophy (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Dover, K. J., Greek Homosexuality (London: Duckworth, 1978).
Duff, R. A., Intention, Agency and Criminal Liability: Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990).
Dworkin, Ronald, A Matter of Principle (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).
Dworkin, Ronald, Law's Empire (London: Fontana, 1986).
Dworkin, Ronald, Life's Dominion: An Argument about Abortion, Euthanasia, and Individual Freedom (New York: Knopf, 1993).
Dworkin, Ronald, Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality (Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Dworkin, Ronald, Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977).
Dyson, R. W. (ed.), Aquinas: Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Ehrenreich, Barbara, Hess, Elizabeth and Jacobs, Gloria, Remaking Love: The Feminization of Sex (New York: Anchor, 1986).
Eichbaum, June, ‘Towards an Autonomy-Based Theory of Constitutional Privacy: Beyond the Ideology of Familial Privacy’ (1979) 14 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 361.
Elders, J. & Hedwig, K. (eds.) Lex et Libertas: Freedom and Law According to St. Thomas Aquinas (Citta del Vaticano: Liberia editrice Vaticana, 1987).
Epstein, Richard A, Live and Let Live, The Wall Street Journal, vol. ⅭⅭⅩⅬⅣ No. 8, Tuesday July 13th, 2004, p. A14.
Erdos, David, ‘Questions of Tolerance and Fairness’, ch.2 in Hirsch, H. N. (ed.), The Future of Gay Rights in America (New York: Routledge, 2005).
Erikson, Erik H., ‘The Galilean Sayings and the Sense of ‘I’’ (1981) 70 The Yale Review 321.
Erikson, Erik H., Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History (New York: W. W. Norton, 1962).
Eskridge, William N. Jr., The Case for Same-Sex Marriage: From Sexual Liberty to Civilized Commitment (New York: Free Press, 1996).
Eskridge, William N., ‘United States: Lawrence v. Texas and the imperative of comparative constitutionalism’ (2004) 2 International Journal of Constitutional Law 555.
Estlund, David M. and Nussbaum, Martha C., Sex, Preference, and Family: Essays on Law and Nature (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Evans, Sara, Personal Politics: The Roots of Women's Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left (New York: Vintage Books, 1980).
Ewing, K. D., “The Human Rights Act and Parliamentary Democracy” (1999) 62 Modern Law Review 79
Faderman, Lillian, Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth-Century America (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991).
Family Research Council, http://www.frc.org
Finnis, John and Grisez, Germain, ‘The Basic Principles of Natural Law: A Reply to Ralph McInerny’ (1981) 26 American Journal of Jurisprudence 21.
Finnis, John, ‘A philosophical case against euthanasia’, in Keown, John (ed.), Euthanasia Examined: Ethical, Clinical and Legal Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Finnis, John, ‘Abortion, Natural Law, and Public Reason’, in George, Robert, and Wolfe, Christopher (eds.), Natural Law and Public Reason (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2000).
Finnis, John, ‘Blackstone's Theoretical Intentions’ (1967) 12 Natural Law Forum 163.
Finnis, John, ‘Concluding Reflections’ (1990) 38 Cleveland State Law Review 231.
Finnis, John, ‘Disintegrity’, in ‘Is Homosexual Conduct Wrong? A Philosophical Exchange’, The New Republic, 15th November 1993, p. 12.
Finnis, John, ‘Foundations of Practical Reason Revisited’ (2005) 50 American Journal of Jurisprudence 109.
Finnis, John, ‘Intention and side-effects’, in Frey, R. G. and Morris, Christopher W. (eds.), Liability and Responsibility: Essays in Law and Morals (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Finnis, John, ‘Is Natural Law Theory Compatible with Limited Government?’, ch. 1 in George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Finnis, John, ‘Law and What I Truly Should Decide’ (2003) 48 American Journal of Jurisprudence 107.
Finnis, John, ‘Law, Morality, and “Sexual Orientation”’ (1993–4) 69 Notre Dame Law Review 1049 (reprinted with amendments at (1995) 9 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 11).
Finnis, John, ‘Liberalism and Natural Law Theory’ (1994) 45 Mercer Law Review 687.
Finnis, John, ‘Natural Inclinations and Natural Rights: Deriving “Ought” from “Is” According to Aquinas’, in Elders, J., and Hedwig, K. (eds.), Lex et Libertas: Freedom and Law According to St. Thomas Aquinas (Citta del Vaticano: Liberia editrice Vaticana, 1987)
Finnis, John, ‘Natural Law and Unnatural Acts’ (1970) 11 The Heythrop Journal 365.
Finnis, John, ‘Natural Law: The Classical Tradition’, ch.1 in Coleman, Jules, and Shapiro, Scott (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Finnis, John, ‘On the Incoherence of Legal Positivism’ (1999–2000) 75 Notre Dame Law Review 1597.
Finnis, John, ‘On the Practical Meaning of Secularism’ (1997–8) 73 Notre Dame Law Review 491.
Finnis, John, ‘Personal Integrity, Sexual Morality, and Responsible Parenthood’ (1985) 1 Anthropos 43.
Finnis, John, ‘Practical Reasoning, Human Goods, and the End of Man’ (1984) 58 Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 23.
Finnis, John, ‘Public Reason, Abortion and Cloning’ (1997–8) 32 Valparaiso University Law Review361.
Finnis, John, ‘Retribution: Punishment's Formative Aim’ (1999) 44 American Journal of Jurisprudence 91.
Finnis, John, ‘Scepticism, Self-Refutation and the Good of Truth’, ch.4 in Hacker, P. M. S. and Raz, J. (eds.), Law, Morality and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977).
Finnis, John, ‘The “Value of Human Life” and the “Right to Death”: Some Reflections on Cruzan and Ronald Dworkin’ (1993) 17 Southern Illinois University Law Journal 559.
Finnis, John, ‘The Good of Marriage and the Morality of Sexual Relations: Some Philosophical and Historical Observations’ (1997) 42 American Journal of Jurisprudence 97.
Finnis, John, ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion’, in Cohen, Marshall, Nagel, Thomas, and Scanlon, Thomas (eds.), The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1974).
Finnis, John, ‘The Truth in Legal Positivism’, ch. 7 in George, Robert (ed.), The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Finnis, John, ‘Unjust Laws in a Democratic Society: Some Philosophical and Theological Reflections’ (1995–6) 71 Notre Dame Law Review 595.
Finnis, John, Aquinas: Moral, Political, and Legal Theory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Finnis, John, Boyle, Joseph M., and Grisez, Germain, Nuclear Deterrence, Morality and Realism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987).
Finnis, John, Fundamentals of Ethics (Washington DC: Georgetown University Press., 1983).
Finnis, John, Moral Absolutes: Tradition, Revision, and Truth (Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1991).
Finnis, John, Natural Law and Natural Rights (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980).
Finnis, John. ‘“Historical Consciousness” and Theological Foundations’, The Etienne Gilson Series 14, 20th March 1992 (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies).
Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schussley (ed.), Searching Scriptures: Volume One: A Feminist Introduction (New York: Crossroad Publishing Company, 1993).
Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schussley, In Memory of Her: A Feminist Theological Reconstruction of Christian Origins (New York: Crossroad, 2002).
Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schussley, Jesus: Miriam's Child, Sophia's Prophet (New York: Continuum, 1994).
Fiorenza, Elisabeth. Schussley (ed.), Searching the Scriptures: Volume Two: A Feminist Commentary (New York: Crossroad Publishing Company, 1994).
Fitzhugh, George, Cannibals All! or, Slaves without Masters edited by C. Vann Woodward (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Belknap Press, 1960).
Flusser, David, Jesus (Jerusalem: The Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2001).
Flusser, David, Judaism and the Origins of Christianity (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 1988).
Focus on the Family, http://www.family.org
Foer, Franklin, “Brain Trust,” The New Republic, November 14, 2005.
Ford, Clellan S. and Beach, Frank A., Patterns of Sexual Behavior (New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1951).
Forte, David F. (ed.), Natural Law and Contemporary Public Policy (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
Foxhall, Lin and Salmon, John (eds.), When Men Were Men: Masculinity, Power and Identity in Classical Antiquity (London: Routledge, 1998).
France, David, Our Fathers: The Secret Life of the Catholic Church in an Age of Scandal (Broadway Books: New York, 2004).
Franke, Katherine M., ‘The Central Mistake of Sex Discrimination Law: The Dissagregation of Sex from Gender’ (1995) 144 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1.
Fredman, Sandra, Discrimination Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Fredriksen, Paula, From Jesus to Christ (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2nd edition, 2000).
Fredriksen, Paula, Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000).
Freeman, Joanne B., Affairs of Honor: National Politics in the New Republic (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001).
Freeman, M. D. A., Lloyd's Introduction to Jurisprudence. (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 7th ed., 2001).
Freeman, Samuel (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Freud, Sigmund, ‘“Civilized” Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness’ in Strachey, James (ed.), 9 Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (London: Hogarth Press, 1959).
Freud, Sigmund, ‘Civilization and Its discontents’, in Strachey, James (ed. and transl.), Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (London: Hogarth Press, 1961).
Frey, R. G. and Christopher W. Morris (eds.), Liability and Responsibility: Essays in Law and Morals (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Fried, Charles, ‘Privacy’ (1968) 77 Yale Law Journal 475.
Gaca, Kathy L., The Making of Fornication: Eros, Ethics and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
Gager, John A., The Origins of Anti-Semitism: Attitudes Toward Judaism in Pagan and Christian Antiquity (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983).
Galligan, D. J., ‘The Nature and Function of Policy with Discretionary Power’ [1976] Public Law 332.
Gardner, John, ‘Discrimination as Injustice’ (1996) 16 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 353.
Gardner, John, ‘Legal Positivism: Five and a Half Myths’ (2001) 46 American Journal of Jurisprudence 199.
Gardner, John, ‘Liberals and Unlawful Discrimination’ (1989) 9 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 1.
Gardner, John, ‘On the Ground of Her Sex(uality)’ (1998) 18 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 167.
Garet, Ronald R., ‘Deposing Finnis’ (1995) 4 Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 605 (1995).
Garfield, Deborah M. and Zafar, Rafia (eds.), Harriet Jacobs and Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Garrison, William Lloyd, Thoughts on African Colonization (1832; reprint, New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1968).
Gavison, Ruth, ‘Privacy and the Limits of Law’ (1980) 89 Yale Law Journal 421.
Geach, P. T., ‘Aquinas’, in Anscombe, G. E. M. and Geach, P. T., Three Philosophers (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1961).
Gebhard, Paul H., Gagnon, John H., Pomeroy, Wardell B., and Christenson, Cornelia V., Sex Offenders (New York: Bantam, 1967).
George, Robert (ed), Natural Law Theory: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law and Moral Inquiry: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Work of Germain Grisez (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
George, Robert and Bradley, Gerard, ‘The New Natural Law Theory: A Reply to Jean Porter’ (1994) 39 American Journal of Jurisprudence 303 George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
George, Robert and Bradley, Gerard, Brief in Lawrence v. Texas, (2002) U.S. Briefs 102.
George, Robert and Wolfe, Christopher (eds.), Natural Law and Public Reason. (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2000).
George, Robert P. (ed.). The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
George, Robert P., Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
George, Robert, ‘In Defense of the New Natural Law Theory’ (1996) 41 American Journal of Jurisprudence 47.
George, Robert, ‘Law, Democracy, and Moral Disagreement’ (1996–7) 110 Harvard Law Review 1388.
George, Robert, ‘Liberty under the Moral Law: B. Hoose's Critique of the Grisez-Finnis Theory of Human Good’ (1993) 34 The Heythrop Journal 178.
George, Robert, ‘Natural Law and Human Nature’, in George, Robert (ed), Natural Law Theory: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
George, Robert, ‘Natural law ethics’, in Quinn, Philip L. and Taliaferro, Charles (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge, Mass: Blackwell, 1997).
George, Robert, ‘Public Reason and Political Conflict: Abortion and Homosexuality’ (1996–7) 106 Yale Law Journal 2475.
George, Robert, ‘Recent Criticism of Natural Law Theory’ (1988) 55 University of Chicago Law Review 1371
George, Robert, ‘Rick Santorum is Right: Where will the Court go after marriage?’ National Review online, May 27th 2003, http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-george052703.asp
George, Robert, ‘Stem Cell Research: A Debate – Don't Destroy Human Life, Wall Street Journal’, July 30th, 2001, p. A18.
George, Robert, ‘The Concept of Public Morality’ (2000) 45 American Journal of Jurisprudence 17.
George, Robert, and Wolfe, Christopher, ‘Natural Law and Liberal Public Reason’ (1997) 42 American Journal of Jurisprudence 31.
George, Robert, In Defense of Natural Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
George, Robert, One Man, One Woman Wall Street Journal, November 28th, 2003, p. A8. George, Robert, ‘The Supreme Court's Private Life’, New York Times, Sunday September 18th, 2005, WK 13.
Gerstmann, Evan, Same-Sex Marriage and the Constitution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Giddens, Anthony, The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love, and Eroticism in Modern Societies (Cambridge: Polity, 1992).
Giddings, Paula, When and Where I Enter. The Impact of Black Woman on Race and Sex in America (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984).
Gill, Robin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Gilligan, Carol and Richards, David A. J., Darkness Visible: Sustaining and Resisting Patriarchy (work in preparation).
Gilligan, Carol, In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development (Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA, 1982).
Gilligan, Carol, The Birth of Pleasure (New York: Knopf, 2002).
Gilmore, David D. (ed.), Honour and Shame and the Unity of the Mediterranean (Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association, 1987).
Goldin, Claudia, Understanding the Gender Gap: an Economic History of American Women (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).
Goldsworthy, Jeffrey, ‘Fact and Value in the New Natural Law Theory’ (1996) 41 American Journal of Jurisprudence 21
Greeley, Andrew M., Priests: A Calling in Crisis (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).
Greenawalt, Kent, ‘How Persuasive is Natural Law Theory?’ (2000) 75 Notre Dame Law Review 1647.
Greenawalt, Kent, ‘Natural Law and Public Reasons’ (2002) 47 Villanova Law Review 531.
Greenawalt, Kent, ‘The Place of Religious Argument in a Free and Democratic Society’ (1993) 30 San Diego Law Review 677.
Greenawalt, Kent, Private Consciences and Public Reasons (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
Greenawalt, Kent, Religious Convictions and Political Choice (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Greenberg, David F., The Construction of Homosexuality (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988).
Greenberg, Kenneth S., Honor and Slavery (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
Grey, Antony, Quest for Justice: Towards Homosexual Emancipation (London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1992).
Grib, Philip J. S. J., Divorce Laws and Morality: A New Catholic Jurisprudence (Lanham, MD.:University Press of America, 1985).
Grimke, Angelina, Letters to Catherine E. Beecher, repr. in Ceplair, Larry, The Public Years of Sarah and Angelina Grimke: Selected Writings 1835–1839 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1989).
Grimke, Angelina, Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States (New York: William S. Dorr, 1837).
Grisez, Germain and Boyle, Joseph M., Life and Death with Liberty and Justice: a Contribution to the Euthanasia Debate (Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979).
Grisez, Germain and Grisez, Jeannette, ‘Synod Thoughts: Belief and Practise’ Fellowship of Catholic Scholars Newsletter, vol.10, no.4, September 1987 p. 5.
Grisez, Germain and Shaw, Russell, Beyond the New Morality: The Responsibilities of Freedom (Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 1st edn., 1974; 3rd edn., 1988).
Grisez, Germain, ‘A Contemporary Natural Law Ethics’, in McLean, George P., Normative Ethics and Objective Reason (Washington, DC: Paideia Publications, 1996).
Grisez, Germain, ‘Against Consequentialism’ (1978) 23 American Journal of Jurisprudence 21.
Grisez, Germain, ‘Critique of Russell Hittinger's New Book, A Critique of the New Natural Law Theory’ (1988) 62 New Scholasticism 459
Grisez, Germain, ‘Germain Grisez on Fundamentalism’ Fellowship of Catholic Scholars Newsletter, vol. 9, no. 2, March 1986, pp. 13–14.
Grisez, Germain, ‘How to Deal with Theological Dissent’, in Curran, Charles and McCormick, Richard (eds.), Dissent in the Church (New York: Paulist Press, 1988).
Grisez, Germain, ‘Man, Natural End of,’ (1967) 9 New Catholic Encyclopedia 132.
Grisez, Germain, ‘Submission to the Ad Hoc Committee on Sexual Abuse–United States Conference of Catholic Bishops’, http://www.tcrnews2.com/Grisez2.html
Grisez, Germain, ‘The First Principle of Practical Reason: A Commentary on the Summa Theologiae, 1–2, Question 94, Article 2’ (1965) 10 Natural Law Forum 168.
Grisez, Germain, Abortion: the Myths, the Realities, and the Arguments (New York and Cleveland: Corpus Books, 1970).
Grisez, Germain, Beyond the New Theism: a Philosophy of Religion (Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1975).
Grisez, Germain, Boyle, John, Finnis, John and May, William E., ‘Every Marital Act Ought To Be Open to New Life’ (1988) 52 The Thomist 365.
Grisez, Germain, Boyle, Joseph and Tollefsen, Olaf, Free Choice: A Self-Referential Argument (Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976).
Grisez, Germain, Boyle, Joseph, and Finnis, John, ‘Practical Principles, Moral Truth and Ultimate Ends’ (1987) 32 American Journal of Jurisprudence 99.
Grisez, Germain, Contraception and the Natural Law (Milwaukee: Bruce, 1964).
Grisez, Germain, The Way of The Lord Jesus: Volume One, Christian Moral Principles (Quincy, IL: Franciscan Press, 1983, repr. 1997).
Grisez, Germain, The Way of the Lord Jesus: Volume Three, Difficult Moral Questions (Quincy, IL: Franciscan Press, 1997).
Grisez, Germain, The Way of The Lord Jesus: Volume Two, Living a Christian Life (Quincy, IL: Franciscan Press, 1993).
Guest, Stephen, Ronald Dworkin (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2nd ed., 1997).
Hacker, P. M. S. and Raz, J. (eds.). Law, Morality and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977).
Hale, Baroness Brenda, ‘Homosexual Rights’ (2004) 16 Child and Family Law Quarterly 125.
Hamer, Mary, Incest: A New Perspective (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2002).
Hamilton, Edith and Cairns, Huntington (eds.), The Collected Dialogues of Plato (New York: Pantheon, 1961).
Hare, R. M., Freedom and Reason (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963).
Hare, R. M., The Language of Morals (New York: Galaxy, Oxford University Press, 1964).
Hart, H. L. A., ‘Between Utility and Rights’ (1979) 79 Columbia Law Review 828.
Hart, H. L. A., Essays in Jurisprudence and Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).
Hart, H. L. A., Law, Liberty, and Morality. (Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1963/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963).
Hart, H. L. A., The Concept of Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2nd ed., 1994), Joseph Raz and Penelope Bullock (eds.).
Hensman, Gary, The Regulation of Desire: Sexuality in Canada (Montreal: Black Rose, 1987).
Herman, Didi, Book review, [1998] Public Law 689.
Herman, Didi, The Antigay Agenda: Orthodox Vision and the Christian Right (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997).
Herman, Judith Lewis, Father-Daughter Incest (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Hersch, Blanche Glassman, The Slavery of Sex: Feminist-Abolitionists in America (Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1978).
Hertzberg, Hendrik, ‘Comment: Distraction’, The New Yorker, June 19th 2006, p. 29.
Heschel, Abraham, The Prophets (New York: Perennial Classics, 2001) (originally published, 1962).
Hessel, Dieter T. (ed.), The Church's Public Role (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1993).
Hick, John H., ‘An Irenaean Theodicy’, in Stump, Eleanore and Murray, Michael J. (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1999).
Hirsch, H. N. (ed.), The Future of Gay Rights in America (New York: Routledge, 2005).
Hitchcock, James, ‘The Fellowship of Catholic Scholars: Bowing Out of the New Class’, in Weaver, Mary Jo and Appleby, R. Scott (eds.), Being Right: Conservative Catholics in America (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995).
Hittinger, Russell, A Critique of the New Natural Law Theory (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).
Hittinger, Russell. ‘After MacIntyre: Natural Law Theory, Virtue Ethics, and Eudaimonia’ (1989) 29 International Philosophical Quarterly 448
Hollenbach, David, Catholicism and Liberalism: Contributions to American Public Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Hoose, Bernard, ‘Grisez's Ecclesiology, the Role of Moral Theologians, and the Scope for Responsible Dissent’, ch. 8 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Hoose, Bernard, ‘Proportionalists, Deontologists and the Human Good’ (1992) 33 The Heythrop Journal 175.
Hoose, Bernard, Received Wisdom?: Reviewing the Role of Tradition in Christian Ethics (London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1994).
Hulse, Carl, ‘Senate Rebuffs Same-Sex Marriage Bar’, New York Times, June 8th 2006, Section A, p. 20.
Hunter-Gault, Charlayne, In My Place (New York: Vintage Books, 1993).
Jackowski, Karol, The Silence We Keep: A Nun's View of the Catholic Priest Scandal (New York: Harmony Books, 2004).
Jackson, Emily, Regulating Reproduction: Law, Technology and Autonomy (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2001).
Jacobs, Harriet A., Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl Jean Fagan Yellin, ed. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987) (originally published, 1861).
Jeffery-Poulter, Stephen, Peers, Queers, and Commons: the Struggle for Gay Law Reform from 1950 to the Present (London: Routledge, 1991).
Jeremias, Joachim, The Sermon on the Mount (London: The Athlone Press, 1961).
Jones, James H., Alfred C. Kinsey (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997).
Jordan, Mark D., Telling Truths in Church: Scandal, Flesh, and Christian Speech (Beacon Press: Boston, 2003).
Jordan, Mark D., The Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997).
Jordan, Mark D., The Silence of Sodom: Homosexuality in Modern Catholicism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).
Kadish, Sanford H. and Stephen J. Schulhofer, Criminal Law and Its Processes 7th ed. (Gaithersburg, NY: Aspen Law and Business, 2001).
Kalven, Harry Jr., The Negro and the First Amendment (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965).
Kant, Immanuel, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals Lewis W. Beck trans. (New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1959).
Karcher, Carolyn L., The First Woman in the Republic: A Cultural Biography of Lydia Maria Child (Durham: Duke University Press, 1994).
Kaufmann, Walter, Critique of Religion and Philosophy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958).
Kaufmann, Walter, The Portable Nietzsche (New York: The Viking Press, 1954).
Kennedy, Eugene, The Unhealed Wound: The Church and Human Sexuality (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001).
Kenny, Anthony, Aquinas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Kenny, Anthony, Aquinas on Mind (London and New York: Routledge, 1993).
Kenny, Anthony, The Five Ways: St. Thomas Aquinas's Proofs of God's Existence (New York: Schocken Books, 1969).
Keown, John (ed.), Euthanasia Examined: Ethical, Clinical and Legal Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Kertzer, David I., Sacrifices for Honor: Italian Infant Abandonment and the Politics of Reproductive Control (Boston: Beacon Press, 1993).
King, Karen L., The Gospel of Mary of Magdala: Jesus and the First Woman Apostle (Polebridge Press: Santa Rosa, Calif., 2003).
Kinsey Alfred C., Wardell B. Pomeroy, Clyde E. Martin, Paul H. Gebhard, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (New York: Pocket Books, 1970) (originally published, 1953).
Kinsey Alfred C., Wardell B. Pomeroy, Clyde E. Martin, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company, 1948).
Kirkpatrick, David D., ‘Religious Push Against Gay Unions’, New York Times, April 24th 2006, Section A, p. 12.
Kolk, Bessel A. van der. Alexander C. McFarlane, and Lars Weisaeth (eds.), Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society (New York: Guilford Press, 1993).
Koppelman, Andrew, ‘Is Marriage Inherently Heterosexual?’ (1997) 42 American Journal of Jurisprudence 51.
Koppelman, Andrew, Antidiscrimination Law and Social Equality (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996).
Kosnik, Anthony, Carroll, William, Cunningham, Agnes, Modras, Ronald, and Schulte, James, Human Sexuality: New Directions in American Catholic Thought (New York: Paulist Press, 1977).
Kramer, Jane, Comment Holy Orders, The New Yorker, May 2, 2005, pp. 39–40.
Kramer, Matthew H., In Defense of Legal Positivism: Law Without Trimmings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Kramer, Matthew H., In the Realm of Legal and Moral Philosophy: Critical Encounters. (Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1999).
Kretzmann, Norman, ‘Abraham, Isaac and Euthyphro: God and the Basis of Morality’, in Stump, Eleanore and Murray, Michael J. (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1999).
Kretzmann, Norman, The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theory in Summa Contra Gentiles I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001).
Kymlicka, Will, ‘Liberal Individualism and Liberal Neutrality’ (1989) 99 Ethics 883. Langmuir, Gavin I., History, Religion, and Anti-Semitism (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990).
Kymlicka, Will, Liberalism, Community and Culture (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).
Langmuir, Gavin I., Toward a Definition of Anti-Semitism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).
Laqueur, Walter W., Solitary Sex: A Cultural History of Masturbation (New York: Zone Books, 2003).
Larmore, Charles, ‘Public Reason’, ch. 10 in Freeman, Samuel (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Laslett, Peter and Runciman, W. G. (eds.), Philosophy, Politics and Society (Second Series) (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1962).
Laumann, Edward O., Gagnon, John H., Michael, Robert T. and Michaels, Stuart, The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994).
Law, Sylvia A., ‘Homosexuality and the Social Meaning of Gender’ (1988) Wisconsin Law Review 187.
Lerner, Gerda, The Grimke Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Woman's Rights and Abolition (New York: Schocken Books, 1971).
Leslie, John (ed.), Modern Cosmology and Philosophy (Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 1998).
Levy, Donald, ‘Perversion and the Unnatural as Moral Categories’ (1980) 90 Ethics 191.
Ling, Peter J. and Monteith, Sharon, Gender in the Civil Rights Movement (New York, NY: Garland: 1999).
Lisska, Anthony J., Aquinas's Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).
Locke, John, Two Treatises of Government Peter Laslett, ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960).
Locke, Lawrence, ‘Personhood and Moral Responsibility’ (1990) 9 Law and Philosophy 39.
Lumpkin, Katharine Du Pre, The Emancipation of Angelina Grimke (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1974).
Luther, Martin, Luther's Works Volume 43 Letters Ⅰ edited and translated by Gottfried G. Krodel (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1963).
Luther, Martin, Luther's Works Volume 44 The Christian in Society I Martin Atkinson ed. and translator (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1966).
Lystra, Karen, Searching the Heart: Woman, Men, and Romantic Love in Nineteenth-Century America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
MacCormick, Neil, ‘A Moralistic Case for Amoralistic Law?’ (1985) 20 Valparaiso University Law Review 1.
MacCormick, Neil, ‘Natural Law and the Separation of Law and Morals’, ch.5 in George, Robert P. (ed.), The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
MacCormick, Neil, H. L. A. Hart (London: Edward Arnold, 1981).
MacCormick, Neil, Legal Right and Social Democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, reprint edition).
Macedo, Stephen, ‘Against the Old Sexual Morality of the New Natural Law’, ch.2 in George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law, Liberalism and Morality (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Macedo, Stephen, ‘Homosexuality and the Conservative Mind’ (1995) 84 Georgetown Law Journal 261.
Macedo, Stephen, ‘Reply to Critics’ (1995) 84 Georgetown Law Journal 329.
Macedo, Stephen, 'In Defense of Liberal Public Reason: Are Slavery and Abortion Hard Cases? (1997) 42 American Journal of Jurisprudence 1.
Macedo, Stephen, Diversity and Distrust: Civic Education in a Multicultural Democracy (Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Macedo, Stephen, Liberal Virtues: Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Liberal Constitutionalism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).
Macedo, Stephen, The New Right v. The Constitution (Washington, DC: The Cato Institute, 1987)
Maritain, Jacques, Man and the State (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951).
Maritain, Jacques, Scholasticism and Politics (Garden City, NY: Image Books, 1960).
Marneffe, Peter de, ‘Liberalism and Perfectionism’ (1998) 43 American Journal of Jurisprudence 99.
Marneffe, Peter de, ‘Liberalism, Liberty and Neutrality’ (1990) 19 Philosophy and Public Affairs 253.
Marsden, George M., Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth Century Evangelicalism, 1870–1925 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Masters, William H. and Johnson, Virginia E., Homosexuality in Perspective (Boston: Little, Brown, 1979).
Masters, William H. and Johnson, Virginia E., Human Sexual Inadequacy (Boston: Little, Brown, 1970).
Masters, William H., Human Sexual Response (Boston: Little, Brown, 1966).
Masters, William H., Johnson, Virginia E., and Kolodny, Robert C., Heterosexuality (New York: HarperCollins, 1994).
May, Elaine Tyler, Barren in the Promised Land: Childless Americans and the Pursuit of Happiness (New York: Basic Books, 1995).
May, William E., ‘Germain Grisez on Moral Principles and Moral Norms: Natural and Christian’, in George, Robert (ed.), Natural Law and Moral Inquiry: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Work of Germain Grisez (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
Mayer, Henry, All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1998).
McBrien, Richard P., Catholicism: New Study Edition (New York: Harper Collins, 1994).
McCartan, Patrick F., ‘Catholic Legal Education at Notre Dame: Professional Competence Inspired by Enduring Values’ (1993–4) 69 Notre Dame Law Review 1001.
McCord, Louisa, ‘Enfranchisement of Woman’ (April 1852) 21 Southern Quarterly Review 322.
McGrade, A. S., ‘What Aquinas Should have Said? Finnis's Reconstruction of Social and Political Thomism’ (1999) 44 American Journal of Jurisprudence. 125.
McGreevy, John T., Catholicism and American Freedom (New York: W. W. Norton, 2003).
McInerny, Ralph, ‘Grisez and Thomism’ ch.2 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
McInerny, Ralph, ‘The Principles of Natural Law’, in Curran, Charles E., and McCormick, Richard A., Readings in Moral Theology No. 7: Natural Law and Theology (New York: Paulist Press, 1991).
McLean, George P. (ed.), Normative Ethics and Objective Reason (Washington, DC: Paideia Publishers, 1996).
Meier, John P., A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus: Volume Ⅰ: The Roots of the Problem and the Person (New York: Doubleday, 1991).
Meier, John P., A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus: Volume Ⅱ: Mentor, Message, and Miracles (Doubleday: New York, 1993).
Meier, John P., A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus: Volume Ⅲ: Companions and Competitors (New York: Doubleday, 2001).
Melder, Keith E., Beginnings of Sisterhood: The American Woman's Rights Movement, 1800–1850 (New York: Schocken, 1977).
Merritt, J. I., ‘Heretic in the Temple: Robby George once worked for George McGovern; now he's the hero of the intellectual right’, Princeton Alumni Weekly, October 8th, 2003.
Mill, J. S., On Liberty (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1989 ed.), ed. by Stefan Collini.
Mohr, Richard, Gays/Justice: A Study of Ethics, Society, and Law (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988).
Moore, G. E., Principia Ethica (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960) (originally published, 1903).
Moore, Gareth, ‘Natural Sex: Germain Grisez, Sex, and Natural Law’, ch.10 in Biggar, Nigel and Black, Rufus (eds.), The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Moore, Gareth, A Question of Truth: Christianity and Homosexuality (Continuum: London, 2003).
Moore, Gareth, The Body in Context: Sex and Catholicism (London: Continuum, 1992).
Moore, R. I., The Formation of a Persecuting Society: Power and Deviance in Western Europe, 950–1250 (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987).
Morris, Charles R., American Catholic: The Saints and Sinners Who Built America's Most Powerful Church. (New York: Vintage, 1997).
Morse, Anne, Conservative Heavyweight: The Remarkable Mind of Robert P. George, Crisis, September 1st 2003, p. 36.
Mottley, Constance Baker, Equal Justice Under Law (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998).
Mouffe, Chantal, The Return of the Political (London: Verso, 1993).
Murray, John Courtney, S. J., The Problem of Religious Freedom (London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1965).
Murray, John Courtney, S. J., We Hold These Truths Catholic Reflections on the American Proposition (New York: Sheed and Ward, 1960).
Nagel, Thomas, ‘Moral Conflict and Political Legitimacy’ (1987) 16 Philosophy and Public Affairs 215.
Nagel, Thomas, Mortal Questions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Nagel, Thomas, The View from Nowhere (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).
Neal, Patrick, ‘Political Liberalism, Public Reason, and the Citizen of faith’, in George, Robert and Wolfe, Christopher (eds.). Natural Law and Public Reason. (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2000).
Neal, Patrick, ‘Religion Within the Limits of Liberalism Alone?’ (1997) 39 Journal of Church and State 697.
Neal, Patrick, Liberalism and Its Discontents (New York: NewYork University Press, 1997).
New Oxford Annotated Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).
Nietzsche, Friedrich, Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future, Helen Zimmern trans. (Edinburgh and London: T. N. Foulis, 1907).
Nietzsche, Friedrich, Twilight of the Idols and The Antichrist, in Kaufmann, Walter (ed.), The Portable Nietzsche (New York: Viking Press, 1954).
Noonan, John T. Jr., A Church That Can and Cannot Change: The Development of Catholic Moral Teaching (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005).
Noonan, John T. Jr., Contraception: A History of Its treatment by the Catholic Theologians and Canonists (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).
Northcott, Michael S. The Environment and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Novak, David ‘Privacy’, in David F. Forte (ed.), Natural Law and Contemporary Public Policy (Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia (New York: Basic Books, 1974).
Nugent, Robert and Gramick, Jeannine, Building Bridges: Gay and Lesbian Reality in the Catholic Church (Mystic, Conn.: Twenty-Third Publications, 1995).
Nussbaum, Martha C., ‘Platonic Love and Colorado Law’ (1994) 80 University of Virginia Law Review 1515.
Nussbaum, Martha C., Hiding from Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
O'Connell, Timothy E., Principles for a Catholic Morality (New York: Harper Collins, revised ed, 1990).
O'Donovan, Oliver, “John Finnis on Moral Absolutes”, in Biggar, Nigel and Rufus Black (eds.). The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, theological and ethical responses to the Finnis-Grisez School (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
Okin, Susan Moller, ‘Sexual Orientation and Gender: Dichotomizing Difference’, in Estlund, David M. and Nussbaum, Martha C. (eds.), Sex, Preference, and Family: Essays on Law and Nature (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Okin, Susan Moller. Justice, Gender, and the Family (New York: Basic Books, 1989).
Okin, Susan Moller. Women in Western Political Thought (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979).
Olston, Lynne, Freedom's Daughters: The Unsung Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement from 1830 to 1970 (New York: Scribner, 2001).
Olyan, Saul M. and Nussbaum Martha C. (eds.), Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in American Religious Discourse (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Pagels, Elaine, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (Random House: New York, 2003).
Paglia, Camille, Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickson (New York: Vintage, 1991).
Parekh Report, The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain (Runnymeade Trust, 2000).
Pelikan, Jaroslav, Mary Through the Centuries: Her Place in the History of Culture (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996).
Peristiany, J. G. (ed.), Honour and Shame: The Values of Mediterranean Society (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Perrin, Ellen C., et al., ‘Co-Parent or Second Parent Adoption by Same-Sex Parents’ (February 2002) 109 Pediatrics (2).
Perry, Michael (ed.), San Diego Law Review Symposium on Liberalism and Religion (1993) 30 San Diego Law Review 643.
Perry, Michael J., Religion in Politics: Constitutional and Moral Perspectives. (New York, Oxford University Press, 1997).
Perry, Michael, Love and Power: The Role of Religion and Morality in American Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).
Perry, Michael, Morality, Politics and Law (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Pflugfelder, Gregory M., Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese Discourse 1600–1950 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999).
Plante, Thomas G., Sin Against the Innocents: Sexual Abuse by Priests and the Role of the Catholic Church (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2004).
Plato, Laws, Book 8, 835d-842a, in Hamilton, Edith and Cairns, Huntington (eds.), The Collected Dialogues of Plato (New York: Pantheon, 1961).
Poliakov, Leon, The History of Anti-Semitism Vol. 1, Richard Howard trans. (New York: Vanguard Press, 1965); Vol. 2, Natalie Gerardi trans. (New York: Vanguard Press, 1973); Vol. 3, Miriam Kochan trans. (New York: Vanguard Press, 1975); Vol. 4, George Klin trans. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).
Pontifical Council for the Family, ‘Family, Marriage and De Facto Unions’, 21st November 2000, http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_councils/family.
Pope Benedict ⅤⅪ Fan Club, http://www.popebenedictxvifanclub.com/
Pope, Stephen J., ‘Natural Law and Christian Ethics’, in Gill, Robin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Pope, Stephen J., ‘Scientific and Natural Law Analyses of Homosexuality: a Methodological Study’ (1997) Journal of Religious Ethics 89.
Pope, Stephen J., The Evolution of Altruism and the Ordering of Love (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1994).
Porter, Jean, ‘Basic Goods and the Human Good in Recent Catholic Moral Theology’ (1993) The Thomist 36.
President's Council on Bioethics, http://www.bioethics.gov
Quinn, Philip L. and Taliaferro, Charles (eds.) A Companion to Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge, Mass: Blackwell, 1997).
Radford Ruether, Rosemary, Sexism and God-Talk: Toward a Feminist Theology (Boston: Beacon Press, 1993).
Ranke-Heinemann, Uta, Eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven: The Catholic Church and Sexuality, John Brownjohn trans. (London: Andre Deutsch, 1990).
Rawls, John, ‘The Idea of Public Reason Revisited’ (1997) 64 University of Chicago Law Review 765 (reproduced as ch. 26 of Rawls's Collected Papers, Samuel Freeman (ed.) (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999).
Rawls, John, A Theory of Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, revised ed., 1999).
Rawls, John, Collected Papers, Samuel Freeman (ed.) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).
Rawls, John, Political Liberalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993).
Raz, Joseph, Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).
Raz, Joseph, The Morality of Freedom (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).
Regan, Richard J., S. J., Conflict and Consensus: Religious Freedom and the Second Vatican Council (New York: Macmillan, 1967).
Reich, Robert, Reason: Why Liberals Will Win the Battle for America (New York: Knopf, 2004).
Reiman, Jeffrey, ‘Abortion, Natural Law, and Liberal Discourse: A Response to John Finnis’, in George, Robert and Wolfe, Christopher (eds.). Natural Law and Public Reason. (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2000).
Reiman, Jeffrey, ‘Privacy, Intimacy, and Personhood’ (1976) 6 Philosophy and Public Affairs 26.
Rich, Adrienne, ‘Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence’, in Abelove, Henry, Aina Barale, Michele and Halperin, David M. (eds.), The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader (New York: Routledge, 1993).
Rich, Adrienne, Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution 10th anniversary ed. (New York: W. W. Norton, 1986).
Richards, David A. J., ‘Kantian Ethics and the Harm Principle: A reply to John Finnis’ (1987) 87 Columbia Law Review 457.
Richards, David A. J., A Theory of Reasons for Action (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971).
Richards, David A. J., Conscience and the Constitution: History, Theory, and Law of the Reconstruction Amendments (Princeton; Princeton University Press, 1993).
Richards, David A. J., Disarming Manhood: Voice and Resistance in Garrison, Tolstoy, Gandhi, King, and Churchill (Athens, Ohio: Swallow Press, 2005).
Richards, David A. J., Foundations of American Constitutionalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Richards, David A. J., Free Speech and the Politics of Identity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Richards, David A. J., Identity and the Case for Gay Rights: Race, Gender, Religion as Analogies (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999).
Richards, David A. J., Sex, Drugs, Death and the Law: An Essay on Human Rights and Overcriminalization (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982).
Richards, David A. J., The Case for Gay Rights: From Bowers to Lawrence and Beyond (Lawrence, KS: Kansas University Press, 2005).
Richards, David A. J., The Moral Criticism of Law (Encino, CA: Dickenson-Wadsworth, 1977).
Richards, David A. J., Toleration and the Constitution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).
Richards, David A. J., Tragic Manhood and Democracy: Verdi's Voice and the Powers of Musical Art (Brighton, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2004).
Richards, David A. J., Women, Gays, and the Constitution: The Grounds for Feminism and Gay Rights in Culture and Law (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).
Robb, Graham, Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century (New York: W. W. Norton, 2003).
Robinson, Paul, The Modernization of Sex: Havelock Ellis, Alfred Kinsey, William Masters and Virginia Johnson (Harper and Row: New York, 1976).
Robnett, Belinda, How Long? How Long?: African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Rorty, Richard, ‘Human Rights, Rationality, and Sentimentality’, in Shute, Stephen and Hurley, Susan (eds.), On Human Rights (New York: Basic Books, 1993).
Rubenfeld, Jeb, ‘The Right to Privacy’ (1989) 102 Harvard Law Review 737.
Ruddick, Sara, Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace (Boston: Beacon Press, 1989).
Samuels, Ernest and Samuels, Jayne N. (eds.), Henry Adams (New York: The Library of America, 1983).
Sandel, Michael, ‘Moral argument and liberal toleration: Abortion and Homosexuality’ (1989) 77 California Law Review. 521.
Sanders, E. P., Jesus and Judaism (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985).
Sanders, E. P., The Historical Figure of Jesus (London: Allen Lane, 1993).
Scanlon, T. M., What We Owe to Each Other (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998).
Scanlon, Thomas, ‘Thomson on Privacy’ (1975) 4 Philosophy and Public Affairs 315.
Schiavone, Aldo, The End of the Past: Ancient Rome and the Modern West, Margery J. Schneider trans. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Schulhofer, Stephen J., Unwanted Sex: The Culture of Intimidation and the Failure of Law (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998).
Schweiker, William, Responsibility and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Shaw, Brent D., ‘A Groom of One's Own’, The New Republic, July 18th and 25th, 1994, 33.
Shaw, Russell, ‘Pioneering the Renewal in Moral Theology’, in George, Robert (ed.). Natural Law and Moral Inquiry: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Work of Germain Grisez (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
Shute, Stephen and Hurley, Susan (eds.), On Human Rights (New York: Basic Books, 1993).
Simmonds, N. E., Central Issues in Jurisprudence: Justice, Law and Rights. (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 2nd ed., 2002).
Sipe, A. W. Richard, Celibacy in Crisis: A Secret World Revisited (New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2003).
Smith, Thomas, Finnis’ Questions and Answers: An Ethics of Hope or Fear?’ (1995) 40 American Journal of Jurisprudence 27.
Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll, Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America (New York: Knopf, 1985).
Snitow, Anne Christine Stansell and Thompson, Sharon (eds.), Powers of Desire (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983).
Solum, Lawrence, ‘Constructing an Ideal of Public Reason’ (1993) 30 San Diego Law Review 729.
Sreekumar, Sandeep, An Argument About the Right to Life of the Foetus in Critical Morality, Thesis for the Doctor of Philosophy in Law, Oxford University, Trinity Term 2005.
Staley, Kevin M., ‘New Natural Law, Old Natural Law, or the Same Natural Law?’ (1993) 38 American Journal of Jurisprudence 109.
Stein, Edward (ed.), Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy (New York: Routledge, 1990).
Stein, Edward, The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Steinfels, Peter, A People Adrift: The Crisis of the Roman Catholic Church in America (Simon and Schuster: New York, 2003).
Stimpson, Catharine R., ‘Marry, Marry, Quite Contrary: To wed is to lose one's precious distance from conformity’, The Nation, Vol. 279, Number 1, July 5th, 2004, 38.
Stopler, Gila, Liberal (Ir) Resolutions: The Conflict between Women's Rights and Patriarchal Religion and Culture in Western Liberal States, JSD dissertation, New York University School of Law, Spring 2004.
Strachey, James (ed.), Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 9. (London: Hogarth Press, 1959); Vol. 21 (1961); Vol. 23 (1964).
Stuart, Elizabeth, Gay and Lesbian Theologies: Repetitions with Critical Difference (Hampshire, England: Ashgate, 2003).
Stump, Eleanore and Murray, Michael J. (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1999).
Tamir, Yael, Liberal Nationalism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Thomas, Kendall, ‘Beyond the Privacy Principle’ (1992) 92 Columbia Law Review 1431.
Thomson, Judith Jarvis.‘The Right to Privacy’ (1975) 4 Philosophy and Public Affairs 295.
Toibin, Colm, Love in a Dark Time (New York: Scribner, 2001).
Trumbach, Randolph, ‘Gender and the Homosexual Role in Modern Western Culture: The 18th and 19th Centuries Compared’, in Dennis Altman, et al., Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality?: International Conference on Gay and Lesbian Studies (London: GMP Publishers, 1989).
UK Department of Trade and Industry, Civil Partnership; a framework for the legal recognition of same-sex couples (London, DTI, Women and Equality Unit, 2003).
Vacek, Edward, ‘Contraception Again – A Conclusion in Search of Convincing Arguments: One Proportionalist's [Mis?]understanding of Text’, in George, Robert (ed.). Natural Law and Moral Inquiry: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Work of Germain Grisez (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1998).
Vance, Carole S. (ed.), Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality (Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984).
Vasey, Michael, Strangers and Friends: A New Exploration of Homosexuality and the Bible (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1995).
Vazquez, Martha, ‘Notre Dame Law School: Catholicism, Conscience and Commitment’ (1993–4) 69 Notre Dame Law Review 1005.
Vermes, Geza, Jesus and the World of Judaism (London: SCM Press, 1983).
Vermes, Geza, Jesus the Jew: A Historian's Reading of the Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981) (originally published, 1973).
Vermes, Geza, The Changing Faces of Jesus (New York: Viking Compass, 2001).
Vermes, Geza, The Religion of Jesus the Jew (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).
Waldron. Jeremy, ‘Religious Contributions in Public Deliberation’ (1993) 30 San Diego Law Review 817.
Walker Bynum, Caroline, Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion (New York: Zone Books, 1991).
Walker Bynum, Caroline, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1987).
Walker Bynum, Caroline, Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1982).
Walsh, Michael, Opus Dei: An Investigation Into the Powerful, Secretive Society within the Catholic Church (New York: Harper Collins, 1989).
Waluchow, W. J., ‘The Weak Social Thesis’ (1989) 9 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 23.
Warner, Marina, Alone of All Her Sex: The Myth and Cult of the Virgin Mary (London: Picador, 1990).
Warren, Samuel and Louis Brandeis. The Right to Privacy (1890) 4 Harvard Law Review 193.
Washington, James M. (ed.). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1986).
Washington, Joseph R., Jr. Black Religion: The Negro and Christianity in the United States (Boston: Beacon Press, 1964).
Weaver, Darlene Fozard, Self-love and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Weaver, Mary Jo and Scott Appleby, R. (eds.), Being Right: Conservative Catholics in America (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1995).
Weinberg, Martin S. and Williams, Colin J., Male Homosexuals (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974).
Weinberg, Martin S., Williams, Colin J. and Pryor, Douglas W., Dual Attraction: Understanding Bisexuality (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Westen, Peter, ‘On “Confusing Ideas”: Reply’ (1981–2) 91 Yale Law Journal. 1153.
Westen, Peter, ‘The Empty Idea of Equality’ (1982) 95 Harvard Law Review 537.
White, Michael, Partisan or Neutral? The Futility of Public Political Theory (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997).
Whitman, James Q., ‘The Two Western Cultures of Privacy: Dignity Versus Liberty’ (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 1151.
Wildavsky, Aaron, The Nursing Father: Moses as a Political Leader (University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1984).
Williams, Bernard, ‘The Idea of Equality’, ch, 6 in Laslett, Peter and Runciman, W. G. (eds.), Philosophy, Politics and Society (Second Series) (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1962).
Williams, Craig A., Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Wills, Garry, The Bishops vs. the Bible, The New York Times, Sunday, June 27th, 2004, section 4, p. 14.
Wills, Garry, Papal Sin: Structures of Deceit (Doubleday: New York, NY 2000).
Wills, Garry, Saint Augustine (New York: A Lipper/Viking Book, 1999).
Wills, Garry, Why I am a Catholic (Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 2002).
Wilson, A. N., Jesus: A Life (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1992).
Wintemute, Robert and Andenaes, Mads (eds.), Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2001).
Wintemute, Robert, Sexual Orientation and Human Rights: The United States Constitution, the European Convention, and the Canadian Charter (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995).
Witherington, Ben. Ⅲ, Women and the Genesis of Christianity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Wolfe, Christopher, Book review, (2001) 46 American Journal of Jurisprudence 277.
Woodward, C. Vann and Muhlenfeld, Elisabeth, The Private Mary Chesnut: The Unpublished Civil War Diaries (New York: Oxford University Press, 1984).
Wyatt-Brown, Bertram, Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).
Yellin, Jean Fagan, Women and Sisters: The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989).
Young, Andrew, An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America (New York: HarperCollins, 1996).
Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth, The Anatomy of Prejudices (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996).
Zagorin, Perez, How the Idea of Religious Toleration Came to the West. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003).
Zernike, Kate, ‘House G.O.P. Lacks Votes for Amendment Banning Gay Marriage’, The New York Times, July 19th 2006, Section A, p. 17.