By Mark C. Serreze
By Roger G. Barry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print Publication Year:2005
Online Publication Date:August 2009
Subjects: Climatology and Climate Change
The Arctic can be viewed as an integrated system, intimately linked by its atmosphere, ocean and land. This comprehensive, up-to-date assessment begins with an outline of early Arctic exploration and the growth of modern research. Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget and circulation, the surface energy budget, the hydrologic cycle and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and sea ice cover. Reviews of recent directions in numerical modeling and the characteristics of past Arctic climates cover recent climate variability as well as projected future trends.