John Stuart Mill

A Biography

John Stuart Mill

Nicholas Capaldi's biography of John Stuart Mill traces the ways in which Mill's many endeavors are related and explores the significance of his contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, social and political philosophy, the philosophy of religion, and the philosophy of education. Capaldi shows how Mill was groomed for his life by both his father James Mill and Jeremy Bentham, the two most prominent philosophical radicals of the early 19th century. Mill, however, revolted against this education and developed friendships with both Thomas Carlyle and Samuel Taylor Coleridge who introduced him to Romanticism and political conservatism. A special feature of this biography is the attention devoted to Mill's relationship with Harriet Taylor. No one exerted a greater influence than the woman he was eventually to marry. Capaldi reveals just how deep her impact was on Mill's thinking about the emancipation of women. Nicholas Capaldi was until recently the McFarlin Endowed Professor of Philosophy and Research Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa. He is the founder and former Director of Legal Studies. His principal research and teaching interest is in public policy and its intersection with political science, philosophy, law, religion, and economics. He is the author of six books, including The Art of Description (Prometheus, 1987) and How to Win Every Argument (MJF Books, 1999), over fifty articles, and editor of six anthologies. He is a recent recipient of the Templeton Foundation Freedom Project Award.


 Reviews:

"A very welcome new intellectual life of Mill, which gives full weight not just to his philosophical and technical writing but also to his status as a public intellectual. The highly readable biography is particularly illuminating about Mill's status within nineteenth-century theories of the place of the creative artist and the imagination, and it gives extended and thoughtful treatment to his intellectual and personal relationship with Harriet Taylor." Kate Flint, Studies in English Literature

"...solidly grounded, briskly argued...a considerable achievement. Nicholas Capaldi is a deft commentator. John Stuart Mill is a good and persuasive book." Alan Ryan

"As a work of biography, it succeeds in forcefully presenting Mill as a theorist concerned above all with defending liberal culture in general, and highlights the absolute centrality of individual autonomy to that defense." Metapsychology Online

"Capaldi has succeeded nicely in bringing together Mill's life and Mill's ideas - his theories and his values - , illuminating both. This study is recommended for anyone with an interest in the man and his thought." Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

"Mill scholars and students of 19th-century thought and English Romanticism will find this biography engrossing." The New York Sun

"It is solidly grounded, briskly argued, and agreeably free from the sound of grinding axes." New York Review of Books

"Capaldi's intellectual biography passes, with flying colors, the important test for the success of a biography: after reading it, I have both a sense of having learned a great deal and a desire to learn more about the part of history that both influenced and was influenced by John Stuart Mill."
P.A. Woodward, The Review of Metaphysics


 Prizes:

CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, 2004
Abbey, R. (1997) “Odd Bedfellows: Nietzsche and Mill on Marriage.” History of European Ideas, 23, pp. 81–104
Alexander, E. (1965) Matthew Arnold and John Stuart Mill. New York: Columbia University Press
Annan, N. (1969) “John Stuart Mill.” In Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. J. B. Schneewind. London: Macmillan, pp. 22–45
Annas, J. (1977) “Mill and the Subjection of Women.” Philosophy, 52, pp. 179–94
Anschutz, R. P. (1953) The Philosophy of J. S. Mill. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Arblaster, A. (1984) The Rise and Decline of Western Liberalism. Oxford: Blackwell
Arnold, M. (1971) [1867] Culture and Anarchy. New York: Bobbs-Merrill
Ashcraft, R. (1998) “John Stuart Mill and the Theoretical Foundations of Democratic Socialism.” In Mill and the Moral Character of Liberalism, ed. E. Eisenach. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, pp. 169–90
Ashton, R. (1980) The German Idea: Four English Writers and the Reception of German Thought 1800–1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Bagehot, W. (1865) “Mr. Mill's Address to the Electors of Westminster.” Economist, April 29, 1865
Bagehot, W. (1958) [1865] The English Constitution. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Bain, A. (1882a) James Mill: A Biography. London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1995
Bain, A. (1882b) John Stuart Mill. A Criticism: With Personal Recollections. London: Longmans, Green
Bentham, J. (1838) The Works of Jeremy Bentham, ed. J. Bowring. London: Longman
Bentham, J. (1967) A Fragment on Government and An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. Oxford: Blackwell
Berger, F. R. (1984) Happiness, Justice and Freedom: The Moral and Political Philosophy of John Stuart Mill. Berkeley: University of California Press
Berger, P. L. (1986) The Capitalist Revolution. New York: Basic Books
Berlin, 1. (1969) “John Stuart Mill and the Ends of Life.” In his Four Essays on Liberty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 173–206
Bosanquet, B. (1923) The Philosophical Theory of the State. London: Macmillan
Bradley, F. H. (1876) Ethical Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Britton, K. (1976) “John Stuart Mill on Christianity.” In James and John Stuart Mill: Papers of the Centenary Conference, ed. J. M. Robson and M. Laine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 21–34
Bruford, W. F. (1975) The German Tradition of Self-Cultivation: Bildung from Humboldt to Thomas Mann. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Burns, J. H. (1969) “J. S. Mill and Democracy, 1829–1861.” In Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. J. B. Schneewind. London: Macmillan, pp. 280–328
Burrow, J. (1988) Whigs and Liberals: Continuity and Change in English Political Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Butterfield, H. (1949) Christianity and History. New York: Scribners
Caine, B. (1978) “John Stuart Mill and the English Women's Movement.” Historical Studies, 18, pp. 52–67
Campbell, A. J. (1930) Two Centuries of the Church of Scotland 1707–1929. London: Paisley, A. Gardner
Canovan, M. (1987) “The Eloquence of John Stuart Mill.” History of Political Thought, 8, pp. 505–20
Capaldi, N. (1973a) “Censorship and Social Stability in J. S. Mill.” John Stuart Mill Newsletter, 9, pp. 12–16
Capaldi, N. (1973b) “Mill's Forgotten Science of Ethology.” Social Theory and Practice, 2, pp. 409–20
Capaldi, N. (1983) “The Libertarian Philosophy of John Stuart Mill.” Reason Papers, no. 9, pp. 3–19
Capaldi, N. (1998) The Enlightenment Project in the Analytic Conversation. Dordrecht: Kluwer
Carlisle, J. (1991) John Stuart Mill and the Writing of Character. Athens: University of Georgia Press
Carlyle, A. (ed.) (1904) New Letters of Thomas Carlyle. London and New York: J. Lane
Carlyle, A. (ed.) (1923) Letters of Thomas Carlyle to Mill, John Sterling, and Robert Browning. New York: Haskell House
Carlyle, T. (1837) Sartor Resartus, 2nd ed. Boston: Munroe
Carlyle, T. (1851) Life of John Sterling. London
Carlyle, T. (1881) Reminiscences, ed. J. A. Froude. 2 vols. London
Carlyle, T. (1886) The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson. ed. C. E. Norton. Boston
Carlyle, T. (1896–99) The Works of Thomas Carlyle, ed. H. D. Traill. London
Cavenaugh, F. A. (ed.) (1931) James Mill on Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Chadwick, O. (1966) Victorian Church. London: Trinity Press International
Christie, W. D. (1865) “Mr. John Stuart Mill for Westminster.” MacMillan's Magazine, 12, pp. 92–104
Claeys, G. (1987) “Justice, Independence, and Industrial Democracy: The Development of John Stuart Mill's Views on Socialism.” Journal of Politics, 49, pp. 122–47
Coats, A. W. (1987) “Samuel Hollander's Mill: A Review Article.” The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 55, pp. 310–16
Coleman, J. (1983) “John Stuart Mill on the French Revolution.” History of Political Thought, 4, pp. 94–114
Coleridge, S. T. (1830) On the Constitution of Church and State. London
Collini, S. (1991a) “From Sectarian Radical to National Possession: John Stuart Mill in English Culture, 1873–1945.” In A Cultivated Mind: Essays in J. S. Mill Presented to John M. Robson, ed. M. Laine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 242–72
Collini, S. (1991b) Public Moralists: Political Thought and Intellectual Life in Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Collini, S., Winch, D., and Burrow, J. (1983) That Noble Science of Politics: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Intellectual History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Colmer J. (1959) Coleridge, Critic of Society. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Conway, M. D. (1881) Thomas Carlyle. New York
Conway, M. D. (1894) Centenary History of the South Place Society. London: Williams and Norgate
Courtney, W. L. (1889) Life of Mill. London
Cowling, M. (1990) [1963] Mill and Liberalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Cumming, R. D. (1964) “Mill's History of His Ideas.” Journal of the History of Ideas, 25, pp. 235–56
d'Eichthal, E. (ed.) (1898) Mill, Correspondence Inédite avec Gustave d'Eichthal. Paris
Dawson, C. (1967) The Dividing of Christendom. New York: Doubleday
De Ruggiero, G. (1959) [1927] The History of European Liberalism, trans. R. G. Collingwood. Boston: Beacon Press
DeVane, W. C. (1935) A Browning Handbook. New York: F. S. Crofts
Devlin, P. (1965) The Enforcement of Morals. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Dewey, C. (1974) “The Rehabilitation of the Peasant Proprietor in Nineteenth-Century Economic Thought.” History of Political Economy, 6, pp. 17–47
Dicey, A. V. (1908) Lectures on the Relation between Law and Public Opinion in England during the Nineteenth Century. London: Macmillan
Donner, W. (1991) The Liberal Self: John Stuart Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Donner, W. (1993) “John Stuart Mill's Liberal Feminism.” Philosophical Studies, 69, pp. 155–66
Duffy, C. G. (1892) Reminiscences and Conversations with Carlyle. London: Sampson Low
Duncan, G. (1973) Marx and Mill: Two Views of Social Conflict and Social Harmony. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ebenstein, A. (2001) Friedrich Hayek. New York: Palgrave
Eisenach, E. (1987) “Mill's Autobiography as Political Theory.” History of Political Thought, 8, pp. 2347–62
Eisenach, E. (ed.) (1998) Mill and the Moral Character of Liberalism. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press
Elliot, Hugh S. R. (ed.) (1910) The Letters of John Stuart Mill. London: Longmans, Green
Emerson, R. W. (ed.) (1897) A Correspondence between John Sterling and Ralph Waldo Emerson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
Everett, E. M. (1939) The Party of Humanity – The Fortnightly Review, 1865–1874. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press
Fawcett, M. G. (1870) “The Electoral Disabilities of Women.” The Fortnightly Review, 13, 622–32
Fawcett, M. G. (1873) “His Influence as a Practical Politician.” In John Stuart Mill: His Life and Work, Twelve Sketches, ed. H. Spencer et al. Boston: James R. Osgood and Co., pp. 81–7
Feuer, L. S. (1976) “John Stuart Mill as a Sociologist: The Unwritten Ethology.” In James and John Stuart Mill: Papers of the Centenary Conference, ed. J. M. Robson and M. Laine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 86–110
Feuer, L. S. (ed.) (1959) Marx and Engels: Basic Writings on Politics and Philosophy. Garden City, NY: Anchor
Fitzjames Stephen, J. (1993) Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, ed. Stuart Warner. Indianapolis: Liberty Classics
Fox Bourne, H. R. (ed.) (1873) John Stuart Mill: Notices of His Life and Works. London
Fox, C. (1882) Memories of Old Friends, 2nd ed. 2 vols. London: Smith Elder
Francis, M., and Morrow, J. (1994) A History of English Political Thought in the Nineteenth Century. London: Duckworth
Freeden, M. (1978) The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Friedman, R. B. (1966) “A New Exploration of Mill's Essay on Liberty.” Political Studies, 14, pp. 281–304. Reprinted in Eisenach (1998)
Friedman, R. B. (1969) “An Introduction to Mill's Theory of Authority.” In Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. J. B. Schneewind. London: Macmillan, pp. 379–425
Froude, J. A. (1882) Carlyle, the First Forty Years. 2 vols. London
Froude, J. A. (1891) Thomas Carlyle, a History of His Life in London, 1834–1881. 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green
Garnett, R. (1887) The Life of W. J. Fox. London: Walter Scott
Gilligan, C. (1982) In a Different Voice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Gladstone, W. E. (1879) Gleanings of Past Years, 1843–76. London
Glassman, P. J. (1985) J. S. Mill: The Evolution of a Genius. Gainesville: University of Florida Press
Gouhier, H. (1965) La Vie de Auguste Comte, 2nd ed. Paris: J. Vrin
Gray, J. (1983) Mill on Liberty: A Defence. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul
Gray, J., and Smith, G. W. (1991) J. S. Mill On Liberty in Focus. London: Routledge
Haac, O. A. (1995) The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction
Hagberg, K. (1930) Personalities and Powers. London: John Land
Haight, G. S. (1940) George Eliot and John Chapman. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Halévy, E. (1955) The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism. Boston: Beacon
Halévy, E. (1961) The History of the English People in the Nineteenth Century. 6 vols. New York: Barnes and Noble
Halliday, R. J. (1976) John Stuart Mill. London: George Allen and Unwin
Hamburger, J. (1957) “The Writings of John Stuart Mill and His Father James Mill in the Archives of the India Office.” American Philosophical Society Yearbook, pp. 324–6
Hamburger, J. (1965) Intellectuals in Politics: John Stuart Mill and the Philosophic Radicals. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1965
Hamburger, J. (1976) “Mill and Tocqueville on Liberty.” In James and John Stuart Mill: Papers of the Centenary Conference, ed. J. M. Robson and M. Laine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 111–25
Hamburger, J. (1989) Review of Burrow, Whigs and Liberals. Utilitas, 1:2 (November), pp. 300–5
Hamburger, J. (1999) John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Hamilton, M. A. (1933) John Stuart Mill. London: Hamish Hamilton
Hampsher-Monk, Ian. (1992) A History of Modern Political Thought. Oxford: Blackwell
Harris, A. L. (1964) “Mill: Servant of the East India Company.” Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, 30, pp. 185–202
Harris, W. (1944) Caroline Fox. London: Constable
Harrison, F. (1896) “John Stuart Mill.” Nineteenth Century, 40, pp. 487–508
Harrison, F. (1911) Autobiographical Memoirs. 2 vols. London: Macmillan
Harvie, C. (1976) The Lights of Liberalism: University Liberals and the Challenge of Democracy 1860–86. London: Allen Lane
Hayek, F. A. (1942) The Spirit of the Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Hayek, F. A. (1951) John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul
Hayek, F. A. (1979) The Counter-Revolution of Science. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund
Hayward, A. (1873a) “John Stuart Mill.” The Times, May 10, p. 5
Hayward, A. (1873b) “John Stuart Mill.” Fraser's Magazine, n.s. 8, pp. 663–81
Helmstadter, R. J., and Lightman, B. (eds.) (1990.) Victorian Faith in Crisis: Essays on Continuity and Change in Nineteenth-Century Religious Belief. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press
Heyck, T. W. (1982) The Transformation of Intellectual Life in Victorian England. New York: St. Martin's Press
Himmelfarb, G. (1968) Victorian Minds. New York: Knopf
Himmelfarb, G. (1974) On Liberty and Liberalism: The Case of John Stuart Mill. New York: Knopf
Himmelfarb, G. (1984) The Idea of Poverty. New York: Knopf
Himmelfarb, G. (ed.) (1963) John Stuart Mill, Essays on Politics and Culture. New York: Doubleday
Hoag, R. W. (1992) “J. S. Mill's Language of Pleasures.” Utilitas, 4:2, pp. 247–78
Holcombe, L. (1983) Wives and Property: Reform of the Married Women's Property Law in Nineteenth Century England. Oxford: Martin Robinson
Hollander, S. (1985) The Economics of John Stuart Mill. Oxford: Blackwell
Holyoake, G. J. (1873) John Stuart Mill, as Some of the Working Classes Knew Him. London
Houghton, W. E. (1957) The Victorian Frame of Mind, 1830–1870. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Howe, M. W. (1957) Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: The Shaping Years. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Humboldt, W. von (1993) The Limits of State Action. Introduction by J. W. Burrow. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund
Jacobs, Jo Ellen (2002) The Voice of Harriet Taylor Mill. Bloomington: Indiana University Press
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Kent, C. (1978) Brains and Numbers: Elitism, Comtism and Democracy in MidVictorian Britain. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Kingsley, C. (1860) The Limits of Exact Science as Applied to History. London: Macmillan
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Kurer, O. (1991a) John Stuart Mill: The Politics of Progress. New York and London: Garland
Kurer, O. (1991b) “John Stuart Mill and the Welfare State.” History of Political Economy, 23:4, pp. 713–30
Kurer, O. (1992) “J. S. Mill and Utopian Socialism.” The Economic Record, 68, pp. 222–32
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Lyons, D. (1994) Rights, Welfare and Mill's Moral Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press
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