State Identities and the Homogenisation of Peoples


State Identities and the Homogenisation of Peoples

This book examines the victimization of minority groups through history. The author argues that genocides, expulsions and forced assimilations have been the result of the efforts of rulers' wish to assert their control and legitimacy. By bringing uniformity to the populations within their boundaries, they legitimate their hold on power. This book thus shows how nationalist ideologies have influenced the form of the international state system, drawing on the experiences of Jews and Moors in Spain, Protestants in France, Armenians in Turkey, and minorities in the former Yugoslavia.


 Reviews:

"This is an extremely interesting and erudite book, which in some ways serves as the culmination of the growing body of scholarly literature in the 1990s...." Recent Books On Ethics and International Affairs

"This book is a major contribution to the current literature on states and social relations." Journal of International Migration and Intergration

‘Czech Republic Amends Anti-Roma Law’, Roma Rights 3 (1999)
‘Editorial Comments: NATO's Kosovo Intervention’, American Journal of Iarticleional Law 93:4 (1999), 824–62
‘Macedonia Rebels Agree to Disarm’, BBC News Online, 14 August 2001, <http://news.bbc.co.uk>
‘Macedonia's Born-Again Nationalist’, BBC News Online, 27 August 2001
‘Milosevic to Face Charge of Genocide’, New York Times, 30 August 2001
‘Shadowy Rebel Assures Macedonia that He Seeks Peace’, New York Times, 17 August 2001
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Law Court, UN Doc. A/CONF.183/9, Adopted 17 July 1998
The Fall of Srebrenica, Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 53/35, 15 November 1999, UN Doc. A/54/549
The New Cambridge Modern History, vol. 2, The Reformation, 1520–59, Cambridge University Press, 1958
Ackermann, Alice Making Peace Prevail: Preventing Violent Conflict in Macedonia, New York: Syracuse University Press, 2000
Ackermann, Alice, ‘The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: A Relatively Successful Case of Conflict Prevention in Europe’, Security Dialogue 27:4 (1996), 409–24
Adams, Geoffrey, The Huguenots and French Opinion 1685–1787: The Enlightenment Debate on Toleration, Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1991
Ahmad, Feroz, The Young Turks: The Committee of Union and Progress in Turkish Politics, 1908–1914, London: Oxford University Press, 1969
Akhavan, Payam, ‘Justice in the Hague, Peace in the Former Yugoslavia? A Commentary on the United Nations War Crimes Tribunal’, Human Rights Quarterly 20:4 (1998), 737–816
Allen, F. Beverly, Rape Warfare: The Hidden Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996
Allen, J. W., A History of Political Thought in the Sixteenth Century, London: Methuen, 1960
Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, Oxford: Blackwell, 1983
Anderson, Perry, Lineages of the Absolutist State, London: Verso, 1974
Archer, Margaret S., Culture and Agency: The Place of Culture in Social Theory, revised edn, Cambridge University Press, 1996
Arendt, Hannah, The Origins of Totalitarianism, 2nd edn, New York: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1966
Arfi, Badredine, ‘Ethnic Fear: The Social Construction of Insecurity’, Security Studies 8:1 (1998), 151–203
Arnason, Johann, ‘Figurational Sociology as a Counter-Paradigm’, Theory, Culture and Society 4:2–3 (1987), 429–56
Ashley, Richard and Walker, R. B. J., ‘Reading Dissidence/Writing the Discipline: Crisis and the Question of Sovereignty in International Studies’, International Studies Quarterly 34:3 (1990), 367–416
Ashley, Richard K. ‘Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies 17:2 (1988), 227–62
Ashley, Richard K., ‘Political Realism and Human Interests’, International Studies Quarterly 25:2 (1981), 204–36
Astourian, Stephan H., ‘Genocidal Process: Reflection on the Armeno-Turkish Polarization’, in Richard G. Hovannisian (ed.), The Armenian Genocide: History, Politics, Ethics, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992, pp. 53–79
Baer, Yitzhak, A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, vol. 2, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1961
Balas, Sven, ‘The Opposition in Croatia’, in Jasminka Udovicki and James Ridgeway (eds.), Burn This House: The Making and Unmaking of Yugoslavia, Durham: Duke University Press, 1997, pp. 265–78
Banac, Ivo ‘Bosnian Muslims: From Religious Community to Socialist Nationhood and Postcommunist Statehood, 1918–1992’, in Mark Pinson (ed.), The Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina: Their Historic Development from the Middle Ages to the Dissolution of Yugoslavia, Cambridge, MA: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 1994, pp. 129–53
Banac, Ivo ‘The Dissolution of Yugoslavia Historiography’, in Sabrina Petra Ramet and Ljubisa S. Adamovich (eds.), Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995, pp. 39–65
Banac, Ivo ‘The Fearful Asymmetry of War: The Causes and Consequences of Yugoslavia's Demise’, Dædalus 121:2 (1992), 141–74
Banac, Ivo, The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984
Barany, Zoltan D., ‘Living on the Edge: The East European Roma in Postcommunist Politics and Societies’, Slavic Review 53:2 (1994), 321–44
Barkan, Elazar, The Guilt of Nations: Restitution, and Negotiating Historical Injustices, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000
Barkin, J. Samuel and Cronin, Bruce, ‘The State and the Nation: Changing Norms and the Rules of Sovereignty in International Relations’, International Organization 48:1 (1994), 107–30
Barnett, Michael, ‘The New United Nations Politics of Peace: From Juridical Sovereignty to Empirical Sovereignty’, Global Governance 1:1 (1995), 79–97
Baron, Salo, A Social and Religious History of the Jews, vol. 11, Citizen or Alien Conjurer, New York: Columbia University Press, 1967
Bassiouni, M. Cherif, ‘From Versailles to Rwanda in Seventy-Five Years: The Need to Establish a Permanent International Criminal Court’, Harvard Human Rights Journal 10 (1997), 39–42
Batt, Judy, ‘The International Dimension of Democratisation in Czechoslovakia and Hungary’, in Geoffrey Pridham, Eric Herring and George Sanford (eds.), Building Democracy? The International Dimension of Democratisation in Eastern Europe, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994, pp. 168–87
Bauman, Zygmunt Modernity and the Holocaust, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990
Bauman, Zygmunt, ‘Intellectuals in East-Central Europe: Continuity and Change’, East European Politics and Societies 1: Spring (1987), 162–86
Beloff, Max, The Age of Absolutism 1660–1815, London: Hutchinson, 1967
Bendix, Reinhard, Kings or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978
Biersteker, Thomas J. and Weber, Cynthia, ‘The Social Construction of State Sovereignty’, in Thomas J. Biersteker and Cynthia Weber (eds.), State Sovereignty as Social Construct, Cambridge University Press, 1996, pp. 1–21
Bluche, François, Louis XIV, trans. Mark Greengrass, Oxford: Blackwell, 1990
Boase, Roger, ‘The Morisco Expulsion and Diaspora: An Example of Racial and Religious Intolerance’, in David Hook and Barry Taylor (eds.), Cultures in Contact in Medieval Spain: Historical and Literary Essays Presented to L. P. Harvey, Exeter: Short Run Press, 1990, pp. 9–28
Boban, Ljubo ‘Still More Balance on Jasenovac and the Manipulation of History’, East European Politics and Societies 6:2 (1992), 213–17
Boban, Ljubo, ‘Jasenovac and the Manipulation of History’, East European Politics and Societies 4:3 (1990), 580–92
Bonney, Richard ‘Absolutism: What's in a Name?’, in Richard Bonney, The Limits of Absolutism in ancien régime France, Aldershot: Variorum, 1995, pp. 93–117
Bonney, Richard ‘Cardinal Mazarin and His Critics: The Remonstrances of 1652’, in Richard Bonney, The Limits of Absolutism in ancien régime France, Aldershot: Variorum, 1995, pp. 15–31
Bonney, Richard The Limits of Absolutism in ancien régime France, Aldershot: Variorum, 1995
Bonney, Richard, Society and Government in France Under Richelieu and Mazarin, 1624–61, London: Macmillan, 1988
Bourdieu, Pierre, In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflective Sociology, trans. M. Adamson, Cambridge: Polity, 1990
Brass, Paul R., Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison, New Delhi: Sage, 1991
Braudel, Fernand, The Mediterranean, vol. 2, London: Collins, 1973
Breuilly, John, Nationalism and the State, 2nd edn, University of Chicago Press, 1993
Brown, K. S., ‘In the Realm of the Double-Headed Eagle: Parapolitics in Macedonia 1994–9’, in Jane K. Cowan (ed.), Macedonia: The Politics of Identity and Difference, London: Pluto Press, 2000, pp. 122–39
Brown, Michael E., ‘Causes and Implications of Ethnic Conflict’, in Michael E. Brown (ed.), Ethnic Conflict and International Security, Princeton University Press, 1993, pp. 3–26
Brown, Michael E., (ed.), The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996
Brownlie, Ian (ed.), Basic Documents in International Law, 3rd edn, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989
Brubaker, Rogers ‘Rethinking Classical Theory: The Sociological Vision of Pierre Bourdieu’, Theory and Society 14:6 (1985), 745–75
Brubaker, Rogers Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe, Cambridge University Press, 1996
Brubaker, Rogers, The Limits of Rationality: An Essay on the Social and Moral Thought of Max Weber, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1984
Buechsenschuetz, Ulrich, ‘New Rift in Macedonian Leadership?’, RFE/RL Newsline 5:151 (10 August 2001)
Buergenthal, Thomas, ‘The Copenhagen CSCE Meeting: A New Public Order for Europe’, Human Rights Law Journal 11:1–2 (1990), 217–32
Bugajski, Janusz, Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties, Armonk: M. E. Sharp, 1994
Bull, Hedley The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, 2nd edn, London: Macmillan, 1995
Bull, Hedley and Watson, Adam (eds.), The Expansion of International Society, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985
Bull, Hedley, ‘The Importance of Grotius in the Study of International Relations’, in Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury and Adam Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992, pp. 65–93
Burg, Steven L. and Shoup, Paul S., The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention, Armonk: M. E. Sharp, 1999
Burke, Peter, The Fabrication of Louis XIV, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992
Calhoun, Craig Critical Social Theory, Oxford: Blackwell, 1995
Calhoun, Craig, ‘Nationalism and Ethnicity’, Annual Review of Sociology 19 (1993), 211–39
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Emergent Actors in World Politics: How States and Nations Develop and Dissolve, Princeton University Press, 1997
CERD (Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination), Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination: Czech Republic, CERD/C/304.Add.47, 30 March 1998, section D, para 14
Chaliand, Gerard and Ternon, Yves, The Armenians: From Genocide to Resistance, trans. Tony Berret, London: Zed Press, 1983
Charny, Israel W. (ed.), Genocide: A Critical Bibliographical Review, vol. 2, New York: Facts on File, 1991
Checkel, Jeffrey T. ‘Norms, Institutions, and National Identity in Contemporary Europe’, International Studies Quarterly 43:1 (1999), 84–114
Checkel, Jeffrey T. ‘The Europeanization of Citizenship’, in Maria Green Cowles, James, Caporaso and Thomas Risse (eds.), Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001, pp. 180–97
Checkel, Jeffrey T., ‘International Norms and Domestic Politics: Bridging the Rationalist–Constructivist Divide’, European Journal of International Relations 3:4 (1997), 473–95
Chejne, Anwar G., Islam and the West: The Moriscos, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1983
Christoff, Peter and Reus-Smit, Chris, ‘Kosova and the Left’, Arena Magazine 43: October–November (1999), 25–9
Church, William F. (ed.), The Impact of Absolutism in France: National Experience Under Richelieu, Mazarin, and Louis XIV, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1969
Cigar, Norman, Genocide in Bosnia: The Policy of ‘Ethnic Cleansing’, College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1995
Cohen, Lenard J., Broken Bonds: Yugoslavia's Disintegration and Balkan Politics in Transition, 2nd edn, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995
Cohn, Norman, Europe's Inner Demons: The Demonization of Christians in Medieval Christendom, revised edn, London: Pimlico, 1993
Connolly, William E. Identity/Difference: Democratic Negotiations of Political Paradox, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991
Connolly, William E., Political Theory and Modernity, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988
Constitution of the Czech Republic, in Albert P. Blaustein and Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.), Constitutions of the Countries of the World, New York: Oceana Publications, 1993
Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, in Albert P. Blaustein and Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.), Constitutions of the Countries of the World, New York: Oceana Publishers, 1993
Constitutional Watch ‘Macedonia’, East European Constitutional Review 10:1 (2001)
Constitutional Watch ‘Macedonia’, East European Constitutional Review 9:1/2 (2000)
Constitutional Watch, ‘The Czech Republic’, East European Constitutional Review 8:3 (1999)
Corrigan, Philip and Sayer, Derek, The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985
Cox, Robert, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies 10:2 (1982), 126–55
Crouzet, Denis, ‘Henry IV, King of Reason?’, in Keith Cameron (ed.), From Valois to Bourbon: Dynasty, State and Society in Early Modern France, University of Exeter, 1989
Czech Helsinki Committee, ‘Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities’, 1997, <http://www.helcom.cz/en/r97_1.htm>
Czech Republic, Law on Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship, Law No. 40/1993
Daalder, Ivo H. Getting to Dayton: The Making of America's Bosnia Policy, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2000
Daalder, Ivo H. and O'Hanlon, Michael E., Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2000
Daalder, Ivo H., ‘Fear and Loathing in the Former Yugoslavia’, in Michael E. Brown (ed.), The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996, pp. 35–67
Dadrian, Vahakn N. ‘Documentation of the Armenian Genocide in Turkish Sources’, in Israel W. Charny (ed.), Genocide: A Critical Bibliographical Review, vol. 2, New York: Facts on File, 1991, pp. 86–138
Dadrian, Vahakn N. ‘Ottoman Archives and Denial of the Armenian Genocide’, in Richard G. Hovannisian (ed.), The Armenian Genocide: History, Politics, Ethics, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992, pp. 280–310
Dadrian, Vahakn N. ‘The Secret Young-Turk Ittihadist Conference and the Darticle for the World War Ⅰ Genocide of the Armenians’, Holocaust and Genocide Studies 7:2 (1993), 173–201
Dadrian, Vahakn N. ‘The Turkish Military Tribunal's Prosecution of the Aarticleof the Armenian Genocide: Four Major Court-Martial Series’, Holocaust and Genocide Studies 11:1 (1997), 28–59
Dadrian, Vahakn N. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus, 2nd revised edn, Providence: Berghahn Books, 1997
Dadrian, Vahakn N., ‘Genocide as a Problem of National and International Law: The World War Ⅰ Armenian Case and its Contemporary Legal Ramifications’, Yale Journal of International Law 14:2 (1989), 221-334
Damrosch, Lori Fisler ‘The Inevitability of Selective Response? Principles to Guide Urgent International Action’, in Albrecht Schnabel and Ramesh Thakur (eds.), Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2000, pp. 405–19
Damrosch, Lori Fisler (ed.), Enforcing Restraint: Collective Intervention in Internal Conflicts, New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993
Damrosch, Lori Fisler, ‘The Collective Enforcement of International Norms Through Economic Sanctions’, Ethics and International Affairs 8 (1994), 59–75
Danchev, Alex, and Halverson, Thomas (eds.), International Perspectives on the Yugoslav Conflict, London: Macmillan, 1996
Danforth, Loring M. The Macedonian Conflict: Ethnic Nationalism in a Transnational World, Princeton University Press, 1995, pp. 56–65
Danforth, Loring M., ‘Claims to Macedonian Identity: The Macedonian Question and the Breakup of Yugoslavia’, Anthropology Today 9:4 (1993), 3–10
Davis, Natalie Zemon, ‘The Rites of Violence’, in Natalie Zemon Davis, Society and Culture in Early Modern France, Stanford University Press, 1975, pp. 152–87
Davison, Roderic H. ‘Nationalism as an Ottoman Problem and the Ottoman Response’, in William Haddad and William Ochsenwald (eds.), Nationalism in a Non-National State: The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1977, pp. 25–56
Davison, Roderic H. ‘Turkish Attitudes Concerning Christian–Muslim Equality in the Nineteenth Century’, American Historical Review 59:4 (1954), 844–64
Davison, Roderic H. Essays in Ottoman and Turkish History, 1774–1923: The Impact of the West, University of Texas Press, 1990
Davison, Roderic H., ‘The Armenian Crisis 1912–1914’, American Historical Review 53:3 (1948), 481–505
De Zayas, Alfred-Maurice ‘The International Judicial Protection of Peoples and Minorities’, in Catherine Brölman, Rene Lefeber and Marjoleine Zieck (eds.), Peoples and Minorities in International Law, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993, pp. 253–87
De Zayas, Alfred-Maurice, ‘A Historical Survey of Twentieth Century Expulsions’, in Anna C. Bramwell (ed.), Refugees in the Age of Total War, London: Unwin Hyman, 1988
del Mundo, Fernando and Wilkinson, Ray, ‘A Race Against Time’, Refugees 116 (1999)
Deng, Francis M., ‘Dealing With the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community’, Global Governance 1:1 (1995), 45–57
Denich, Bette, ‘Dismembering Yugoslavia: Nationalist Ideologies and the Symbolic Revival of Genocide’, American Ethnologist 21:2 (1994), 367–90
Denitch, Bogdan, Ethnic Nationalism: The Tragic Death of Yugoslavia, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994
Der Derian, James, and Shapiro, Michael (eds.), International/Intertextual Relations, Postmodern Readings of World Politics, Lexington Books, 1989
Devetak, Richard, ‘Incomplete States: Theories and Practices of Statecraft’, in John MacMillan and Andrew Linklater (eds.), Boundaries in Question: New Directions in International Relations, London: Pinter Publishers, 1995, pp. 17–39
Diefendorf, Barbara and Hesse, Carla (eds.), Culture and Identity in Early Modern Europe: Essays in Honor of Natalie Zemon Davis, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1993
Diefendorf, Barbara, Beneath the Cross: Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Paris, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991
Djilas, Aleksa, ‘Fear Thy Neighbour: The Breakup of Yugoslavia’, in Charles A. Kupchan (ed.), Nationalism and Nationalities in the New Europe, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995, pp. 85–106
Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension Meeting of the CSCE, 29 June 1990, Human Rights Law Journal 11:1–2 (1990), 232–46
Donia, Robert J. and Fine, John V. A., Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed, London: Hurst & Co, 1994
Donnelly, Jack, ‘State Sovereignty and International Intervention: The Case of Human Rights’, in Gene M. Lyons and Michael Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? State Sovereignty and International Intervention, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, pp. 115–46
Douglas, Mary, Purity and Danger, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970
Dowty, Alan and Loescher, Gil, ‘Refugee Flows as Grounds for International Action’, International Security 21:1 (1996), 43–71
ECRI (European Commission on Racism and Intolerance), Report on the Czech Republic, Strasburg: Council of Europe, September 1997
ECRI (European Commission on Racism and Intolerance), Second Report on the Czech Republic, Strasburg: Council of Europe, 21 March 2000
Edginton, Bella, ‘The Czech Citizenship Law: Legally and Morally Wrong’, Prague Post, 6 March 1996
Edwards, John, The Jews in Christian Europe, 1400–1700, London: Routledge, 1988
Elias, Norbert The Court Society, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983
Elias, Norbert, The Civilizing Process, vol. 2, State Formation and Civilization, Oxford: Blackwell, 1982
Elliott, John H., Imperial Spain 1469–1716, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963
Elster, Jon, Offe, Claus, Preuss, Ulrich K. with Boenker, Frank, Goetting, Ulrike, and Rueb, Friedbert, W., Institutional Design in Post-Communist Societies: Rebuilding the Ship at Sea, Cambridge University Press, 1998
Elton, G. R. (ed.), The New Cambridge Modern History, vol. 2, The Reformation 1520–1559, Cambridge University Press, 1962
Elton, G. R., Reformation Europe, 1517–1559, London: Fontana/Collins, 1963
European Roma Rights Center, A Pleasant Fiction: The Human Rights Situation of Roma in Macedonia, Country Reports Series 7 (July 1998)
European Roma Rights Center, A Special Remedy: Roma and Schools for the Mentally Handicapped in the Czech Republic, Bucharest: European Roma Rights Center, 1999, <http://www.errc.org/publications/reports/czechrepublic.rtf>
European Union, Accession Partnership 1999: Czech Republic
Farer, Tom J. ‘How the International System Copes With Involuntary Marticlen: Norms, Institutions and State Practice’, Human Rights Quarterly 17:1 (1995), 72–100
Farer, Tom J., ‘A Paradigm of Legitimate Intervention’, in Lori Fisler Damrosch (ed.), Enforcing Restraint: Collective Intervention in Internal Conflicts, New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993, pp. 316–47
Fearon, James D., ‘Rationalist Explanations for War’, International Organization 49:3 (1995), 379–414
Fein, Helen (ed.), Genocide Watch, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992
Fein, Helen, Accounting for Genocide, New York: The Free Press, 1979
Fenet, Alain, ‘The Question of Minorities in the Order of Law’, in Gerard Chaliand (ed.), Minority Peoples in the Age of Nation-States, trans. Tony Berrett, London: Pluto Press, 1989, pp. 12–51
Findlay, Carter V., Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789–1922, Princeton University Press, 1980
Finnemore, Martha ‘Norms, Culture, and World Politics: Insights From Sociology's Institutionalism’, International Organization 50:2 (1996), 325–47
Finnemore, Martha National Interests in International Society, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996
Finnemore, Martha, ‘Constructing Norms of Humanitarian Intervention’, in Peter J. Katzenstein (ed.), The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia University Press, 1996, pp. 153–85
Folnegovic-Smalc, Vera, ‘Psychiatric Aspects of the Rapes in the War Against the Republics of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993, pp. 174–9
Foreign Policy Institute, Ankara, ‘The Turkish Argument: The Armenian Issue in Nine Questions and Answers’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 132–67
Forsyth, Murray, ‘The Tradition of International Law’, in Terry Nardin and David Mapel (eds.), Traditions of International Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 23–41
Foucault, Michel, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, London: Penguin, 1979
Franck, Thomas M., ‘The Emerging Right to Democratic Governance’, American Journal of International Law 86:1 (1992), 41–91
Fraser, Angus, The Gypsies, Oxford: Blackwell, 1992
Frentzel-Zagorska, Janina (ed.), From One-Party State to Democracy: Transition in Eastern Europe, Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B. V., 1993
Gagnon, V. P. ‘Ethnic Conflict as Demobilizer: The Case of Serbia’, Institute for European Studies Working Paper 96:1, Ithaca: Cornell University, 1996, pp. 1–31
Gagnon, V. P., ‘Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict’, International Security 19:3 (1994/95), 130–66
Garrisson, Janine, A History of Sixteenth-Century France, 1483–1598: Renaissance, Reformation and Rebellion, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995
Gati, Charles, ‘The Mirage of Democracy’, Transitions 2:6 (1996), 6–12, 62
Geertz, Clifford, The Interpretation of Cultures, New York: Basic Books, 1973
Gellner, Ernest, Nations and Nationalism, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983
George, Jim, Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re)Introduction to International Relations, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1994
Gerber, Jane, The Jews of Spain: A History of the Sephardic Experience, New York: Free Press, 1992
Gheorghe, Nicolae, ‘Roma-Gypsy Ethnicity in Eastern Europe’, Social Research 58:4 (1991), 829–44
Gibney, Matthew J., ‘Kosovo and Beyond: Popular and Unpopular Refugees’, Forced Migration Review 5: August (1999), 28–30
Giddens, Anthony, The Nation-State and Violence: Volume Two of a Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1985
Glenny, Misha, The Fall of Yugoslavia, London: Penguin, 1992
Godard, Charles, ‘The Historical Role of the Intendants’, in William F. Church (ed.), The Impact of Absolutism in France: National Experience Under Richelieu, Mazarin, and Louis XIV, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1969, pp. 159–65
Goebel, Christopher M., ‘Population Transfer, Humanitarian Law, and the Use of Ground Force in UN Peacemaking: Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Wake of Iraq’, New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 25:3 (1993), 627–98
Golden, Richard M. (ed.), The Huguenot Connection: The Edict of Nantes, its Revocation and Early French Migration to South Carolina, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988
Golden, Richard M., ‘Introduction’, in Richard M. Golden (ed.), The Huguenot Connection: The Edict of Nantes, its Revocation and Early French Migration to South Carolina, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988, pp. 1–27
Gong, Gerrit W. ‘China's Entry into the International Society’, in Hedley Bull and Adam Watson (eds.), The Evolution of International Society, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985, pp. 172–83
Gong, Gerrit W., The Standard of ‘Civilization’ in International Society, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984
Gonzales de Caldas, Maria Victoria, ‘New Images of the Holy Office in Seville: The Auto-de-Fe’, in Angel Alcala (ed.), The Spanish Inquisition and the Inquisitorial Mind, New York: Columbia University Press, 1984, pp. 265–300
Gordon, Philip H., ‘Europe's Uncommon Foreign Policy’, International Security 22:3 (1997/98), 74–100
Gordy, Eric D., ‘Why Milosevic Still?’, Current History 99:635 (2000), 99–103
Gow, James Legitimacy and the Military: The Yugoslav Crisis, London: Pinter Publishers, 1992
Gow, James, ‘Deconstructing Yugoslavia’, Survival 33:4 (1991), 291–311
Green Cowles, Maria, Caporaso, James and Risse, Thomas (eds.), Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001
Greenfeld, Liah and Chirot, Daniel, ‘Nationalism and Aggression’, Theory and Society 23:1 (1994), 79–130
Greenfeld, Liah, Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992
Greengrass, Mark The French Reformation, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987
Greengrass, Mark, France in the Age of Henry IV, Harlow: Longman, 1984
Gross, Tom, ‘Citizenship Law Codifies Racism’, Prague Post, 29 June 1994
Gurr, Ted Robert and Harff, Barbara, Ethnic Conflict in World Politics, Boulder: Westview Press, 1994
Gutman, Roy, A Witness to Genocide, New York: Macmillan, 1993
Habermas, Jurgen, The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987
Haliczer, Stephen, ‘The First Holocaust: The Inquisition and the Converted Jews of Spain and Portugal’, in Stephen Haliczer (ed.), Inquisition and Society in Early Modern Europe, London: Croom Helm, 1987, pp. 7–18
Hannum, Hurst, ‘Contemporary Developments in the International Protection of the Rights of Minorities’, Notre Dame Law Review 66:5 (1991), 1431-48
Hardin, Russell, One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict, Princeton University Press, 1995
Harvey, L. P., Islamic Spain 1250 to 1500, University of Chicago Press, 1990
Hastings, Adrian, The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion, and Nationalism, Cambridge University Press, 1997
Hatton, Ragnhild, Louis XIV and Europe, London: Macmillan, 1976
Hayden, Robert M. ‘Constitutional Nationalism in the Formerly Yugoslav Republics’, Slavic Review 51:4 (1992), 654–73
Hayden, Robert M. ‘Imagined Communities and Real Victims: Self-Determination and Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia’, American Ethnologist 23:4 (1996), 783–801
Hayden, Robert M., ‘Balancing Discussion of Jasenovac and the Manipulation of History’, East European Politics and Societies 6:2 (1992), 207–12
Hays, Sharon, ‘Structure and Agency and the Sticky Problem of Culture’, Sociological Theory 12:1 (1994), 57–72
Held, David and Thompson, John B. (eds.), Social Theory of Modern Societies: Anthony Giddens and His Critics, Cambridge University Press, 1989
Held, David, et al. (eds.), States and Societies, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985
Henckaerts, Jean-Marie, Mass Expulsion in Modern International Law and Practice, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1995
Henkin, Louis, ‘Kosovo and the Law of “Humanitarian Intervention”’, American Journal of International Law 93:4 (1999), 824–8
Henningson, Gustav, ‘The Archives and the Historiography of the Spanish Inquisition’, in Gustav Henningson and John Tedeschi (eds.), The Inquisition in Early Modern Europe: Studies on Sources and Methods, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1986, pp. 54–78
Hess, Andrew C., ‘The Moriscos: An Ottoman Fifth Column in Sixteenth-Century Spain’, American Historical Review 74:1 (1968), 1–25
Heyd, Uriel, Foundations of Turkish Nationalism: The Life and Teaching of Ziya Gokalp, London: The Harvill Press, 1950
Hinsley, F. H., Sovereignty, 2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, 1986
Hobsbawm, E. J. Nations and Nationalism Since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality, 2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, 1992
Hobsbawm, E. J., ‘Introduction: Inventing Traditions’, in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 1–14
Hoffman, Mark, ‘Critical Theory and the Inter-Paradigm Debate’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies 16:2 (1987), 231–49
Hoffmann, Stanley The Ethics and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention, University of Notre Dame Press, 1996
Hoffmann, Stanley, Duties Beyond Borders: On the Limits and Possibilities of Ethical International Politics, Syracuse University Press, 1981
Hofmann, Tessa, ‘German Eyewitness Reports of the Genocide of the Armenians, 1915–1916’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 61–92
Holt, Mack P., The French Wars of Religion, 1562–1629, Cambridge University Press, 1995
Honig, Jan Willem and Both, Norbert, Srebrenica: Record of a War Crime, New York: Penguin, 1996
Hopf, Ted, ‘The Promise of Constructivism in International Relations Theory’, International Security 23:1 (1998), 171–200
Horkheimer, Max, ‘Traditional and Critical Theory’, in Max Horkheimer, Critical Theory: Selected Essays, New York: Free Press, 1972, pp. 188–243
Hovannisian, Richard G. ‘The Armenian Question, 1878–1923’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 11–33
Hovannisian, Richard G. (ed.), The Armenian Genocide: History, Politics, Ethics, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992
Hovannisian, Richard G., The Republic of Armenia, vols. 1–4, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971–96
Human Rights Watch ‘Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Kosovo: Rape as a Weapon of “Ethnic Cleansing”’, <http://www.hrw.org/hrw/reports/2000/fry/index.htm>
Human Rights Watch ‘Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo’, Human Rights Watch Report 10:9 (1998)
Human Rights Watch Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo, New York: Human Rights Watch, 1998
Human Rights Watch World Report 1999: Czech Republic, <http://www.hrw.org/wr2k/Eca-08.htm>
Human Rights Watch, ‘Roma in the Czech Republic: Foreigners in Their Own Land’, Human Rights Watch Country Report 8:11 (1996)
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Is Dayton Failing?: Bosnia Four Years After the Peace Agreement’, ICG Balkans Report No. 80, Sarajevo: ICG, October 1999
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Kosovo's Impact on Macedonia’, ICG, 17 May 1999
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonia's Ethnic Albanians: Bridging the Gulf’, ICG Balkans Report No. 98, Skopje/Washington/Brussels: ICG, 2 August 2000
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonia: Filling the Security Vacuum’, ICG Balkans Briefing, Skopje/Brussels, ICG, 8 September 2001
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonia: Still Sliding’, ICG Briefing Paper, ICG, 27 July 2001, <http://www.intl-crisis-group.org/>
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonia: The Last Chance for Peace’, ICG Balkans Report No. 113, Skopje/Brussels: ICG, 20 June 2001
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonia: War on Hold’, Balkans Briefing, Skopje/Brussels: ICG, 15 August 2001
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Macedonian: Still Sliding’, Balkans Briefing, Skopje/Brussels: ICG, 27 July 2001
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘Preventing Minority Return in Bosnia-Herzegovina: The Anatomy of Hate and Fear’, ICG Balkans Report No. 73, ICG, August 1999
ICG (International Crisis Group) ‘The Macedonian Question: Reform or Rebellion?’, ICG Balkans Report No. 109, Skopje/Brussels: ICG, 5 April 2001
ICG (International Crisis Group), ‘Macedonia: The Politics of Ethnicity and Conflict’, ICG, 21 October 1997
ICTY (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia), Judgement: Prosecutor vs Dragoljub Kunarac, Radomir Kovac and Zoran Vukovic, 22 February 2001, Case No. IT-96–23-T & IT-96–23/1-T, available at <http://www.un.org/icty>
Israel, Jonathan I., European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550–1750, Oxford: Clarendon, 1985
Jackson Preece Jennifer, ‘Minority Rights in Europe: From Westphalia to Helsinki’, Review of International Studies 23:1 (1997), 75–92
Jackson Preece, Jennifer ‘Ethnic Cleansing as an Instrument of Nation-State Creation: Changing State Practices and Evolving Legal Norms’, Human Rights Quarterly 20:4 (1998), 817–42
Jackson Preece, Jennifer National Minorities and the European Nation-States System, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998
Jackson, Robert, Quasi-States: Sovereignty, International Relations, and the Third World, Cambridge University Press, 1990
Jones, Dorothy V., ‘The League of Nations Experiment in International Protection’, Ethics and International Affairs 8 (1994), 77–95
Judah, Tim, Kosovo: War and Revenge, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000
Judge, H. G., ‘Louis XIV and the Church’, in John C. Rule (ed.), Louis XIV and the Craft of Kingship, Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969, pp. 240–64
Kalibova, Kveta, Haisman, Thomas and Gjoricova, Jitka, ‘Gypsies in Czechoslovakia: Demographic Development and Policy Perspectives’, in John O'Loughlin and Herman van der Wusten (eds.), The New Political Geography of Eastern Europe, London: Belhaven Press, 1993, pp. 133–44
Kamen, Henry ‘The Mediterranean and the Expulsion of Spanish Jews in 1492’, Past and Present 119 (1988), 30–55
Kamen, Henry Inquisition and Society in Spain: In the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985
Kamen, Henry The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997
Kamen, Henry, Spain 1469–1714: A Society of Conflict, New York: Longman, 1983
Kantorowicz, Ernst H., The King's Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology, Princeton University Press, 1957
Katz, Jacob, Exclusiveness and Tolerance, Oxford University Press, 1961
Katz, Steven T., The Holocaust in Historical Context, vol. 1, The Holocaust and Mass Death Before the Modern Age, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994
Katzenstein, Peter J. (ed.), The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia University Press, 1996
Katzenstein, Peter J., Culture, Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996
Kaufman, Stuart J., ‘An “International Theory” of Inter-Ethnic War’, Review of International Studies 22:2 (1996), 149–71
Kaufmann, Chaim D.‘When All Else Fails: Ethnic Population Transfers and Particlens in the Twentieth Century’, International Security 23:2 (1998), 120–56
Kaufmann, Chaim D., ‘Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars’, International Security 20:4 (1996), 136–75
Keen, Maurice, The Penguin History of Medieval Europe, London: Penguin, 1968
Kelley, Donald R., The Beginning of Ideology: Consciousness and Society in the French Reformation, Cambridge University Press, 1981
Kelsay, John, ‘Bosnia and the Muslim Critique of Modernity’, in G. Scott Davis (ed.), Religion and Justice in the War Over Bosnia, New York: Routledge, 1996, pp. 117–41
Keohane, Nannerl O., Philosophy and the State in France: The Renaissance to the Enlightenment, Princeton University Press, 1980
Keohane, Robert O. (ed.), Neorealism and its Critics, New York: Columbia University Press, 1986
Kertzer, David I., Ritual, Politics, Power, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988
Kier, Elizabeth, ‘Culture and Military Doctrine: France Between the Wars’, International Security 19:4 (1995), 65–93
Kim, Lucian, ‘The Wall of Hostility on “Intolerance Street”’, US News and World Report 127:18 (1999)
Kingdon, Robert M., Myths About the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacres, 1572–1576, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998
Kirshner, Jonathan, ‘Rationalist Explanations for War?’, Security Studies 10:1 (2000), 143–50
Klebes, Heinrich ‘The Council of Europe's Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities’, Human Rights Law Journal 16:1–3 (1995), 92-115
Klebes, Heinrich, ‘The Council of Europe's Framework Convention’, Appendix A: Explanatory Memorandum on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Human Rights Law Journal 16:1–3 (1995), 102; Appendix A: Explanatory Memorandum on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Commentary on Article 27, 103
Knecht, R. J., The French Wars of Religion 1559–1598, 2nd edn, New York: Longman, 1996
Koenigsberger, H. G. and Mosse, George L., Europe in the Sixteenth Century, London: Longmans, 1968
Kowert, Paul and Legro, Jeffery, ‘Norms, Identity, and Their Limits: A Theoretical Reprise’, in Peter J. Katzenstein (ed.), The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia University Press, 1996, pp. 451–97
Krasner, Stephen D. ‘Compromising Westphalia’, International Security 20:3 (1995/96), 115–51
Krasner, Stephen D. ‘Sovereignty and Intervention’, in Gene M. Lyons and Michael Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? State Sovereignty and International Intervention, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, pp. 228–49
Krasner, Stephen D. ‘Sovereignty: An Institutional Perspective’, Comparative Political Studies 21:1 (1988), 66–94
Krasner, Stephen D. ‘Westphalia and All That’, in Judith Goldstein and Robert O. Keohane (eds.), Ideas and Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions, and Political Change, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993, pp. 235–64
Krasner, Stephen D. Organized Hypocrisy, Princeton University Press, 1999
Krasner, Stephen D., ‘Approaches to the State: Alternative Conceptions and Historical Dynamics’, Comparative Politics 16:2 (1984), 223–46
Kratochwil, Friedrich ‘Sovereignty as Dominium: Is There a Right of Humanitarian Intervention?’, in Gene M. Lyons and Michael Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? State Sovereignty and International Intervention, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, pp. 21–42
Kratochwil, Friedrich, ‘Of Systems, Boundaries, and Territoriality: An Inquiry into the Formation of the State System’, World Politics 39:1 (1986), 27–52
Kuper, Leo International Action Against Genocide, Report No. 53, revised edn, London: Minority Rights Group, 1984
Kuper, Leo, Genocide: Its Political Use in the Twentieth Century, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981
Kushner, David, The Rise of Turkish Nationalism 1876–1908, London: Frank Cass, 1977
Labrousse, Elisabeth ‘Understanding the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes from the Perspective of the French Court’, in Richard M. Golden (ed.), The Huguenot Connection: The Edict of Nantes, its Revocation, and Early French Migration to South Carolina, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988, pp. 49–62
Labrousse, Elisabeth, ‘The Political Ideas of the Huguenot Diaspora (Bayle and Jurieu)’, in Richard M. Golden (ed.), Church, State and Society under the Bourbon Kings of France, Lawrence: Coronado Press, 1982
Ladas, Stephen P., The Exchange of Minorities: Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, New York: The Macmillan Company, 1932
Lake, David A. ‘Spreading Fear: The Genesis of Transnational Ethnic Conflict’, in David A. Lake and Donald Rothchild (eds.), The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear Diffusion and Escalation, Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 3–32
Lake, David A. and Rothchild, Donald, ‘Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic Conflict’, International Security 21:2 (1996), 41–75
Lampe, John R., Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country, Cambridge University Press, 1996
Landau, Jacob M., Pan-Turkism in Turkey: A Study in Irredentism, London: C. Hurst & Co., 1981
Lapid, Yosef and Kratochwil, Friedrich (eds.), The Return of Culture and Identity in IR Theory, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1996
Lapid, Yosef, ‘Quo Vadis International Relations? Further Reflections on the “Next Stage” of International Theory’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies 18:1 (1989), 77–88
Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel, The Royal French State 1460–1610, trans. Juliet Vale, Oxford: Blackwell, 1994
Leff, Carol Skalnik, The Czech and Slovak Republics: Nation Versus State, Boulder: Westview Press, 1997
Lerner, N., ‘The Evolution of Minority Rights in International Law’, in Catherine Brölman, Rene Lefeber and Marjoleine Zieck (eds.), Peoples and Minorities in International Law, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993, pp. 77–101
Lewis, Bernard, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, London: Oxford University Press, 1962
Libaridian, Gerard J. ‘The Ultimate Repression: The Genocide of the Armenians, 1915–1917’, in Isidor Walliman and Michael N. Dobkowski (eds.), Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death, New York: Greenwood Press, 1987, pp. 203–35
Libaridian, Gerard J., ‘The Ideology of the Young Turk Movement’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 37–52
Lichtenberg, Judith, ‘National Boundaries and Moral Boundaries: A Cosmopolitan View’, in Peter G. Brown and Henry Shue (eds.), Boundaries: National Autonomy and its Limits, Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield, 1981, pp. 79–100
Liegeois, Jean-Pierre, Roma, Gypsies, Travellers, Strasburg: Council of Europe Press, 1994
Lindo, E. H., History of the Jews of Spain and Portugal, New York: Burt Franklin, 1970 (1848)
Linklater, Andrew ‘The Problem of Community in International Relations’, Alternatives 15:2 (1990), 135–53
Linklater, Andrew ‘The Question of the Next Stage in International Relations Theory: A Critical-Theoretical Point of View’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies 21:1 (1992), 77–98
Linklater, Andrew The Transformation of Political Community, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998
Linklater, Andrew, Men and Citizens in the Theory of International Relations, 2nd edn, London: Macmillan, 1990
Little, Richard, ‘Recent Literature on Intervention and Non-Intervention’, in Ian Forbes and Mark Hoffman (eds.), Political Theory, International Relations, and the Ethics of Intervention, London: Macmillan, 1993, pp. 13–31
Lloyd, Howell A., The State, France, and the Sixteenth Century, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1984
Loescher, Gil and Monahan, Laila, Refugees and International Relations, Oxford University Press, 1989
Loescher, Gil, Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis, Oxford University Press, 1993
Lossky, Andrew, Louis XIV and the French Monarchy, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994
Luard, Evan, ‘The Origins of International Concern Over Human Rights’, in Evan Luard (ed.), The International Protection of Human Rights, New York: Praeger, 1967, pp. 7–21
Lynch, John, Spain Under the Habsburgs, vol. 1, New York University Press, 1981
Macartney, C. A. National States and National Minorities, 2nd edn, New York: Russell & Russell, 1968
Macartney, C. A., ‘League of Nations’ Protection of Minority Rights’, in Evan Luard (ed.), The International Protection of Human Rights, New York: Praeger, 1967
MacKay, Angus, ‘Popular Movements and Pogroms in Fifteenth-Century Castile’, Past and Present 55 (1972), 33–67
MacKinnon, Catharine A., ‘Rape, Genocide, and Women's Human Rights’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993, pp. 183–96
Magas, Branka, The Destruction of Yugoslavia, London: Verso, 1993
Malcolm, Noel Kosovo: A Short History, London: Macmillan, 1998
Malcolm, Noel, Bosnia: A Short History, London: Macmillan, 1994
Mann, Michael The Sources of Social Power, vol. 2, The Rise of Classes and Nation-States, 1760–1914, Cambridge University Press, 1993
Mann, Michael, The Sources of Social Power, vol. 1, The History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760, Cambridge University Press, 1986
Maravall, Jose, Antonio, ‘The Origins of the Modern State’, Journal of World History 6:4 (1961), 789–808
Marcus, Jonathan, ‘Macedonia Mission “Too Short”’, BBC News Online, 17 August 2001
Marrus, Michael ‘The Uprooted: An Historical Perspective’, in Goran Rystad (ed.), The Uprooted: Forced Migration as an International Problem in the Post-War Era, Lund University Press, 1990, pp. 47–57
Marrus, Michael, The Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century, Oxford University Press, 1985
Martin, Nicholas, ‘UNHCR and Kosovo: A Personal View from the UNHCR’, Forced Migration Review 5: August (1999), 14–17
Mattingly, Garrett, Renaissance Diplomacy, London: Jonathan Cape, 1955
Mayall, James ‘The Concept of Humanitarian Intervention Revisited’, in Albrecht Schnabel and Ramesh Thakur (eds.), Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2000, pp. 319–33
Mayall, James (ed.) The New Interventionism 1991–1994: United Nations Experience in Cambodia, Former Yugoslavia and Somalia, Cambridge University Press, 1996
Mayall, James, Nationalism and International Society, Cambridge University Press, 1990
Mazian, Florence, Why Genocide? The Armenian and Jewish Experiences In Perspective, Iowa State University Press, 1990
Mazowiecki, Tadeusz, ‘The Situation of Human Rights in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia’, UN Doc. A/48/92-S/25341, United Nations: New York, February 1993
McClune, Emma, ‘Proposed Changes to Citizenship Law Disappoints Helsinki Commission’, Prague Post, 28 February 1996
McKim, Robert and McMahan, Jeff (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997
McNeill, William H., Polyethnicity and National Unity in World History, University of Toronto Press, 1986
Mearsheimer, John J., ‘Shrink Bosnia to Save It’, New York Times, 31 March 1993
Melson, Robert ‘Provocation or Nationalism?: A Critical Inquiry into the Armenian Genocide of 1915’, in Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn (eds.), The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990, pp. 266–89
Melson, Robert Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust, University of Chicago Press, 1992
Melson, Robert, ‘A Theoretical Inquiry into the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 24 (1982), 481–509
Meron, Theodor ‘War Crimes in Yugoslavia and the Development of International Law’, American Journal of International Law 88:1 (1994), 78–87
Meron, Theodor ‘War Crimes Law Comes of Age’, American Journal of International Law 92:3 (1998), 462–8
Meron, Theodor, ‘Rape as a Crime Under International Humanitarian Law’, American Journal of International Law 87:3 (1993), 424–8
Mettam, Roger, Power and Faction in Louis XIV's France, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988
Meyer, John W., Boli, John and Thomas, George M.,‘Ontology and Rationalization in the Western Cultural Account’, in George M. Thomas, John W. Meyer, Francisco O. Ramirez, and John Boli, (eds.), Institutional Structure: Constituting State, Society, and the Individual, Newbury Park: Sage, 1987, pp. 12–37
Mickey, Robert W., and Albion, Adam Smith, ‘Success in the Balkans? A Case Study of Ethnic Relations in the Republic of Macedonia’, in Ian M. Cuthbertson and Jane Leibowitz (eds.), Minorities: The New Europe's Old Issue, Prague: Institute for EastWest Studies, 1993, pp. 53–98
Migdal, Joel S., ‘Studying the State’, in Mark Irving Lichbach and Alan S. Zuckerman (eds.), Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure, Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 208–35
Miller, David, ‘The Ethical Significance of Nationality’, Ethics 98:4 (1988), 647–62
Miller, Donald E. and Miller, Lorna Touryan, ‘Women and Children of the Armenian Genocide’, in Richard G. Hovannisian (ed.), The Armenian Genocide: History, Politics, Ethics, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992, pp. 152–72
Milosevic, Milan, ‘The Media Wars’, in Jasminka Udovicki and James Ridgeway (eds.), Burn This House: The Making and Unmaking of Yugoslavia, Durham: Duke University Press, 1997, pp. 108–29
Minority Rights Group, World Directory of Minorities, London: Minority Rights Group International, 1997
Minow, Martha, Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence, Boston: Beacon Press, 1998
Montville, Joseph (ed.), Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies, Lexington Books, 1990
Mosse, George L., The Reformation, Illinois: Dryden Press, 1963
Naff, Thomas, ‘The Ottoman Empire and the European States System’, in Hedley Bull and Adam Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985, pp. 143–69
Nash, Margaret, ‘The Politics and Norms of Self-Determination’, unpublished paper, Melbourne: Monash University, 1996
Nassibian, Akaby, Britain and the Armenian Question, 1915–1923, London: Croom Helm, 1984
Nelson, Benjamin, ‘Civilizational Complexes and Intercivilizational Encounters’, Sociological Analysis 34 (1973), 79–105
Netanyahu, Benzion The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain, New York: Random House, 1995
Netanyahu, Benzion, ‘The Primary Cause of the Spanish Inquisition’, in Angel Alcala (ed.), The Spanish Inquisition and the Inquisitorial Mind, New York: Columbia University Press, 1984, pp. 11–32
Neumann, Iver B. and Welsh, Jennifer M., ‘The Other in European Self-Definition: An Addendum to the Literature on International Society’, Review of International Studies 17:4 (1991), 327–48
North, Douglass C. and Thomas, Robert Paul, The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History, Cambridge University Press, 1973
North, Douglass C., Structure and Change in Economic History, New York: W. W. Norton, 1981
Nowak, M., ‘The Evolution of Minority Rights in International Law, Comments’, in Catherine Brölman Rene Lefeber, and Marjoleine Zieck (eds.), Peoples and Minorities in International Law, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993, pp. 103–18
O'Brien, James C., ‘The International Tribunal for Violations of International Humanitarian Law in the Former Yugoslavia’, American Journal of International Law 87:4 (1993), 639–59
Offe, Claus, ‘Cultural Aspects of Consolidation: A Note on the Peculiarities of Postcommunist Transformations’, East European Constitutional Review 6:4 (1997)
Office of the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), The Czech and Slovak Citizenship Laws and the Problem of Statelessness, February 1996
Orentlicher, Diane F., ‘Citizenship and National Identity’, in David Wippman (ed.), International Law and Ethnic Conflict, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998, pp. 296–325
OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) Report of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities to Session 3 of the Human Dimension Section of the OSCE Review Conference, RC.GAL/2/99, 22 September 1999, <http://www.osce.org/inst/hcnm/recomm/roma/roma 99.html>
OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) Report on the Situation of Roma and Sinti in the OSCE Area, The Hague, April 2000
OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) High Commissioner on National Minorities, Report on the Situation of Roma and Sinti in the OSCE Area, The Hague, March 2000, p. 157
Owen, David, Balkan Odyssey, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995
Parekh, Bhikhu, ‘Ethnocentricity of the Nationalist Discourse’, Nations and Nationalism 1:1 (1995), 25–52
Parin, Paul, ‘Open Wounds; Ethnopsychoanalytic Reflections on the Wars in the Former Yugoslavia’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994, pp. 35–53
Parker, David, The Making of French Absolutism, London: Edward Arnold, 1983
Parry, Clive (ed.), Consolidated Treaty Series, vol. 1, 1648–1649, New York: Dobbs Ferry, 1909
Pasic, Amir and Weiss, Thomas G., ‘The Politics of Rescue: Yugoslavia's Wars and the Humanitarian Impulse’, Ethics and International Affairs 11 (1997), 105–31
Pavkovic, Aleksandar, The Fragmentation of Yugoslavia: Nationalism in a Multinational State, London: Macmillan, 1997
Pearson, Raymond ‘The Making of’ 89: Nationalism and the Dissolution of Carticlet Eastern Europe’, Nations and Nationalism 1:1 (1995), 69–79
Pearson, Raymond, National Minorities in Eastern Europe 1848–1945, London: Macmillan, 1983
Penrose, Jan, ‘Essential Constructions? The “Cultural Bases” of Nationalist Movements’, Nations and Nationalism 1:3 (1995), 391–417
Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985
Perry, Duncan M. ‘Macedonia's Quest for Security and Stability’, Current History 99:635 (2000), 129–36
Perry, Duncan M. ‘Macedonia: Balkan Miracle or Balkan Disaster?’, Current History 95:599 (1996), 113–17
Perry, Duncan M. ‘The Republic of Macedonia: Finding its Way’, in Karen Dawisha and Bruce Parrott (eds.), Democratization and Authoritarianism in Postcommunist Societies: 2, Politics, Power and the Struggle for Democracy in South-East Europe, Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 226–81
Perry, Duncan M. The Politics of Terror: The Macedonian Liberation Movements 1893–1903, Durham: Duke University Press, 1988
Perry, Duncan M., ‘Destiny on Hold: Macedonia and the Dangers of Ethnic Discord’, Current History 97:617 (1998), 119–26
Peters, Edward, Inquisition, New York: Free Press, 1988
Petruseva, Ana, ‘Macedonian Peace Deal in Jeopardy’, Institute for War and Peace Reporting's Balkan Crisis Report 269, 9 August 2001
Pettifer, James, ‘The Albanians in Western Macedonia After FYROM Independence’, in James Pettifer (ed.), The New Macedonian Question, London: Macmillan, 1999
Poggi, Gianfranco, The Development of the Modern State: A Sociological Introduction, Stanford University Press, 1978
Poolos, Alexandra, ‘Czech Republic: A Wall Divides the Country’, RFE/RL, 21 October 1999
Poulton, Hugh, Who Are the Macedonians?, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995; 2nd edn, 2000
Powell, Chris, ‘Time for Another Immoral Panic? The Case of the Czechoslovak Gypsies’, International Journal of the Sociology of Law 22:2 (1994), 105–21
Price, Richard and Reus-Smit, Christian, ‘Dangerous Liaisons? Critical International Theory and Constructivism’, European Journal of International Relations 4:3 (1998), 259–94
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Balkans Report 5:26 (10 April 2001)
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Balkans Report 5:50 (20 July 2001)
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Newsline 5:160, part II (23 August 2001)
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Newsline 5:29 (12 February 2001)
Ramet, Pedro, ‘Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslavia’, in Pedro Ramet (ed.), Religion and Nationalism in Soviet and East European Politics, 2nd edn, Durham: Duke University Press, 1989, pp. 149–69
Ramet, Sabrina Petra ‘Introduction: The Roots of Discord and the Language of War’, in Sabrina Petra Ramet and Ljubisa S. Adamovich (eds.), Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995, pp. 1–9
Ramet, Sabrina Petra ‘The Yugoslav Crisis and the West: Avoiding “Vietnam” and Blundering into “Abyssinia”’, East European Politics and Societies 8:1 (1994), 189–219
Ramet, Sabrina Petra ‘Why Albanian Irredentism in Kosovo Will Not Go Away’, in Sabrina Petra Ramet, Social Currents in Eastern Europe: The Sources and Meaning of the Great Transformation, Durham: Duke University Press, 1991, pp. 173–94
Ramet, Sabrina Petra Balkan Babel: Politics, Culture and Religion in Yugoslavia, Boulder: Westview Press, 1992
Ramet, Sabrina Petra Balkan Babel: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia from the Death of Tito to the War for Kosovo, 3rd edn, Boulder: Westview Press, 1999
Ramet, Sabrina Petra and Adamovich, Ljubisa S. (eds.), Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995
Ramet, Sabrina Petra, Social Currents in Eastern Europe: The Sources and Meaning of the Great Transformation, Durham: Duke University Press, 1991
Ramsaur Jr, Ernest Edmondson, The Young Turks: Prelude to the Revolution of 1908, New York: Russell & Russell, 1957
Report of the Council of Experts of the Council of Europe on the Citizenship Laws of the Czech Republic and Slovakia and their Implementation and Replies of the Governments of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Doc. DIR/JUR (96), April 1996
Reus-Smit, Christian, The Moral Purpose of the State: Culture, Social Identity, and Institutional Rationality in International Relations, Princeton University Press, 1999
Reuter, Jens, ‘Policy and Economy in Macedonia’, in James Pettifer (ed.), The New Macedonian Question, London: Macmillan, 1999, pp. 28–46
Risse, Thomas, “‘Let's Argue !”: Communicative Action in World Politics’, International Organization 54:1 (2000), 1–39
Roberts, Adam, ‘NATO's “Humanitarian War” Over Kosovo’, Survival 41:3 (1999), 102–23
Rodley, Nigel S., ‘Conceptual Problems in the Protection of Minorities: International Legal Developments’, Human Rights Quarterly 17:1 (1995), 48–71
Ropp, Stephen C., Sikkink, Kathryn and Risse, Thomas (eds.), The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change, Cambridge University Press, 1999
Rosenau, Pauline Marie, Post-Modernism and the Social Sciences: Insights, Inroads and Intrusions, Princeton University Press, 1992
Rotberg, Robert I. and Thompson, Dennis (eds.) Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, Princeton University Press, 2000
Roth, Cecil A History of the Jews in England, 3rd edn, Oxford University Press, 1964
Roth, Cecil History of the Jews, New York: Schocken, 1961
Roth, Cecil, ‘Marranos and Racial Antisemitism’, Jewish Social Studies 2:3 (1940), 239–48
Ruggie, John Gerard ‘Multilateralism: The Anatomy of an Institution’, in John Gerard Ruggie (ed.), Multilateralism Matters: The Theory and Praxis of an Institutional Form, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993, pp. 3–47
Ruggie, John Gerard ‘Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations’, International Organization 47:1 (1993), 139–74
Ruggie, John Gerard ‘What Makes the World Hang Together? Neo-Utilitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge’, in John Gerard Ruggie, Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization, London: Routledge, 1998, pp. 1–39
Ruggie, John, Gerard, ‘Continuity and Transformation in the World Polity: Toward a Neorealist Synthesis’, World Politics 35:2 (1983), 261–85
Rule, John C., ‘Louis XIV, Roi Bureaucrate’, in John C. Rule (ed.), Louis XIV and the Craft of Kingship, Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969, pp. 3–101
Rusinow, Dennison, ‘The Avoidable Catastrophe’, in Sabrina Petra Ramet and Ljubisa S. Adamovich (eds.), Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995, pp. 13–37
Rystad, Goran (ed.), The Uprooted: Forced Migration as an International Problem in the Post-War Era, Lund University Press, 1990
Sack, Robert David, Human Territoriality: Its Theory and History, Cambridge University Press, 1986
Salzman, Todd A., ‘Rape Camps as a Means of Ethnic Cleansing: Religious, Cultural, and Ethical Responses to Rape Victims in the Former Yugoslavia’, Human Rights Quarterly 20:2 (1998), 348–78
Schnabel, Albrecht and Thakur, Ramesh (eds.), Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2000
Schopflin, George ‘Nationalism and Ethnicity in Europe, East and West’, in Charles A. Kupchan (ed.), Nationalism and Nationalities in the New Europe, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995, pp. 37–65
Schopflin, George, ‘Culture and Identity in Post-Communist Europe’, in Stephen White, Judy Batt, and Paul G. Lewis (eds.), Developments in East European Politics, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993, pp. 16–34
Schroeder, Ralph, ‘Nietzsche and Weber: Two “Prophets” of the Modern World’, in Scott Lash and Sam Whimster (eds.), Max Weber, Rationality and Modernity, London: Allen & Unwin, 1987, pp. 207–21
Scoville, Warren C., The Persecution of the Huguenots and French Economic Development 1680–1720, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960
Sedgwick, Alexander, Jansenism in Seventeenth-Century France: Voices From the Wilderness, Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977
Seifert, Ruth, ‘War and Rape: A Preliminary Analysis’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994, pp. 54–72
Sell, Louis, ‘The Serb Flight from Sarajevo: Dayton's First Failure’, East European Politics and Societies 14:1 (2000), 179–202
Sells, Michael ‘Religion, History, and Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina’, in G. Scott Davis (ed.), Religion and Justice in the War Over Bosnia, New York: Routledge, 1996, pp. 23–43
Sells, Michael, The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996
Seroka, Jim, ‘Yugoslavia and its Successor States’, in Stephen White et al. (eds.), Developments in East European Politics, London: Macmillan, 1993, pp. 98–121
Sharp, Jane M. O., ‘Dayton Report Card’, International Security 22:3 (1997/98), 101–37
Shaw, Stanford J. and Shaw, Ezel Kural, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, vol. 2, Cambridge University Press, 1977
Shoup, Paul, ‘Titoism and the National Question in Yugoslavia: A Reassessment’, in Martin van den Heuvel and Jan G. Siccama (eds.), The Disintegration of Yugoslavia, Yearbook of European Studies, vol. 5, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1992, pp. 47–72
Shue, Henry, ‘Let Whatever is Smouldering Erupt? Conditional Sovereignty, Reviewable Intervention and Rwanda 1994’, in Albert J. Paolini, Anthony P. Jarvis and Christian Reus-Smit (eds.), Between Sovereignty and Global Governance: The United Nations, the State and Civil Society, London: Macmillan, 1998, pp. 60–84
Siklova, Jirina and Marta, Miklusakova, ‘Law as an Instrument of Discrimination: Denying Citizenship to the Czech Roma’, East European Constitutional Review 7:2 (1998)
Simons, Marlise, ‘War Crimes Tribunal Expands Milosevic Indictment’, New York Times, 30 June 2001
Skinner, Quentin, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, vols. 1 & 2, Cambridge University Press, 1978
Skran, Claudena M., Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995
Slye, Ronald C., ‘The Dayton Peace Agreement: Constitutionalism and Ethnicity’, Yale Journal of International Law 21 (1996), 459–73
Smith, Anthony D. ‘Gastronomy or Geology? The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations’, Nations and Nationalism 1:1 (1995), 3–23
Smith, Anthony D. Nations and Nationalism in a Global Era, Oxford: Polity Press, 1995
Smith, Anthony D., National Identity, Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1991
Smith, Roger W., ‘Denial of the Armenian Genocide’, in Israel W. Charny (ed.), Genocide: A Critical Bibliographical Review, vol. 2, New York: Facts on File, 1991, pp. 63–85
Sonyel, Salahi Ramsadam, The Ottoman Armenians: Victims of Great Power Diplomacy, London: K. Rustem & Brothers, 1987
Spierenburg, Peter, The Spectacle of Suffering, Cambridge University Press, 1984
Spruyt, Hendrick The Sovereign State and its Competitors, Princeton University Press, 1994
Spruyt, Hendrick, ‘Institutional Selection in International Relations: State Anarchy as Order’, International Organization 48:4 (1994), 527–57
Stiglmayer, Alexandra ‘The War in the Former Yugoslavia’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994, pp. 1–34
Stiglmayer, Alexandra (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994
Stiglmayer, Alexandra, ‘The Rapes in Bosnia-Herzegovina’, in Alexandra Stiglmayer (ed.), Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina, trans. Marion Faber, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994, pp. 82–169
Strayer, J. R., On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State, Princeton University Press, 1970
Struharova, Beata, ‘Disparate Impact: Removing Roma from the Czech Republic’, Roma Rights 1 (1999)
Suny, Ronald Grigor, Transcaucasia, Nationalism and Social Change: Essays in the History of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, revised edn, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1996
Sutherland, N. M. ‘The Crown, the Huguenots, and the Edict of Nantes’, in R. M. Golden (ed.), The Huguenot Connection: The Edict of Nantes, its Revocation and Early French Migration to South Carolina, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988, pp. 28–62
Sutherland, N. M. Princes, Politics and Religion 1547–1589, London: The Humbledon Press, 1984
Sutherland, N. M. The Huguenot Struggle for Recognition, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980
Sutherland, N. M., The Massacre of St Bartholemew and the European Conflict 1559–1572, London: Macmillan, 1973
Swidler, Ann, ‘Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies’, American Sociological Review 51:2 (1986), 273–86
Taylor, Charles, The Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity, Cambridge University Press, 1989
Tenbruck, Friedrich H., ‘The Problem of Thematic Unity in the Works of Max Weber’, British Journal of Sociology 31:3 (1980), 316–51
Ternon, Yves, ‘Report on the Genocide of the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, 1915–16’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 94–125
Tesón, F. R., Humanitarian Intervention: An Inquiry into Law and Morality, 2nd edn, New York: Transnational Publishers, 1997
Thomas, Daniel C. ‘The Helsinki Accords and Political Change in Eastern Europe’, in Stephen C. Ropp, Kathryn Sikkink and Thomas Risse (eds.), The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change, Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 205–33
Thompson, Mark, Forging War: The Media in Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina, Article 19, London: International Centre Against Censorship, 1994
Tilly, Charles ‘States and Nationalism in Europe 1492–1992’, Theory and Society 23:1 (1994), 131–46
Tilly, Charles ‘War Making and State-Making as Organised Crime’, in Peter B. Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Theda Skocpol (eds.), Bringing the State Back In, Cambridge University Press, 1985, pp. 169–91
Tilly, Charles Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1984
Tilly, Charles Coercion, Capital and European States, AD 990–1990, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990
Tilly, Charles European Revolutions, 1492–1992, Oxford: Blackwell, 1993
Tilly, Charles, ‘Reflections on the History of European-State-Making’, in Charles Tilly (ed.), The Formation of National States in Western Europe, Princeton University Press, 1975, pp. 3–83
Todorov, Tzvetan, The Conquest of America, New York: Harper, 1992
Tolerance Foundation, A Need for Change in the Czech Citizenship Law: Analysis of 99 Individual Cases, Prague: Tolerance Foundation, 21 November 1994
Torov, Ivan, ‘The Resistance in Serbia’, in Jasminka Udovicki and James Ridgeway (eds.), Burn This House: The Making and Unmaking of Yugoslavia, Durham: Duke University Press, 1997, pp. 245–64
Toulmin, Stephen, Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity, University of Chicago Press, 1990
Toynbee, Arnold (ed.), The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire: Documents Presented to Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs with a Preface by Viscount Bryce, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1916
Traynor, Ian, ‘Raids Exposed Rifts Between the Reformist Leaders’, The Guardian, 2 April 2001
Trevor-Roper, Hugh, ‘The European Witch-Craze of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries’, in Hugh Trevor-Roper, Religion, the Reformation and Social Change, and Other Essays, London: Macmillan, 1967, pp. 90–192
Troebst, Stefan ‘Yugoslav Macedonia, 1943–1953: Building the Party, the State, and the Nation’, in Melissa K. Bokovoy, Jill A. Irvine and Carol S. Lilly (eds.), State–Society Relations in Yugoslavia, 1945–1992, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997, 243–66
Troebst, Stefan, ‘IMRO + 100 = FYROM? The Politics of Macedonian Historiography’, in James Pettifer (ed.), The New Macedonian Question, London: Macmillan, 1999, pp. 60–78
Trumpener, Ulrich, Germany and the Ottoman Empire 1914–1918, Princeton University Press, 1968
Tully, James (ed.), Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and His Critics, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1988
Udovicki, Jasminka and Ridgeway, James (eds.), Burn This House: The Making and Unmaking of Yugoslavia, Durham: Duke University Press, 1997
Ulc, Otto, ‘Integration of the Gypsies into Czechoslovakia’, Ethnic Groups 9 (1991), 107–17
Ullmann, Walter, A History of Political Thought in the Middle Ages, Middlesex: Penguin, 1965
UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) ‘Europe's Latest Exodus’, Refugees 116 (1999)
UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) ‘Kosovo's First Exodus’, Refugees 116 (1999)
UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees), The State of the World's Refugees 1995, London: Oxford University Press, 1995
United Nations, Final Report of the Commission of Experts, UN Doc. S/1994/674, 27 May 1994, <http://www.his.com:80/∼cij/commxyu1.htm>, accessed 13 August 1997
United States CSCE (Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe), ‘Ex Facto Problems of the Czech Citizenship Law’, Washington, September 1996, <http://www.house.gov/csce/ czechlaw.htm>
van den Heuvel, Martin and Siccama, Jan G. (eds.), The Disintegration of Yugoslavia, Yearbook of European Studies, vol. 5, Amsterdam: Rodophi, 1992
Van Evera, Stephen, ‘Hypotheses on Nationalism and War’, International Security 18:4 (1994), 5–39
Verdery, Katherine, ‘Whither “Nation” and “Nationalism”?’, Dædalus 122:3 (1993), 37–46
Vermeer, Willem, ‘Albanians and Serbs in Yugoslavia’, in Martin van den Heuvel and Jan G. Siccama (eds.), The Disintegration of Yugoslavia, Yearbook of European Studies, vol. 5, Amsterdam: Rodophi, 1992, pp. 101–24
Vickers, Amanda, Between Serb and Albanian: A History of Kosovo, London: Hurst & Company, 1998
Vidal-Naquet, Pierre, ‘By Way of a Preface and by the Power of One Word’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 1–7
Vulliamy, Ed, ‘Bosnia: The Crime of Appeasement’, International Affairs 74:1 (1998), 73–92
Walker, Christopher J., ‘British Sources on the Armenian Massacres, 1915–1916’, in Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, pp. 53–8
Walker, R. B. J. Inside/Outside: International Relations as Political Theory, Cambridge University Press, 1993
Walker, R. B. J., ‘The Concept of Culture in the Theory of International Relations’, in Jongsuk Chay (ed.), Culture and International Relations, New York: Praeger, 1990, pp. 3–17
Wallerstein, Immanuel Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing World-System, Cambridge University Press, 1991
Wallerstein, Immanuel The Capitalist World-Economy, Cambridge University Press, 1979
Wallerstein, Immanuel The Modern World-System, vol. 1, San Diego: Academic Press, 1974
Wallerstein, Immanuel, ‘Culture as the Ideological Battleground of the Modern World System’, in Mike Featherstone (ed.), Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity: A Theory, Culture and Society Special Issue, London: Sage, 1990, pp. 31–55
Waltz, Kenneth N. Theory of International Politics, New York: Random House, 1979
Waltz, Kenneth N., Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis, New York: Columbia University Press, 1959
Walzer, Michael ‘On the Role of Symbolism in Political Thought’, Political Science Quarterly 82:2 (1967), 191–204
Walzer, Michael Exodus and Revolution, New York: Basic Books, 1985
Walzer, Michael Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality, New York: Basic Books, 1983
Walzer, Michael, The Revolution of the Saints: A Study in the Origins of Radical Politics, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1966
Watson, Adam The Evolution of International Society, London: Routledge, 1992
Watson, Adam, ‘European International Society and Its Expansion’, in Hedley Bull and Adam Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985, pp. 13–32
Weber, Cynthia, Simulating Sovereignty: Intervention, the State, and Symbolic Exchange, Cambridge University Press, 1995
Weber, Max, ‘The Social Psychology of the World Religions’, in H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills (eds.), From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970, pp. 267–301
Weiner, Myron, ‘Bad Neighbors, Bad Neighborhoods: An Inquiry into the Causes of Refugee Flows’, International Security 21:1 (1996), 5–42
Weiss, Thomas G., ‘UN Responses in the Former Yugoslavia: Moral and Operational Choices’, Ethics and International Affairs 8 (1994), 1–22
Weller, Marc ‘On the Hazards of Foreign Travel for Dictators and Other International Criminals’, International Affairs 75:3 (1999), 599–617
Weller, Marc ‘The Rambouillet Conference on Kosovo’, International Affairs 75:2 (1999), 211–51
Weller, Marc, ‘The International Response to the Dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’, American Journal of International Law 86:3 (1992), 569–607
Wendt, Alexander ‘Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics’, International Organization 46:2 (1992), 391–425
Wendt, Alexander ‘Collective Identity Formation and the International State’, American Political Science Review 88:2 (1994), 384–96
Wendt, Alexander Social Theory of International Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1999
Wendt, Alexander, ‘The Agent–Structure Problem in International Relations Theory’, International Organization 41:3 (1987), 335–70
Weston, Burns H., Falk, Richard and D'Amato, Anthony, Basic Documents in International Law and World Order, 2nd edn, St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1990
Wheeler, Nicholas J., Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society, Oxford University Press, 2000
White, Stephen Political Theory and Postmodernism, Cambridge University Press, 1991
White, Stephen, ‘Poststructuralism and Political Reflection’, Political Theory 16:2 (1988), 186–208
Wight, Martin, Systems of States, Leicester University Press, 1977
Williams, Brackette F., ‘A Class Act: Anthropology and the Race to Nation Across Ethnic Terrain’, Annual Review of Anthropology 18 (1989), 401–44
Wolf, John B., Louis XIV, New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1968
Wolin, Sheldon ‘Max Weber: Legitimation, Method, and the Politics of Theory’, Political Theory 9:3 (1981), 401–24
Wolin, Sheldon, Politics and Vision, Boston: Little Brown, 1960
Wood, Nicholas and Norton-Taylor, Richard, ‘Macedonians Sign Peace Deal’, The Guardian, 14 August 2001
Woodward, Susan L., Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold War, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1995
Wright, Jane, ‘The OSCE and the Protection of Minority Rights’, Human Rights Quarterly 18:1 (1996), 190–205
Yale, William, The Near East: A Modern History, 2nd edn, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1968
Young, Iris Marion, ‘Together in Difference: Transforming the Logic of Group Political Conflict’, in Will Kymlicka (ed.), The Rights of Minority Cultures, Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 155–76
Zürcher, Erik J., Turkey: A Modern History, London: I. B. Taurus & Co., 199
Zimmermann, Warren, Origins of a Catastrophe, New York: Random House, 1996
Zolberg, Aristide ‘Contemporary Transnational Migrations in Historical Perspective: Patterns and Dilemmas’, in Mary M. Kritz (ed.), US Immigration and Refugee Policy: Global and Domestic Issues, Lexington Books, 1982, pp. 15–51
Zolberg, Aristide ‘Origins of the Modern World System: A Missing Link’, World Politics 33:2 (1981), 253–81
Zolberg, Aristide ‘The Formation of New States as a Refugee Generating Process’, in Elizabeth Ferris (ed.), Refugees and World Politics, New York: Praeger, 1985, 26–42
Zolberg, Aristide, ‘Strategic Interactions and the Formation of Modern States: France and England’, International Social Science Journal 32:4 (1980), 687–716