Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship

Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship

This book takes issue with those who would seek to place restrictions on the participation of religious organizations in politics, arguing that their position underestimates the benefits, and overestimates the costs, of having religiously motivated citizens participate in this way. It will appeal to readers in philosophy and politics.


"With Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship, Paul Weithman makes an important contribution to democratic theory. Written with philosophical precision and rigor but also informed by empirical work in the social sciences, this wide-ranging book argues that religious groups in America make valuable contributions to democracy by helping their members develop political skills. On this basis Weithman then criticizes the dominant tradition in liberal political philosophy that holds that religious citizens should seldom bring their religious views into the public square. Weithman puts the pro-religion argument in its best light. Thus, while his arguments will inspire controversy, they undoubtedly move this important debate to a new plane of clarity." Martha Nussbaum, author of Upheavals of Thought and Women and Human Development

"...a fascinating, important work." Journal of International Migration and Integration

"[T]his densely argued work more than repays careful, detailed study.... This impressive contribution to an important American cultural and political debate will benefit academics, political leaders, members of the clergy, and students of political science. Recommended." Choice

"Weithman's book is an important contribution to an important debate, and it will be viewed as an essential text..." Perspectives on Politics

"Weithman's arguments are developed with care and nuance, and are informed by a thoroughly kowledgeable and fair reading of his critics. Indeed, his book is one of the best defenses of the minority view in the current literature. Weithman's work is essential reading for all those interested in the subject of religion and politics. It is also an invaluable service to those of us who hold that religion has a role to play in politics in a liberal, democratic society..." Philosophia Christi, Brendan Sweetman, Rockhurst University

"Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship is a terrific book."
Christopher J. Eberle, Ethics


North American Society for Social Philosophy Book Prize 2002 - Winner
Talking About the Death Penalty, Indianapolis: Indiana Catholic Conference, 2000
Adams, Robert, Finite and Infinite Goods, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
Almond, Gabriel, “Rational Choice Theory and the Social Sciences,” in Kristin Monroe (ed.), The Economic Approach to Politics, New York: Harper Collins, 1991, pp. 32–52
Aquinas, Thomas, Summa Theologiae, Matriti. Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1961–65, 3rd edn
Arendt, Hannah, On Revolution, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990
Audi, Robert, “Liberal Democracy and Religion in Politics,” in Robert Audi and Nicholas Wolterstorff (eds.), Religion in the Public Square: the Place of Religious Convictions in the Political Debate, New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997
Audi, Robert, “The Place of Religious Argument in a Free and Democratic Society,” San Diego Law Review 30 (1993): 677–702
Audi, Robert, “The Separation of Church and State and the Obligations of Citizenship,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (1989): 259–96
Audi, Robert, “The State, the Church and the Citizen,” in Paul J. Weithman (ed.), Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997, pp. 38–75
Audi, Robert, Religious Commitment and Secular Reason, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000
Bernardin, Joseph, A Moral Vision for America, ed. John Langan, SJ, Washington: Georgetown University Press, 1998
Branch, Taylor, “Uneasy Holiday,” in Dorothy Wickenden (ed.), The New Republic Reader, New York: Basic Books, 1994, pp. 419–48
Brennan, Geoffrey and Lomasky, Loren, Democracy and Decision, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993
Bryk, Anthony, Lee, Valerie and Holland, Peter, Catholic Schools and the Common Good, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993
Buchanan, Allen, “Justice as Reciprocity vs. Subject-Centered Justice,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (1990): 227–52
Carter, Stephen, The Culture of Disbelief, New York: Basic Books, 1993
Cohen, Jean, “Rights, Citizenship and the Modern Form of the Social: Dilemmas of Arendtian Republicanism,” Constellations 3 (1996): 164–89
Cohen, Joshua, “Deliberation and Democratic Legitimacy,” in Alan Hamlin and Philip Pettit (eds.), The Good Polity, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989, pp. 17–34
Cohen, Joshua, “Money, Politics, Political Equality” (unpublished manuscript on file with author)
Cohen, Joshua, “The Arc of the Moral Universe,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (1997): 91–134
Cohen, Joshua, “The Economic Basis of Deliberative Democracy,” Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (1988): 25–50
Coleman, John, SJ, “Deprivatizing Religion and Revitalizing Citizenship,” in Paul J. Weithman (ed.), Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997
Copp, David, “The Idea of a Legitimate State,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (1999): 3–45
DeMarneffe, Peter, “The Problem of Evil, the Social Contract and the History of Ethics,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 82 (2000): 11–25
Dworkin, Ronald, “The Curse of American Politics,” New York Review of Books, October 17, 1996, pp. 19–24
Easton, David, “A Reassessment of the Concept of Political Support,” British Journal of Political Science 5 (1975): 435–57
Elster, Jon, Sour Grapes: Studies in the Subversion of Rationality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983
Estlund, David M., “Democracy Without Preference,” Philosophical Review 99 (1990): 397–423
Finnis, John, Natural Law and Natural Right, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980
Frank, Robert H. “Why Living in a Rich Society Makes Us Feel Poor,” New York Times Magazine, October 15, 2000
Franklin, John Hope, From Slavery to Freedom, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1947
Franklin, Robert M., “‘With Liberty and Justice for All’: the Public Mission of Black Churches,” in W. C. Gilpin (ed.), Public Faith: Reflections on the Political Role of American Churches, St. Louis: CBP Press, 1990
Galston, William, Liberal Purposes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991
Garcia Marquez, Gabriel, Chronicle of a Death Foretold, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983
Gilpin, W. Clark (ed.), Public Faith: Reflections on the Political Role of American Churches, St. Louis: CBP Press, 1990
Greenawalt, Kent, Private Consciences and Public Reasons, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995
Gutmann, Amy and Thompson, Dennis, Democracy and Disagreement, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996
Haldane, John, “The Individual, the State and the Common Good,” Social Philosophy and Policy (1996): 59–79
Harris, Frederick C., “Religious Institutions and African-American Political Mobilization,” in P. E. Peterson (ed.), Classifying by Race, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995, pp. 278–310
Harris, Frederick C., “Something Within: Religion as a Mobilizer of African-American Political Activism,” Journal of Politics 56 (1994): 42–68
Hertzke, Allen D., Representing God in Washington, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988
Heschel, Abraham Joshua, Moral Grandeur and Spiritual Audacity, ed. Susannah Heschel, New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1996
Hollenbach, David, SJ, “Liberalism, Communitarianism and the Bishops' Pastoral Letter on the Economy,” Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics (1987): 21–39
Hollenbach, David, SJ, “Politically Active Churches: Some Empirical Prolegomena to a Normative Approach,” in Paul J. Weithman (ed.), Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997, pp. 291–306
Jackson, Timothy, “Love in a Liberal Society,” Journal of Religious Ethics 22 (1994): 29–38
Knight, Jack and Johnson, James, “What Sort of Equality Does Deliberative Democracy Require?,” in Jack Knight and James Johnson (ed.), Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997, pp. 279–319
Korsgaard, Christene, “The Reasons We Can Share,” Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1993): 24–51
Kymlicka, Will and Norman, Wayne, “Return of the Citizen: a Survey of Recent Work on Citizenship Theory,” Ethics 104 (1994): 352–81
Larmore, Charles, “Public Reason,” in Samuel Freeman (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Rawls, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming
Leege, David C., “Catholics and the Civic Order: Parish Participation, Politics and Civic Participation,” Review of Politics 50 (1988): 704–36
Lincoln, C. Eric and Mamiya, Lawrence H., The Black Church in the African American Experience, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990
Lynch, Robert, “The Human Story Behind an INS Round-Up,” Origins 26, October 3, 1996
Macaluso, Theodore F. and Wanat, John, “Voting Turnout and Religiosity,” Polity 12 (1979): 158–69
Macedo, Stephen, Liberal Virtue, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990
MacIntyre, Alasdair, “On the Essential Contestability of Some Social Concepts,” Ethics 89 (1973): 1–9
Madron, Thomas W., Nelson, Hart M. and Yokley, Raytha L., “Religion as a Determinant of Militancy and Political Participation Among Black Americans,” American Behavioral Scientist 17 (1974): 783–96
Margalit, Avashai, The Decent Society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996
Marshall, T. H., Citizenship and Social Class and Other Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1950
McGreevy, John, “Thinking on One's Own: Catholicism in the American Intellectual Imagination, 1928–1960,” Journal of American History 84 (1997): 97–131
Meilander, Gilbert, “Begetting and Cloning,” First Things (June/July 1997): 41–43
Michelman, Frank, “Law's Republic,” Yale Law Journal 97 (1988): 1493–1538
Morris, Aldon D., The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement: Black Communities Organizing for Change, New York: Free Press, 1984
Murray, John Courtney, SJ, We Hold These Truths, New York: Sheed and Ward, 1960
Nagel, Thomas, Equality and Partiality, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991
Nine Georgia Priests, “The Essentials in Reforming Immigration Law and Practice,” Origins 25, August 10, 1995
O'Neill, Onora, “Constructivisms in Ethics,” in Constructions of Reason, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989
Paris, Peter J., “Comparing the Public Theologies of James H. Cone and Martin Luther King,” in Dwight N. Hopkins (ed.), Black Faith and Public Talk, Maryknoll: Orbis, 1999, pp. 218–31
Paris, Peter J., The Social Teaching of the Black Churches, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985
Peterson, Paul E. (ed.), Classifying by Race, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995
Pocock, J. G. A., “The Ideal of Citizenship Since Classical Times,” in Ronald Beiner (ed.), Theorizing Citizenship, Albany: SUNY Press, 1995, pp. 29–52
Pope John Paul II and the American Bishops, Life Issues and Political Responsibility, New Hope, KY: Catholics United for Life, 2000
Purdum, Todd S., “California enacts expensive college aid program,” New York Times, September 12, 2000
Rawls, John, A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971
Rawls, John, Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993
Rawls, John, The Law of Peoples, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999
Raz, Joseph, “Authority and Justification,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1985): 3–29
Raz, Joseph, The Morality of Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986
Reese, Thomas, SJ, A Flock of Shepherds, New York: Sheed and Ward, 1992
Richardson, Henry, “Beyond Good and Right: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1995): 108–41
Rosenblum, Nancy (ed.), Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, The Social Contract, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968, trans. Maurine Cranston
Santiago Nino, Carlos, The Constitution of Deliberative Democracy, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996
Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., The Cycles of American History, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1986
Schumpeter, Joseph, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, New York: Harper and Row, 1976
Shklar, Judith, “The Political Theory of Utopia: From Melancholy to Nostalgia,” Daedelus 94 (1965): 367–81
Shklar, Judith, American Citizenship: the Quest for Inclusion, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991
Simmons, A. John, “Justification and Legitimacy,” Ethics 109 (1999): 739–71
Simon, William E. and Novak, Michael, Liberty and Justice for All, Notre Dame, IN: Brownson Institute, 1986
Smith, Christian, American Evangelicalism: Embattled but Thriving, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999
Stern, Kenneth, A Force Upon the Plain: the American Militia Movement and the Politics of Hate, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996
Strange, John, “Bishop Gossman urges Catholics to make the tough call on Nov. 7,” NC Catholic 56.1, October 22, 2000, p. 14
Sunstein, Cass, “Beyond the Republican Revival,” Yale Law Journal 97 (1988): 1539–1590
Sunstein, Cass, “Naked Preferences and the Constitution,” Columbia Law Review 84 (1984): 1689–1732
Sunstein, Cass, The Partial Constitution, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993
Taylor, Charles, The Ethics of Authenticity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991
Taylor, Robert Joseph, Thornton, Michael C. and Chatters, Linda M., “Black Americans' Perceptions of the Sociohistorical Role of the Church,” Journal of Black Studies 18 (1987): 123–38
Verba, Sydney, Schlozman, Kay Lehman and Brady, Henry, Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995
Wald, Kenneth D., Religion and Politics in the United States, Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1992
Waldron, Jeremy, “Religious Contributions in Public Deliberation,” San Diego Law Review 30 (1993): 817–48
Waldron, Jeremy, Justice and Disagreement, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
Waldron, Jeremy, Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 1981–1991, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993
Waldron, Jeremy, The Dignity of Legislation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999
Warren, Mark, “Deliberative Democracy and Authority,” American Political Science Review 90 (1996): 46–60
Warren, Mark, Dry Bones Rattling: Community Building to Revitalize American Democracy, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
Watson, Justin, The Christian Coalition: Dreams of Restoration, Demands for Recognition, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997
Weatherford, M. Stephen, “Measuring Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Review 86 (1992): 149–66
Weithman, Paul J. (ed.), Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997
Weithman, Paul J., “Citizenship and Public Reason,” in Robert P. George and Christopher Wolfe (eds.), Liberal Public Reason, Natural Law and Morality, Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2000, pp. 125–70
Weithman, Paul J., “Perfectionist Republicanism and Neo-Republicanism” (unpublished manuscript on file with author)
Weithman, Paul J., “Waldron on Political Legitimacy and the Social Minimum,” Philosophical Quarterly 45 (1995): 218–24
Wilcox, Clyde and Gomez, Leopold, “Religion, Group Identification and Politics Among American Blacks,” Sociological Analysis 51 (1990): 271–85
Williams, Bernard, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985
Williams, Delores, Sisters in the Wilderness, Maryknoll: Orbis, 1993
Wills, Garry, Under God, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990
Wilson, James Q., Political Organizations, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995
Wolfe, Alan, One Nation, After All, New York: Viking Penguin, 1998
Wolfe, Alan, review of Taylor Branch, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963–65 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997), New York Times Book Review, January 18, 1998, p. 13
Young, Iris Marion, Inclusion and Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000
Zielbauer, Paul, “Possibility of defection is met with anger and delight,” New York Times, Thursday, May 24, 2001, p. A21