The History of Discovery in Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand
From the Earliest Date to the Present Day
By William Howitt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print Publication Year: 2011
Online Publication Date:August 2011
Original Publication Year:1865
Chapter DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511996863.014
Subjects: Australian History , Historical Geography
In 1813, a long and severe drought at Sydney threatened to cause the destruction of much cattle, and roused a number of gentlemen to attempt the enterprise of forcing a way through the Blue Mountains, which hemmed in the country round that city. These gentlemen were, Lieutenant Lawson, of the Royal Veteran Company, Mr. Blaxland, and Mr. W. C. Wentworth, the son of Mr. D'Arcy Wentworth, a gentleman who has since risen to such eminence in the colony. Their success was complete, and is expressed in the following passages from the introduction to Mr. Oxley, the Surveyor-General of the colony's account of his own expedition in pursuance of their discoveries:—
“They crossed the Nepean River at Emu Plains, and ascending the first range of mountains, were entangled among gullies and deep ravines for a considerable time, insomuch that they began to despair of ultimate success.
At length they were fortunate enough to find a main dividing range, along the ridge of which they travelled, observing that it led them westward. After suffering many hardships, their distinguished perseverance was at length rewarded by the view of a country, which at first sight promised them all they could wish.
“Into this land of promise they descended by a steep mountain, which Governor Macquarie has since named Mount York; a mountain found to be 795 feet above the valley at its foot, which was named by the Governor the Vale of Clwydd, from its resemblance to the Welsh valley of that name.
CHAPTER XV - THE TWO EXPEDITIONS OF CAPTAIN CHARLES STURT INTO THE INTERIOR OF AUSTRALIA, FOR TRACING THE COURSES OF THE MACQUARIE AND MURRUMBIDGEE, AND ENDING IN THE DISCOVERY OF THE DARLING AND THE MURRAY IN THE YEARS 1828, 1829, 1830, AND 1831 :
CHAPTER XVII - THE THREE EXPEDITIONS OF MAJOR, AFTERWARDS SIR THOMAS, MITCHELL FOR THE DISCOVERY OF THE RIVER KINDUR, IN EASTERN AUSTRALIA; FOR ASCERTAINING THE JUNCTION OF THE DARLING WITH THE MURRAY, AND FOR THE EXPLORATION OF THE DISTRICT OF PORT PHILLIP, NOW VICTORIA :
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