9 - The brain and behavior in childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders  pp. 179-197


By Daniel S. Pine

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Introduction

This chapter begins with an introduction that delineates the perspective adopted throughout the chapter, defines core terms, and outlines the plan for the remainder of the chapter. The purpose of the chapter is to examine relationships among brain function, emotional processes, and individual differences relevant to the classification of pediatric anxiety disorders. As such, the chapter summarizes current knowledge, on a relatively broad conceptual basis, that describes the manner in which measures of brain function relate to both normal and abnormal anxiety, particularly in children and adolescents. The chapter is not definitive, as the pace of research both on anxiety and on the brain is such that any summary becomes outdated shortly after it is written. However, the organizational approach to brain-based research summarized herein is likely to persist for some time, because the approach emerged gradually, organizes considerable ongoing work, and is likely to heavily inform future work.

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