8 - Relations between International Courts and Tribunals: The ‘Regime Problem’  pp. 235-260


By James Crawford and Penelope Nevill

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Introduction

There are no codified rules of international law which tell courts and tribunals what to do when a conflict arises as a result of what is referred to in this volume as ‘regime interaction’. Nor is there an agreed constitution or defining ‘redemptive narrative’ from which a hierarchy of courts or regimes can be inferred, still less deduced. Nonetheless, we continue to ask judges and arbitrators to resolve the conflicts which arise from regime interaction and we expect that, applying standard interpretative methods, they will manage to do so. Indeed, within the confines of the task before them, they generally do so. How they do so is the focus of the first part of this chapter. The cases discussed below, not all of which involve regime interaction in the strict sense, present a number of ways of resolving conflicts in the absence of conflict rules or a determining constitutional structure.

Any description of legal practice invites reflection on both the extent to which it contributes to our understanding of the concept of law, and the legitimacy of using decided cases for this purpose. The second part of this chapter touches on the contribution, if any, of the decisions concerning regime and rule conflict – we could call this their ‘normative value’ – beyond the parties to which, legally, their binding authority is confined. More specifically, do these decisions tell us something about rules governing regime interaction in international law or does their value lie merely in illustrating the problems? And what light do they shed on our tendency as lawyers to view, understand and reason about conflicts in international law through the perspective of our own legal system? In the third part of this chapter we come back to the theme of regime interaction, suggesting that perhaps problems of regime interaction are as much ones of definition as of law.

8

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Reference Type: notes

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Reference Type: notes

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