3 - Globalisation of agricultural landscapes: a land systems approach  pp. 31-56

Globalisation of agricultural landscapes: a land systems approach

By Anette Reenberg, Tobias Langanke, Søren Bech Pilgaard Kristensen and Tina Svan Colding

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Introduction

As noted in the introduction, the aim of this book is to bring together two complementary analytical perspectives: landscape ecological research on change in agricultural landscape systems, and landscape planning and agri-environmental policy analysis. The objective is to provide a synthetic understanding of changing agricultural landscapes in the context of market conditions, technological developments, the sociocultural and environmental conditions for farming, and specific combinations of public policy frameworks.

Hence, the ambition is to create a conceptual and methodological framework that is capable of capturing the way in which a landscape is shaped and functions – partly as a result of decisions taken by local agents, and partly in response to conditions created on regional to global scales. External driving forces are acknowledged as increasingly affecting the local landscape, through the various shifts in the societal dynamics that are frequently labelled globalisation.

In other words, the dynamic of the agricultural landscape is seen through the lens of a coupled human–environmental system which transcends local to global scales. Significant progress has already been made in deepening the understanding of the dynamic human–environment interaction associated with changes in the land system over the last few decades. It has been stressed that many of the pressing environmental issues related to the footprints of human activity, for example the use of land, require an interdisciplinary perspective, combining different disciplines and scales (National Research Council, 1997; Liverman, 1999; Skole, 2004).

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