Bourgeois Revolution on the Subcontinent
Robert W. Stern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print Publication Year: 2003
Online Publication Date:April 2011
I posted the manuscript of Changing India's original edition to Cambridge in early 1992, some months before December when Hindu militants wrecked the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. It was a major event in modern Indian history. And there have been others. The advent in New Delhi of a “Hindu nationalist” Bharatiya Janta Party-led government in 1998 was one, certainly. The ongoing liberalization of the Indian economy had just begun in 1992. As had the climb to power of the Other Backward Classes that nowadays dominate Indian politics. The “Kargil War” of 1999 was a major event in India's international relations, and not only with Pakistan; as was America's “war on terrorism” in Afghanistan and the attack by jihadis on the Indian parliament in 2001.
In this second edition of Changing India I have tried to share with readers new to South Asian studies and colleagues immersed in them my observations of these and other changes over the past decade: not only in India, but in the ways in which I've come to understand it. To that end, I've done some signposting with phrases such as “since 1992,” “over the past decade,” and so forth. To fit it all in, I've had to edit some of my discussion of changes that took place before 1992. In some cases this wasn't at all difficult, and in others it was salutary. Hindsight gives us some perspective on the past.