6 - Mapping Skelton: “Esebon, Marybon, Wheston next Barnet”  pp. 145-167

Mapping Skelton: “Esebon, Marybon, Wheston next Barnet”

By Antony J. Hasler

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To move from a Hawes stranded by the accession of Henry VIII to the Skelton of the early 1520s is to cross a narrower gap than might be imagined. Both poets engage with a similar crisis of symbolic investiture, revealed in discursive flights from erotic to apocalyptic and to metapoetic. My aim in this chapter is to suggest that in Skelton's case, this anxiety of location is addressed through a poetics that seeks to multiply and disperse the grounds of authority, while finding new figures for the relations among them. In contrast to André's classically “foreign” England and Barclay's Englishing of the alien, Douglas's thresholding of the epic, Dunbar's performances of disappearance and the retreats of Hawes and the earlier Skelton himself, Skelton at this stage of his career embraces a poetics that deranges spheres of authority altogether, providing intersections and divergences between them with a bewildering rapidity.

While the known facts are few, readers of Skelton's career at this period have noted a certain insecurity. The royal tutor rusticated to Diss in 1503 looks to have returned to the center of royal power in the early 1510s, but in what capacity is not known. The title of orator regius, which he assumed in or just after 1512, reveals little. Works that cannot be securely dated oscillate between laureate pretension (Calliope), royal counsel (the interlude Magnyfycence) and the flytings and invectives of less exalted court entertainment.

6

Reference Type: notes

Ian R. Johnson notes that Walton finds a “violence” in his subordination to a female patron and her “unnatural” demand for philosophy: The Idea of the Vernacular: An Anthology of Middle English Literary Theory, 1280–1520, ed. Jocelyn Wogan-Browne , Nicholas Watson , Andrew Taylor and Ruth Evans (University Park, 1999), 37

Reference Type: notes

Slavoj Žižek , The Plague of Fantasies (London, 1997), 7.
Bawcutt calls “conceptual vagueness”: Dunbar the Makar (Oxford, 1992), 353
Matthew of Vendôme's “reversible” figures: “Ars Versificatoria,” in Les Arts poétiques du xii e et du xiii esiecle: recherches et documents sur la technique littéraire du moyen âge, ed. Edmond Faral (Paris, 1924), 173.

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Sarah Kay , Courtly Contradictions: The Emergence of the Literary Object in the Twelfth Century (Stanford, 2001), 153.
Matthew of Vendôme characterizes Satire's look as self-consciously devious, “with oblique eyes attesting to a mind askew”: “Ars Versificatoria,” The Art of the Versemaker, trans. Roger P. Parr (Milwaukee, 1981), 63.

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Julia Boffey , “The Maitland Folio Manuscript as a Verse Anthology,” William Dunbar, “The Nobill Poyet”: Essays in Honour of Priscilla Bawcutt, ed. Sally Mapstone (East Linton, 2001), 40–50.
Priscilla Bawcutt , Dunbar the Makar (Oxford, 1992), 115.
Jean de la Mote , Li Regret Guillaume comte de Hainaut: poème inédit du xive siècle, par Jehan de la Mote, ed. Auguste Scheler (Louvain, 1882)

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Priscilla Bawcutt , Gavin Douglas: A Critical Study (Edinburgh, 1976), 1–22.
Cicero , “Pro Caelio,” The Speeches, trans. R. Gardner , Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, MA, 1958), xvii, 46–47.

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Gordon Kipling , The Triumph of Honour: Burgundian Origins of the English Renaissance (Leiden, 1977).
Sarah Kay , The Place of Thought: The Complexity of One in Late Medieval French Didactic Poetry (Philadelphia, 2007), 70–94.
A. S. G. Edwards , Stephen Hawes (Boston, 1985), 28.
Gordon Kipling , “The Queen of May's Joust at Kennington and the Justes of the Moneths of May and June ,” Notes and Queries 229 n.s. 31 (1984), 158–62

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Edwards , “From Manuscript to Print,” 143–48, and John Skelton: The Critical Heritage (London, 1981), 3–5

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Reference Title: Manuscripts

Reference Type: reference-list

BL MS Harley 69
BL MS Harley 336
BL MS Harley 2252
BL MS Royal 19.A.viii
BL MS Royal 19.B.iv
Bodleian MS Rawlinson C. 813
Cambridge University Library, MS Ll. 5. 10
Cambridge University Library, MS Mm.4.42
Cambridge, Magdalene College, Pepys Library, MS 2553
London, College of Arms MS R.36
London, National Archives, PRO E 36/214