2 - The Korean War, the atomic bomb and Asian–American estrangement  pp. 57-99


By Matthew Jones

Image View Previous Chapter Next Chapter



Over the course of several days at the end of June 1950, the Truman administration took a series of momentous decisions that by committing American ground, air and naval forces to the fighting that had broken out on the Korean peninsula reversed the basic principle maintained by the JCS during and since the Second World War that American troops would not be committed to large-scale operations on the Asian mainland. The rollercoaster nature of the ensuing war, from the rapid retreat to the Pusan perimeter, to the heady days of the Inchon landings and advance to the Yalu river, followed by the deep depression when Chinese intervention seemed to spell disaster for the US and South Korean forces and the UN Command as a whole, was matched by the mood of popular opinion at home as American foreign policy in Asia became even more of an emotional and divisive issue in domestic politics. By the time the front in Korea had stabilized in the late spring of 1951, many Americans were left with the frustrating spectacle of debilitating involvement in a limited war with an implacable foe where few direct interests seemed to be engaged. Moreover, for senior figures in the Truman administration, even with the programme of wholesale rearmament launched in the summer of 1950, there was a pervasive sense that the Korean War was a draining distraction from the primary goal of bolstering the defence of Western Europe against any potential attack from a now nuclear-armed Soviet Union.

2

Reference Title: Archival sources

Reference Type: bibliography

Reference Title: Printed primary sources

Reference Type: bibliography

Reference Title: Canada

Reference Type: bibliography

Donaghy, Greg (ed.), Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, 1950 (Ottawa, 1996).
Donaghy, Greg Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 21, 1955 (Ottawa, 1999).

Reference Title: International

Reference Type: bibliography

Cordier, Andrew W., and Harrelson, Max (eds.), Public Papers of the Secretaries General of the United Nations, Vol. VI: U Thant, 1961–1964 (New York, 1976).
Roling, B. V. A., and Ruter, C. F. (eds.), The Tokyo Judgement: The International Military Tribunal for the Far East, 29 April 1946–12 November 1948, Vol. II (Amsterdam, 1977).
Royal Institute for International Affairs, Documents on International Affairs, 1955 (Oxford, 1958).

Reference Title: United Kingdom

Reference Type: bibliography

Foreign Office: Weekly Political Intelligence Summaries, Vol. XII: July–December 1945 (London, 1983).
Yasamee, H. J., and Hamilton, K. A. (eds.), Documents on British Policy Overseas, Series II, Vol. IV: Korea, June 1950–April 1951 (London, 1991).

Reference Title: Diaries, memoirs and autobiographies

Reference Type: bibliography

Abell, Tyler (ed.), Drew Pearson Diaries, 1949–1959 (New York, 1974).
Acheson, Dean, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department (New York, 1969).
Adams, Sherman, First Hand Report: The Story of the Eisenhower Administration (New York, 1961).
Anders, Roger M. (ed.), Forging the Atomic Shield: Excerpts from the Office Diary of Gordon E. Dean (Chapel Hill, 1987).
Ba Maw, Breakthrough in Burma: Memoirs of a Revolution (London, 1968).
Ball, George, The Past Has Another Pattern: Memoirs (New York, 1982).
Ball, Stuart (ed.), Parliament and Politics in the Age of Churchill and Attlee: The Headlam Diaries, 1935–1951 (Cambridge, 1999).
Berle, Beatrice B., and Jacobs, Travis B. (eds.), Navigating the Rapids, 1918–1971: From the Papers of Adolf A. Berle (New York, 1973).
Blum, John M. (ed.), The Price of Vision: The Diary of Henry A. Wallace, 1941–1946 (Boston, 1973).
Bowles, Chester, Ambassador's Report (London, 1954).
Bowles, Chester, Promises to Keep: My Years in Public Life, 1941–1969 (New York, 1971).
Burchett, Wilfred, Shadows of Hiroshima (London, 1983).
Collins, J. Lawton, War in Peacetime: The History and Lessons of Korea (Boston, 1969).
Douglas, William O., Beyond the High Himalayas (New York, 1953).
Eisenhower, Dwight D., The White House Years: Mandate for Change, 1953–1956 (New York, 1963).
Eisenhower, Dwight D. Waging Peace, 1956–1961 (New York, 1965).
Ellsberg, Daniel, Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers (New York, 2002).
Ferrell, Robert H. (ed.), The Eisenhower Diaries (New York, 1981).
Ferrell, Robert H., (ed.), The Diary of James C. Hagerty: Eisenhower in Mid-Course, 1954–1955 (Bloomington, 1983).
Galbraith, John K., Ambassador's Journal (Boston, 1969).
Garthoff, Raymond L., A Journey through the Cold War: A Memoir of Containment and Coexistence (Washington, DC, 2001).
Hughes, Emmet John, The Ordeal of Power: A Political Memoir of the Eisenhower Years (London, 1963).
Jurika, Stephen, Jr (ed.), From Pearl Harbor to Vietnam: The Memoirs of Admiral Arthur W. Radford (Stanford, 1980).
Kistiakowsky, George B., A Scientist at the White House: The Private Diary of President Eisenhower's Special Assistant for Science and Technology (Cambridge, MA, 1976).
Krock, Arthur, Memoirs: Sixty Years on the Firing Line (New York, 1968).
LeMay, Curtis E., with Kantor, MacKinlay, Mission with LeMay (New York, 1965).
Lilienthal, David E., The Journals of David E. Lilienthal, Vol. II: The Atomic Energy Years, 1945–1950 (New York, 1964).
Lilienthal, David E., The Journals of David E. Lilienthal, Vol. III: Venturesome Years, 1950–1955 (New York, 1966).
MacArthur, Douglas, Reminiscences (London, 1964).
McNamara, Robert S., In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (New York, 1995).
Miller, T. B. (ed.), Australian Foreign Minister: The Diaries of R. G. Casey, 1951–60 (London, 1972).
Millis, Walter (ed.), The Forrestal Diaries (New York, 1951).
Moon, Penderel (ed.), Wavell: The Viceroy's Journal (London, 1973).
Nichols, K. D., The Road to Trinity (New York, 1987).
Nitze, Paul H., From Hiroshima to Glasnost: At the Centre of Decision: A Memoir (London, 1989).
Nixon, Richard M., RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (New York, 1978).
Ridgway, Matthew B., Soldier: The Memoirs of Matthew B. Ridgway (New York, 1956).
Roosevelt, Eleanor, India and the Awakening East (London, 1954).
Rostow, Walt W., The Diffusion of Power: An Essay on Recent History (New York, 1972).
Rusk, Dean, As I Saw It (New York, 1990).
Shuckburgh, Evelyn, Descent to Suez: Diaries, 1951–1956 (London, 1986).
Smith, Gerard C., Disarming Diplomat: The Memoirs of Gerard C. Smith, Arms Control Negotiator (Lanham, MD, 1996).
Strauss, Lewis L., Men and Decisions (New York, 1962).
Sulzberger, C. L., A Long Row of Candles: Memoirs and Diaries, 1934–1954 (London, 1969).
Sulzberger, C. L., The Last of the Giants (New York, 1970).
Taylor, Maxwell D., Swords and Plowshares: A Memoir (New York, 1972).
Twining, Nathan F., Neither Liberty Nor Safety: A Hard Look at U.S. Military Policy and Strategy (New York, 1966).
White, Theodore, In Search of History: A Personal Adventure (London, 1978).
Willkie, Wendell L., One World (New York, 1943).
Wright, Richard, The Color Curtain: A Report on the Bandung Conference (London, 1956).
Young, Kenneth (ed.), The Diaries of Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, 1939–1965 (London, 1980).

Reference Title: Secondary works: books

Reference Type: bibliography

Adas, Michael, Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance (Ithaca, 1989).
Alexander, Charles C., Holding the Line: The Eisenhower Era, 1952–1961 (Bloomington, 1975).
Aliano, Richard A., American Defense Policy from Eisenhower to Kennedy: The Politics of Changing Military Requirements, 1957–1961 (Athens, GA, 1975).
Alperovitz, Gar, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb (New York, 1995).
Ambrose, Stephen, Eisenhower: The President (London, 1984).
Anderson, Carol, Eyes Off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights, 1944–1955 (Cambridge, 2003).
Anderson, Stuart, Race and Rapprochement: Anglo-Saxonism and Anglo-American Relations, 1895–1904 (London, 1981).
Bacevich, Andrew J., The Pentomic Era: The U.S. Army between Korea and Vietnam (Washington, DC, 1986).
Baldwin, Hanson W., Great Mistakes of the War (London, 1950).
Baritz, Loren, Backfire: A History of How American Culture Led Us into Vietnam and Made Us Fight the Way We Did (Baltimore, 1985).
Barker, Rodney, The Hiroshima Maidens (New York, 1985).
Barkin, Elazar, The Retreat of Scientific Racism: Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States between the World Wars (Cambridge, 1992).
Baylis, John, and Garnett, John (eds.), Makers of Nuclear Strategy (London, 1991).
Beisner, Robert L., Dean Acheson: A Life in the Cold War (New York, 2006).
Bernstein, Barton J. (ed.), The Atomic Bomb: The Critical Issues (New York, 1976).
Betts, Richard K., Soldiers, Statesmen, and Cold War Crises (Cambridge, MA, 1977).
Betts, Richard K., Nuclear Blackmail and Nuclear Balance (Washington, DC, 1987).
Bills, Scott L., Empire and Cold War: The Roots of US–Third World Antagonism, 1945–1947 (London, 1990).
Bird, Kai, and Lifschultz, Lawrence (eds.), Hiroshima's Shadow (Stony Creek, VA, 1998).
Blum, John M., V Was for Victory: Politics and American Culture during World War Two (New York, 1976).
Blum, Robert M., Drawing the Line: The Origin of American Containment Policy in East Asia (New York, 1982).
Bobbitt, Philip, Freedman, Lawrence and Treverton, Gregory F. (eds.), US Nuclear Strategy: A Reader (London, 1989).
Borg, Dorothy, and Heinrichs, Waldo H. (eds.), Uncertain Years: Chinese–American Relations, 1947–1950 (New York, 1980).
Borstelmann, Thomas, The Cold War and the Color Line: American Race Relations in the Global Arena (London, 2001).
Botti, Timothy J., Ace in the Hole: Why the United States Did Not Use Nuclear Weapons in the Cold War, 1945 to 1965 (Westport, CT, 1996).
Bowie, Robert R., and Immerman, Richard H., Waging Peace: How Eisenhower Shaped an Enduring Cold War Strategy (New York, 1998).
Bowles, Chester, The New Dimensions of Peace (New York, 1955).
Boyer, Paul, By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age (New York, 1985).
Boyer, Paul, Fallout: A Historian Reflects on America's Half-Century Encounter with Nuclear Weapons (Columbus, OH, 1998).
Boyle, Peter (ed.), The Churchill–Eisenhower Correspondence, 1953–1955 (Chapel Hill, 1990).
Brands, H. W., The Specter of Neutralism: The United States and the Emergence of the Third World, 1947–1960 (New York, 1989).
Brands, H. W., India and the United States: The Cold Peace (Farmington Hills, MI, 1990).
Brands, H. W., Inside the Cold War: Loy Henderson and the Rise of the American Empire, 1918–1961 (New York, 1991).
Braw, Monica, The Atomic Bomb Suppressed: American Censorship in Occupied Japan (Armonk, NY, 1991).
Brinkley, Alan, Liberalism and Its Discontents (Cambridge, MA, 1998).
Brinkley, Douglas, Dean Acheson: The Cold War Years, 1953–71 (New Haven, 1992).
Brinkley, Douglas, (ed.), Dean Acheson and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy (New York, 1993).
Brodie, Bernard, Strategy in the Missile Age (Princeton, 1959).
Brodie, Bernard, War and Politics (New York, 1973).
Brodie, Bernard, (ed.), The Absolute Weapon: Atomic Power and World Order (New York, 1946).
Buck, Pearl S., American Unity and Asia (New York, 1942).
Buckley, Roger, US–Japan Alliance Diplomacy, 1945–1990 (Cambridge, 1992).
Bullock, Alan, Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary, 1945–1951 (Oxford, 1983).
Bundy, McGeorge, Danger and Survival: Choices about the Bomb in the First Fifty Years (New York, 1988).
Buszynski, Leszek, SEATO: The Failure of an Alliance Strategy (Singapore, 1983).
Cable, James, The Geneva Conference of 1954 on Indochina (London, 1986).
Caridi, Ronald J., The Korean War and American Politics: The Republican Party as a Test Case (Philadelphia, 1968).
Casey, Steven, Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950–53 (New York, 2008).
Chace, James, Acheson: The Secretary of State Who Created the American World (Cambridge, 1998).
Chang, Gordon H., Friends and Enemies: The United States, China, and the Soviet Union, 1948–1972 (Stanford, 1990).
Chernus, Ira, Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace (College Station, TX, 2002).
Childs, Marquis, Eisenhower: Captive Hero (London, 1959).
Christensen, Thomas J., Useful Adversaries: Grand Strategy, Domestic Mobilization, and Sino-American Conflict, 1947–1958 (Princeton, 1996).
Clodfelter, Mark, The Limits of Air Power: The American Bombing of North Vietnam (New York, 1989).
Cohen, Samuel, The Truth About the Neutron Bomb (New York, 1983).
Cohen, Warren I., Dean Rusk (Totowa, NJ, 1980).
Cohen, Warren I., America's Response to China: A History of Sino-American Relations, 4th edn (New York, 2000).
Cohen, Warren I., and Iriye, Akira (eds.), The Great Powers in East Asia, 1953–1960 (New York, 1990).
Colbert, Evelyn, Southeast Asia in International Politics, 1941–1956 (Ithaca, 1977).
Committee for the Compilation of Materials on Damage Caused by the Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings, translated by Eisei Ishikawa and David L. Swain (New York, 1981; originally published 1979).
Condit, Doris M., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Vol. II: The Test of War, 1950–1953 (Washington, DC, 1988).
Condit, Kenneth W., History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Vol. VI: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and National Policy, 1955–1956 (Washington, DC, 1992).
Connelly, Matthew, A Diplomatic Revolution: Algeria's Fight for Independence and the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era (New York, 2002).
Craig, Campbell, Destroying the Village: Eisenhower and Thermonuclear War (New York, 1998).
Cullather, Nick, Illusions of Influence: The Political Economy of United States–Philippines Relations, 1942–1960 (Stanford, 1994).
Cumings, Bruce, The Origins of the Korean War, Vol. II: The Roaring of the Cataract, 1947–1950 (Princeton, 1990).
Dallek, Robert, Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945 (New York, 1979).
Dallek, Robert, The American Style of Foreign Policy: Cultural Politics and Foreign Affairs (New York, 1983).
Danchev, Alex, Oliver Franks: Founding Father (Oxford, 1993).
Daniels, Roger, Prisoners without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War Two (New York, 1993).
Defty, Andrew, Britain, America and Anti-Communist Propaganda, 1945–53 (London, 2004).
DeGroot, Gerard, The Bomb: A History of Hell on Earth (London, 2004).
Dibblin, Jane, Day of Two Suns: US Nuclear Testing and the Pacific Islanders (London, 1988).
Divine, Robert A., Second Chance: The Triumph of Internationalism in America during World War Two (New York, 1967).
Divine, Robert A., Blowing On the Wind: The Nuclear Test Ban Debate, 1954–1960 (New York, 1978).
Divine, Robert A., Eisenhower and the Cold War (New York, 1981).
Divine, Robert A., The Sputnik Challenge: Eisenhower's Response to the Soviet Satellite (New York, 1993).
Dockrill, Saki, Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953–61 (New York, 1996).
Donovan, Robert J., Conflict and Crisis: The Presidency of Harry S Truman, 1945–1948 (New York, 1977).
Dower, John W., War without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War (London, 1986).
Dower, John W., Japan in War and Peace: Essays on History, Race and Culture (London, 1993).
Dower, John W., Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War Two (New York, 1999).
Drinnon, Richard, Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian Hating and Empire Building (Minneapolis, 1980).
Dudziak, Mary L., Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (Princeton, 2000).
Dulles, John Foster, War or Peace (New York, 1950).
Etzold, Thomas H. (ed.), Aspects of Sino-American Relations since 1784 (New York, 1978).
Etzold, Thomas H., and Gaddis, John L. (eds.), Containment: Documents on American Policy and Strategy, 1945–1950 (New York, 1978).
Fairchild, Bryon R., and Poole, Walter S., History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Vol. VII: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and National Policy, 1957–1960 (Washington, DC, 2000).
Feis, Herbert, Japan Subdued (Princeton, 1961).
Finletter, Thomas K., Power and Policy: U.S. Foreign Policy and Military Power in the Hydrogen Age (New York, 1954).
Firth, Stewart, Nuclear Playground (Sydney, 1987).
Foot, Rosemary, The Wrong War: American Policy and the Dimensions of the Korean Conflict (Ithaca, 1985).
Foot, Rosemary, A Substitute for Victory: The Politics of Peacemaking at the Korean Armistice Talks (Ithaca, 1990).
Foot, Rosemary, The Practice of Power: U.S. Relations with China since 1949 (New York, 1995).
Frank, Richard B., Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire (New York, 1999).
Freedman, Lawrence, The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy, 2nd edn (London, 1988).
Freedman, Lawrence, Kennedy's Wars: Berlin, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam (New York, 2000).
Furedi, Frank, The Silent War: Imperialism and the Changing Perception of Race (London, 1998).
Fussell, Paul, Thank God for the Atom Bomb and Other Essays (London, 1988).
Gaddis, John L., The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947 (New York, 1972).
Gaddis, John L., The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War (New York, 1987).
Gaddis, John L., The United States and the End of the Cold War: Implications, Reconsiderations, Provocations (New York, 1992).
Gaddis, John L., Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy during the Cold War (New York, 2005).
Gaddis, John L., Gordon, Philip H., May, Ernest R. and Rosenberg, Jonathan (eds.), Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy since 1945 (Oxford, 1999).
Gallicchio, Marc, The African American Encounter with Japan and China: Black Internationalism in Asia, 1895–1945 (Chapel Hill, 2000).
Gardner, Lloyd C., Approaching Vietnam: From World War Two through Dienbienphu, 1941–1954 (New York, 1988).
Gelb, Lesley, with Betts, Richard K., The Irony of Vietnam: The System Worked (Washington, DC, 1979).
Gerstle, Gary, American Crucible: Race and Nation in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, 2001).
Gibbons, William Conrad, The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships: Part I: 1945–1960 (Princeton, 1986).
Gibbons, William Conrad, The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships: Part II: 1961–1964 (Princeton, 1986).
Gopal, Sarvepalli, Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, Vol. II: 1947–1956 (London, 1979).
Gopal, Sarvepalli, Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, Vol. III: 1956–1964 (Oxford, 1984).
Gossett, Thomas F., Race: The History of an Idea in America (New York, 1965).
Graebner, Norman A. (ed.), The National Security: Its Theory and Practice, 1945–1960 (New York, 1986).
Guhin, Michael A., John Foster Dulles: A Statesman and His Times (New York, 1972).
Guttmann, Allen (ed.), Korea and the Theory of Limited War (Boston, 1967).
Halperin, Morton, Limited War in the Nuclear Age (New York, 1963).
Halperin, Morton, China and the Bomb (London, 1965).
Harding, Harry, and Ming, Yuan (eds.), Sino-American Relations, 1945–1955: A Joint Reassessment of a Critical Decade (Wilmington, DE, 1989).
Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi, Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan (Boston, 2005).
Hastings, Max, The Korean War (London, 1987).
Hay, Stephen N., Asian Ideas of East and West: Tagore and His Critics (Cambridge, MA, 1970).
Hayes, Peter, Zarsky, Lyuba and Bello, Walden, American Lake: Nuclear Peril in the Pacific (Ringwood, Victoria, 1986).
Hein, Laura, and Selden, Mark (eds.), Living with the Bomb: American and Japanese Cultural Conflicts in the Nuclear Age (Armonk, NY, 1997).
Herken, Gregg, The Winning Weapon: The Atomic Bomb and the Cold War, 1945–1950 (New York, 1980).
Herken, Gregg, Counsels of War (New York, 1987).
Hersey, John, Hiroshima (London, 1946; rev. edn, 1985).
Hershberg, James G., James B. Conant: Harvard to Hiroshima and the Making of the Atomic Age (Stanford, 1993).
Hewlett, Richard G., and Holl, Jack M., Atoms for Peace and War, 1953–1961: Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission (Berkeley, 1989).
Hilsman, Roger, To Move a Nation: The Politics of Foreign Policy in the Administration of John F. Kennedy (New York, 1967).
Hitchcock, William I., France Restored: Cold War Diplomacy and the Quest for Leadership in Europe, 1944–1954 (Chapel Hill, 1998).
Hixson, Walter L., Parting the Curtain: Propaganda, Culture, and the Cold War, 1945–1961 (London, 1997).
Hogan, Michael J., A Cross of Iron: Harry S. Truman and the Origins of the National Security State, 1945–1954 (Cambridge, 1998).
Hogan, Michael J. (ed.), Hiroshima in History and Memory (Cambridge, 1996).
Hoopes, Townsend, The Devil and John Foster Dulles (Boston, 1973).
Horne, Gerald, Black and Red: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1943–1963 (Albany, 1986).
Hunt, Michael H., Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy (New Haven, 1987).
Immerman, Richard H. John Foster Dulles: Piety, Pragmatism, and Power in U.S. Foreign Policy (Wilmington, DE, 1999).
Immerman, Richard H., (ed.), John Foster Dulles and the Diplomacy of the Cold War (Princeton, 1990).
Iriye, Akira, Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American–East Asian Relations (New York, 1967).
Iriye, Akira, Power and Culture: The Japanese–American War, 1941–1945 (Cambridge, MA, 1981).
Iriye, Akira, and Cohen, Warren I. (eds.), The United States and Japan in the Postwar World (Lexington, MA, 1989).
Isaacs, Harold, No Peace for Asia (New York, 1947).
Isaacs, Harold, Two-Thirds of the World: Problems of a New Approach to the Peoples of Asia, Africa, and Latin America (Washington, DC, 1950).
Isaacs, Harold, Scratches on Our Minds: American Views of China and India (New York, 1980; originally published 1958).
Jackson, Walter A., Gunnar Myrdal and America's Conscience: Social Engineering as Racial Liberalism, 1938–1987 (Chapel Hill, 1990).
Jacobs, Seth, America's Miracle Man in Vietnam: Ngo Dinh Diem, Religion, Race, and U.S. Intervention in Southeast Asia (Durham, 2004).
Janis, Irving L., Psychological Effects of the Atomic Attacks on Japan (Santa Monica, 1950).
Jeffrey, Robin (ed.), Asia: The Winning of Independence (London, 1981).
Jespersen, T. Christopher, American Images of China, 1931–1949 (Stanford, 1996).
Johnson, Sheila K., American Attitudes Toward Japan, 1941–1975 (Washington, DC, 1975).
Kahin, George McT., Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia (Ithaca, 1952).
Kahin, George McT., The Asian–African Conference (Ithaca, 1956).
Kahin, George McT., Intervention: How America Became Involved in Vietnam (New York, 1986).
Kaiser, David, American Tragedy: Kennedy, Johnson, and the Origins of the Vietnam War (Cambridge, MA, 2000).
Kalicki, J. H., The Pattern of Sino-American Crises: Political and Military Interventions in the 1950s (Cambridge, 1975).
Kaplan, Fred, The Wizards of Armageddon (New York, 1983).
Kaplan, Lawrence S., Artaud, Denise and Rubin, Mark R. (eds.), Dien Bien Phu and the Crisis of Franco-American Relations, 1954–1955 (Wilmington, DE, 1990).
Kaplan, Lawrence S., Landa, Ronald D. and Drea, Edward J., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Vol. V: The McNamara Ascendancy, 1961–1965 (Washington, DC, 2006).
Karnow, Stanley, In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines (New York, 1989).
Kaufmann, William W. (ed.), Military Policy and National Security (Princeton, 1956).
Khong, Yuen Foong, Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 (Princeton, 1992).
King, Richard H., Race, Culture, and the Intellectuals, 1940–1970 (Washington, DC, 2004).
Kissinger, Henry, Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy (New York, 1957).
Klein, Christina, Cold War Orientalism: Asia in the Middlebrow Imagination, 1945–1961 (Berkeley, 2003).
Knapp, Wilfrid, A History of War and Peace, 1939–1965 (London, 1967).
Knebel, Fletcher, and Bailey, Charles, No High Ground (London, 1960).
Kochavi, Noam, A Conflict Perpetuated: China Policy during the Kennedy Years (Westport, CT, 2002).
Koshiro, Yukiko, Trans-Pacific Racisms and the U.S. Occupation of Japan (New York, 1999).
Kuklick, Bruce, Blind Oracles: Intellectuals and War from Kennan to Kissinger (Princeton, 2006).
Kushner, Tony, The Holocaust and the Liberal Imagination (Oxford, 1994).
LaFeber, Walter, The Clash: U.S.–Japanese Relations throughout History (New York, 1997).
Lapp, Ralph E., The Voyage of the Lucky Dragon (London, 1958).
Latham, Michael E., Modernization as Ideology: American Social Science and ‘Nation Building’ in the Kennedy Era (Chapel Hill, 2000).
Lauren, Paul Gordon, Power and Prejudice: The Politics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination (Boulder, CO, 1988).
Lawrence, Mark Atwood, Assuming the Burden: Europe and the American Commitment to Vietnam (Berkeley, 2005).
Layton, Azza Salama, International Politics and Civil Rights Policies in the United States, 1941–1960 (Cambridge, 2000).
Leffler, Melvyn P., A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, 1992).
Leighton, Richard M., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Vol. III: Strategy, Money, and the New Look, 1953–1956 (Washington, DC, 2001).
Lewis, David Levering, W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963 (New York, 2000).
Lewis, George, The White South and the Red Menace: Segregationists, Anticommunism, and Massive Resistance, 1945–1965 (Gainesville, FL, 2004).
Lewis, John W., and Litai, Xue, China Builds the Bomb (Stanford, 1988).
Lifton, Robert Jay, and Mitchell, Greg, Hiroshima in America: Fifty Years of Denial (New York, 1995).
Lindee, M. Susan, Suffering Made Real: American Science and the Survivors at Hiroshima (Chicago, 1994).
Little, Robert D., Building an Atomic Air Force, 1949–1953 (Washington, DC, Office of Air Force History, n.d.).
Logevall, Fredrik, Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of War in Vietnam (Berkeley, 1999).
Mandelbaum, Michael, The Nuclear Revolution: International Politics before and after Hiroshima (Cambridge, 1981).
Marks III, Frederick W., Power and Peace: The Diplomacy of John Foster Dulles (Westport, CT, 1993).
Marr, David G., Vietnam, 1945: The Quest for Power (Berkeley, 1995).
Mayers, David Allan, Cracking the Monolith: U.S. Policy against the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1949–1955 (Baton Rouge, LA, 1986).
Mayers, David Allan, George Kennan and the Dilemmas of US Foreign Policy (New York, 1988).
McGlothlen, Ronald, Controlling the Waves: Dean Acheson and U.S. Foreign Policy in Asia (New York, 1993).
McIntyre, W. David, Background to the Anzus Pact: Policy-Making, Strategy and Diplomacy, 1945–55 (Christchurch, 1995).
McMahon, Robert J., Colonialism and Cold War: The United States and the Struggle for Indonesian Independence, 1945–49 (Ithaca, 1981).
McMahon, Robert J., The Cold War on the Periphery: The United States, India, and Pakistan (New York, 1994).
McMahon, Robert J., The Limits of Empire: The United States and Southeast Asia since World War Two (New York, 1999).
McMaster, H. R., Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam (New York, 1997).
Melanson, Richard A., and Mayers, David (eds.), Reevaluating Eisenhower: American Foreign Policy in the Fifties (Urbana, 1987).
Merrill, Dennis, Bread and the Ballot: The United States and India's Economic Development, 1947–1963 (Chapel Hill, 1990).
Milne, David, America's Rasputin: Walt Rostow and the Vietnam War (New York, 2008).
Minear, Richard H., Victor's Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trials (Princeton, 1971).
Miscamble, Wilson D., George F. Kennan and the Making of American Foreign Policy, 1947–1950 (Princeton, 1992).
Modelski, George (ed.), SEATO: Six Studies (Melbourne, 1962).
Mueller, John E., War, Presidents and Public Opinion (New York, 1973).
Naftali, Timothy, and Zelikow, Philip (eds.), The Presidential Recordings: John F. Kennedy, The Great Crises, Vol. II (New York, 2001).
Nevins, Allan (ed.), The Strategy of Peace (New York, 1960).
Ninkovich, Frank, The Diplomacy of Ideas: U.S. Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations, 1938–1950 (Cambridge, 1981).
Offner, Arnold A., Another Such Victory: President Truman and the Cold War, 1945–1953 (Stanford, 2002).
Okihiro, Gary Y., Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture (Seattle, 1994).
Oliver, Kendrick, Kennedy, Macmillan and the Nuclear Test-Ban Debate, 1961–63 (London, 1998).
Osgood, Kenneth, Total Cold War: Eisenhower's Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad (Lawrence, KS, 2006).
Osgood, Robert E., Limited War: The Challenge to American Security (Chicago, 1957).
Panikkar, K. M., Asia and Western Dominance (London, 1953).
Parry-Giles, Shawn J., The Rhetorical Presidency, Propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945–1955 (Westport, CT, 2002).
Paterson, Thomas G., Meeting the Communist Threat: Truman to Reagan (New York, 1988).
Paterson, Thomas G., (ed.), Kennedy's Quest for Victory: American Foreign Policy, 1961–1963 (New York, 1989).
Paterson, Thomas G., and Merrill, Dennis (eds.), Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, Vol. II: Since 1914, 4th edn (Lexington, MA, 1995).
Peck, James, Washington's China: The National Security World, the Cold War, and the Origins of Globalism (Amherst, MA, 2006).
Plummer, Brenda Gayle, Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs, 1935–1960 (Chapel Hill, 1996).
Pluvier, J. M., South-East Asia from Colonialism to Independence (Kuala Lumpur, 1974).
Polenberg, Richard, One Nation Divisible: Class, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States since 1938 (New York, 1980).
Prados, John, Operation Vulture (New York, 2002).
Preble, Christopher A., John F. Kennedy and the Missile Gap (DeKalb, IL, 2004).
Preston, Andrew, The War Council: McGeorge Bundy, the NSC and Vietnam (Cambridge, MA, 2006).
Pruessen, Ronald, John Foster Dulles: The Road to Power (New York, 1982).
Rearden, Steven L., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Vol. I: The Formative Years, 1947–1950 (Washington, DC, 1984).
Richelson, Jeffrey T., Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea (New York, 2006).
Roff, Rabbitt, Hotspots: The Legacy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (London, 1995).
Roman, Peter J., Eisenhower and the Missile Gap (Ithaca, 1995).
Ross, Robert S., and Jiang Changbin (eds.), Re-Examining the Cold War: US–China Diplomacy, 1954–1973 (Cambridge, MA, 2001).
Rostow, Walt W., An American Policy in Asia (New York, 1955).
Rotter, Andrew J., The Path to Vietnam: The Origins of the American Commitment to Southeast Asia (Ithaca, 1987).
Rotter, Andrew J., Comrades at Odds: The United States and India, 1947–1964 (Ithaca, 2000).
Ryan, Mark A., Chinese Attitudes Toward Nuclear Weapons: China and the United States during the Korean War (Armonk, NY, 1989).
SarDesai, D. R., Indian Foreign Policy in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, 1947–1964 (Berkeley, 1968).
Saunders, Francis Stoner, Who Paid the Paper? The CIA and the Cultural Cold War (London, 1999).
Schaller, Michael, The American Occupation of Japan: The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (New York, 1985).
Schaller, Michael, Douglas MacArthur: The Far Eastern General (New York, 1989).
Schaller, Michael, Altered States: The United States and Japan since the Occupation (New York, 1997).
Schlesinger Jr, Arthur M., A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House (New York, 1965).
Schnabel, James F., and Watson, Robert J., History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and National Policy, Vol. III: The Korean War, in 2 parts (Washington, DC, 1979).
Schoenbaum, Thomas J., Waging Peace and War: Dean Rusk in the Truman, Kennedy, and Johnson Years (New York, 1988).
Seaborg, Glenn T., with Loeb, Benjamin S., Stemming the Tide: Arms Control in the Johnson Years (Lexington, MA, 1987).
Shepherd Jr, George W., Racial Influences on American Foreign Policy (New York, 1970).
Sherry, Michael S., The Rise of American Air Power: The Creation of Armageddon (New York, 1987).
Sherry, Michael S., In the Shadow of War: The United States since the 1930s (New Haven, 1995).
Sherwin, Martin J., A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and Its Legacies, 3rd edn (Stanford, 2003).
Singh, Anita Inder, The Limits of British Influence: South Asia and the Anglo-American Relationship, 1947–1956 (London, 1993).
Sitkoff, Harvard, The Struggle for Black Equality, 1954–1980 (New York, 1981).
Smith, R. B., An International History of the Vietnam War, Vol. I: Revolution versus Containment, 1955–61 (London, 1983).
Smith, R. B., An International History of the Vietnam War, Vol. II: The Struggle for South-East Asia, 1961–65 (London, 1985).
Snead, David L., The Gaither Committee, Eisenhower, and the Cold War (Columbus, OH, 1999).
Soman, Appu K., Double-Edged Sword: Nuclear Diplomacy in Unequal Conflicts: The United States and China, 1950–1958 (Westport, CT, 2000).
Southern, David W., Gunnar Myrdal and Black–White Relations: The Use and Abuse of ‘An American Dilemma’, 1944–1969 (Baton Rouge, LA, 1987).
Spector, Ronald H., Advice and Support: The Early Years of the U.S. Army in Vietnam, 1941–1960 (Washington, DC, 1983).
Statler, Kathryn C., Replacing France: The Origins of American Intervention in Vietnam (Lexington, MA, 2007).
Steel, Ronald, Walter Lippmann and the American Century (London, 1980).
Stoler, Mark A., Allies and Adversaries: The Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Grand Alliance, and U.S. Strategy in World War Two (Chapel Hill, 2000).
Storry, Richard, Japan and the Decline of the West in Asia, 1894–1943 (London, 1979).
Stueck, William, The Road to Confrontation: American Policy toward China and Korea, 1947–1950 (Chapel Hill, 1981).
Stueck, William, The Korean War: An International History (Princeton, 1995).
Stueck, William, Rethinking the Korean War: A New Diplomatic and Strategic History (Princeton, 2002).
Swenson-Wright, John, Unequal Allies? United States Security and Alliance Policy toward Japan, 1945–1960 (Stanford, 2005).
Takaki, Ronald, Hiroshima: Why America Dropped the Atomic Bomb (Boston, 1995).
Takemae, Eiji, The Allied Occupation of Japan (New York, 2002).
Tannenwald, Nina, The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons since 1945 (Cambridge, 2007).
Taylor, Maxwell D., The Uncertain Trumpet (New York, 1959).
Thomson, James C., Stanley, Peter W. and Perry, John Curtis, Sentimental Imperialists: The American Experience in East Asia (New York, 1981).
Thorne, Christopher, Allies of a Kind: The United States, Britain, and the War against Japan, 1941–1945 (London, 1978).
Thorne, Racial Aspects of the Far Eastern War of 1941–1945 (London, 1982).
Thorne, The Issue of War: States, Societies, and the Far Eastern Conflict of 1941–1945 (London, 1985).
Tinker, Hugh, Race, Conflict and the International Order: From Empire to United Nations (London, 1977).
Titus, A. Costandina, Bombs in the Backyard: Atomic Testing and American Politics (Reno, NA, 1986).
Toulouse, Mark G., The Transformation of John Foster Dulles: From Prophet of Realism to Priest of Nationalism (Macon, GA, 1985).
Toye, Hugh, Laos: Buffer State or Battleground (Oxford, 1968).
Trachtenberg, Marc, History and Strategy (Princeton, 1991).
Trachtenberg, Marc, A Constructed Peace: The Making of the European Settlement, 1945–1963 (Princeton, 1999).
Tucker, Nancy B., Patterns in the Dust: Chinese–American Relations and the Recognition Controversy, 1949–1950 (New York, 1983).
Tucker, Nancy B., (ed.), China Confidential: American Diplomats and Sino-American Relations, 1945–1996 (New York, 2001).
Ungar, Sanford J. (ed.), Estrangement: America and the World (New York, 1985).
Von Eschen, Penny M., Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957 (Ithaca, 1997).
Walker, J. Samuel, Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs against Japan (Chapel Hill, 1997).
Walzer, Michael, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, 4th edn (New York, 2006).
Watson, Robert J., History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Vol. V: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and National Policy, 1953–1954 (Washington, DC, 1986).
Watson, Robert J., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Vol. IV: Into the Missile Age, 1956–1960 (Washington, DC, 1997).
Weart, Spencer R., Nuclear Fear: A History of Images (Cambridge, MA, 1988).
Weinstein, Martin E., Japan's Post War Defense Policy, 1947–1968 (New York, 1971).
Westad, Odd Arne, The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times (Cambridge, 2005).
Westad, Odd Arne, (ed.), Brothers in Arms: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945–1963 (Washington, DC, 1998).
Whitfield, Stephen J., The Culture of the Cold War, 2nd edn (Baltimore, 1996).
Whiting, Allen S., China Crosses the Yalu: The Decision to Enter the Korean War (Stanford, 1960).
Williamson, Samuel R., and Rearden, Steven L., The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 1945–1953 (New York, 1993).
Winkler, Allen M., Life under a Cloud: American Anxiety about the Atom (New York, 1993).
Wittner, Lawrence S., One World or None: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement Through 1953 (Stanford, 1993).
Wittner, Lawrence S, Resisting the Bomb: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, 1954–1970 (Stanford, 1997).
Young, John W., Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–5 (Oxford, 1996).
Young, Marilyn B., The Vietnam Wars, 1945–1990 (New York, 1991).
Zhai, Qiang, The Dragon, the Lion, and the Eagle: Chinese–British–American Relations, 1949–1958 (Kent, OH, 1994).
Zhai, Qiang, China and the Vietnam Wars, 1950–1975 (Chapel Hill, 2000).
Zhang, Shu Guang, Deterrence and Strategic Culture: Chinese–American Confrontations, 1949–1958 (Ithaca, 1992).

Reference Title: Secondary works:ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS IN EDITED COLLECTIONS

Reference Type: bibliography

Anders, Roger M., ‘The Atomic Bomb and the Korean War: Gordon Dean and the Issue of Civilian Control’, Military Affairs, 52, 1, 1988.
Ball, George W., ‘The Light that Failed’, Atlantic Monthly, July 1972.
Beatty, John, ‘Genetics in the Atomic Age: The Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, 1947–1956’, in Keith R. Benson, Jane Maienschein and Ronald Rainger (eds.), The Expansion of American Biology (New Brunswick, 1991).
Bernstein, Barton J., ‘America in War and Peace: The Test of Liberalism’, in Bernstein (ed.), Towards a New Past: Dissenting Essays in American History (New York, 1968).
Bernstein, Barton J., ‘Ike and Hiroshima: Did He Oppose It?’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 10, 1987.
Bernstein, Barton J., ‘Seizing the Contested Terrain of Nuclear History: Stimson, Conant and Their Allies Explain the Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb’, Diplomatic History, 17, 1, 1993.
Bernstein, Barton J., ‘The Atomic Bombings Reconsidered’, Foreign Affairs, 74, 1, Jan/Feb 1995.
Blackett, P. M. S. ‘The Decision to Drop the Bomb’, in Bird and Lifschultz (eds.), Hiroshima's Shadow.
Booth, Ken, ‘Bernard Brodie’, in Baylis and Garnett (eds.), Makers of Nuclear Strategy.
Bowles, Chester, ‘A Fresh Look at Free Asia’, Foreign Affairs, 33, 1, October 1954.
Brands, Hal, ‘Rethinking Nonproliferation: LBJ, the Gilpatric Committee, and U.S. National Security Policy’, Journal of Cold War Studies, 8, 2, Spring 2006.
Brands Jr, H. W., ‘From ANZUS to SEATO: United States Strategic Policy towards Australia and New Zealand, 1952–1954’, International History Review, 9, 2, 1987.
Brands Jr, H. W., ‘Testing Massive Retaliation: Credibility and Crisis Management in the Taiwan Strait’, International Security, 12, 4, Spring 1988.
Brands Jr, H. W., ‘The Age of Vulnerability: Eisenhower and the National Insecurity State’, American Historical Review, 94, 4, October 1989.
Braw, Monica, ‘Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Voluntary Silence’, in Hein and Seldon (eds.), Living with the Bomb.
Brodie, Bernard, ‘Nuclear Weapons: Strategic or Tactical?’, Foreign Affairs, 32, 2, January 1954.
Brodie, Bernard, ‘More About Limited War’, World Politics, 10, 1, October 1957.
Brodie, Bernard, ‘The Development of Nuclear Strategy’, International Security, 2, 4, Spring 1978.
Broscious, S. David, ‘Longing for International Control, Banking on American Superiority: Harry S. Truman's Approach to Nuclear Weapons’, in Gaddis et al. (eds.), Cold War Statesmen.
Burr, William, and Richelson, Jeffrey T., ‘Whether to “Strangle the Baby in the Cradle”: The United States and the Chinese Nuclear Program, 1960–64’, International Security, 25, 3, Winter 2000/1.
Chang, Gordon H., ‘To the Nuclear Brink: Eisenhower, Dulles, and the Quemoy–Matsu Crisis’, International Security, 12, 4, Spring 1988.
Chang, Gordon H., ‘JFK, China, and the Bomb’, Journal of American History, 74, 4, March 1988.
Chang, Gordon H., and He, Di, ‘The Absence of War in the US–China Confrontation over Quemoy and Matsu in 1954–1955: Contingency, Luck, Deterrence?’, American Historical Review, 98, 5, December 1993.
Cohen, Warren I., ‘Acheson, His Advisers, and China, 1949–1950’, in Borg and Heinrichs (eds.), Uncertain Years.
Connelly, Matthew, ‘Taking Off the Cold War Lens: Visions of North–South Conflict during the Algerian War for Independence’, American Historical Review, 105, 3, June 2000.
Crane, Conrad C., ‘To Avert Impending Disaster: American Military Plans to Use Atomic Weapons during the Korean War’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 23, 2, June 2000.
Cumings, Bruce, ‘On the Strategy and Morality of American Nuclear Policy in Korea, 1950 to the Present’, Social Science Japan Journal, 1, 1, 1998.
Dalfiume, Richard M., ‘The “Forgotten Years” of the Negro Revolution’, Journal of American History, 55, 1, June 1968.
Dingman, Roger, ‘Strategic Planning and the Policy Process: American Plans for War in East Asia, 1945–1950’, Naval War College Review, 32, Nov–Dec 1979.
Dingman, Roger, ‘Atomic Diplomacy and the Korean War’, International Security, 13, 3, Winter 1988/9.
Dingman, Roger, ‘John Foster Dulles and the Creation of the South-East Asian Treaty Organization in 1954’, International History Review, 11, 3, August 1989.
Dingman, Roger, ‘Alliance in Crisis: The Lucky Dragon Incident and Japanese–American Relations’, in Cohen and Iriye (eds.), The Great Powers in Asia.
Dockrill, Michael, ‘Britain and the First Chinese Offshore Islands Crisis, 1954–55’, in Michael Dockrill and John W. Young (eds.), British Foreign Policy, 1945–56 (London, 1989).
Dower, John W., ‘“NI” and “F”: Japan's Wartime Atomic Bomb Research’, in Japan in War and Peace.
Dower, John W., ‘Yoshida in the Scales of History’, in Japan in War and Peace.
Dower, John W., ‘The Bombed: Hiroshimas and Nagasakis in Japanese Memory’, in Hogan (ed.), Hiroshima.
Dudziak, Mary L. ‘Desegregation as a Cold War Imperative’, Stanford Law Review, 41, November 1988.
Dulles, John Foster, ‘The Christian Citizen in a Changing World’, in The Church and the International Disorder: An Ecumenical Study Prepared under the Auspices of the World Council of Churches (London, 1948).
Dulles, John Foster, ‘Security in the Pacific’, Foreign Affairs, 30, 2, January 1952.
Dulles, John Foster, ‘Policy for Security and Peace’, Foreign Affairs, 32, 3, April 1954.
Dulles, John Foster, ‘Challenge and Response in United States Policy’, Foreign Affairs, 36, 1, October 1957.
Elliot, David C., ‘Project Vista and Nuclear Weapons in Europe’, International Security, 11, 1, 1986.
Engerman, David C., ‘West Meets East: The Center for International Studies and Indian Economic Development’, in David C. Engerman, Nils Gilman, Mark H. Haefele and Michael E. Latham (eds.), Staging Growth: Modernization, Development, and the Global Cold War (Amherst, MA, 2003).
Erskine, Hazel Gaudet, ‘The Polls: Atomic Weapons and Nuclear Energy’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 27, 2, Summer 1963.
Etzold, Thomas H., ‘The Far East in American Strategy, 1948–1951’, in Etzold (ed.), Aspects of Sino-American Relations since 1784.
Fetzer, James, ‘Clinging to Containment: China Policy’, in Paterson (ed.), Kennedy's Quest for Victory.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘Nuclear Coercion and the Ending of the Korean Conflict’, International Security, 13, 3, Winter 1988/9.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘Balancing against Threats: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance’, in Practice of Power.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘China as the “Wave of the Future”: The China Politico-Economic Model’, in Practice of Power.
Foot, Rosemary, “We the People”: U.S. Public Opinion and China Policy', in Practice of Power.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘Redefinitions: The Domestic Context of America's China Policy in the 1960s’, in Ross and Changbin (eds.), Re-Examining the Cold War.
Fraser, Cary, ‘An American Dilemma: Race and Realpolitik in the American Response to the Bandung Conference’, in Brenda Gayle Plummer (ed.), Window on Freedom: Race, Civil Rights, and Foreign Affairs, 1945–1988 (Chapel Hill, 2003).
Freedman, Lawrence, ‘Kissinger’, in Baylis and Garnett (eds.), Makers of Nuclear Strategy.
Freedman, Lawrence, ‘Vietnam and the Disillusioned Strategist’, International Affairs, 72, 1, 1996.
Gaddis, John L., ‘The Unexpected John Foster Dulles’, in The United States and the End of the Cold War.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘Drawing Lines: The Defensive Perimeter Strategy in East Asia, 1947–1951’, in The Long Peace.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘The Insecurities of Victory: The United States and the Perception of the Soviet Threat after World War Two’, in The Long Peace.
Foot, Rosemary, ‘The Origins of Self-Deterrence: The United States and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons, 1945–1958’, in The Long Peace.
Gerstle, Gary, ‘Race and the Myth of the Liberal Consensus’, Journal of American History, 82, 2, September 1995.
Gizewski, Peter, ‘From Winning Weapon to Destroyer of Worlds: The Nuclear Taboo in International Politics’, International Journal, 51, Summer 1996.
Gleason, Philip, ‘Americans All: World War Two and the Shaping of American Identity’, Review of Politics, 43, October 1981.
Goldstein, Steven M., ‘Chinese Communist Policy toward the United States: Opportunities and Constraints, 1944–1950’, in Borg and Heinrichs (eds.), Uncertain Years.
Hart, Justin, ‘Making Democracy Safe for the World: Race, Propaganda, and the Transformation of U.S. Foreign Policy during World War Two’, Pacific Historical Review, 73, 1, 2004.
He, Di, ‘The Evolution of the People's Republic of China's Policy toward the Offshore Islands’, in Cohen and Iriye (eds.), Great Powers in East Asia.
Hess, Gary R., ‘The First American Commitment to Indochina: The Acceptance of the “Bao Dai Solution”, 1950’, Diplomatic History, 2, 1978.
Hess, Gary R., ‘The American Search for Stability in South East Asia: The SEATO Structure of Containment’, in Cohen and Iriye (eds.), The Great Powers in East Asia.
Higuchi, Toshihiro, ‘“Clean” Bombs: Nuclear Technology and Strategy in the 1950s’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 29, 1, February 2006.
Holsti, Ole, ‘The Operational Code Approach to the Study of Political Leaders: John Foster Dulles’ Philosophical and Instrumental Beliefs', Canadian Journal of Political Science, 3, 1, March 1970.
Herring, George C., and Immerman, Richard H., ‘Eisenhower, Dulles and Dien Bien Phu: “The Day We Didn't Go to War” Revisited’, in Kaplan, Artaud and Rubin (eds.), Dien Bien Phu and the Crisis of Franco-American Relations.
Hook, Glenn D., ‘Roots of Nuclearism: Censorship and Reportage of Atomic Damage in Hiroshima and Nagasaki’, Multilingua, 7, 1/2, 1988.
Hunt, Michael H., ‘The Decolonization Puzzle in U.S. Foreign Policy: Promise versus Performance’, in David Ryan and Victor Pungong (eds.), The United States and Decolonization: Power and Freedom (London, 2000).
Igarashi, Takeshi, ‘Dean Acheson and the Japanese Peace Treaty’, in Brinkley (ed.), Dean Acheson.
Immerman, Richard H., ‘Eisenhower and Dulles: Who Made the Decisions?’, Political Psychology, 1, Autumn 1979.
Immerman, Richard H., ‘Confessions of an Eisenhower Revisionist: An Agonizing Reappraisal’, Diplomatic History, 14, 1990.
Isaacs, Harold R., ‘World Affairs and U.S. Race Relations: A Note on Little Rock’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 22, 3, Autumn 1958.
Isaacs, Harold R., ‘Race and Color in World Affairs’, Foreign Affairs, 47, 2, January 1969.
Jack, Homer, ‘The Afro-Asian Conference’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 11, 6, June 1955.
Jackson, Michael Gordon, ‘Beyond Brinkmanship: Eisenhower, Nuclear War Fighting, and Korea, 1953–1968’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, 33, 1, March 2005.
Jones, Matthew, ‘The Radford Bombshell: Anglo-American-Australian Relations, Nuclear Weapons and the Defence of South East Asia, 1954–57’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 27, 4, December 2004.
Jones, Matthew, ‘A “Segregated” Asia? Race, the Bandung Conference, and Pan-Asianist Fears in American Thought and Policy, 1954–1955’, Diplomatic History, 29, 5, November 2005.
Jones, Matthew, ‘Targeting China: U.S. Nuclear Planning and “Massive Retaliation” in East Asia, 1953–1955’, Journal of Cold War Studies, 10, 4, Fall 2008.
Kahin, George McT., ‘The United States and the Anticolonial Revolutions in Southeast Asia’, in Yonosuke Nagai and Akira Iriye (eds.), The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (Oxford, 1977).
Kaufman, Burton I., ‘The U.S. Response to the Soviet Economic Offensive of the 1950s’, Diplomatic History, 2, 2, Spring 1978.
Keefer, Edward C., ‘President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the End of the Korean War’, Diplomatic History, 10, 3, Summer 1986.
Luft, Joseph, and Wheeler, W. M., ‘Reaction to John Hersey's “Hiroshima”’, Journal of Social Psychology, 28, August 1948.
McHenry, Donald F., ‘Confronting a Revolutionary Legacy’, in Sanford J. Ungar (ed.), Estrangement: America and the World (New York, 1985).
McMahon, Robert J., ‘Eisenhower and Third World Nationalism: A Critique of the Revisionists’, Political Science Quarterly, 101, 1986.
McMahon, Robert J., ‘The Illusion of Vulnerability: American Reassessments of the Soviet Threat, 1955–1956’, International History Review, 18, 3, August 1996.
McNamara, Robert S., ‘The Military Role of Nuclear Weapons: Perceptions and Misperceptions’, Foreign Affairs, 62, 1, Fall 1983.
Miles Jr, Rufus E., ‘Hiroshima: The Strange Myth of Half a Million American Lives Saved’, International Security, 10, 2, Autumn 1985.
Miyasato, Seigen, ‘John Foster Dulles and the Peace Settlement with Japan’, in Immerman (ed.), John Foster Dulles.
Nagayo, Homma, ‘America in the Mind of the Japanese’, In Iriye and Cohen (eds.), The United States and Japan in the Postwar World.
Nash, Philip, ‘Bear Any Burden? John F. Kennedy and Nuclear Weapons’, in Gaddis et al. (eds.), Cold War Statesmen.
Nitze, Paul H., ‘Atoms, Strategy, and Policy’, Foreign Affairs, 34, 2, January 1956.
Parker, Jason C., ‘Small Victory, Missed Chance: The Eisenhower Administration, the Bandung Conference, and the Cold War’, in Kathryn C. Statler and Andrew L. Johns (eds.), The Eisenhower Administration, the Third World, and the Globalization of the Cold War (Lanham, MD, 2006).
Passin, Herbert, ‘Japan and the H-Bomb’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 11, 8, October 1955.
Pruessen, Ronald W., ‘Over the Volcano: The United States and the Taiwan Strait Crisis, 1954–1955’, in Ross and Changbin (eds.), Re-Examining the Cold War.
Reichard, Gary R., ‘Divisions and Dissent: Democrats and Foreign Policy, 1952–1956’, Political Science Quarterly, 93, 1, Spring 1978.
Remme, Tilman, ‘Britain, the 1947 Asian Relations Conference, and Regional Co-Operation in South-East Asia’, in Anthony Gorst, Lewis Johnmann and W. Scott Lucas (eds.), Postwar Britain, 1945–1964: Themes and Perspectives (London, 1989).
Roman, Peter J., ‘Ike's Hair Trigger: U.S. Nuclear Predelegation, 1953–60’, Security Studies, 7, 4, Summer 1998.
Rosenberg, David Alan, ‘American Atomic Strategy and the Hydrogen Bomb Decision’, Journal of American History, 66, 1, June 1979.
Rosenberg, David Alan, ‘“A Smoking Radiating Ruin at the End of Two Hours”: Documents on American Plans for Nuclear War with the Soviet Union, 1954–1955’, International Security, 6, 3, Winter 1981/2.
Rosenberg, David Alan, ‘The Origins of Overkill: Nuclear Weapons and American Strategy, 1945–60’, International Security, 7, 4, Spring 1983.
Rosenberg, David Alan, ‘Reality and Responsibility: Power and Process in the Making of United States Nuclear Strategy, 1945–68’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 9, 1, March 1986.
Rosendorf, Neal, ‘John Foster Dulles’ Nuclear Schizophrenia', in Gaddis et al. (eds.), Cold War Statesmen.
Ruane, Kevin, ‘“Containing America”: Aspects of British Foreign Policy and the Cold War in East Asia, 1951–54’, Diplomacy and Statecraft, 7, 1, March 1996.
Rushkoff, Bennett C., ‘Eisenhower, Dulles and the Quemoy–Matsu Crisis, 1954–1955’, Political Science Quarterly, 96, 3, 1981.
Schaller, Michael, ‘Securing the Great Crescent: Occupied Japan and the Origins of Containment in Southeast Asia’, Journal of American History, 69, 2, 1982.
Schulzinger, Robert D., ‘The Johnson Administration, China, and the Vietnam War’, in Ross and Changbin (eds.), Re-Examining the Cold War.
Sitkoff, Harvard, ‘Harry Truman and the Election of 1948: The Coming of Age of Civil Rights in American Politics’, Journal of Southern History, 37, 4, November 1971.
Sitkoff, Harvard, ‘Racial Militancy and Inter-Racial Violence in the Second World War’, Journal of American History, 58, 3, December 1971.
Smith-Norris, Martha, ‘“Only as Dust in the Face of the Wind”: An Analysis of the BRAVO Nuclear Incident in the Pacific, 1954’, Journal of American–East Asian Relations, 6, 1, Spring 1997.
Tadashi, Aruga, ‘The Security Treaty Revision of 1960’, in Iriye and Cohen (eds.), The United States and Japan in the Postwar World.
Tannenwald, Nina, ‘The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Normative Bases of Nuclear Non-Use’, International Organization, 53, Summer 1999.
Tannenwald, Nina, ‘Nuclear Weapons and the Vietnam War’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 29, 4, August 2006.
Thayer, James R., ‘Japanese Opinion on the Far Eastern Conflict’, The Public Opinion Quarterly, 15, 1, Spring 1951.
Passin, Herbert,‘The Quarter's Polls’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 9, 3, Autumn 1945.
Passin, Herbert, ‘The Quarter's Polls’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 15, 1, Spring 1951.
Thorne, Christopher, ‘Racial Aspects of the Far Eastern War of 1941–1945’, Proceedings of the British Academy, 66, 1980.
Trachtenberg, Marc, ‘A “Wasting Asset”: American Strategy and the Shifting Nuclear Balance, 1949–1954’, in History and Strategy.
Tucker, Nancy B., ‘A House Divided: The United States, the Department of State, and China’, in Cohen and Iriye (eds.), The Great Powers in East Asia.
Vincent, R. J., ‘Racial Equality’, in Hedley Bull and Adam Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society (Oxford, 1984).
Warner, Geoffrey, ‘Britain and the Crisis over Dien Bien Phu, April 1954: The Failure of United Action’, in Kaplan, Artaud and Rubin (eds.), Dien Bien Phu and the Crisis of Franco-American Relations.
Watt, Donald Cameron, ‘Restraints on War in the Air before 1945’, in Michael Howard (ed.), Restraints on War: Studies in the Limitation of Armed Conflict (Oxford, 1979).
Wells, Samuel F., ‘The Origins of Massive Retaliation’, Political Science Quarterly, 96, 1, Spring 1981.
Woods, Randall B., ‘The Politics of Idealism: Lyndon Johnson, Civil Rights, and Vietnam’, Diplomatic History, 31, 1, January 2007.
Wynn, Neil A., ‘The Impact of the Second World War on the American Negro’, Journal of Contemporary History, 6, 2, May 1971.
Yavendentti, Michael, ‘John Hersey and the American Conscience: The Reception of “Hiroshima”’, Pacific Historical Review, 43, 1, February 1974.
Yi, Kil J., ‘The U.S.–Korean Alliance in the Vietnam War’, in Lloyd C. Gardner and Ted Gittinger (eds.), International Perspectives on Vietnam (College Station, TX, 2000).