ART. 102 - On the Crispations of Fluid resting upon a Vibrating Support  pp. 212-219

On the Crispations of Fluid resting upon a Vibrating Support

By John William Strutt

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If a glass plate, held horizontally and made to vibrate as for the production of Chladni's figures, be covered with a thin layer of water or other mobile liquid, the phenomena in question may be readily observed. Over those parts of the plate which vibrate sensibly the surface of the liquid is ruffled by minute waves, the degree of fineness increasing with the frequency of vibration. Similar crispations are observed on the surface of liquid in a large wine-glass or finger-glass which is caused to vibrate in the usual manner by carrying the moistened finger round the circumference. All that is essential to the production of crispations is that a body of liquid with a free surface be constrained to execute a vertical vibration. It is indifferent whether the origin of the motion be at the bottom, as in the first case, or, as in the second, be due to the alternate advance and retreat of a lateral boundary, to accommodate itself to which the neighbouring surface must rise and fall.

More than fifty years ago the nature of these vibrations was examined by Faraday with great ingenuity and success. His results are recorded in an Appendix to a paper on a Peculiar Class of Acoustical Figures, headed “On the Forms and States assumed by Fluids in Contact with Vibrating Elastic Surfaces.” In more recent times Dr L. Matthiessen has travelled over the same ground, and on one very important point has recorded an opinion in opposition to that of Faraday.

Scientific Papers Volume 1

John William Strutt

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Book DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511703966

Scientific Papers Volume 3

John William Strutt Baron Rayleigh

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Scientific Papers Volume 4

John William Strutt Baron Rayleigh

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Scientific Papers Volume 5

John William Strutt

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Scientific Papers Volume 6

John William Strutt

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Book DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704017