References  pp. 408-418


By Asif Agha
Agha, Asif. 1993a. Structural Form and Utterance Context in Lhasa Tibetan: Grammar and Indexicality in a Non-configurational Language: Monographs in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language, vol. 2. New York: Peter Lang.
Agha, Asif. 1993b. Grammatical and indexical convention in honorific discourse. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 3(2): 1–33.
Agha, Asif. 1994. Honorification. Annual Review of Anthropology, 23: 277–302.
Agha, Asif. 1995. Process and personality. Semiotica, 107 (1/2): 125–46.
Agha, Asif. 1996a. Schema and superposition in spatial deixis. Anthropological Linguistics, 38 (4): 643–82.
Agha, Asif. 1997. Tropic aggression in the Clinton-Dole presidential debate. Pragmatics, 7(4): 461–98.
Agha, Asif. 1998a. Stereotypes and registers of honorific language. Language in Society, 27: 151–93.
Agha, Asif. 1998b. Form and function in Urdu-Hindi verb inflection. Yearbook of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 1: 105–33.
Agha, Asif. 2003. The social life of cultural value. Language and Communication, 23: 231–73.
Agha, Asif. 2005. Voice, footing, enregisterment. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1): 38–59.
Agha, Asif.1996b. Rhetoric. In Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology, vol. 3, ed. by David Levinson and Melvin Ember. New York: Henry Holt.
Agha, Asif.2002. Honorific registers. In Culture, Interaction and Language, ed. by S. Ide and K. Kataoka, pp. 21–63. Tokyo: Hituzisyobo.
Agha, Asif.2004. Registers of Language. In A Companion To Linguistic Anthropology, ed. by Alessandro Duranti, pp. 23–45. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alford, H. 1866. A Plea for The Queen's English. London and New York: Alexander Strahan Publisher.
Alrabaa, Sami. 1985. The use of address pronouns by Egyptian adults. Journal of Pragmatics, 9: 645–57.
Anonymous. 1839. Advice to a Young Gentleman on Entering Society. By the Author of “The Laws of Etiquette”. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard. [Reprinted in London, 1839, with slightly different pagination].
Appadurai, Arjun (ed.) 1986. The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Austin, J. L. 1962. How To Do Things With Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bakhtin, M. M. 1981. Discourse in the novel. In The Dialogic Imagination, ed. by M Holquist, pp. 259–422. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Bakhtin, M. M.1984. Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Banfield, Ann. 1982. Unspeakable Sentences. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Bateman, H. M. 1969. The Man Who Drew the 20th Century: The Drawings of H. M. Bateman. Introduced by Michael Bateman. London: Macdonald and Co.
Beeman, William O. 1986. Language, Status and Power in Iran. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press.
Benzie, W. 1972. The Dublin Orator: Thomas Sheridan's Influence on Eighteenth Century Rhetoric and Belles Lettres. Yorkshire: The University of Leeds Press.
Bex, Tony. 1996. Cohesion, coherence and register. In Variety in Written English, pp. 90–112. London: Routledge.
Beyer, Stephan V. 1992. The Classical Tibetan Language. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Biber, Douglas. 1994. An analytic framework for register studies. In Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register, ed. by Douglas Biber and Edward Finegan, pp. 31–56. New York: Oxford.
Blom, Jan-Petter and Gumperz, John J. 1986 [1972]. Social Meaning in Linguistic Structure: Code-Switching in Norway. In Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication, ed. by John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes, pp. 407–34. New York: Blackwell. [Holt, Reinhart and Winston, 1972]
Boas, Franz. 1996 [1911]. Introduction to Handbook of American Indian Languages. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. [Handbook of American Indian Languages. Bulletin 40, Part 1, Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington DC]
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1990a. The Logic of Practice. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1990b. The social uses of kinship. In The Logic of Practice. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1991. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Braun, Friederike. 1988. Terms of Address: Patterns and Usage in Various Languages and Cultures. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Briggs, Charles L. 1986. Learning How to Ask: A Sociolinguistic Appraisal of the Role of the Interview in Social Science Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, Penelope and Stephen C. Levinson. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, Roger and Ford, Marguerite. 1964. Address in American English. In Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology, ed. by Dell Hymes, pp. 234–44. New York: Harper and Row.
Brown, Roger and Gilman, Albert. 1960. The pronouns of power and solidarity. In Style in Language, ed. by Thomas A. Sebeok, pp. 253–76. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.
Bucholz, Mary and Kira Hall. 2004. Language and Identity. In A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology, ed. by Alessandro Duranti, pp. 369–394. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carsten, Janet, ed. 2000. Cultures of Relatedness: New Approaches to the Study of Kinship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carsten, Linda. 2004 [1995]. The substance of kinship and the heat of the hearth: Feeding, personhood and relatedness among Malayans in Pulau Langkawi. In Kinship and Family: An Anthropological Reader, ed. by Robert Parkin and Linda Stone, pp. 309–27. Oxford: Blackwell. [American Ethnologist 22(2): 223–242]
Carter, Ronald. 1988. Front pages: lexis, style and newspaper reports. In Registers of Written English, ed. by M Ghadessy, pp. 8–16. London: Pinter.
Caton, Steven C. 1986. Salaam tahiiyah: Greetings from the highlands of Yemen. American Ethnologist, 13: 290–308.
Chandrasekhar, A. 1970. Personal pronouns and pronominal forms in Malayalam. Anthropological Linguistics, 12(7): 246–255.
Chandrasekhar, A.1977. Degrees of politeness in Malayalam. International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics, 6(1): 85–96.
Choy, Hyen-Pay. 1955. Wuli Malpon [Our Grammar]. Seoul: Cengumsa.
Cicourel, Aaron V. 1974. Interpretive procedures and normative roles in the negotiation of status and role. In Cognitive Sociology: Language and Meaning in Social Interaction, pp. 11–41. New York: Free Press.
Comrie, Bernard. 1975. Polite plurals and predicate agreement. Language, 51(2): 406–18.
Cooke, Joseph R. 1968. Pronominal Reference in Thai, Burmese, and Vietnamese: University of California Publications in Linguistics, 52. Berkeley: University of California.
Danesi, Marcel and Lettieri, Michael. 1983. The pronouns of address in Italian: Sociolinguistic and pedagogical considerations. Studi italiani di linguistica teorica ed applicata, 12: 323–33.
Das, S. K. 1968. Forms of address and terms of reference in Bengali. Anthropological Linguistics, 10(4): 19–31.
Diller, Anthony. 1993. Diglossic grammaticality in Thai. In The Role of Theory in Language Description, ed. by William A. Foley, pp. 393–420. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Dobson, E. J. 1968. English Pronunciation 1500–1700. Oxford: Clarendon.
Donnellan, Keith. 1990 [1966]. Reference and definite descriptions. In The Philosophy of Language, ed. by A. P. Martinich. New York: Oxford. [Philosophical Review 75: 281–304]
Duranti, Alessandro. 1992. Language and bodies in social space: Samoan ceremonial greetings. American Anthropologist, 94: 657–91.
Eble, Connie. 1996. Slang and Sociability: In-group Language Among College Students. Chapel Hill: University Of North Carolina Press.
Errington, J. Joseph. 1985. Language and Social Change in Java. Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no. 65. Athens, OH: Ohio University Center for International Studies.
Errington, J. Joseph. 1988. Structure and Style in Javanese: A Semiotic View of Linguistic Etiquette. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.
Errington, J. Joseph. 1998. Shifting languages: Interaction and Identity in Javanese Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ervin-Tripp, Susan M. 1986. On Sociolinguistic rules: Alternation and Co-occurrence. In Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication, ed. by John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes, pp. 213–50. New York: Blackwell.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 1951. Kinship and Marriage among the Nuer. Oxford: Clarendon.
Ferguson, Charles A. 1982. Simplified registers and linguistic theory. In Exceptional language and Linguistics, ed. by L. K. Obler and L. Menn, pp. 49–66. New York: Academic Press.
Ferguson, Charles A.1983. Sports Announcer Talk: Syntactic aspects of register variation. Language in Society, 12: 153–72.
Ferguson, Charles A.1994. Dialect, register and genre: Working assumptions about conventionalization. In Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register, ed. by Douglas Biber and Edward Finegan, pp. 15–30. New York: Oxford.
Fischer, J. L. 1964. Words for self and other in some Japanese families. American Anthropologist, 66(6): 115–26.
Fliegelman, J. 1993. Declaring Independence: Jefferenson, Natural Language and the Culture of Performance. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Foucault, Michel. 1971. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Pantheon Books.
Foucault, Michel. 1972. The Archaeology of Knowledge. New York: Harper and Row.
Friedrich, Paul. 1966. Structural implications of Russian pronominal usage. In Sociolinguistics, ed. by William Bright, pp. 214–59. The Hague: Mouton.
Friedrich, Paul.1986. Social context and semantic feature: The Russian pronominal usage. In Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication, ed. by John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes, pp. 270–300. New York: Blackwell.
Gal, Susan. 1992. Multiplicity and contention among ideologies: A commentary. Pragmatics, 2(3): 445–49.
Gal, Susan.1998. Multiplicity and contention among ideologies. In Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, ed. by Bambi Schieffelin, et al., pp. 317–332. New York: Oxford.
Gass, William. 1979. The anatomy of mind. In The World Within The Word, pp. 208–52. Boston: Godine.
Geertz, Clifford H. 1960. The Religion of Java. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Ghadessy, Mohsen (ed.) 1988. Registers of Written English. London: Pinter.
Giles, H. and Powesland, P. F. 1975. Speech Style and Social Evaluation. New York: Academic.
Giles, Howard. 1970. Evaluative reactions to accents. Educational Review, 23: 211–27.
Giles, Howard. 1971. Patterns of evaluation to R. P., South Welsh and Somerset accented speech. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 10(3): 280–1.
Goffman, Erving. 1956. The nature of deference and demeanor. American Anthropologist, 58: 473–502.
Goffman, Erving. 1963. Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Goffman, Erving. 1981a. Footing. In Forms of Talk, pp. 124–59. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Goffman, Erving. 1981b. Replies and responses. In Forms of Talk, pp. 5–77. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Goffman, Erving. 1983. The interaction order. American Sociological Review, 48: 1–17.
Golding, R. 1985. Idiolects in Dickens. London: Macmillan.
Goodwin, Charles and Goodwin, Marjorie. 1992. Assessments and the construction of context. In Rethinking Context: Language as Interactive Phenomenon, ed. by Alessandro Duranti and Charles Goodwin, pp. 147–89. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gordon, David P. 1983. Hospital slang for patients: Crocks, gomers, gorks and others. Language in Society, 13: 173–85.
Gramsci, Antonio. 1971. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. New York: International Publishers.
Gustafson, T. 1992. Representative Words: Politics, Literature and the American Language, 1776–1865. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Haas, Mary R. 1964. Men's and women's speech in Koasati. In Language in Culture and Society, ed. by Dell Hymes, pp. 228–33. New York: Harper and Row.
Halliday, M. A. K. 1964. The users and uses of language. In The Linguistic Sciences and Language Teaching, ed. by M. A. K. Halliday, Angus McIntosh and Peter Strevens, pp. 75–110. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Halliday, M. A. K.1988. On the language of physical science. In Registers of Written English, ed. by M. Ghadessy, pp. 162–78. London: Pinter.
Hanks, William F. 1990. Referential Practice: Language and Lived Space among the Maya. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hanks, William F.1992. The indexical ground of deictic reference. In Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, ed. by Alessandro Duranti and Charles Goodwin, pp. 43–76. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hanks, William F.1996. Exorcism and the description of participant roles. In Natural Histories of Discourse, ed. by Michael Silverstein and Greg Urban, pp. 160–200. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Haviland, John B. 1979a. Guugu-Yimidhirr brother-in-law language. Language in Society, 8: 365–93.
Haviland, John B.1979b. How to talk to your brother-in-law in Guugu Yimidhirr. In Languages and Their Speakers, ed. by T. Shopen, pp. 161–239. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.
Haviland, John B.1993. Anchoring, iconicity, and orientation in Guugu Yimidhirr pointing gestures. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 3(1): 3–45.
Haviland, John B.2005. “Whorish old man” and “One (animal) gentleman” The intertextual construction of enemies and selves. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1): 81–94.
Hill, Jane H. 1998. ‘Today there is no respect’: Nostalgia, ‘respect’ and oppositional discourse in Mexicano (Nahuatl) language ideology. In Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, ed. by Bambi K. Schieffelin, Kathryn Woolard and Paul V. Kroskrity, pp. 68–86. New York: Oxford.
Holy, Ladislav. 1996. Anthropological Perspectives on Kinship. London and Chicago: Pluto Press.
Honey, John. 1989a. Does Accent Matter? The Pygmalion Factor. London: Faber and Faber.
Honey, John.1989b. Acrolect and hyperlect: Education and class as foci of linguistic identity. In Status and Function of Language and Language Varieties, ed. by U Ammon, pp. 581–91. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Hope, J. 2000. Rats, bats, sparrows and dogs: biology, linguistics, and the nature of Standard English. In The Development of Standard English, ed. by L Wright, pp. 49–56. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hoyle, Susan M. 1993. Participation frameworks in sportscasting play: imaginary and literal footings. In Framing in Discourse, ed. by Deborah Tannen, pp. 114–45. New York: Oxford.
Hudson, Kenneth. 1983. Pop music as cultural carrier. In The Language of the Teenage Revolution, pp. 36–52. London: Macmillan.
Hughes, A. and Trudgill, P. 1987. English Accents and Dialects: An Introduction to the Social and Regional Varieties of English. London: Edward Arnold.
Inoue, Kyoko. 1979. Japanese: a story of language and people. In Languages and their Speakers, ed. by Timothy Shopen, pp. 241–300. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.
Irvine, Judith T. and Gal, Susan. 2000. Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In Regimes of Language, ed. by Paul V. Kroskrity, pp. 35–84. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research.
Irvine, Judith. 1989. When talk isn't cheap: Language and political economy. American Ethnologist, 16 (2): 248–67.
Irvine, Judith.1989 [1974]. Strategies of status manipulation in the Wolof greeting. In Explorations in the Ethnography of Communication, ed. by Richard Bauman and Joel Sherzer, pp. 167–91. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Irvine, Judith.1990. Registering affect: heteroglossia in the linguistic expression of emotion. In Language and the Politics of Emotion, ed. by Catherine A. Lutz and Lila Abu-Lughod, pp. 126–61. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Irvine, Judith.1996. Shadow conversations. In Natural Histories of Discourse, ed. by Michael Silverstein and Greg Urban, pp. 131–59. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Irvine, Judith.1998. Ideologies of honorific language. In Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, ed. by Bambi K. Schieffelin, Kathryn Woolard and Paul V. Kroskrity, pp. 51–67. New York: Oxford.
Irvine, Judith.2001. “Style” as distinctiveness: the culture and ideology of linguistic differentiation. In Style and Sociolinguistic Variation, ed. by Penelope Eckert and John R. Rickford, pp. 21–43. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jakobson, Roman. 1960. Closing statement: Linguistics and poetics. In Style in Language, ed. by Thomas Sebeok. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kahn, Susan M. 2004. Eggs and wombs: The origins of Jewishness. In Kinship and Family: An Anthropological Reader, ed. by Robert Parkin and Linda Stone, pp. 362–77. Oxford: Blackwell.
Keenan, Elinor Ochs. 1996. Norm makers, norm breakers: uses of speech by men and women in a Malagasy community. In The Matrix of Language, pp. 99–115, Donald Brenneis and Ronald K. S. Macaulay, eds. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Kingston-Oliphant, T. 1873. The Sources of Standard English. London: Macmillan.
Koyama, Wataru. 2004. The linguistic ideologies of modern Japanese honorifics and the historic reality of modernity. Language and Communication, 24(4): pp. 413–435.
Kripke, Saul. 1972. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kroskrity, Paul V. 2004. Language ideologies. In A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology, ed. by Alessandro Duranti, pp. 497–517. Oxford: Blackwell.
Lakoff, Robin T. 1975. Language and Woman's Place. New York: Harper and Row.
Leach, Edmund. 1966. Anthropological aspects of language: animal categories and verbal abuse. In New Directions in the Study of Language, E. Lenneberg, ed., pp. 23–63. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lee, Benjamin. 1997. Talking Heads: Language, Metalanguage and the Semiotics of Subjectivity. Durham: Duke University Press.
Linton, Ralph. 1936. The Study of Man. New York: Appleton-Century Company.
Listen, Paul. 1999. The Emergence of German Polite Sie: Cognitive and Sociolinguistic Parameters. New York: Peter Lang.
Lucy, John A. (ed.) 1993. Reflexive Language: Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lucy, John A.1997. The linguistics of ‘color’. In Color Categories in Thought and Language, ed. by C. L. Hardin and Luisa Maffi, pp. 320–46. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Luong, Hy Van. 1988. Discursive practices and power structure: Person-referring forms and sociopolitical struggles in colonial Vietnam. American Ethnologist, 15(2): 239–53.
Luong, Hy Van. 1990. Discursive Practices and Linguistic Meanings: The Vietnamese System of Person Reference. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Lutz, William. 1990. Doublespeak. New York: Harper Collins.
Lyons, John. 1995. Linguistics Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mühlhäusler, Peter and Harré, Rom. 1990. Pronouns and People: The Linguistic Construction of Social and Personal Identity: Language in Society. Oxford: Blackwell.
Macaulay, R. K. S. 1977. Language, Social Class and Education: A Glasgow Study. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Martin, S. E. 1964. Speech levels in Japan and Korea. In Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology, Dell H. Hymes, ed., pp. 407–415. New York: Harper and Row.
Matoesian, Gregory M. 1999. The grammaticalization of participant roles in the constitution of expert identity. Language in Society, 28: 491–521.
Matsumoto, Yoshiko. 1997. The rise and fall of Japanese nonsubject honorifics; the case of “o-Verb-suru.” Journal of Pragmatics, 28(6): 719–740.
Maurer, David. 1955. Whiz Mob: A Correlation of the Technical Argot of Pickpockets With Their Behavior Pattern. Gainsville, FL: American Dialect Society.
McGregor, William. 1996. Dyadic and polyadic kin terms in Gooniyandi. Anthropological Linguistics, 38(2): 216–247.
Mehrotra, R. R. 1977. Sociology of Secret Languages. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
Mertz, Elizabeth. 1998. Linguistic ideology and praxis in U.S. Law School classrooms. In Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, ed. by Bambi K. Schieffelin, Kathryn Woolard and Paul V. Kroskrity, pp. 149–62. New York: Oxford.
Milroy, J. and Milroy, L. 1999. Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English. London: Routledge.
Mintz, Sidney and Eric R. Wolf. 1967. An analysis of ritual co-parenthood (Compadrazgo). In Peasant Society: A Reader, ed. by Mary N. Diaz Jack M. Potter, George M. Foster, pp. 174–99. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Mitchell, S. 1977. The forgotten woman of the period: Penny Weekly family magazines of the 1840's and 1850's. In A Widening Sphere: Changing Roles of Victorian Women, ed. by M. Vicinus, pp. 29–51. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Mitford, Nancy. 1956. Noblesse Oblige. London: Hamish Hamilton.
Mohrmann, G. P. 1969. Introduction. In A Discourse Being Introductory To His Course of Lectures on Elocution an the English Language, by Thomas Sheridan, 1759. Los Angeles: University of California.
Morford, Janet. 1997. Social indexicality in French pronominal address. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 7(1): 3–37.
Morrison, T. 1863. Manual of School Management. London.
Mugglestone, Lynda. 1995. “Talking Proper”: The Rise of Accent as Social Symbol. Oxford: Clarendon.
Nadel, S. F. 1957. The Theory of Social Structure. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Nagel, Thomas. 1986. The View From Nowhere. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nash, Walter. 1993. Jargon: Its Uses and Abuses. Oxford: Blackwell.
Newbrook, M. 1999. West Wirral: norms, self-reports and usage. In Urban Voices: Accent Studies in the British Isles, ed. by P. Foulkes and G. J. Docherty, pp. 90–106. London: Arnold.
Ogino, T., et al. 1985. Diversity of honorific usage in Tokyo: A sociolinguistic approach based on a field survey. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 55: 23–39.
Parmentier, Richard. 1994. The naturalization of convention. In Signs in Society, pp. 175–92. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Parsons, Talcott and Edward A. Shils (eds.) 1951. Towards a General Theory of Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Paulston, Christina B. 1976. Pronouns of address in Swedish: social class semantics and a changing system. Language in Society, 5: 359–86.
Pei, J. C. Honorific usage in spoken Korean in Yanbian. 1992. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 97: 87–95.
Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1931–1958. The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce (8 vols.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1992. The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings (2 vols.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Perrino, Sabina M. 2002. Intimate Hierarchies and Quar'anic Saliva (Tëfli): Textuality in a Senegalese ethnomedical encounter. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 12(2): 225–59.
Phillipps, K. C. 1984. Language and Class in Victorian England. Oxford: Blackwell.
Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo. 1968. Javanese speech levels. Indonesia, 6: 54–81.
Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo. 1969. Wordlist of Javanese non-Ngoko vocabularies. Indonesia, 7: 165–190.
Putnam, Hilary. 1975. The meaning of ‘meaning’. In Mind, Language and Reality. Philosophical Papers, vol. 2., pp. 215–71. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Puttenham, G. 1589. The Arte of English Poesie. London.
Quinn, Arthur. 1982. Figures of Speech. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books.
Quirk, Randolph and Svartvik, Jan. 1966. Investigating Linguistic Acceptability. The Hague: Mouton.
Ramanujan, A. K. 1968. The structure of variation: A study in caste dialects. In Structure and Change in Indian Society, ed. by Milton Singer and Bernard S. Cohn, pp. 461–74. New York: Wenner-Gren.
Rampton, Ben. 2003. Hegemony, social class and stylization. Pragmatics, 13(1): 49–83.
Reid, I. 1977. Social Class Differences in Britain. London: Open Books.
Reid, T. B. W. 1956. Linguistics, structuralism and philology. Archivum Linguisticum, 8(1): 28–37.
Rivers, W. H. R. 1915. Kin, kinship. In Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, ed. by J. Hastings, pp. 700–07. Edinburgh and New York: Scribner.
Rosaldo, Michelle Z. 1982. The things we do with words: Ilongot speech acts and speech act theory in philosophy. Language in Society, 11: 203–37.
Rosch, Eleanor. 1978. Principles of categorization. In Cognition and Categorization, ed. by Eleanor Rosch and Barbara B. Lloyd, pp. 27–48. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Rosewarne, D. 1984. Estuary English. The Times Literary Supplement, 19 October.
Rosewarne, D.1994. Estuary English: Tomorrow's RP? English Today, 37(10.1): 3–8.
Ross, A. S. C. 1954. Linguistic class indicators in present-day English. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 55: 20–56.
Sadock, Jerrold M. 1974. Towards a Linguistic Theory of Speech Acts. New York: Academic Press.
Sapir, Edward. 1921. Language. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Sapir, Edward.1949a. Communication. In Selected Writings of Edward Sapir, ed. by David G. Mandelbaum, pp. 104–10. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sapir, Edward.1949b. Abnormal types of speech in Nootka. In Selected Writings of Edward Sapir, ed. by David G. Mandelbaum, pp. 179–96. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schegloff, Emanuel. 1972. Notes on a conversational practice. In Language and Social Context, ed. by Pier Paolo Giglioli, pp. 95–135. Hammondsworth: Penguin.
Schieffelin, Bambi et al. eds. 1998. Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory. New York: Oxford.
Schneider, David M. 1984. A Critique of the Study of Kinship. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Schottman, Wendy. 1995. The daily ritual of greeting among the Baatombu of Benin. Anthropological Linguistics, 37(4): 487–523.
Searle, John. 1969. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. London: Cambridge University Press.
Searle, John. 1976. A classification of illocutionary acts. Language in Society, 5: 1–23.
Searle, John.1975. Indirect speech acts. In Syntax and Semantics, vol. 3, ed. by Peter Cole and Jerry Morgan, pp. 59–82. New York: Academic Press.
Senft, Gunter. 1997. Magical conversation on the Trobriand islands. Anthropos, 92: 369–91.
Sheridan, Thomas 1756. British Education. Dublin: Printed by George Faulkner.
Sheridan, Thomas1761. A Dissertation on the Causes of the Difficulties Which Occur in Learning the English Tongue. With a Scheme for Publishing an English Grammar and Dictionary Upon a Plan Entirely New. The Object of Which Shall be, to Facilitate the Attainment of the English Tongue, and establish a Perpetual Standard of Pronunciation. London: Printed for R. and J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall.
Sheridan, Thomas1762. A Course of Lectures on Elocution. London: printed by W. Strahan, for A. Millar, R. and J. Dodsley, T. Davies, C. Henderson, J. Wilkie, and E. Dilly.
Sheridan, Thomas1769. A Plan of Education for the Young Nobility and Gentry of Great Britain. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly.
Sheridan, Thomas1775. Lectures on the Art of Reading. London: printed for J. Dodsley, J. Wilkie, E. and C. Dilly, and T. Davies.
Sheridan, Thomas1780. A General Dictionary of the English Language. One main object of which, is, to establish a plain and permanent standard of pronunciation. To which is prefixed a rhetorical grammar. London: Printed by William Strahan for J. Dodsley; C. Dilly; and J. Wilkie.
Shibamoto, Janet S. 1987. The womanly woman: manipulation of stereotypical and non-stereotypical features of Japanese female speech. In Language, Gender and Sex in a Comparative Perspective, ed. by Susan Phillips, Susan Steele and Christine Tanz, pp. 26–49. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Silverstein, Michael. 1976. Shifters, linguistic categories, and cultural description. In Meaning in Anthropology, ed. by Keith Basso and Ellen Selby, pp. 11–56. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Silverstein, Michael. 1996a. Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. SALSA, 3: 266–95.
Silverstein, Michael.1979. Language structure and linguistic ideology. In The Elements: A Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels, ed. by Paul R. Clyne, William F. Hanks and Carol L. Hofbauer, pp. 193–247. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
Silverstein, Michael.1981. The limits of awareness. In Sociolinguistic Working Paper, no. 84. Austin, TX: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.
Silverstein, Michael.1985. On the pragmatic ‘poetry’ of prose: parallelism, repetition and cohesive structure in the time course of dyadic conversation. In Meaning, Form and Use in Context: Linguistic Applications, ed. by Deborah Schiffrin, pp. 181–99. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Silverstein, Michael.1987. Cognitive implications of a referential hierarchy. In Social and Functional Approaches to Language and Thought, ed. by Maya Hickman, pp. 125–64. New York: Academic Press.
Silverstein, Michael.1988. Demeanor indexicals and honorific register. Unpublished paper, presented at the conference on honorifics, Reed College, 1988.
Silverstein, Michael.1993. Metapragmatic discourse and metapragmatic function. In Reflexive Language: Reported Speech and Metapragmatics, ed. by John A. Lucy, pp. 33–58. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Silverstein, Michael.1996b. Monoglot ‘Standard’ in America: standardization and metaphors of linguistic hegemony. In The Matrix of Language, ed. by Donald Brenneis and Ronald Macaulay, pp. 284–306. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Simpson, Rita S. 1997. Metapragmatic discourse and the ideology of impolite pronouns in Thai. JLA, 7(1): 38–62.
Sinclair, John. 1988. Compressed English. In Registers of Written English, ed. by M. Ghadessy, pp. 130–36. London: Pinter.
Singh, U. N. 1989. How to honor someone in Maithili. Int. J. Soc. Lang., 75: 87–107.
Slobin, Dan I. 1963. Some aspects of the use of pronouns of address in Yiddish. Word, 19(2): 193–202.
Smith-Hefner, Nancy J. 1988. The linguistic socialization of Javanese children in two communities. Anthropological Linguistics, 30(2): 166–98.
Stone, Linda. 2004. Introduction: The demise and revival of kinship. In Kinship and Family: An Anthropological Reader, ed. by Robert Parkin and Linda Stone, pp. 241–56. Oxford: Blackwell.
Suzuki, Takao. 1984. Words for Self and Others. In Words in Context: A Japanese Perspective on Language and Culture, pp. 111–69. Tokyo: Kodansha International.
Taylor, Charles. 1989. Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Toolan, Michael. 1988. The language of press advertising. In Registers of Written English, ed. by M. Ghadessy, pp. 52–64. London: Pinter.
Trechter, Sara. 1995. Categorial gender myths in Native America: Gender deictics in Lakhota. Issues in Applied Linguistics, 6(1): 5–22.
Trudgill, Peter. 1999. Standard English: What it isn't. In Standard English: The Widening Debate, ed. by Tony Bex and Richard J. Watts, pp. 117–28. London: Routledge.
Urban, Greg. 1996. Metaphysical Community: The Interplay of the Senses and the Intellect. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Van Gennep, Arnold. 1961 [1909]. The Rites of Passage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [Paris, E Nourry, 1909].
Vatuk, Sylvia. 1982. Forms of address in the North Indian family: An exploration of the cultural meaning of kin terms. In Concepts of Person: Kinship, Caste and Marriage in India, ed. by Akos Oster et al., pp. 56–98. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Walker, John. 1791. A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language. London: Robinson and Cadell.
Walker, John. 1806. Elements of Elocution. London: Printed for J. Johnson in St Paul's Churchyard.
Wang, H.-S. 1990. Towards a description of the organization of Korean speech levels. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 82: 25–39.
Watterson, Bill. 1995. The Calvin and Hobbes Tenth Anniversary Book. Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel.
Watts, Richard J. 1999. The social construction of Standard English: Grammar writers as a discourse community. In Standard English: The Widening Debate, ed. by Tony Bex and Richard J. Watts, pp. 40–68. London: Routledge.
Weber, Max. 1978 [1956]. Economy and Society, 2 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press. [Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, 4th edition, Tubingen, 1956]
Wells, J. C. 1982. Accents of English (3 vols.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wortham, Stanton E. F. 2005. Socialization beyond the speech event. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1): 95–112.