4 - Protecting London from tidal flooding: limits to engineering adaptation  pp. 54-63

Protecting London from tidal flooding: limits to engineering adaptation

By Tim Reeder, Jon Wicks, Luke Lovell and Owen Tarrant

Image View Previous Chapter Next Chapter


London and the Thames Estuary have one of the best tidal flood defence systems in the world, which offers a standard of protection in excess of a 1 in 1000 year flood (up to at least 2030). However potential drivers such as climate change, socio-economic change and asset deterioration will continue to increase the level of flood risk into the future. Given the long lead times required to implement large- scale infrastructure projects, now is the right time to start planning for the future. Thames Estuary 2100 (TE2100) is an initiative by Anglian, Southern and Thames Regions of the Environment Agency (2008) to develop a plan for flood risk management in the estuary for the next 100 years. The development of this plan is based on a phased programme of study and consultation. This chapter describes one particular work element of TE2100, entitled ‘Limits to adaptation’ (Halcrow for the Environment Agency, 2006).

The ‘Limits to adaptation’ study was initiated by the TE2100 team to gain an early appreciation of the likely limits of large- scale ‘hard engineering-biased’ flood risk management options against incremental sea level rise and different magnitudes of storm surge event in the future. The study has provided TE2100 with a rich insight into the hydraulic performance and possible design considerations of ‘hard’ engineering biased options, such as an outer estuary barrage, in order to aid in the development of different sets of options.

Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change 2005. International Symposium on the Stabilisation of Greenhouse Gas Concentrations, Report of the International Scientific Steering Committee. Available at www.metoffice.gov.uk/climatechange/
Donovan, B., Von Lany, P., Wells, T. and Hall, J. 2006. ‘Introducing the concept of decision pathways to help make adaptive and robust flood risk management decisions under uncertainty’, paper presented at the Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Conference, Defra, London.
Environment Agency 2008. Thames Estuary 2100. Available at www.environment-agency.gov.uk/te2100/ (accessed 21 July 2008).
Halcrow for the Environment Agency 2006. Thames Estuary 2100 Limits to Adaptation: Final Modelling Report. Bristol: Environment Agency.
Tol, R. S. J., Bohn, M., Downing, T. E., Guillerminet, M.-L., Hizsnyik, E., Kasperson, R., Lonsdale, K., Mays, C., Nicholls, R. J., Olsthoorn, A. A., Pfeifle, G., Poumadere, M., Toth, F. L., Vafeidis, N., Van der Werff, P. E. and Hakan Yetkiner, I. 2005. Adaptation to 5 Metres of Sea Level Rise: ATLANTISAdaptation to Worst Imaginable Sea Level Rise. Available at www.uni-hamburg.de/Wiss/FB/15/Sustainability/annex8.pdf (accessed 21 July 2008).