Ending laminations in the Masur domain  pp. 105-130

By Gero Kleineidam and Juan Souto

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We study the relationship between the geometry and the topology of the ends of a hyperbolic 3-manifold M whose fundamental group is not a free group. We prove that a compressible geometrically infinite end of M is tame if there is a Masur domain lamination which is not realized by a pleated surface. It is due to Canary that, in the absence of rank-1-cusps, this condition is also necessary.


Marden [Mar74] proved that every geometrically finite hyperbolic 3-manifold is tame, i.e. homeomorphic to the interior of a compact manifold, and he conjectured that this holds for any hyperbolic 3-manifold M with finitely generated fundamental group. By a theorem of Scott [Sco73b], M contains a core, a compact submanifold C such that the inclusion of C into M is a homotopy equivalence. Moreover, any two cores are homeomorphic by a homeomorphism in the correct homotopy class [MMS85].

So the discussion of the tameness of M boils down to a discussion of the ends of M. The ends are in a bijective correspondence with the boundary components of the compact core C. An end E is said to be tame if it has a neighborhood homeomorphic to the product of the corresponding boundary component ∂E of C with the half-line. Hence M is tame if its ends are.

Since M is aspherical, either π1(M) = 1 or every boundary component of C is a closed surface of genus at least 1.