12 - Once More into Battle: The Leiden Theologians (1647)  pp. 337-365

Once More into Battle: The Leiden Theologians (1647)

By Desmond M. Clarke

Image View Previous Chapter Next Chapter



I shall ask only for justice. If I cannot obtain it, it seems best that I prepare myself very calmly to retreat.

The winter of 1646–47 was too cold for Descartes even to travel to The Hague. His last visit there had been toward the end of November 1646, and he deferred his next trip for another four months, until the end of March 1647. As in the previous winter, this reluctance of a formerly inveterate traveller was not due exclusively to the weather. He was also beginning to feel old and infirm, and his thoughts turned once more to considerations of mortality. Thus when Huygens mentioned the musical compositions of their late friend Bannius, Descartes told him that he did not value them highly, and then added: ‘If I die only of old age, I would still like some day to write about musical theory.’ At about the same time, he told Picot about changes in his daily routine. He had reduced his evening meal, he said, because his usual eating habits made him feel heavy and disturbed his night's sleep. That might have seemed trivial in other circumstances. Now, however, Descartes thought it was a warning sign of imminent ageing and a more reliable indicator of advancing years than his grey hair. Baillet noticed a number of related symptoms of Descartes' awareness of ageing.

12

Reference Title: Bibliography

Reference Type: bibliography

Reference Title: Primary Sources

Reference Type: bibliography

Aemilius, Antonius (1651). Orationes. Utrecht: Gisbertus à Zyll et Theodorus ab Ackersdyck
Agrippa, Henry Cornelius (1993). Three Books of Occult Philosophy. Trans. James Freake, ed. Donald Tyson. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications. (First ed. in Latin 1531, in English 1651)
Anonymous (1611). In anniversarium Henrici Magni obitus diem. Lacrymae collegii Flexiensis regii Societatis Jesu. La Flèche: Jacob Reze
Anonymous (1623). Effroyables pactions faites entre le Diable et les prétendus invisibles avec leurs damnables instructions, perte deplorable de leurs escoliers, et leur miserable fin. Reprinted in Édouard Fournier, ed., Variétés historiques et littéraires, vol. 9 (Paris: Pagnerre, 1859), 275–307
Anonymous (1624). Examen sur l'inconnue et nouvelle caballe des frères de la Rozée-Croix, habituez depuis peu de temps en la ville de Paris. Ensemble l'histoire des moeurs, coustumes, prodiges et particularitez d'icieux. Paris. Reprinted in Édouard Fournier, ed., Variétés historiques et littéraires, vol. 1 (Paris: Jannet, 1855), 115–26
Anonymous (1643). Traictez pour la Deffence de l'université de Paris, contra les Iesuites. Paris
Anonymous (1680). A Truth Known to very Few: viz. That the Jesuits are down-right compleat Atheists: Proved such, and condemned for it by Two Sentences of the Famous Faculty of Sorbonne. London: T. Dawks
Aquinas, Thomas (1968). On the Unity of the Intellect against the Averroists. Trans. Beatrice H. Zedler. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press
Arckenholtz, Johann Wilhelm (1751). Memoires concernant Christine Reine de Suede pour servir d'Eclaircissement a l'histoire de son regne et principalement de sa vie privée, et aux evenemens de l'histoire de son temps civile et littéraire. 4 vols. Amsterdam and Leipzig: Pierre Mortier
Aristotle (2000). Nichomachean Ethics. Trans. Roger Crisp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Arnauld, Antoine (1703). De la frequente Communion, ou les sentimens des Peres, des papes, et des Conciles, touchant l'usage des Sacrements de Penitence & d'Eucharistie sont fidellement exposez. Lyon: Leonard Plaignard. (First ed. 1644)
Arnauld, Antoine (1990). On True and False Ideas. Trans. S. Gaukroger. Manchester: Manchester University Press. (First ed. 1683)
Arnauld, Antoine, and Pierre Nicole (1996). Logic or the Art of Thinking. Trans. Jill Vance Buroker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (First ed. 1662)
Augustine, Saint (1998). The City of God against the Pagans. Trans. R. W. Dyson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ausonius (1991). The Works of Ausonius. Edited with an introduction and commentary by R. P. H. Green. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Baillet, Adrien (1691). La Vie de Monsieur Des-Cartes. 2 vols. Paris: Daniel Horthemels
Basso, Sebastianus (1621). Philosophiae naturalis adversus Aristotelem libri xii. Geneva: Peter de la Roviere
Beardslee, John, ed. (1965). Reformed Dogmatics. New York: Oxford University Press
Beaugrand, Jean de (1636). Geostatice, seu de vario pondere gravium secundum varia a terrae [centro] intervalla. Tussamus du Bray
Beeckman, Isaac (1939–53). Journal tenu par Isaac Beeckman de 1604 à 1634. Ed. Cornelis de Waard. 4 vols. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff
Beverwijck, Johannes van (1644). Epistolicae Quaestiones, cum doctorum responsis. Rotterdam: Arnold Leers
Borel, Pierre (1670a). Historiarum, & Observationum Medicophysicarum, Centuria iv; Renati Cartesii vita. Frankfurt: L. S. Cornerum
Borel, Pierre (1670b). A Summary or Compendium of the Life of the most Famous Philosopher Renatus Descartes. London: George Palmer
Botois (Bootius), Gerard and Arnold (1641). Philosophia Naturalis Reformata. Id est, Philosophiae Aristotelicae accurate examinatio. Et novae verior introductio. Dublin: Societas Bibliopolarum
Bots, Hans, and Pierre Leroy, eds. (1978–82). Correspondance intégrale d'André Rivet et de Claude Sarrau, 1641–1550. 3 vols. Amsterdam: APA–Holland University Press
Boyle, Robert (1979). Selected Philosophical Papers of Robert Boyle. Ed. M. A. Stewart. Manchester: Manchester University Press
Boyle, Robert (1999–2000). The Works of Robert Boyle. Ed. M. Hunter and E. B. Davis. 14 vols. London: Pickering and Chatto
Brosse, Pierre de la [Petrus Brossaeus] (1611). Corpus omnium veterum poetarum Latinorum secundum seriem temporum, et quinque libris distinctum, in quo continentur omnia ipsorum opera, seu fragmenta quae reperiuntur, cui praefixa uniuscuiusque poetae vita, 2nd ed. Geneva: Samuel Crispin
Campanella, Thomas (1993). La Città del Sole. Ed. Davide Sala. Sommacampagna: Demetra. (First ed. 1602)
Campanella, Thomas (1994). Apologia pro Galileo: A Defence of Galileo the Mathematician from Florence. Trans. Richard J. Blackwell. Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press. (First ed. 1616)
Caus, Salomon de (1624). Les raisons des forces mouvantes, avec diverses machines tant utiles que plaisantes: ausquelles sont adjoints plusieurs desseins de Grotes & Fontaines. Paris: Charles Sevestre
Caussin, Nicolas (1624). La Cour Sainte. Paris: Sebastien Chappelet
Caussin, Nicolas (1634). The Holy Court. Trans. Thomas Hawkins. London: John Cousturier
Caussin, Nicolas (1649). The Christian Diary. London: John Williams
Caussin, Nicolas (1714). The Penitent: or, Entertainments for Lent. Translated by B. B. [Basil Brook]. London: Gosling
Chanet, Pierre (1646). De l'Instinct et de la connoisssance des animaux. La Rochelle: Toussaincts de Govy
Charron, Pierre (1654). De la Sagesse. Trois Livres. Leiden: Jean Elzevier
Charron, Pierre (1729). Of Wisdom Three Books. Trans. George Stanhope. London: n.p
Copernicus, Nicholas (1978). On the Revolutions. Translation and commentary by Edward Rosen. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press. (First ed. 1543)
Dee, John (1564). Monas Hieroglyphica. Antwerp: G. Silvius
Descartes, Cathérine (1745). ‘Relation de la mort de M. Descartes.’ In Bibliothèque Poétique, vol. 3. Paris: Briasson, 238–50
Descartes, René (1641). Meditationes de prima philosophia, in qua Dei existentia, & animae immortalitas demonstratur. Paris: Michael Soly
Descartes, René (1642). Meditationes de prima philosophia, in quibus Dei existentia, & animae humanae à corpore distinctio, demonstrantur. Amsterdam: L. Elzevier
Descartes, René (1644). Principia Philosophiae. Amsterdam: Louis Elzevier
Descartes, René (1650). Meditationes De Prima Philosophia, in quibus Dei existentia, & animae humanae à corpore distinctio, demonstrantur. 3rd ed. Amsterdam: Louis Elzevier
Descartes, René (1657–67). Lettres de Mr Descartes. Ed. Claude Clerselier. 3 vols. Paris: Angot
Descartes, René (1665). Discourses of the Mechanicks: A manuscript of Monsieur Des-Cartes. In Mathematical Collections and Translations, by Thomas Salusbury, vol. 2. London: William Laybourn, 311–18
Descartes, René (1859–60). Oeuvres inédits de Descartes. Ed. Foucher de Careil. Paris: Auguste Durand
Descartes, René (1936). Descartes: Correspondance. Ed. Charles Adam and G. Milhaud. 8 vols. Paris: Félix Alcan
Descartes, René (1961). Compendium of Music. Trans. Walter Robert. Rome: American Institute of Musicology
Descartes, René (1963). Oeuvres philosophiques de Descartes. Edited and annotated by F. Alquié. 3 vols. Paris: Éditions Garnier Frères
Descartes, René (1966). Regulae ad directionem ingenii. Ed. Giovanni Crapulli. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff
Descartes, René (1976). Descartes' Conversation with Burman. Translated with an Introduction by John Cottingham. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Descartes, René (1977). Règles utiles et claires pour la direction de l'esprit en la recherche de la verité. Translated by Jean-Luc Marion, with mathematical notes by Pierre Costabel. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff
Descartes, René (1990). Abrégé de Musique, suivi des Éclaircissements physiques sur la Musique de Descartes du R. P. Nicolas Poisson. Translation and notes by Pascal Dumont. Paris: Méridiens Klincksieck
Descartes, René (2001). Discourse on Method, Optics, Geometry, and Meteorology, rev. ed. Trans. Paul J. Olscamp. Indianapolis: Hackett
Descartes, René (2003). The Correspondence of René Descartes 1643. Ed. T. Verbeek, E.-J. Bos, and J. van de Ven. Utrecht: Zeno Institute for Philosophy
Digby, Kenelm (1644). Two Treatises in the one of which, The Nature of Bodies; in the other, the Nature of Mans Soule: is looked into in way of discovery, of the Immortality of Reasonable Soules. Paris: Gilles Blaizot
Digby, Kenelm (1658). A Late Discourse Made in a Solemne Assembly of Nobles and Learned Men at Montpellier in France, Touching the Cure of Wounds by the Powder of Sympathy; with Instructions how to make the said powder, whereby many other secrets of Nature are unfolded. Trans. R. White. London: R. Lowndes and T. Davis
Donno, Elizabeth Story, ed. (1993). Three Renaissance Pastorals: Tasso, Guarini, Daniel. Binghamton, New York: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, vol. 102
Erasmus, Desiderius (1530). De civilitate morum puerilium. Cologne: Joannes Gymnicus
Erasmus, Desiderius (1532). A Lytell booke of Good Manners for Children. Trans. Robert Whytyngton. London
Erasmus, Desiderius (1967). Erasmus on His Times: A Shortened Version of the ‘Adages’ of Erasmus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (First ed. 1500)
Euclid (1574). Euclidis Elementorum libri XV. Accessit XVI de solidorum regularium comparatione. Ed. Christopher Clavius. Rome: Vincent Accoltus
Fermat, Pierre (1891–1912). Oeuvres de Fermat. Ed. Paul Tannery and Charles Henry. Paris: Gauthier-Villars
Fitzpatrick, Edward A. (1933). St. Ignatius and the Ratio Studiorum. New York and London: McGraw-Hill
Fromondus, Libertus (1627). Meteorologicorum Libri Sex. Antwerp: Plantiniana
Fromondus, Libertus (1631). Anti-Aristarchus sive Orbis-Terrae immobilis. Antwerp: Plantiniana
Galilei, Galileo (1957). Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo. Edited and translated by Stillman Drake. New York: Doubleday
Garassus, François (1623). La doctrine curieuse des beaux esprits de ce temps, ou pretendus tels. Paris: Sebastien Chappelet
Gassendi, Pierre (1641). Viri Illustris Nicolai Claudii Fabricii de Peiresc. Senatoris Aquisextiensis. Paris: Sebastian Cramoisy
Gassendi, Pierre (1642). De motu impresso a motore translato. Epistolae duae. Paris: Louis de Heuqueville
Gassendi, Pierre (1644). Disquisitio Metaphysica. Seu Dubitationes, et Instantiae: Adversus Renati Cartesii Metaphysicam, & Responsa. Amsterdam: Johannes Blaeu
Gassendi, Pierre (1657). The Mirrour of True Nobility & Gentility. Being the Life of the Renowned Nicolaus Clausius Fabricius Lord of Peiresk, Senator of the Parliament of Aix. Trans. W. Rand. London: Humphrey Moseley
Gassendi, Pierre (1658). Opera Omnia. 6 vols. Lyon: Laurentius Anisson
Gassendi, Pierre (1962). Disquisitio Metaphysica. Latin text, French translation by Bernard Rochot. Paris: Vrin
[Goulu, Dominique] (1628). Letres de Phyllarque a Ariste. Paris: George Verd
Gournay, Marie le Jars de (2002). Apology for the Woman Writing and Other Works. Edited and translated by Richard Hillman and Colette Quesnel. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press
Guez de Balzac, Jean Louis (1624). Lettres de Sieur de Balzac. Paris: Toussaint du Bray
Guez de Balzac, Jean Louis (1638a). The Letters of Mounsieur de Balzac. Trans. ‘W. T.’ London: W. Edmonds
Guez de Balzac, Jean Louis (1638b). New Epistles by Mounsieur D'Balzac. Trans. Richard Baker Knight. London: Eglesfield, Crooke and Serger
Halliwell, James Orchard, ed. (1841). A Collection of Letters Illustrative of the Progress of Science in England from the Reign of Queen Elizabeth to That of Charles the Second. London: Historical Society of Science
Heereboord, Adrianus (1665). Meletemata Philosophica. Leiden: Francis Moyard
Hobbes, Thomas (1994). The Correspondence. Ed. Noel Malcolm. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Huygens, Constantijn (1644). Momenta Desultoria: Poematum Libri Ⅺ. Ed. Caspar Barlaeus. Leiden: Bonaventure and Abraham Elzevier
Huygens, Constantijn (1911). De Briefwisseling van Constantijn Huygens (1608–1687). Ed. J. W. Worp. 's-Gravenhague: M. Nijhoff
Huygens, Christiaan (1962). Treatise on Light. Trans. S. P. Thompson. New York: Dover. (First ed. 1690)
Huygens, Constantijn (1964). The Use and Nonuse of the Organ in the Churches of the United Netherlands. Trans. Ericka E. Smit-Vanrotte. New York: Institute of Medieval Music
Ignatius of Loyola (1963). The Spiritual Exercises. Trans. Thomas Corbishley. London: Burns and Oates. (First ed. 1548)
Kepler, Joannes (1992). New Astronomy. Trans. William H. Donahue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (First ed. 1609)
Kepler, Joannes (1997). The Harmony of the World. Trans. E. J. Aiton, A. M. Duncan, and J. V. Field. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. (First ed. 1619)
La Forge, Louis de (1666). Traitté de l'esprit de l'homme et de ses facultez et fonctions, et de son union avec le corps. Suivant les principes de René Descartes. Paris: T. Girard
La Forge, Louis de (1997). Treatise on the Human Mind (1666). Trans. D. M. Clarke. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer
La Mothe le Vayer, François de (1647). Petit Discours Chrestien de l'Immortalité de l'Ame, avec Corollaire, & un Discours Sceptique sur la Musique. 3rd ed. Paris: Antoine de Sommaville. (First ed. 1637)
Lipstorp, Daniel (1653). Specimina Philosophiae Cartesianae. Quibus accedit euisdem authoris Copernicus redivivus. Leiden: Joannes et Daniel Elsevier
Louis de Grenade [Luis Sarria] (1583). La Guide des pecheurs, composée en espagnol par R. P. F. Louis de Geenade, traduite en français par N. Colin. Paris: Le Fizelier
Lull, Ramon (1578). Ars brevis illuminati doctoris magistri Raymundi Lull. Paris: Aegidius Gorbinus
Lull, Ramon (1632). Le fondement de l'artifice universel, de l'illuminé docteur Raymond Lulle. Trans. R. L. sieur de Vassi. Paris: Champenois
Lull, Ramon (1985). Selected Works of Ramon Llull. Edited and translated by Anthony Bonner. 2 vols. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Melanchthon, Philip (1999). Orations on Philosophy and Education. Ed. S. Kusukawa, trans. S. F. Salazar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Mersenne, Marin (1623). Quaestiones celeberrimae in genesim, cum accurata textus explicatione. Paris: Sebastian Cramoisy
Mersenne, Marin (1624). L'Impiété des Deistes, et les plus subtils Libertins découverte, & refutee par raisons de Théologie & de Philosophie. 2 vols. Paris: Pierre Billaine
Mersenne, Marin (1625). La vérité des Sciences. Contre les Septiques ou Pyrrhoniens. Paris: Toussainct du Bray
Mersenne, Marin (1932–91). Correspondance du P. Marin Mersenne, religieux minime. Ed. C. de Waard, R. Pintard, R. Rochot, and A. Beaulieu. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France and Editions du CNRS
Mill, J. S. (1989). On Liberty and Other Writings. Ed. Stefan Collini. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Montaigne, Michel de (1991). The Complete Essays. Trans. M. A. Screech. London: Penguin. (First ed. 1580)
Morin, Jean-Baptiste (1631). Famosi et antiqui problematis de telluris motu, vel qiete; hactenus optata solutio. Paris: Published by the author
Naudé, Gabriel (1623). Instruction à la France sur la vérité de l'histoire des Frères de la Roze-Croix. Paris: François Iulliot
Naudé, Gabriel (1625). Apologie pour tous les grands personages qui ont esté faussement soupçonnez de Magie. Paris: François Targa
Naudé, Gabriel (1657). The History of Magick by way of Apology for all the Wise Men who have unjustly been reputed Magicians, from the Creation, to the present Age. Trans. J. Davis. London: John Streater
Pascal, Blaise (1998–2000). Oeuvres complètes. Ed. Michel Le Guern. 2 vols. Paris: Gallimard
Pasquier, Étienne (1602). Le Catechisme des jesuites; un examen de leur doctrine. Ville-franche: Guillaume Grenier
Pasquier, Etienne (1975). The Jesuites Catechisme 1602. Ilkey (Yorkshire) and London: Scolar Press
Plemp, Vopiscus Fortunatus (1648). Ophthalmographia sive Tractatio de Oculo. 2nd ed. Louvain: Jerome Nemparaeus
Porta, John Baptista della (1619). Magiae naturalis libri viginti, in quibus scientiarum naturalium divitiae, & deliciae demonstrantur. Hanover: Daniel and David Aubriorum and Clement Schleichius
Porta, John Baptista della (1658). Natural Magick by John Baptista Porta, a Neapolitane: in twenty Books … wherein are set forth All the Riches and Delights of the Natural Sciences. London: Thomas Young and Samuel Speed
Poulain de la Barre, François (1720). La Doctrine des protestans sur la liberté de lire l'Ecriture Sainte, le service divin en langue entendue, l'invocation des saints, le sacrement de l'eucharistie. Geneva: Fabri & Barrilot
Prévot, Jacques, ed. (1998). Libertins du XVIIe siècle, vol. 1. Paris: Gallimard
Quintilian, M. Fabius (1921). Institutio Oratoria. Trans. H. E. Butler. 4 vols. London and Cambridge, MA: Heinemann and Harvard University Press
Regius, Henricus (1640). Spongia qua eluuntur sordes Animadversionum quas Jacobus Primirosius Doctor Medicus adversus Theses pro Circulatione sanguinis in Academia Ultrajectina disputatas nuper edidit. Leiden: W. Christiaens for J. Maire
Regius, Henricus (1641). Physiologia, sive Cognitio sanitatis. Tribus disputionibus in Academia Ultrajectina publice proposita. Utrecht: Aeg. Roman
Regius, Henricus (1646). Fundamenta Physices. Amsterdam: Louis Elzevier
Regius, Henricus (1648). Brevis Explicatio Mentis Humanae, sive animae rationalis: Ubi explicatur, quid sit, & quid esse possit. Utrecht: Theodore Ackersdicius
Regius, Henricus (2002). The Correspondence between Descartes and Henricus Regius. Ed. Erik-Jan Bos. Utrecht: Zeno
Revius, Jacobus (1648). Methodi Cartesianae Consideratio Theologica. Leiden: Jerome de Vogel
Richeome, Louis (1604). Le Pelerin de Lorete. Bordeaux: S. Millanges
Richeome, Louis (1621). L'Immortalitaté de l'ame, declaree avec raisons naturelles tesmoignages humains et divins pour la Foy Catholique contre les Athees et Libertins. Paris: Nicolas Buon
(Rivet, Andrew) (1651). Les dernieres heures de Monsieur Rivet vivant, Ministere de la Parole de Dieu. Delf: Arthur Woodward. Translated into English by ‘G. L.’ as: The Last Houers of the Right Reverrent Father in God, Andrew Rivet, in his life time Dr. and Professour Honorable of Divinity, in the University of Leyden. The Hague: Samuel Broun, 1652
Roman Catholic Church (1664). Index librorum prohibitorum. Edition authorized by Pope Alexander VII. Rome: Holy Office
Roth, L. (1926). Correspondence of Descartes and Constantijn Huygens 1635–1647. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Saint-Evremond, Monsieur de (1709). Oeuvres meslées de Mr. de Saint-Evremond. 2nd ed., revised and corrected. 3 vols. London: Jacob Tonson. (Author also known as Charles de Saint Denis)
Saint-Evremond, Monsieur de (1726). Oeuvres de Monsieur de Saint-Evremond, avec la vie de l'auteur par Mr. Des Maizeaux. 3 vols. Amsterdam: Covens & Mortier
Saint-Evremond, Monsieur de (1728). The Works of Monsieur de St. Evremond. With the Life of the author by Mr. Des Maizeaux F. R. S.. 2nd ed. 3 vols. London: J. and J. Knapton
Sanchez, Jerome (1613). Generalis et admirabilis methodus, ad omnes scientias facilius, et citius addiscendas. Tyrasona: Carolus a Lauayen
Schoock[ius], Martinus (1643). Admiranda Methodus Novae Philosophiae Renati Des Cartes. Utrecht: J. van Waesberge
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1641). Dissertatio de ingenii mulieribus ad Doctrinam, & meliores litteras aptitudine. Leiden: Elzevier
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1646). Question celebre. S'il est necessaire, ou non, que les Filles soient sçavantes. Paris: Rolet le Duc
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1650). Opuscula Hebraea, Graeca, Latina, Gallica, Prosaica & Metrica. 2nd ed. Leiden: Elzevier
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1659). The Learned Maid; or, Whether a Maid may be a Scholar? A Logick Exercise Written in Latine by that Incomparable Virgin Anna Maria à Schurman of Utrecht. London: John Redmayne
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1673). Eukleria, seu Melioris Partis Electio. Altona: Cornelius van der Meulen
Schurman, Anna Maria van (1998). Whether a Christian Woman Should Be Educated and Other Writings from Her Intellectual Circle. Trans. Joyce L. Irwin. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus (1969). De vita beata. Ed. Pierre Grimal. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France
Sextus Empiricus (2000). Outlines of Scepticism. Edited and translated by Julia Annas and Jonathan Barnes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Siger de Brabant (1911). Quaestiones de anima intellectiva. In P. Mandonnet, ed., Siger de Brabant et l'Averrroisme Latin au XIIIème Siècle, vol. 2. Louvain: Institut Supérieur de Philosophie
Silhon, Jean de (1991). Les Deux Vérités. Paris: Fayard. (First ed. 1626)
Silhon, Jean de (1634). De l'immortalité de l'ame. Paris: Pierre Billaine
Soarez, Cyprian (1577). De arte Rhetorica Tres, ex Aristotele, Cicerone, & Quintiliano praecipue deprompti. Salamanaca: M. Gastius
Sommervogel, Carlos, ed. (1892–1932). Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus, new ed. 11 vols. Brussels and Paris: Schepens and Picard
Sorbière, Samuel (1654). Discours sur sa conversion à l'Eglise Catholique. Lyon: Guillaume Barbier
Sorbière, Samuel (1660a). Relations, Lettres, et Discours de Mr. de Sorbiere. Paris: Robert de Ninville
Sorbière, Samuel (1660b). Lettres et Discours, sur diverses matieres curieuses. Paris: François Clousier
Stevin, Simon (1966). The Principal Works of Simon Stevin, vol. 5. Ed. E. Crone et al. Amsterdam: C. V. Swets and Zeitlinger
Tanner, Norman P., ed. (1990). Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils. 2 vols. London and Washington, DC: Sheed and Ward and Georgetown University Press
Tasso, Torquato (1957). L'Aminta. Ed. Angelo Solerti, Introduction by A. Gareffi. Manziana, Italy: Vecchiarelli Editore
Théophile de Viau (1660). Le Parnasse des Poetes Satyriques. Paris. (First ed. 1622)
Vanini, Giulio Cesare (1990). Opere. Ed. G. Papuli and F. P. Raimondi. Galatina: Congedo Editore
Vieta, Francis (1591). In artem analyticem Isagoge. Turonis: Mettayer
Voetius, Gisbertus (1648–69). Selectarum Disputationum Theologicarum. 5 vols. Utrecht and Amsterdam: J. van Waesberge
White, Thomas (1642). De Mundo Dialogi Tres. Paris: Dionysius Moreau
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1963). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, 2nd impression. Trans. D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul

Reference Title: Secondary Works

Reference Type: bibliography

Adam, Charles (1910). Vie & Oeuvres de Descartes: étude historique. Paris: Léopold Cerf
Adam, Charles (1937a). Descartes: sa vie et son oeuvre. Paris: Boivin
Adam, Charles (1937b). Descartes: ses amitiés féminines. Paris: Boivin
Åkerman, Susanna (1991). Queen Christina of Sweden and Her Circle. Leiden and New York: E. J. Brill
Anonymous (1730). The Life of Lucilio (alias Julius Caesar) Vanini, Burnt for Atheism at Thoulouse. With an Abstract of his Writings. Trans. from French. London: W. Meadows
Ariès, Philippe (1973). L'Enfant et la vie familiale sous l'ancien régime. Paris: Editions du Seuil
Ariès, Philippe, et al. (1986). Histoire de la vie privée: Vol. III: De la renaissance aux Lumières. Paris: Éditions du Seuil
Ariew, Roger, John Cottingham, and Tom Sorell, eds. (1998). Descartes'Meditations: Background Source Materials. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Armogathe, Jean-Robert(1977). Theologia cartesiana: L'explication physique de L'Eucharistie chez Descartes et Dom Desgabets. The Hague: Nijhoff
Armogathe, Jean-Robert (1994). ‘L'approbation des Meditationes par la faculté de théologie de Paris (1641).’ Bulletin cartésien, 21, 1–3
Armogathe, J.-R., Vincent Carraud, and Robert Feenstra (1988). ‘La Licence de droit de Descartes: un placard inédit de 1616.’ Nouvelles de la République des Lettres, 1, 122–45
Armogathe, J. -R., Giulia Belgioioso, and Carlo Vinti (1999). La biografia intelletuale di Réne Descartes attraverso la correspondance. Naples: Vivarium
Armogathe, J. -R., and Vincent Carraud (2001). ‘La première condamnation des Oeuvres des Descartes, d'après des documents inédits aux Archives du Saint-Office.’ Nouvelles de la république des lettres, 2, 103–37
Augur, Léon (1962). Un savant méconnu: Gilles Personne de Roberval (1602–1675). Paris: Blanchard
Baar, Morgan de, et al., eds. (1996). Choosing the Better Part: Anna Maria van Schurman (1607–1678). Dordrecht: Kluwer
Barbour, James Murray (1951). Tuning and Temperament. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press
Belgioioso, Giulia, ed. (1990). Descartes: il metodo e i saggi: atti del convegno per il 350° anniversario della pubblicazione del Discours de la Méthode et degli Essais. 2 vols. Rome: Istituto della Encyclopedia Italiana
Bercé, Y.-M. (1974). Histoire des croquants: Étude des soulèvements populaires aux xviie siècle dans le sud-ouest de la France. Paris and Geneva: Librairie Droz
Birch, Una Constance (1909). Anna van Schurman: Artist, Scholar, Saint. London: Longmans, Green and Co
Blackwell, Richard J. (1991). Galileo, Bellarmine, and the Bible. Notre Dame, IN, and London: University of Notre Dame Press
Bonansea, Bernardino M. (1969). Tommaso Campanella: Renaissance Pioneer of Modern Thought. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press
Bordo, Susan, ed. (1999). Feminist Interpretations of René Descartes. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press
Bos, Erik-Jan (1999). ‘Descartes's Lettre Apologétique aux Magistrats d'Utrecht: New Facts and Materials.’ Journal of the History of Philosophy, 37, 415–33
Bos, Erik-Jan, and Corinna Vermeulen (2002). ‘An Unknown Autograph Letter of Descartes to Joachim de Wicquefort.’ Studia Leibnitiana, 34, 100–9
Bos, E.-J., M. van Otegem, and T. Verbeek (2002). ‘Notes sur la correspondance de Descartes.’ Archives de Philosophie, 65, 5–14
Bos, Henk J. M. (1990). ‘The Structure of Descartes’ Géométrie.' In Belgioioso (1990), vol. 2, 349–69
Bos, Henk J. M. (2001). Redefining Geometrical Exactness: Descartes' Transformation of the Early Modern Concept of Construction. New York: Springer-Verlag
Brink, J. R., ed. (1980). Female Scholars: A Tradition of Learned Women before 1800. Montreal: Eden Press
Brown, Barbara Traxler (1990). ‘Discours and Essais de la Méthode: An Evaluation within Jan Maire's Publishing Activities, 1636–1639.’ In Belgioioso (1990), vol. 2, 119–35
Certeau, Michel de (1970). La Possession de Loudun. Paris: Julliard
Christensen, Thomas, ed. (2002). The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Clarke, Desmond M. (1989). Occult Powers and Hypotheses: Cartesian Natural Philosophy under Louis XIV. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Clarke, Desmond M. (2003a). ‘Pascal's Philosophy of Science.’ In N. Hammond, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Pascal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 102–21
Clarke, Desmond M. (2003b). Descartes's Theory of Mind. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Clulee, Nicholas H. (1988). John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion. London: Routledge
Cohen, Gustave (1920). Écrivains Français en Hollande dans la première moitié du xviie siècle. Paris: Édouard Champion
Collins, James B. (1995). The State in Early Modern France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Copenhaver, Brian P., and Charles B. Schmitt (1992). Renaissance Philosophy. (A History of Western Philosophy, vol. 3). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Costabel, Pierre (1990). ‘La Géométrie que Descartes n'a pas publiée.’ In Belgioioso (1990), vol. 2, 371–85
Crété, Liliane (1987). La vie quotidienne à La Rochelle au temps du grand siège 1627–1628. Paris: Hachette
Dainville, François de (1978). L'Education des jésuites (xvie–xviiie siècles). Ed. M.-M. Compère. Paris: Éditions de Minuit
Denzinger, Henry (1960). Enchiridion Symbolorum definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum, 31st ed. Ed. Karl Rahner. Fribourg: Herder
Des Chene, Dennis (1996). Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press
Evans, R. J. W. (1973). Rudolph II and His World: A Study in Intellectual History 1576–1612. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Feingold, Mordechai (1999). ‘Descartes and the English: The Cavendish Brothers.’ In Armogathe et al., eds. (1999), 697–711
Ferrier, Francis (1979). Un Oratorien ami de Descartes. Guillaume Gibieuf et sa philosophie de la liberté. Paris: Vrin
Flanagan, Owen (2000). Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press
Foisil, Madeleine (1970). Le révolte des Nu-Pieds et les révoltes normandes de 1639. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France
Fowler, C. F. (1999). Descartes on the Human Soul. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer
Fumaroli, Marc (1980). L'Âge de l'éloquence: Rhétorique et ‘res literaria’ de la Renaissance au seuil de l'époque classique. Geneva: Droz
Gaston-Chérau, Françoise (1949). ‘Pages de la vie de collège.’ In Mélanges dédiés à la mémoire de Félix Grat, vol. 2. Paris: Mme Pecqueur-Grat, 413–43
Gaukroger, Stephen (1995). Descartes; An Intellectual Biography. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Gleick, James (2003). Isaac Newton. London and New York: Fourth Estate
Grimaldi, N., and Marion, J.-L. (1987). Le Discours et sa méthode. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France
Harth, Erica (1992). Cartesian Women: Versions and Subversions of Rational Discourse in the Old Regime. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press
Hilgarth, J. N. (1971). Ramon Lull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Irwin, Joyce (1977). ‘Anna Maria van Schurman: From Feminism to Pietism.’ Church History, 46, 48–62
Irwin, Joyce (1980). ‘Anna Maria van Schurman: The Star of Utrecht (Dutch, 1606–1678).’ In Brink (1980), 68–85
Israel, Jonathan I. (1982). The Dutch Republic and the Hispanic World 1606–1661. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Israel, Jonathan I. (1995). The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Jardine, N. (1984). The Birth of History and Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Java, Sophie (1998). La Nuit des Songes de René Descartes. Paris: Aubier
Jurgens, Maleleine, and Jean Mesnard (1975). ‘Quelques pièces exceptionelles découvertes au minutier central des notaries de Paris (1600–1650).’ Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France, 79, 739–54
King, Peter, and Michael Winter (1998). The Netherlands: World Bibliographcial Series, vol. 88. Oxford: Clio Press
Lenoir, Ernest (1939). Trois Novateurs, Trois Martyrs. Vanini, Campanella, Giordano Bruno. Paris: Rieder
Levack, Brian P. (1987). The Witch-hunt in Early Modern Europe. London and New York: Longman
McMullin, Ernan, ed. (1967). Galileo: Man of Science. New York and London: Basic Books
Mahoney, Michael Sean (1994). The Mathematical Career of Pierre de Fermat 1601–1665, 2nd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Mehl, Édouard (2001). Descartes en Allemagne 1619–1620. Strasbourg: Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg
Moore, James (1996). ‘Metabiographical Reflections on Charles Darwin,’ in Shortland and Yeo (1996), 267–81
Mousnier, Roland (1964). L'Assassinat d'Henri iv 14 Mai 1610. Paris: Gallimard
Mousnier, Roland (1971). La vénalité des offices sous Henri iv et Louis xiii. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France
Mousnier, Roland (1979/84). The Institutions of France under the Absolute Monarchy 1598–1785. Vol. 1: Society and the State, trans. Brian Pearce; vol. 2, The Organs of State and Society, trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press
Mousnier, Roland (1980/90). Les institutions de la France sous la monarchie absolue 1598–1789, 2 vols. 2nd ed. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France
Ong, Walter Jackson, S. J. (1958). Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Osler, Margaret, J., ed. (2000). Rethinking the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Otegem, Matthijs van (2002). A Bibliography of the Works of Descartes (1637–1704). 2 vols. Utrecht: Leiden-Utrecht Research Institute of Philosophy
Parchnev, Boris (1963). Les soulèvements populaires en France de 1623 à 1648. Paris: S.E.V.P.E.N
Petersson, Robert Torsten (1956). Sir Kenelm Digby: The Ornament of England 1603–1665. London: Jonathan Cape
Raimondi, Fancesco Paolo (1998). ‘Vanini et Mersenne.’ In Vanini, ed. Jean-Pierre Cavaillé and Didier Foucault: a special edition of Kairos, no. 12, pp. 181–253
Rice, James V. (1939). Gabriel Naudé 1600–1653. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press and Oxford University Press
Rochemonteix, Camille de (1889). Un collège des jésuites au xviième et au xviiième siècles. 4 vols. Le Mans
Rodis-Lewis, Geneviève (1995). Descartes: Biographie. Paris: Calmann-Lévy
Sambuc, Félix (1869). Jean de Labadie; sa vie et ses écrits. Strasbourg: Heitz
Saxby, T. J. (1987). The Quest for the New Jerusalem: Jean de Labadie and the Labadists, 1610–1744. Dordrecht: Nijhoff
Scaglione, Aldo (1986). The Liberal Arts and the Jesuit College System. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Schama, Simon (1987). The Embarrassment of Riches: An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age. London: Collins
Schramm, Johannes Mauritius (1709). De vita et scriptis famosi athei Juliii Caesaris Vanini. Custrini: Godfrey Heinichius
Sebba, Gregor (1987). The Dream of Descartes. Ed. Richard A. Watson. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press
Shapin, S., and S. Schaffer (1985). Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Shea, William R. (1988). ‘Descartes and the Rosicrucian Enlightenment.’ In R. S. Woolhouse, ed., Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 73–99
Shea, William R. (1991). The Magic of Numbers and Motion. Canton, MA: Science History Publications
Shortland, Michael, and Richard Yeo, eds. (1996). Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Stewart, William McC. (1938). Descartes and Poetry. Reprinted from The Romantic Review (October 1838), 212–42
Thomas, Roy Digby (2001). Digby: The Gunpowder Plotter's Legacy. London: Janus
Thoren, Victor E. (1990). The Lord of Uraniborg: A Biography of Tycho Brahe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Thouverez, E. (1899). ‘La famille Descartes.’ Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 12, 505–28
Tomalin, Claire (2002). Samuel Pepys: The Unequalled Self. London: Penguin
Tricot-Royer, L. (1925). La Bibliothèque de Vopiscus Fortunatus Plempius. Brussels: Goemaere
Vaïse, Emile (1864). Lucilio Vanini, sa vie, sa doctrine, sa mort, 1586–1619. Toulouse: Charles Douladoure
Verbeek, Theo (1988). René Descartes et Martin Schoock: La Querelle d'Utrecht. Paris: Les Impressions Nouvelles
Verbeek, Theo (1992a). Descartes and the Dutch: Early Reactions to Cartesian Philosophy, 1637–1650. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press
Wallace, William A. (1992a). Galileo's Logical Treatises. Dordrecht and London: Kluwer
Wallace, William A. (1992b). Galileo's Logic of Discovery and Proof. Dordrecht and London: Kluwer
Weber, Jean-Paul (1964). La constitution du texte des Regulae. Paris: Société d'Éditions d'Enseignement Supérieur
Westfall, Richard S. (1988). ‘Galileo and the Jesuits.’ In R. S. Woolhouse, ed., Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 45–72
Wymeersch, Brigitte van (1996). Descartes et l'évolution de l'esthétique musicale. Liège, Belgium: Mardaga
Yates, Frances A. (1979). The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Reprinted in Routledge Classics, 2002
Yates, Frances A. (1986). The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. (First ed. 1972)