1 - Faith, Idealism, and Logic  pp. 1-23

Faith, Idealism, and Logic

By James Allard

Image View Previous Chapter Next Chapter



Lord Macaulay, man of letters, member of Parliament, the only historian ever raised to the peerage on the strength of his work, recorded in his diary in 1852 his first and only attempt to read Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.

I received today a translation of Kant. … I tried to read it, but found it utterly unintelligible, just as if it had been written in Sanscrit. Not one word of it gave me anything like an idea except a Latin quotation from Persius. It seems to me that it ought to be possible to explain a true theory of metaphysics in words that I can understand. I can understand Locke, and Berkeley, and Hume, and Reid, and Stewart. I can understand Cicero's Academics, and most of Plato; and it seems odd that in a book on the elements of metaphysics … I should not be able to comprehend a word.

(Blanshard 1954, 1, quoting Trevelyan 1923, 515)

Despite this reaction from one of Britain's leading intellectuals, in twenty-five years the philosophy of Kant and, more amazing still, Hegel had progressed from being unintelligible to providing much of the metaphysical backbone of the dominant philosophy. It supplanted both empiricism and the Scottish philosophy of common sense, while claiming possession of articulate bands of followers at Glasgow and Oxford. This change in the philosophical climate was certainly not the result of the attractive style in which German philosophy was written.

1

Reference Title: Bibliography

Reference Type: bibliography

Abbott, Evelyn, and Lewis Campbell, ed. 1897. 2 vols. The Life and Letters of Benjamin Jowett. London: John Murry
Adamson, Robert. 1884. Critical review of The Principles of Logic. Mind O.S. 9:122–35
Allard, James W. 1989. Bradley on the Validity of Inference. Journal of the History of Philosophy 27:267–84
Aristotle. 1984a. Prior Analytics. Trans. A. K. Jenkinson. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, vol. 1, ed. Jonathan Barnes, 39–113. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Aristotle 1984b. Metaphysics. Trans. W. D. Ross. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, vol. 2, ed. Jonathan Barnes, 1552–1728. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Armour, Leslie. 1996. Bradley's Other Metaphysics. In Perspectives on the Logic and Metaphysics of F. H. Bradley, ed. W. J. Mander, 107–36. Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Bain, Alexander. 1870. Logic. London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer
Baldwin, James Mark and G. F. Stout. 1901. Herbartianism. In Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology, Vol. 1, ed. James Mark Baldwin, 468–71. New York: Macmillan
Baldwin, Thomas. 1991. The Identity Theory of Truth. Mind 100:35–52
Barrett, R. B. and A. J. Stenner. 1971. The Myth of the Exclusive “Or.” Mind 80:116–21
Baynes, Thomas Spencer. [1850] 1971. An Essay on the New Analytic of Logical Forms. Reprint, New York: Burt Franklin
Bennett, Jonathan. 1974. Kant's Dialectic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Bentham, George. [1827] 1990. Outline of a New System of Logic. Reprint, Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Bergmann, Gustav. 1964. Logic and Reality. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press
Bertolotti, Giorgio. 1995. Ghosts and Parasites: Some Remarks on Bradley's Theory of Signs. Bradley Studies 1:45–56
Blanshard, Brand. 1939. The Nature of Thought. 2 vols. London: Allen and Unwin
Blanshard, Brand 1954. On Philosophical Style. Bloomington: Indiana University Press
Boole, George. [1847] 1948. The Mathematical Analysis of Logic. Reprint, New York: Philosophical Library
Boole, George [1854] 1958. An Investigation of the Laws of Thought on which are Founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities. Reprint, New York: Dover
Bosanquet, Bernard. 1883. Logic as the Science of Knowledge. In Essays in Philosophical Criticism, ed. Andrew Seth [Pringle-Pattison] and R. B. Haldane, 67–101. London: Longmans
Bosanquet, Bernard 1885a. Mr. F. H. Bradley on Fact and Inference. Mind O.S. 10:256–65
Bosanquet, Bernard [1885b] 1968a. Knowledge and Reality. Reprint, New York: Kraus Reprint
Bosanquet, Bernard 1895. The Essentials of Logic. London: Macmillan
Bosanquet, Bernard [1911] 1968b. Logic or the Morphology of Knowledge. 2d ed. Reprint, 2 vols. in 1, New York: Kraus Reprint
Bosanquet, Bernard [1920] 1968c. Implication and Linear Inference. Reprint, New York: Kraus Reprint
Bradley, A. C. [1929] 1969. English Poetry and German Philosophy in the Age of Romanticism. In A Miscellany, 105–38. Reprint, Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press
Bradley, F. H. [1897] 1930. Appearance and Reality. 2d ed., ninth impression corrected. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Appearance and Reality. [1897] 1930. 2d ed., ninth impression corrected. Oxford: Clarendon Press.)
Bradley, F. H. 1904. On Truth and Practice. Mind 13:309–335
Bradley, F. H. 1914. Essays on Truth and Reality. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Essays on Truth and Reality. 1914. Oxford: Clarendon Press.)
Bradley, F. H. 1927. Ethical Studies. 2d ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Ethical Studies. 1927. 2d ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.)
Bradley, F. H. [1922] 1928. The Principles of Logic. 2d ed., corrected impression. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (The Principles of Logic. [1922] 1928. 2d ed., corrected impression. Oxford: Clarendon Press.)
Bradley, F. H. 1935. Collected Essays. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Collected Essays. 1935. Oxford: Clarendon Press.)
Bradley, F. H. 1999. Collected Works of F. H. Bradley. 5 vols. Ed. Carol A. Keene. Bristol: Thoemmes Press. (CW 1 – 5)
Bradley, James. 1979. Hegel in Britain: A Brief History of British Commentary and Attitudes. Parts 1 and 2. Heythrop Journal 20:1–24, 163–182
Brittan, Gordon G., Jr. 1978. Kant's Theory of Science. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Brittan, Gordon G., Jr. 2001. Transcendental Idealism, Empirical Realism, and the Completeness Principle. In Kant under die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des IX Internationalen Kant-Kongresses, ed. by Volker Gerhardt, Rolf-Peter Horstmann, and Ralph Schumacher, 541–8. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
Butts, Robert E. 1993a. Necessary Truth in Whewell's Theory of Science. In Historical Pragmatics, 189–233. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. First published in American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (1965):161–81
Butts, Robert E. 1993b. Whewell's Logic of Induction. In Historical Pragmatics, 235–267. First published in Foundations of Scientific Method: The Nineteenth Century, ed. R. N. Giere and R. S. Westfall, 53–85. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973
Caird, Edward. 1877. A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Kant. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, Edward [1883a] 1907. Hegel. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons
Caird, Edward 1883b. Preface to Essays in Philosophical Criticism, ed. Andrew Seth [Pringle-Pattison] and Richard Haldane, 1–7. London: Longmans
Caird, Edward 1889. The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant. 2 vols. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, Edward 1892. The Problem of Philosophy at the Present Time. In Essays on Literature and Philosophy. Vol. 2, 190–229. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, Edward 1893. The Evolution of Religion. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, Edward 1904a. The Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, Edward 1904b. Memoir of John Caird. In The Fundamental Ideas of Christianity, ed. Edward Caird, ⅸ–cxli. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, John. [1880] 1910. Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Caird, John 1904. The Fundamental Ideas of Christianity. Glasgow: James MacLehose
Candlish, Stewart. 1989. The Truth About F. H. Bradley. Mind 98:331–48
Candlish, Stewart 1996. The Unity of the Proposition and Russell's Theories of Judgment. In Bertrand Russell and the Origins of Analytical Philosophy, ed. Ray Monk and Anthony Palmer, 103–135. Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Candlish, Stewart 1999. A Prolegomenon to the Identity Theory of Truth. Philosophy 74:199–220
Cartwright, Richard. 1987. A Neglected Theory of Truth. In Philosophical Essays, 71–93. Cambridge: M. I. T. Press
Chisholm, Roderick M. 1975. Law Statements and Counterfactual Inference. In Causation and Conditionals, ed. Ernest Sosa, 147–55. London: Oxford University Press. First published in Analysis 15 (1955):97–105
Cohen, L. J. 1978. The Coherence Theory of Truth. Philosophical Studies, 43:351–60
Connelly, James, and Paul Rabin. 1996. The Correspondence between Bertrand Russell and Harold Joachim. Bradley Studies 2:131–60
Crossley, David J. 1978. The British Idealists on Disjunction. Idealistic Studies 8:115–23
Darwin, Charles. 1993. The Origin of Species. New York: Random House
DeMorgan, Augustus. [1847] 1926. Formal Logic: or, The Calculus of Inference, Necessary and Probable. London: Open Court
DeMorgan, Augustus 1966. On the Syllogism and Other Logical Writings. Ed. Peter Heath. New Haven: Yale University Press
Dewey, John. 1910. The Intellectualist Criterion for Truth. In The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought, 112–53. New York: Henry Holt. First published as “Reality and the Criterion for the Truth of Ideas” in Mind 16 (1907): 317–42
Drobisch, Moritz Wilhelm. 1875. Neue Darstellung der Logik. 4th ed. Leipzig: Leopold Voss
Dummett, Michael. 1978. The Justification of Deduction. In Truth and Other Enigmas, 290–318. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Dummett, Michael 1991. Objectivity in Lotze and Frege. In Frege and Other Philosophers, 97–125. Oxford: Clarendon Press. First published in Inquiry 25 (1982):95–114
Ensor, R. C. K. 1936. England 1870–1914. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Faber, Geoffrey. 1957. Jowett. London: Faber and Faber
Ferreira, Phillip. 1996. F. H. Bradley's Attack on Associationism. In Philosophy after F. H. Bradley, ed. James Bradley, 283–306. Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Ferreira, Phillip 1999. Bradley and the Structure of Knowledge. Albany: State University of New York Press
Fisch, Menachem. 1991. William Whewell, Philosopher of Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Flay, Joseph. 1992–3. Hegel's Metaphysics. The Owl of Minerva 24:145–52
Gillispie, Charles Coulston. 1959. Genesis and Geology. New York: Harper and Brothers
Gram, M. S. 1970. The Reality of Relations. The New Scholasticism 44:49–68
Gratton-Guiness, I. 2000. The Search for Mathematical Roots 1870–1940. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Green, Thomas Hill. [1874] 1885. Introductions to Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature.” In The Works of Thomas Hill Green, vol. 1, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 1–371. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1886. Lectures on Logic. In the Works of Thomas Hill Green, vol. 2, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 157–306. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1888a. The Witness of God. In The Works of Thomas Hill Green, vol. 3, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 230–52. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1888b. Popular Philosophy in Its Relation to Life. In The Works of Thomas Hill Green, vol. 3, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 92–125. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1888c. Review of Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion by John Caird. In The Works of Thomas Hill Green, Vol. 3, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 138–46. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1888d. Essay on Christian Dogma. In The Works of Thomas Hill Green, Vol. 3, ed. Richard Lewis Nettleship, 161–85. London: Longman's, Green
Green, Thomas Hill 1906. Prolegomena to Ethics. 5th ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Griffin, Nicholas. 1991. Russell's Idealist Apprenticeship. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Griffin, Nicholas 1996. F. H. Bradley's Contribution to the Development of Logic. In Philosophy after F. H. Bradley, ed. James Bradley, 195–230. Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Haack, Susan. 1980. Is Truth Flat or Bumpy? In Prospects for Pragmatism: Essays in Memory of F. P. Ramsey, ed. D. H. Mellor, 1–20. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Halévy, Elie. 1961. England in 1815. Trans. E. I. Watkin and D. A. Barker. New York: Barnes and Noble
Hamilton, Sir William. 1866. Lectures on Logic. Vol. 1. 2d ed., rev. In Lectures on Logic and Metaphysics, Vol. 3. Ed. H. L. Mansel and John Veitch. Edinburgh: William Blackwood, 1866
Hegel, G. W. F. 1874. The Logic of Hegel. 1st ed. Trans. William Wallace. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Hegel, G. W. F. 1892. The Logic of Hegel. 2d ed. rev. Trans. William Wallace. London: Oxford University Press
Hegel, G. W. F. 1969. Hegel's Science of Logic. Trans. A. V. Miller. New York: Humanities Press
Hegel, G. W. F. 1970. The Philosophy of Nature. Trans. A. V. Miller. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Hegel, G. W. F. 1977. Phenomenology of Spirit. Trans. A. V. Miller. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Herbart, Johann Friedrich. [1813] 1850. Lehrbuch zur Einleitung in die Philosophie. In Sämmtliche Werke, Vol. 1. Ed. Gustav Hartenstein. Leipzig: Leopold Voss
Herschel, Sir John Fredrick William. [1831] 1987. A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Himmelfarb, Gertrude. 1968. Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution. New York: W. W. Norton
Hintikka, Jaakko. 1969. Semantics for Propositional Attitudes. In Models for Modalities, 87–111. Dordrecht: D. Reidel
Hochberg, Herbert. 1978. Thought, Fact, and Reference. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
Holdcroft, David. 1998. Bradley and Floating Ideas. In Appearance versus Reality, ed. Guy Stock, 163–79. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Horn, Laurence R. 1989. A Natural History of Negation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Houlgate, Stephen. 1990–1. Thought and Being in Kant and Hegel. The Owl of Minerva 22:131–40
Houlgate, Stephen 1992–3. A Reply to Joseph Flay's “Hegel's Metaphysics.” The Owl of Minerva 24:153–61
Hume, David. 1888. A Treatise of Human Nature. Ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Husserl, Edmund. 1970. Logical Investigations. Trans. J. N. Findlay. New York: Humanities Press
Huxley, L. 1901. Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley, Vol. 1. New York: D. Appleton
Huxley, T. H. 1879. David Hume. London: Macmillan
Hylton, Peter. 1990. Russell, Idealism and the Emergence of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Ingardia, Richard. 1991. Bradley: A Research Bibliography. Bowling Green, Kentucky: Philosophy Documentation Center
James, William. [1897] 1979. The Will to Believe. In The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy. Ed. Frederick H. Burkhardt, Fredson Bowers, and Ignas K. Skrupskelis, 13–33. The Works of William James. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
James, William [1907] 1975a. Pragmatism. Ed. Fredson Bowers and Ignas K. Skrupskelis. The Works of William James. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
James, William [1909] 1975b. Humanism and Truth. In The Meaning of Truth: A Sequel to Pragmatism. Ed. Fredson Bowers and Ignas K. Skrupskelis, 37–60. The Works of William James. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. First published in Mind 13 (1904):457–75
Jennings, R. E. 1994. The Genealogy of Disjunction. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Jevons, W. Stanley. [1864] 1890. Pure Logic. In Pure Logic and Other Minor Works, ed. Robert Adamson and Harriet A. Jevons, 3–77. London: Macmillan
Jevons, W. Stanley [1877] 1958. The Principles of Science, a Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method. 2d ed. Reprint, New York: Dover
Joachim, Harold H. [1906] 1969. The Nature of Truth. Reprint, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
Jones, Sir Henry. 1895. A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Lotze. New York: Macmillan
Joseph, H. W. B. 1916. An Introduction to Logic. 2d ed., rev. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Jowett, B., ed. and trans. 1871a. The Dialogues of Plato translated into English with Analyses and Introductions, Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Jowett, B. 1871b. The Dialogues of Plato translated into English with Analyses and Introductions, Vol. 3. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Kant, Immanuel. 1929. Critique of Pure Reason. Trans. Norman Kemp Smith. New York: St. Martin's Press
Kant, Immanuel 1985. Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Trans. James W. Ellington. In Philosophy of Material Nature. Indianapolis: Hackett
Kant, Immanuel 1992. Lectures on Logic. Trans. and ed. J. Michael Young. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Kaplan, David. 1989a. Demonstratives. In Themes from Kaplan, ed. Joseph Almog, John Perry, and Howard Wettstein, 481–563. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Kaplan, David 1989b. Afterthoughts. In Themes from Kaplan, ed. Joseph Almog, John Perry, and Howard Wettstein, 565–614. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Keynes, J. N. 1928. Studies and Exercises in Formal Logic. 4th ed. London: Macmillan
Kneale, William and Martha Kneale. [1962] 1984. The Development of Logic. Reprinted with corrections. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Köhnke, Klaus Christian. 1991. The Rise of Neo-Kantianism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Lambert, Karel. 1983. Meinong and the Principle of Independence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Lazarus, Moritz. 1878. Ideale Fragen in Reden und Vorträgen. Berlin: Hofmann
Lazarus, Moritz 1876–82. Das Leben der Seele, 2d ed. Berlin: F. Dümmler
Levine, James. 1998. The What and the That: Theories of Singular Thought in Bradley, Russell and the Early Wittgenstein. In Appearance versus Reality, ed. Guy Stock, 19–72. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Lewis, C. I. [1918] 1960. A Survey of Symbolic Logic. Reprint, New York: Dover
Lewis, David. 1973. Counterfactuals. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Lewis, David 1986. On the Plurality of Worlds. Oxford: Basil Blackwell
Locke, John. 1975. An Essay concerning Human Understanding. Ed. Peter H. Nidditch. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Long, Eugene T. 1989. The Gifford Lectures and the Glasgow Hegelians. Review of Metaphysics 43:357–75
Lotze, Hermann. 1885. Microcosmos. 2 vols. Trans. Elizabeth Hamilton and E. E. Constance Jones. Edinburgh: T & T. Clark
Lotze, Hermann 1887. Metaphysic. 2d ed. 2 vols. Trans. ed. Bernard Bosanquet. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Lotze, Hermann 1888. Logic. 2d ed. 2 vols. Trans. ed. Bernard Bosanquet. Oxford: Clarendon Press
MacNiven, Don. 1987. Bradley's Moral Psychology. Lewiston, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press
MacNiven, Don 2002. F. H. Bradley on Logic and Psychology. Bradley Studies 8:130–45
Mandelbaum, Maurice. 1971. History, Man, and Reason. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press
Mander, W. J. 1994. An Introduction to Bradley's Metaphysics. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Mander, W. J. 1998. Edward Caird's Neo-Kantian Idealism. The Modern Schoolman 76:33–42
Mander, W. J. 2000. Caird's Developmental Idealism. In Anglo-American Idealism, 1865–1927, ed. W. J. Mander, 51–63. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
Mansel, H. L. 1860. Prolegomena Logica. 2d ed. Oxford: H. Hammans
Manser, Anthony. 1983. Bradley's Logic. Totowa, New Jersey: Barnes and Noble
Masson, David. 1877. Recent British Philosophy. 2d ed. London: Macmillan
McTaggart, John McTaggart Ellis. 1910. A Commentary on Hegel's Logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
McTaggart, John McTaggart Ellis [1922] 1964. Studies in the Hegelian Dialectic. 2d ed. Reprint, New York: Russell and Russell
Merz, John Theodore. [1912] 1965. A History of European Thought in the Nineteenth Century, vol. 4. New York: Dover
Mill, John Stuart. 1969. Three Essays on Religion. In Essays on Ethics, Religion, and Society, ed. J. M. Robson. The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vol. 10, 369–489. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Mill, John Stuart 1973–4. A System of Logic. Ed. J. M. Robson. The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vols. 7–8. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Mill, John Stuart 1979. An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy. Ed. J. M. Robson. The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vol. 9. Toronto: Toronto University Press
Mill, John Stuart 1981. Autobiography. In Autobiography and Literary Essays, ed. John M. Robson and Jack Stillinger. The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vol. 1, 1–290. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Moore, G. E. 1899. The Nature of Judgment. Mind 8:176–193
Muirhead, John Henry. 1931. The Platonic Tradition in Anglo-Saxon Philosophy. London: George Allen and Unwin
Muirhead, John Henry 1942. Reflections by a Journeyman in Philosophy. London: George Allen & Unwin
Mure, G. R. G. 1950. A Study of Hegel's Logic. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Olson, Kenneth Russell. 1987. An Essay on Facts. CSLI Lecture Notes 6. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information
Passmore, John. 1966. A Hundred Years of Philosophy. 2d ed. New York: Basic Books
Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1932. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vol. 2, Elements of Logic. Ed. Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Peirce, Charles Sanders 1934. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vol. 5, Pragmatism and Pragmaticism. Ed. Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Peirce, Charles Sanders [1940] 1955. The Criterion of Validity in Reasoning. In Philosophical Writings of Peirce, ed. Justus Buchler, 120–8. Reprint, New York: Dover. First published as The Philosophy of Peirce: Selected Writings
Pinkard, Terry. 1988. Hegel's Dialectic. Philadelphia: Temple University Press
Putnam, Hilary. 1983. Analyticity and Apriority. In Reason and Reality. The Collected Papers of Hilary Putnam, Vol. 3, 115–38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. First published in Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1979):423–41
Quiller-Couch, Arthur, ed. 1925. The Oxford Book of English Prose. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Quine, Willard Van Orman. 1952. Two Dogmas of Empiricism. In From a Logical Point of View, 20–46. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Quine, Willard Van Orman 1960. Word and Object. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press
Quine, Willard Van Orman 1966. Three Grades of Modal Involvement. In Ways of Paradox and Other Essays, 156–174. New York: Random House
Quinton, Anthony. 2000. T. H. Green's Metaphysics of Knowledge. In Anglo-American Idealism, 1865–1927, ed. W. J. Mander, 21–31. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
Ramsey, F. P. 1978a. Truth and Probability. In Foundations, ed. D. H. Mellor, 58–100. Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities Press
Ramsey, F. P. 1978b. General Propositions and Causality. In Foundations, ed. D. H. Mellor, 133–51. Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities Press
Rescher, Nicholas. 1973. The Coherence Theory of Truth. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Resnik, Michael D. 1980. Frege and the Philosophy of Mathematics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press
Richter, Melvin. 1964. The Politics of Conscience: T. H. Green and his Age. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Rorty, Richard. 1991. Heidegger, Contingency, and Pragmatism. In Essays on Heidegger and Others, 27–49. Philosophical Papers, vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Russell, Bertrand. 1906a. The Nature of Truth. Mind 15:528–33
Russell, Bertrand 1906b. Review of The Nature of Truth by H. H. Joachim. Independent Review 9:349–53
Russell, Bertrand [1906–7] 1963. On the Nature of Truth. In Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 7:28–49. Reprint, New York: Johnson
Russell, Bertrand 1937a. A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz. 2d ed. London: George Allen and Unwin
Russell, Bertrand [1937b] Principles of Mathematics. 2d ed. New York: W. W. Norton
Russell, Bertrand [1956a] 1971a. On Denoting. In Logic and Knowledge, ed. Robert C. Marsh, 41–56. Reprinted, New York: Capricorn Books. First published in Mind 14 (1905):479–93
Russell, Bertrand [1956b] 1971b. Mathematical Logic as Based on the Theory of Types. In Logic and Knowledge, ed. Robert C. Marsh, 59–102. Reprinted, New York: Capricorn Books. First published in American Journal of Mathematics 30 (1908):222–62
Russell, Bertrand 1966a. William James's Conception of Truth. In Philosophical Essays, 112–30. New York: Simon and Schuster
Russell, Bertrand 1966b. The Monistic Theory of Truth. In Philosophical Essays, 131–46. New York: Simon and Schuster. First published as sections I and II of “On the Nature of Truth.” 1906–7. In Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 7:28–44. Reprint, New York: Johnson
Russell, Bertrand 1966c. On the Nature of Truth and Falsehood. In Philosophical Essays, 147–59. New York: Simon and Schuster
Russell, Bertrand 1973. Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumptions. Parts 1, 2, and 3. In Essays in Analysis, ed. Douglas Lackey, 21–76. New York: George Braziller. First published in Mind 13 (1904):204–19; 336–54; 509–24
Schiller, F. C. S. 1902. Axioms as Postulates. In Personal Idealism, ed. Henry Sturt, 47–133. London: Macmillan
Schiller, F. C. S. 1903. Humanism: Philosophical Essays. 1st ed. London: Macmillan
Schiller, F. C. S. 1912. Humanism: Philosophical Essays. 2d ed. London: Macmillan
Schneewind, J. B. 1977. Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Sellars, Wilfrid. 1963. Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind. In Science, Perception, and Reality, 127–96. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul
Sellars, Wilfrid 1974. Ontology and the Philosophy of Mind. In Bertrand Russell's Philosophy, ed. George Nakhnikian, 57–100. New York: Barnes and Noble
Seth [Pringle-Pattison], Andrew. 1887. Hegelianism and Personality. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood
Sidgwick, Henry. 1876. Critical Notice of Ethical Studies, by F. H. Bradley. Mind, O.S. 1:545–9
Sidgwick, Henry 1901. The Philosophy of T. H. Green. Mind 10:18–29
Sievers, K. H. 1996. Bradley and the Correspondence Theory of Truth. Bradley Studies 2:82–103
Sigwart, Christoph. 1895. Logic. 2d ed. Vol. 1. Trans. Helen Dendy. London: Swan Sonnenschein
Skorupski, John. 1989. John Stuart Mill. Arguments of the Philosophers Series. London: Routledge
Sluga, Hans. 1977. Frege's Alleged Realism. Inquiry 20:227–242
Smith, Norman Kemp. [1923] 1962. A Commentary to Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”. 2d ed. New York: Humanities Press
Spencer, H. 1896. The Principles of Psychology. 3d. ed. Vol. 1. New York: D. Appleton
Sprigge, T. L. S. 1983. The Vindication of Absolute Idealism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Sprigge, T. L. S. 1993. James and Bradley: American Truth and British Reality. LaSalle, Illinois: Open Court
Stalnaker, Robert C. 1991. A Theory of Conditionals. In Conditionals, ed. Frank Jackson, 28–45. Oxford: Oxford University Press. First published in Studies in Logical Theory, American Philosophical Quarterly, Monograph 2, 98–112. Oxford: Basil Blackwell
Steinthal, Heymann 1871. Abriss der Sprachwissenschaft, Vol. 1. Berlin: F. Dümmler, Harrwitz und Gossman
Stirling, Amelia Hutchinson. 1912. James Hutchinson Stirling: His Life and Work. London: T. Fisher Unwin
Stirling, James Hutchinson. 1898. The Secret of Hegel. 2d ed. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd
Stock, Guy. 1984. Bradley's Theory of Judgment. In The Philosophy of F. H. Bradley, ed. Anthony Manser and Guy Stock, 131–54. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Stock, Guy. 1985. Negation: Bradley and Wittgenstein. Philosophy 60:465–476
Stock, Guy. 1994. An Introduction to the Argument of Bradley's Metaphysics. In F. H. Bradley: Writings on Logic and Metaphysics, ed. James W. Allard and Guy Stock, 103–114. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Stock, Guy. 1996. The Plurality of Worlds, Historical Time, and Uniqueness. Current Issues in Idealism, ed. Paul Coates and Daniel D. Hutto, 179–201. Bristol: Thoemmes Press
Stock, Guy. 1998. Introduction: The Realistic Spirit in Bradley's Philosophy. In Appearance versus Reality, ed. Guy Stock, 1–18. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Stormer, Gerald D. 1978. Hegel and the Secret of James Hutchinson Stirling. Idealistic Studies 8: 33–54
Stout, G. F. 1896. Analytical Psychology. Vol. 1. London: Allen and Unwin
Stout, G. F. [1902] 1963. Mr. Bradley's Theory of Judgment. In Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 3:1–28. Reprint, New York: Johnson
Stout, G. F. 1908. Immediacy, Mediacy and Coherence. Mind 17:20–47
Strawson, Peter. [1959] 1963. Individuals. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
Sturt, Henry. 1907. Mr. Bradley on Truth and Copying. Mind 16:416–7
Taylor, A. E. 1920. Philosophy. In Recent Developments in European Thought, ed. F. S. Marvin, 25–64. London: Oxford University Press
Taylor, Charles. 1975. Hegel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Tennyson, Alfred. [1850] 1906. In Memoriam. New York: Macmillan
Thackeray, William Makepeace. [1903?] On Being Found Out. In Roundabout Papers Etc. The Collected Works of William Makepeace Thackeray, Vol. 22, 118–25. New York: Fred DeFau
Thomas, Geoffrey. 1987. The Moral Philosophy of T. H. Green. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Thomson, W. 1860. Outline of the Necessary Laws of Thought. 5th ed. London: Longman, Green, Longman and Robert
Tichý, Pavel. 1984. Subjunctive Conditionals: Two Parameters vs. Three. Philosophical Studies 45:147–179
Trevelyan, George Otto. 1923. The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay. Enlarged ed. New York: Longmans, Green
Ueberweg, Friedrich. 1896. History of Philosophy from Thales to the Present Time. Vol. 2. Trans. George Morris. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
Van Evra, James. 1984. Richard Whately and the Rise of Modern Logic. History and Philosophy of Logic 5:1–18
Walker, Ralph C. S. 1998. Bradley's Theory of Truth. In Appearance versus Reality, ed. Guy Stock, 93–109. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Walker, Ralph C. S. 2000. Joachim on the Nature of Truth. In Anglo-American Idealism, 1865–1927, ed. W. J. Mander, 183–97. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
Wallace, William. 1874. Prolegomena. In The Logic of Hegel, by G. W. F. Hegel, ⅹⅲ–ⅽⅼⅹⅹⅹⅳ. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Wallace, William 1892. Bibliographical Notice. In The Logic of Hegel, by G. W. F. Hegel. 2d ed. rev. Trans. William Wallace, ⅸ–ⅹⅹⅵ. London: Oxford University Press
Wallace, William. [1894] 1968. Prolegomena to the Study of Hegel's Philosophy. 2d ed. Reprint, New York: Russell and Russell
Walsh, W. H. 1986. Green's Criticism of Hume. In The Philosophy of T. H. Green, ed. Andrew Vincent, 21–35. Aldershot: Gower
Webb, Clement C. J. 1933. A Study of Religious Thought in England from 1850. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Whately, Richard. [1827] 1973. The Elements of Logic. 2d ed. Reprint, Delmar, New York: Scholars' Facsimilies and Reprints
Whewell, William. 1857. History of the Inductive Sciences from the Earliest to the Present Time. 3d ed. London: John. W. Parker
Whewell, William 1858. Novum Organon Renovatum. 3d ed. London: John. W. Parker
Whewell, William 1860a. Mr. Mill's Logic. In On the Philosophy of Discovery, 238–91. London: John W. Parker
Whewell, William 1860b. On the Fundamental Antithesis of Philosophy. In On the Philosophy of Discovery, 462–81. London: John W. Parker
Whitehead, Alfred North, and Bertrand Russell. 1925. Principia Mathematica. 2d ed. Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Willey, Thomas E. 1978. Back to Kant, the Revival of Kantianism in German Social and Historical Thought, 1860–1914. Detroit: Wayne State University Press
Willis, Kirk. 1988–9. The Introduction and Critical Reception of Hegelian Thought in Britain 1830–1900. Victorian Studies 32:85–111
Wilson, Fred. 1998. Bradley's Critique of Associationism. Bradley Studies 4:5–60
Wollheim, Richard. 1969. F. H. Bradley. 2d ed. Baltimore: Penguin Books
Young, G. M. [1953] 1960. Victorian England: Portrait of an Age. 2d ed. London: Oxford University Press