4 - Introduction to elements of war crimes listed in Article 8 of the Rome Statute  pp. 15-16

Introduction to elements of war crimes listed in Article 8 of the Rome Statute

By Knut Dörmann, Louise Doswald-Beck and Robert Kolb

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In addition to the issues dealt with in the General Introduction, it was realised that certain points were particularly relevant to all crimes under Art. 8 ICC Statute. The PrepCom decided therefore to include in the EOC document an introduction which is specifically applicable to all these crimes. The substance must be read in conjunction with the elements defined for each crime. The introduction reads as follows:

The elements for war crimes under article 8, paragraph 2(c) and (e), are subject to the limitations addressed in article 8, paragraph 2(d) and (f), which are not elements of crimes.

The elements for war crimes under article 8, paragraph 2, of the Statute shall be interpreted within the established framework of the international law of armed conflict including, as appropriate, the international law of armed conflict applicable to armed conflict at sea.

With respect to the last two elements listed for each crime:

  • There is no requirement for a legal evaluation by the perpetrator as to the existence of an armed conflict or its character as international or non-international;
  • In that context there is no requirement for awareness by the perpetrator of the facts that established the character of the conflict as international or non-international;
  • There is only a requirement for the awareness of the factual circumstances that established the existence of an armed conflict that is implicit in the terms ‘took place in the context of and was associated with’.


Reference Title: Bibliography

Reference Type: bibliography

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